How Much You Know About Enzymes? Quiz!

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Happyspirit0313
H
Happyspirit0313
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 4,066
Questions: 10 | Attempts: 4,066

SettingsSettingsSettings
How Much You Know About Enzymes? Quiz! - Quiz

Enzymes are biological molecules made from amino acids, and they are proteins that speed up the rate of virtually all of the chemical reactions that take place within cells. This quiz deals with the functions and properties of enzymes. Let's try it out and expand your knowledge. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Potential energy is?

    • A.

      Stored energy

    • B.

      Energy of motion

    • C.

      Potential of molecules

    Correct Answer
    A. Stored energy
    Explanation
    Potential energy refers to the energy that an object possesses due to its position or condition. It is often referred to as stored energy because it is not currently in use but has the potential to be converted into other forms of energy and perform work. This stored energy can be released and converted into kinetic energy or other forms of energy when the object's position or condition changes.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    Which one is not correct about ATP?

    • A.

      ATP is the energy molecule of cells

    • B.

      Powers nearly all of cellular work

    • C.

      Potential of molecules

    • D.

      Made by adding a phosphate to ADP

    Correct Answer
    C. Potential of molecules
    Explanation
    The statement "potential of molecules" is not correct about ATP. ATP is not related to the potential of molecules. It is known as the energy molecule of cells and powers nearly all cellular work. ATP is formed by adding a phosphate to ADP, which creates a high-energy bond that can be easily broken to release energy for cellular processes.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    Enzymes belong to the protein family.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Enzymes belong to the protein family because they are proteins that act as catalysts in biological reactions. Proteins are large molecules made up of amino acids, and enzymes are a specific type of protein that speed up chemical reactions in cells. They play a crucial role in various biological processes such as digestion, metabolism, and DNA replication. Therefore, it is correct to say that enzymes belong to the protein family.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    The active site is:

    • A.

      Where the reactant fits into the enzyme

    • B.

      Where the enzyme and molecule bond together

    • C.

      Where there is a shape change that occurs when bonding

    • D.

      Balance of living organism can affect the enzyme

    Correct Answer
    A. Where the reactant fits into the enzyme
    Explanation
    The active site of an enzyme is where the reactant, also known as the substrate, fits into the enzyme. This is where the enzyme and substrate form a temporary bond and undergo a chemical reaction. The active site has a specific shape that allows it to bind with the substrate, and this binding leads to a shape change in the enzyme that promotes the reaction. The balance of a living organism, such as pH or temperature, can affect the activity of the enzyme, but it does not define the active site itself.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    Out of the four things listed what will most likely not affect an enzyme.

    • A.

      Temperature

    • B.

      PH

    • C.

      Salt

    • D.

      H20

    Correct Answer
    D. H20
    Explanation
    Water (H2O) is unlikely to affect an enzyme because it is a neutral molecule and does not have any specific chemical properties that would interact with the enzyme's structure or function. Enzymes are typically designed to function in water-based environments, so the presence of water is not likely to have a significant impact on their activity. Temperature, pH, and salt, on the other hand, can all affect the shape and stability of an enzyme, potentially altering its activity.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    Cofactors are:

    • A.

      Organic co factors

    • B.

      Non protein substances that help to facilitate enzymes

    • C.

      Interfere with protein bonds

    • D.

      Trigger enzyme to quit producing insulin

    Correct Answer
    B. Non protein substances that help to facilitate enzymes
    Explanation
    Cofactors are non protein substances that help to facilitate enzymes. Enzymes are biological catalysts that speed up chemical reactions in the body. Cofactors can be inorganic ions or small organic molecules, and they assist enzymes by binding to them and aiding in their catalytic activity. They can help in stabilizing the enzyme-substrate complex, providing necessary chemical groups for the reaction, or assisting in the transfer of electrons. These cofactors are essential for the proper functioning of many enzymes and are often required for the enzymes to catalyze reactions efficiently.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    Inhibitors are:

    • A.

      Chemical that interfere with enzyme activity

    • B.

      Look like the substrate

    • C.

      Fight for position

    • D.

      Use the active site

    Correct Answer
    A. Chemical that interfere with enzyme activity
    Explanation
    Inhibitors are substances that disrupt or hinder the activity of enzymes. They do this by binding to the enzyme and altering its structure or blocking its active site, which prevents the enzyme from carrying out its normal function. This interference can either be reversible or irreversible, depending on the type of inhibitor. By interfering with enzyme activity, inhibitors can regulate and control various biological processes in the body.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    Competitive Inhibitor

    • A.

      Looks like substrate

    • B.

      Has the same molecular shape of substrate

    • C.

      Triggers enzyme to quit producing insulin

    Correct Answer
    A. Looks like substrate
    Explanation
    A competitive inhibitor is a molecule that resembles the substrate and can bind to the active site of an enzyme. This similarity in shape allows the inhibitor to compete with the substrate for binding to the enzyme. When the inhibitor binds to the enzyme, it blocks the active site and prevents the substrate from binding, reducing or inhibiting the enzyme's activity. Therefore, the statement "looks like substrate" is a correct explanation for a competitive inhibitor.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    Enzymes are special types of:

    • A.

      Catalysts

    • B.

      Proteins

    • C.

      Organelles

    • D.

      Both a and b 

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. Both a and b 
    Explanation
    Enzymes are special types of catalysts and proteins. Catalysts are substances that increase the rate of a chemical reaction without being consumed in the process. Enzymes, being catalysts, facilitate biochemical reactions in living organisms. Proteins, on the other hand, are large biomolecules made up of amino acids and enzymes are a specific type of protein. Therefore, the correct answer is "Both a and b" as enzymes possess the characteristics of both catalysts and proteins.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    Where does the reaction between the enzyme and the substrate take place?

    • A.

      Substrate

    • B.

      Activator

    • C.

      Active Sight

    • D.

      Inhibitor 

    • E.

      Product 

    Correct Answer
    C. Active Sight
    Explanation
    The reaction between the enzyme and the substrate takes place at the active site. The active site is a specific region on the enzyme where the substrate binds and undergoes a chemical reaction. This interaction between the enzyme and substrate is crucial for the enzyme to catalyze the conversion of the substrate into a product. The active site has a unique shape and chemical properties that allow it to selectively bind to the substrate, facilitating the reaction.

    Rate this question:

Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.