Endocrine System (Location And Function)

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| By Ct83
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Ct83
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Questions: 9 | Attempts: 966

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Endocrine System Quizzes & Trivia

Location and function of endocrine glands


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What does the pancreas control?

    • A.

      Digestive enzymes, blood sugar control

    • B.

      Calcium levels

    • C.

      Bone growth

    • D.

      Temperature, blood sugar control

    • E.

      Nerve and heart function

    Correct Answer
    A. Digestive enzymes, blood sugar control
    Explanation
    The pancreas controls the production and release of digestive enzymes, which aid in the breakdown of food in the digestive system. Additionally, it plays a crucial role in blood sugar control by producing insulin and glucagon, hormones that regulate the levels of glucose in the bloodstream.

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  • 2. 

    The hypothalmus controls?

    • A.

      Sexual characteristics

    • B.

      Stress, blood sugar control

    • C.

      Calcium levels and bone metabolism

    • D.

      Metabolism, stress

    • E.

      Metabolism, temperature regulation

    Correct Answer
    E. Metabolism, temperature regulation
    Explanation
    The hypothalamus controls metabolism and temperature regulation in the body. It regulates the release of hormones that control metabolism, such as thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH). It also plays a crucial role in maintaining body temperature by regulating the release of heat through processes like sweating or shivering. Additionally, the hypothalamus is involved in regulating hunger and thirst, sleep-wake cycles, and other autonomic functions.

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  • 3. 

    The parathyroid is located?

    • A.

      Above the kidneys

    • B.

      In the brain

    • C.

      Within the female pelvis

    • D.

      Front of the neck

    • E.

      Behind the thyroid gland

    Correct Answer
    E. Behind the thyroid gland
    Explanation
    The parathyroid is located behind the thyroid gland. The parathyroid glands are small, pea-sized glands that are situated on the back surface of the thyroid gland. They are typically found in pairs, with two glands on each side of the thyroid. The parathyroid glands play a crucial role in regulating the levels of calcium in the body. They produce parathyroid hormone (PTH), which helps to control calcium levels by acting on the bones, kidneys, and intestines.

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  • 4. 

    The adrenal glands are located?

    • A.

      Within the pelvis

    • B.

      The brain

    • C.

      The neck

    • D.

      Above each kidney

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. Above each kidney
    Explanation
    The adrenal glands are located above each kidney. These small, triangular-shaped glands are part of the endocrine system and are responsible for producing hormones such as adrenaline, cortisol, and aldosterone. Positioned on top of the kidneys, the adrenal glands play a crucial role in regulating various bodily functions, including metabolism, stress response, blood pressure, and fluid balance.

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  • 5. 

    The thyroid controls? (Pick 2)

    • A.

      Nerve and heart function

    • B.

      Stress, metabolism

    • C.

      Metabolism, bone growth

    • D.

      Blood sugar control, metabolism

    • E.

      Sexual characteristics, metabolism

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Nerve and heart function
    C. Metabolism, bone growth
    Explanation
    The thyroid gland is responsible for producing hormones that regulate various bodily functions. Nerve and heart function are controlled by the thyroid hormones, as they help to maintain a steady heart rate and ensure proper nerve signaling. Additionally, the thyroid hormones play a crucial role in metabolism, which refers to the body's ability to convert food into energy. They also contribute to bone growth and development. Therefore, the correct answer is nerve and heart function, metabolism, and bone growth.

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  • 6. 

    The adrenal gland controls?

    • A.

      Calcium levels, metabolism, temperature regulation

    • B.

      Stress, temperature regulation, homeostasis

    • C.

      Stress, metabolism, homeostasis

    Correct Answer
    C. Stress, metabolism, homeostasis
    Explanation
    The adrenal gland is responsible for regulating stress levels in the body by releasing hormones such as cortisol. It also plays a key role in metabolism by producing hormones that regulate blood sugar levels and help convert food into energy. Additionally, the adrenal gland helps maintain homeostasis by regulating fluid and electrolyte balance in the body.

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  • 7. 

    Endocrine glands secrete?

    Correct Answer
    Hormones
    Explanation
    Endocrine glands secrete hormones, which are chemical messengers that are released into the bloodstream and travel to target cells or organs to regulate various bodily functions. These hormones help to maintain homeostasis, control growth and development, regulate metabolism, and influence mood and behavior. They play a crucial role in coordinating and controlling the activities of different organs and systems in the body.

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  • 8. 

    Hormones are secreted directly into the?

    Correct Answer
    Blood stream
    Blood
    Explanation
    Hormones are secreted directly into the blood stream because they are produced by endocrine glands and released into the bloodstream. From there, they are transported throughout the body, reaching target cells or organs to regulate various physiological processes. The bloodstream acts as a carrier, allowing hormones to travel and exert their effects on specific target tissues. Therefore, the correct answer is "Blood stream."

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  • 9. 

    The pancreas is located?

    • A.

      Behind the bladder

    • B.

      Sits just below and partially behind the stomach

    • C.

      Above the heart

    • D.

      The base of the brain

    Correct Answer
    B. Sits just below and partially behind the stomach
    Explanation
    The pancreas is located just below and partially behind the stomach. This positioning allows it to be close to the digestive system, as it plays a crucial role in producing digestive enzymes and hormones such as insulin. Being in close proximity to the stomach also allows for efficient communication and coordination between the two organs in the digestion process.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 14, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Ct83
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