Es Week #5 - Minerals, Gems, & Rocks

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Es Week #5 - Minerals, Gems, & Rocks - Quiz


ES Week #5 - Questions cover material from minerals, gems, and the rock cycle.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A mineral is considered a gem if it has these qualities: (check the 2 that apply)

    • A.

      Costs a lot

    • B.

      Rare

    • C.

      Black

    • D.

      Is considered beautiful

    • E.

      Was once alive

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Rare
    D. Is considered beautiful
    Explanation
    A mineral is considered a gem if it is rare and is considered beautiful. The cost of a mineral does not determine whether it is a gem or not. Additionally, being black or having been once alive are not qualities that determine if a mineral is a gem.

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  • 2. 

    The gem from #3 was said to be cursed originally by a Hindu God because the thief took it from a

    • A.

      King's crown

    • B.

      Queen's dress

    • C.

      Statue's eye

    • D.

      Dog collar

    • E.

      British museum

    Correct Answer
    C. Statue's eye
    Explanation
    The gem from #3 was said to be cursed originally by a Hindu God because the thief took it from a statue's eye.

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  • 3. 

    Conflict, or Blood, Diamonds are not encouraged to be bought because they fund

    • A.

      A South American tribe

    • B.

      An Australian kangaroo farm

    • C.

      A Russian nuclear power plant

    • D.

      An African civil war

    • E.

      An American senator

    Correct Answer
    D. An African civil war
    Explanation
    Conflict, or Blood, Diamonds are not encouraged to be bought because they fund an African civil war. This means that purchasing these diamonds indirectly supports the violence and conflict happening in African countries. The profits from the sale of these diamonds often go towards funding rebel groups or warlords, who use the money to buy weapons and continue their destructive activities. To prevent the perpetuation of these conflicts, it is important to avoid buying diamonds that are associated with violence and human rights abuses.

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  • 4. 

    Diamonds are not only used for jewelery; they are also used in

    • A.

      Industry for cutting.

    • B.

      Windows for glass.

    • C.

      Computers for hard drives.

    • D.

      Mr. Sampson's coffee mug for heat.

    • E.

      Paper for envelopes.

    Correct Answer
    A. Industry for cutting.
    Explanation
    Diamonds are known for their hardness and durability, making them ideal for industrial applications. They are commonly used in industries for cutting various materials, including metals, stones, and even other diamonds. Due to their exceptional strength, diamonds are able to create precise and clean cuts, making them a valuable tool in industries such as mining, construction, and manufacturing. Therefore, the correct answer is "industry for cutting."

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  • 5. 

    Which of the following is NaCl, or salt?

    • A.

      Calcite

    • B.

      Halite

    • C.

      Talc

    • D.

      Quartz

    Correct Answer
    B. Halite
    Explanation
    Halite is the correct answer because it is a mineral that is commonly known as rock salt or table salt. It is composed of sodium chloride (NaCl), which is the chemical formula for salt. Calcite, talc, and quartz are different minerals and do not have the same chemical composition as salt.

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  • 6. 

    The Statue of Liberty is made from

    • A.

      Pt

    • B.

      C

    • C.

      Co

    • D.

      Cu

    • E.

      Fe

    Correct Answer
    D. Cu
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Cu, which stands for copper. The Statue of Liberty is primarily made of copper, which gives it its iconic green color. The copper sheets used for the statue were hammered into shape and then assembled on a framework of iron bars. Over time, the copper has oxidized, resulting in the distinctive green patina that we see today. Copper was chosen for its durability and ability to withstand harsh weather conditions, making it an ideal material for such a prominent and enduring symbol.

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  • 7. 

    Exposure to inhaled asbestos causes lung cancer. This mineral is often found with asbestos and thus not used anymore to make powder.

    • A.

      Quartz

    • B.

      Talc

    • C.

      Graphite

    • D.

      Gold

    • E.

      Feldspar

    Correct Answer
    B. Talc
    Explanation
    Talc is the correct answer because it is a mineral that was commonly found with asbestos. Exposure to inhaled asbestos has been linked to lung cancer. Due to this association, talc is no longer used to make powder.

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  • 8. 

    Quartz with a little Fe makes amethyst which is

    • A.

      Red

    • B.

      Orange

    • C.

      Yellow

    • D.

      Green

    • E.

      Purple

    Correct Answer
    E. Purple
    Explanation
    Quartz with a little Fe makes amethyst, which is purple. The presence of iron impurities in quartz gives rise to the purple color in amethyst. The amount of iron present determines the intensity of the purple hue, ranging from light lavender to deep violet. Therefore, the correct answer is purple.

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  • 9. 

    Oxidation, or rusting, of copper turns it

    • A.

      Red

    • B.

      Orange

    • C.

      Yellow

    • D.

      Green

    • E.

