# Energy Unit Practice Quiz Questions

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
| By Jkvalenti2014
J
Jkvalenti2014
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 129
Questions: 12 | Attempts: 129

Settings

• 1.

### What is the Law of Conservation of Energy?

• A.

A law that states that energy cannot be created nor destroyed, but can change forms

• B.

A law stating that energy must be conserved in order to delay the apocalypse (the end of the world)

• C.

A trip to Disney World

• D.

The key to the house

A. A law that states that energy cannot be created nor destroyed, but can change forms
Explanation
The Law of Conservation of Energy states that energy cannot be created or destroyed, but can only be converted from one form to another. This means that the total amount of energy in a closed system remains constant. Energy can change forms, such as from potential energy to kinetic energy or from electrical energy to thermal energy, but the total energy in the system remains unchanged. This principle is a fundamental concept in physics and is supported by numerous scientific experiments and observations.

Rate this question:

• 2.

### What is potential energy?

• A.

Energy (stored) due to position or condition

• B.

The key to the meaning of life

• C.

Sarah's high school diploma

• D.

None of the above

A. Energy (stored) due to position or condition
Explanation
Potential energy is a form of energy that an object possesses due to its position or condition. It is the energy that is stored and can be released or converted into other forms of energy. This type of energy is dependent on factors such as height, mass, and gravity. When an object is at a higher position or in a certain condition, it has the potential to do work or to be converted into kinetic energy. Therefore, the correct answer is "Energy (stored) due to position or condition."

Rate this question:

• 3.

### Releasing a compressed spring is not an example of kinetic energy being converted to potential energy

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
When a compressed spring is released, it goes back to its original shape and releases the stored potential energy. This energy is then converted into kinetic energy as the spring starts to move. Therefore, releasing a compressed spring is not an example of kinetic energy being converted to potential energy. This makes the statement "True".

Rate this question:

• 4.

### At the top of its arc, a thrown ball has _____________ potential energy

Maximum
Explanation
At the top of its arc, a thrown ball has maximum potential energy because it is at the highest point in its trajectory. Potential energy is the energy that an object possesses due to its position or condition, and at the highest point of its arc, the ball has the greatest potential to do work or to be converted into other forms of energy. As the ball falls back down, its potential energy decreases and is converted into kinetic energy.

Rate this question:

• 5.

### The brakes on a car exert a frictional force of 6000 N to stop the car. If the work done by the brakes is 120,000 J to stop the car, how many meters did the car travel before it stopped?

• A.

20 m

• B.

6 m

• C.

72 m

• D.

12 m

A. 20 m
Explanation
The work done by the brakes is equal to the force exerted by the brakes multiplied by the distance traveled. In this case, the work done is 120,000 J and the force exerted is 6000 N. To find the distance traveled, we can rearrange the equation to distance = work/force. Plugging in the values, we get distance = 120,000 J / 6000 N = 20 m. Therefore, the car traveled 20 meters before it stopped.

Rate this question:

• 6.

### A man pushed a crate along a floor by exerting a force of 55 N. If the crate moves 4.0 m, how much work does the man do?

• A.

165 J

• B.

220 J

• C.

Zero

• D.

200J

B. 220 J
Explanation
The work done by the man can be calculated using the formula: work = force x distance. In this case, the force exerted by the man is 55 N and the distance the crate moves is 4.0 m. By multiplying these values together, we get 220 J. Therefore, the man does 220 J of work.

Rate this question:

• 7.

### Which of the following statements about work and energy is NOT true?

• A.

When work is done, energy is transferred or transformed

• B.

Work and energy are always equal

• C.

• D.

Work and energy have the same units

B. Work and energy are always equal
Explanation
The statement "Work and energy are always equal" is not true because work and energy are not always equal. Work is the transfer of energy that occurs when a force is applied to an object and it causes the object to move in the direction of the force. Energy, on the other hand, is the ability to do work. While work and energy are related, they are not always equal as there can be situations where work is done without a change in energy or where energy is transferred without work being done.

Rate this question:

• 8.

### How are energy and work related?

• A.

Energy = the ability to do work

• B.

Work = transfer of energy (moves an object)

• C.

BOTH are measured in Joules

• D.

All of the above

D. All of the above
Explanation
Energy and work are related because energy is defined as the ability to do work, and work is the transfer of energy that moves an object. Both energy and work are measured in the unit of Joules. Therefore, all of the statements mentioned in the options are correct and provide a comprehensive understanding of the relationship between energy and work.

Rate this question:

• 9.

### A boy pushes on a parked car with a force of 200N. The car does not move. How much work does the boy do?

• A.

200N

• B.

720N

• C.

Zero

• D.

None of the above

C. Zero
Explanation
The work done by a force is defined as the product of the force applied and the displacement in the direction of the force. In this case, the car does not move, which means there is no displacement in the direction of the force applied by the boy. Therefore, the work done by the boy is zero.

Rate this question:

• 10.

### Which form of energy does a plant store when light is transformed during photosynthesis

• A.

Chemical

• B.

Thermal

• C.

Mechanical

• D.

Electrical

A. Chemical
Explanation
During photosynthesis, plants convert light energy into chemical energy in the form of glucose. This chemical energy is stored in the plant's cells and can be used for various metabolic processes such as growth, reproduction, and cellular respiration. Therefore, the correct answer is chemical energy.

Rate this question:

• 11.

### Friction causes kinetic energy to be turned into ____________.

• A.

Mechanical energy

• B.

Solar energy

• C.

Thermal energy

• D.

All of the above

C. Thermal energy
Explanation
Friction is a force that opposes the motion of objects in contact with each other. When friction acts on an object, it causes the object to slow down and eventually come to a stop. This loss of motion is due to the conversion of kinetic energy, which is the energy of motion, into other forms of energy. In the case of friction, the kinetic energy is primarily converted into thermal energy, which is the energy associated with the motion of particles within a substance. Therefore, the correct answer is thermal energy.

Rate this question:

• 12.

### Which of the following is NOT an example of kinetic energy being converted to potential energy?

• A.

• B.

Releasing a compressed spring

• C.

Pulling a sled up a hill

• D.

None of the above

B. Releasing a compressed spring
Explanation
When a basketball jumps on a rebound, its kinetic energy is converted into potential energy as it gains height. Similarly, when pulling a sled up a hill, the kinetic energy of the person pulling the sled is converted into potential energy as the sled gains height. However, when a compressed spring is released, the potential energy stored in the spring is converted back into kinetic energy as it returns to its original shape. Therefore, releasing a compressed spring is not an example of kinetic energy being converted to potential energy.

Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

• Current Version
• Mar 14, 2024
Quiz Edited by
ProProfs Editorial Team
• Nov 18, 2010
Quiz Created by
Jkvalenti2014

Related Topics