Trivia: The Ultimate Economics Vocabulary Quiz

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Trivia: The Ultimate Economics Vocabulary Quiz - Quiz

There are a lot of terms that are used regularly when it comes to economics and students are expected to know them by heart and use them when they go to practice in the different sectors, they will land in. Do you think you can pass this vocabulary quiz? Give it a shot and get to find out. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A person that combines land, labor, and capital to start a business

    • A. 

      Capital

    • B. 

      Consumer

    • C. 

      Entrepreneur

    Correct Answer
    C. Entrepreneur
    Explanation
    An entrepreneur is a person who combines land, labor, and capital to start a business. They are individuals who take risks and create new ventures, utilizing their resources to bring innovative ideas to the market. Entrepreneurs play a crucial role in the economy by driving growth, creating job opportunities, and contributing to overall societal development. They are often characterized by their ability to identify opportunities, take calculated risks, and exhibit strong leadership and management skills.

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  • 2. 

    The distribution of resources

    • A. 

      Capitalism

    • B. 

      Allocation

    • C. 

      Free enterprise

    Correct Answer
    B. Allocation
    Explanation
    The term "allocation" refers to the process of distributing resources, such as money, goods, or services, in a systematic and organized manner. In the context of the given options, capitalism and free enterprise are both economic systems that involve the allocation of resources. Capitalism is an economic system where resources are owned and controlled by individuals and businesses, and the allocation of resources is primarily driven by market forces such as supply and demand. Free enterprise is a system where individuals are free to own and operate businesses, and the allocation of resources is determined by market competition. Therefore, the correct answer, "allocation," encompasses the concept of distributing resources in both capitalism and free enterprise.

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  • 3. 

    An economic system in which individuals are free to create wealth

    • A. 

      Capitalism

    • B. 

      Command system

    • C. 

      Communism

    Correct Answer
    A. Capitalism
    Explanation
    Capitalism is an economic system that allows individuals the freedom to generate wealth. In this system, individuals have the autonomy to produce and sell goods and services based on their own choices and incentives. The market is driven by supply and demand, and prices are determined by competition. Capitalism promotes private ownership, entrepreneurship, and the accumulation of capital. It encourages innovation and efficiency, as individuals strive to maximize their profits. Overall, capitalism fosters economic growth and prosperity by harnessing the power of individual initiative and free markets.

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  • 4. 

    Specialization of cooperative labor

    • A. 

      Efficiency

    • B. 

      Division of labor

    • C. 

      Factors of production

    Correct Answer
    B. Division of labor
    Explanation
    Division of labor refers to the process of breaking down a complex task into smaller, more specialized tasks, each performed by different individuals or groups. This allows for increased efficiency and productivity as each person can focus on their specific task, becoming more skilled and proficient in it over time. By dividing the labor, workers can specialize in their areas of expertise, leading to higher quality output and faster completion of tasks. This concept is widely recognized as a key factor in improving productivity and economic growth.

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  • 5. 

    Using resources in such a way to maximize the production of goods and resources

    • A. 

      Efficiency

    • B. 

      Market system

    • C. 

      Allocation

    Correct Answer
    A. Efficiency
    Explanation
    Efficiency refers to the ability to use resources in the most effective way to maximize the production of goods and resources. It involves minimizing waste, reducing costs, and optimizing productivity. By being efficient, a system or organization can achieve higher output with the same or fewer resources. In the context of the given options, efficiency is the best fit as it directly relates to the concept of using resources effectively to maximize production.

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  • 6. 

    An economic system in which the central government makes all the decisions on the production and consumption of goods and services

    • A. 

      Market system

    • B. 

      Communism

    • C. 

      Command system

    Correct Answer
    C. Command system
    Explanation
    A command system is an economic system in which the central government has control over all decisions related to the production and consumption of goods and services. In this system, the government determines what goods and services will be produced, how they will be produced, and who will receive them. This type of system is often associated with communism, where the government owns and controls all resources and means of production. It is the opposite of a market system, where decisions are made by individuals and businesses based on supply and demand.

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  • 7. 

    An individual that participates in the free market by buying things.

    • A. 

      Producer

    • B. 

      Consumer

    • C. 

      Capitalist

    Correct Answer
    B. Consumer
    Explanation
    The correct answer is consumer because an individual that participates in the free market by buying things is someone who consumes goods and services. Producers, on the other hand, are individuals or businesses that create or supply goods and services. While capitalists are individuals who own capital or wealth and may invest in businesses, they are not necessarily directly involved in buying things in the free market. Therefore, the most appropriate term for an individual participating in the free market by buying things is a consumer.

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  • 8. 

    Any human made resources that is used to make other goods and services

    • A. 

      Factors of production

    • B. 

      Capital

    • C. 

      Land

    Correct Answer
    B. Capital
    Explanation
    Capital refers to any human-made resources that are used to produce goods and services. This includes tools, machinery, buildings, equipment, and technology. Capital is an essential factor of production alongside land and labor. It is used to enhance productivity and efficiency in the production process. By investing in capital, businesses can increase their output and create more goods and services. Capital is crucial for economic growth and development as it enables innovation and the creation of new products.

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  • 9. 

    Land, labor, and capital

    • A. 

      Capital

    • B. 

      Product possibilities

    • C. 

      Factors of production

    Correct Answer
    C. Factors of production
    Explanation
    The term "factors of production" refers to the resources that are used in the production process, including land, labor, and capital. These factors are essential for creating goods and services, and they contribute to the overall productivity and efficiency of an economy. Therefore, the given answer, "factors of production," accurately describes the resources needed for production.

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  • 10. 