      Purple

    Correct Answer
    D. Green
    Explanation
    When copper oxidizes, it forms a greenish layer on its surface known as copper oxide. This green color is commonly associated with the process of oxidation in copper, hence the correct answer is green.

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  • 10. 

    Eggs and cocoa and oil and water are ingredients for brownies. _________ are the ingredients for rocks.

    • A.

      Oysters

    • B.

      Minerals

    • C.

      Variables

    • D.

      Meters

    • E.

      T-rexes

    Correct Answer
    B. Minerals
    Explanation
    The given correct answer for this question is "minerals". This is because minerals are the ingredients for rocks. Rocks are composed of various minerals, which are naturally occurring inorganic substances that make up the Earth's crust. Therefore, minerals are the essential components that form rocks, similar to how eggs, cocoa, oil, and water are the ingredients for brownies.

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  • 11. 

    In Africa, there are waterfalls and steep cliffs. The terms for these land formations are: (choose both)

    • A.

      Cataracts

    • B.

      Plateau

    • C.

      Plain

    • D.

      Escarpments

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Cataracts
    D. Escarpments
    Explanation
    In Africa, cataracts and escarpments are the terms used to describe specific land formations. Cataracts refer to waterfalls, while escarpments are steep cliffs. These terms are used to differentiate between different types of land formations found in Africa. Plateau and plain, on the other hand, do not accurately describe waterfalls or steep cliffs, which is why they are not the correct answers for this question.

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  • 12. 

    A Republic is

    • A.

      A monarchy.

    • B.

      A dictatorship.

    • C.

      A form of government where people choose representatives.

    • D.

      Vegetation.

    Correct Answer
    C. A form of government where people choose representatives.
    Explanation
    A Republic is a form of government where people choose representatives. In a republic, the power to make decisions and govern is held by elected officials who represent the interests of the people. This system allows for the participation of citizens in the decision-making process and ensures that their voices are heard. Unlike a monarchy or dictatorship, where power is concentrated in the hands of a single ruler or a small group, a republic promotes democracy and the idea of government by the people. Vegetation is not related to the concept of a republic.

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  • 13. 

    Igneous rocks form from

    • A.

      Cooled magma or lava.

    • B.

      Compacted & cemented sediments.

    • C.

      Heat and pressure changing existing rocks.

    • D.

      The sun's rays hitting the surface.

    Correct Answer
    A. Cooled magma or lava.
    Explanation
    Igneous rocks form from cooled magma or lava. Magma is molten rock that is found beneath the Earth's surface, while lava is magma that has reached the surface. As magma or lava cools, it solidifies and forms igneous rocks. This process can occur both on land and underwater. The cooling rate of the magma or lava determines the texture of the igneous rock, with slower cooling leading to larger crystals and faster cooling resulting in smaller crystals or even a glassy texture.

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  • 14. 

    Earth is ____ years old.

    • A.

      13.7 B

    • B.

      13.7 M

    • C.

      7 B

    • D.

      4.6 B

    • E.

      4.6 M

    Correct Answer
    D. 4.6 B
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 4.6 B, which stands for 4.6 billion years. This is the estimated age of the Earth based on scientific evidence and geological dating methods. It is widely accepted by the scientific community that the Earth formed approximately 4.6 billion years ago through the process of accretion and has since undergone various geological and biological changes.

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  • 15. 

    The thing that CHANGES in a lab is called the

    • A.

      Control

    • B.

      Hypothesis

    • C.

      Graph

    • D.

      Variable

    • E.

      Data

    Correct Answer
    D. Variable
    Explanation
    In a lab, the thing that changes is called the variable. A variable is a factor or condition that can be manipulated or measured in an experiment. It is the element that researchers intentionally alter in order to observe its effect on the outcome or results of the experiment. By changing the variable, researchers can determine the cause and effect relationship between different factors and understand how they influence the experiment.

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  • 16. 

    _______ are negative charges found on the outside of an atom's nucleus.

    • A.

      Protons

    • B.

      Neutrons

    • C.

      Kryptonite

    • D.

      Electrons

    Correct Answer
    D. Electrons
    Explanation
    Electrons are negatively charged particles that orbit the nucleus of an atom. They are found on the outside of the nucleus and are responsible for the chemical behavior of atoms. Protons and neutrons are located inside the nucleus and do not carry a negative charge. Kryptonite is a fictional substance and not related to the charges found on an atom's nucleus.

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  • 17. 

    The formula for density =

    • A.

      M*V

    • B.

      V/m

    • C.

      V*m

    • D.

      M/v

    Correct Answer
    D. M/v
    Explanation
    The formula for density is mass divided by volume (m/v). This means that to calculate density, you need to divide the mass of an object by its volume. The answer m/v correctly represents this formula.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Jun 10, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 05, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Mmackenzie
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