    System characterized by private or corporate ownership of capital goods

    • A. 

      Free enterprise

    • B. 

      Communism

    • C. 

      Market system

    Correct Answer
    A. Free enterprise
    Explanation
    The correct answer is free enterprise. Free enterprise refers to an economic system where the means of production are privately owned and operated for profit. In this system, individuals and businesses have the freedom to make their own economic decisions, such as what to produce and how to distribute goods and services. This system is characterized by competition, supply and demand, and minimal government intervention. It allows for innovation, entrepreneurship, and individual economic freedom.

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  • 11. 

    A political system characterized by a centrally planned economy with all economic and political power resting in the hands of the central government.

    • A. 

      Capitalism

    • B. 

      Communism

    • C. 

      Market system

    Correct Answer
    B. Communism
    Explanation
    Communism is a political system where the central government has complete control over both the economy and politics. In a communist system, there is no private ownership of property and all resources are owned by the state. The central government makes all economic decisions, including production and distribution of goods and services. This system aims to create an equal society by eliminating social classes and promoting the common ownership of resources.

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  • 12. 

    The price paid for use of borrowed money

    • A. 

      Productivity

    • B. 

      Marginal

    • C. 

      Interest

    Correct Answer
    C. Interest
    Explanation
    Interest refers to the price paid for the use of borrowed money. It is the additional amount that a borrower pays to the lender in return for using their funds. Interest is calculated as a percentage of the principal amount and is typically charged over a specific period of time. This cost is incurred by individuals, businesses, and governments when they borrow money from financial institutions or other lenders. The purpose of interest is to compensate the lender for the risk of lending their money and to provide an incentive for them to lend in the first place.

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  • 13. 

    The effort that people devote to a task for which they are paid

    • A. 

      Efficiency

    • B. 

      Labor

    • C. 

      Opportunity cost

    Correct Answer
    B. Labor
    Explanation
    The term "labor" refers to the effort that individuals put into a task or work for which they receive payment. It encompasses the physical and mental exertion involved in completing a job. The answer choice "labor" accurately represents the concept of the effort people dedicate to a paid task.

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  • 14. 

    Natural resources that are used to make goods and services

    • A. 

      Land

    • B. 

      Capital

    • C. 

      Factors of production

    Correct Answer
    A. Land
    Explanation
    Land is a factor of production that refers to natural resources such as forests, minerals, water, and agricultural land. These resources are used in the production of goods and services. For example, land is used for farming to produce crops, or for extracting minerals to create products. It is an essential input in the production process and plays a crucial role in the economy.

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  • 15. 

    The cost of producing one more unit of a good

    • A. 

      Interest

    • B. 

      Productivity

    • C. 

      Marginal

    Correct Answer
    C. Marginal
    Explanation
    The term "marginal" refers to the additional or incremental change in a certain variable. In the context of the question, the correct answer "marginal" explains that it represents the cost of producing one more unit of a good. This suggests that the answer is referring to the additional cost incurred when producing an additional unit of a good.

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  • 16. 

    The interaction of buyers and sellers determines the process of most goods as well as what quantity of a good will be produced

    • A. 

      Market system

    • B. 

      Captialism

    • C. 

      Communism

    Correct Answer
    A. Market system
    Explanation
    The interaction of buyers and sellers in a market system determines the production process and quantity of goods. In a market system, prices are determined by supply and demand, and producers respond to consumer preferences and demands. This allows for competition, innovation, and efficiency in the allocation of resources. Market systems are characterized by private ownership and individual decision-making, making it distinct from communism, where the government controls the means of production, and capitalism, which is a broader economic system that encompasses various market systems.

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  • 17. 

    The most desirable alternative given up as the result of a decision

    • A. 

      Marginal

    • B. 

      Efficiency

    • C. 

      Opportunity cost

    Correct Answer
    C. Opportunity cost
    Explanation
    Opportunity cost refers to the value of the next best alternative that is forgone when making a decision. It represents the benefits or profits that could have been gained from choosing the alternative option. In this context, the "most desirable alternative given up as the result of a decision" aligns perfectly with the concept of opportunity cost. The term "marginal" refers to the additional or incremental change, while "efficiency" refers to the ability to achieve maximum output with minimum resources.

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  • 18. 

    Someone who produces something

    • A. 

      Producer

    • B. 

      Entrepreneur

    • C. 

      Consumer

    Correct Answer
    A. Producer
    Explanation
    A producer is someone who creates or manufactures goods or services. They are responsible for the production process, which involves transforming raw materials into finished products. Producers play a crucial role in the economy as they contribute to the supply of goods and services. They are distinct from entrepreneurs, who are individuals who identify business opportunities and take risks to start and manage a business. Consumers, on the other hand, are individuals who purchase and use goods and services produced by producers.

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  • 19. 

    Possibilities made for production

    • A. 

      Allocation

    • B. 

      Factors of production

    • C. 

      Product possibilities

    Correct Answer
    C. Product possibilities
    Explanation
    The term "product possibilities" refers to the different options or choices available for production. It implies the various potential products that can be produced using the available resources and factors of production. This answer aligns with the given options and accurately describes the concept of product possibilities in relation to production.

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  • 20. 

    Value of output produced

    • A. 

      Interest

    • B. 

      Productivity

    • C. 

      Marginal

    Correct Answer
    B. Productivity
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "productivity". Productivity refers to the measure of efficiency in producing output. It is a key factor in determining the value of the output produced. Higher productivity implies that more output is being produced with the same or fewer resources, resulting in increased efficiency and profitability. Therefore, productivity is directly related to the value of the output produced.

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