Economic System Quiz: Trivia Exam!

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Economic System Quiz: Trivia Exam! - Quiz

Do you know what the economy is? Have you ever imagine how it works? The economic system refers to production, allocating resources, and focusing on the distribution of goods and services, which comprises different institutions and entities that take decisions and focus on economic structure. This quiz will test your knowledge and make you aware of types of economy and functions.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

     What are the limitations of a Free enterprise system?

    • A.

      High taxation and less incentive to work hard

    • B.

      Uneven distribution of resources, consumer difficulty in obtaining information, and health-risk products

    • C.

      Restrictions on personal freedoms

    • D.

      There are no limitations

    Correct Answer
    B. Uneven distribution of resources, consumer difficulty in obtaining information, and health-risk products
    Explanation
    A free enterprise system, while promoting economic freedom and competition, also has its limitations. One limitation is the uneven distribution of resources, where wealth and opportunities may be concentrated in the hands of a few, leading to income inequality. Additionally, consumers may face difficulty in obtaining accurate information about products and services, which can hinder their ability to make informed choices. Lastly, in a free enterprise system, there is a risk of health-risk products being introduced into the market due to limited regulations. These limitations highlight the need for some degree of government intervention to address these issues and ensure a fair and safe marketplace.

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  • 2. 

    What are the limitations of a Mixed economy?

    • A.

      High taxation and less incentive to work hard

    • B.

      All profit goes to the government

    • C.

      Restrictions on personal freedoms

    • D.

      Uneven distribution of resources, consumer difficulty in obtaining information, and health-risk products

    Correct Answer
    A. High taxation and less incentive to work hard
    Explanation
    A mixed economy has limitations such as high taxation and less incentive to work hard. In this type of economy, the government plays a significant role in the distribution of resources and income. High taxation can discourage individuals from working hard as they may feel that a large portion of their earnings will go towards taxes. This can lead to a lack of motivation and productivity in the workforce. Additionally, when all profit goes to the government, it can limit the potential for individual wealth accumulation and entrepreneurship.

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  • 3. 

    The term that indicates ownership, either by individuals or by a business, is ...

    • A.

      Centrally planned economy

    • B.

      Competition

    • C.

      Free enterprise

    • D.

      Private property

    Correct Answer
    D. Private property
    Explanation
    Private property refers to the ownership of assets or resources by individuals or businesses. It implies that individuals have the right to possess, use, and transfer property according to their own preferences. This concept is a fundamental aspect of a market-based economic system, such as a free enterprise system, where individuals have the freedom to own, control, and make decisions regarding their property. Private property rights incentivize individuals to invest, innovate, and create wealth, as they have the assurance of reaping the benefits of their efforts.

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  • 4. 

    An economic system in which business are allowed to produce any goods and services they wish to is referred to as ...

    • A.

      A centrally planned economy

    • B.

      Free enterprise

    • C.

      A mixed economy

    • D.

      A private economy

    Correct Answer
    B. Free enterprise
    Explanation
    Free enterprise refers to an economic system where businesses have the freedom to produce any goods and services they desire. In this system, there is minimal government intervention and regulations, allowing businesses to operate independently and make their own decisions. This promotes competition, innovation, and entrepreneurship, leading to economic growth and development.

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  • 5. 

    A situation that occurs when two or more businesses try to sell the same type of product to the same customers is referred to as ...

    • A.

      Competition

    • B.

      Factors of production

    • C.

      Consumer goods

    • D.

      Free enterprise

    Correct Answer
    A. Competition
    Explanation
    Competition refers to a situation where multiple businesses are vying to sell the same product to the same customers. In this scenario, each business strives to outperform its rivals by offering better quality, lower prices, or unique features. Competition is a fundamental aspect of a market economy as it drives innovation, efficiency, and customer satisfaction. It encourages businesses to constantly improve their products and services to gain a competitive edge and attract customers. Ultimately, competition benefits consumers by providing them with more choices and better value for their money.

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  • 6. 

    The items that consumers buy are called ...

    • A.

      Private property

    • B.

      Factors of production

    • C.

      Producer goods

    • D.

      Consumer goods

    Correct Answer
    D. Consumer goods
    Explanation
    Consumer goods are the items that consumers buy for their personal use or consumption. These goods are directly used to satisfy the needs and wants of individuals. They are different from producer goods, which are used in the production of other goods, and factors of production, which include resources like land, labor, and capital. Private property refers to the legal ownership of assets by individuals or non-governmental entities. Therefore, consumer goods accurately describe the items that consumers purchase.

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  • 7. 

    Things that are needed to produce goods and services are called ...

    • A.

      Efficient use of resources

    • B.

      Factors of production

    • C.

      Economic systems

    • D.

      Private property

    Correct Answer
    B. Factors of production
    Explanation
    Factors of production refer to the resources that are required to produce goods and services. These resources include land, labor, capital, and entrepreneurship. Land refers to natural resources such as water, minerals, and forests. Labor refers to the human effort and skills involved in production. Capital refers to the machinery, equipment, and infrastructure used in production. Lastly, entrepreneurship refers to the ability to organize and manage the other factors of production. Therefore, factors of production accurately describe the things needed to produce goods and services.

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  • 8. 

    An economic system in which private property is almost totally restricted is called ...

    • A.

      A mixed economy

    • B.

      Competition

    • C.

      Free enterprise

    • D.

      A centrally planned economy

    Correct Answer
    D. A centrally planned economy
    Explanation
    A centrally planned economy is an economic system in which the government has significant control over the allocation of resources and production decisions. In this system, private property is heavily restricted, as the government owns and controls most of the means of production. This is in contrast to a free enterprise system, where private individuals and businesses have the freedom to own and control property and make economic decisions. A mixed economy combines elements of both centrally planned and free enterprise systems, allowing for some level of government intervention while also allowing for private ownership and competition.

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  • 9. 

    An economic system that has Government restrictions on the actions of individuals and businesses is called ...

    • A.

      A mixed economy

    • B.

      Factors of production

    • C.

      A centrally planned economy

    • D.

      Free enterprise

    Correct Answer
    A. A mixed economy
    Explanation
    A mixed economy is an economic system that combines elements of both government intervention and free market principles. In a mixed economy, the government imposes certain restrictions on the actions of individuals and businesses to ensure fairness, protect consumers, and promote social welfare. These restrictions can include regulations, taxes, subsidies, and government ownership of certain industries. By allowing both private and public sectors to coexist, a mixed economy aims to strike a balance between individual freedom and collective well-being, while also addressing market failures and promoting economic stability.

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  • 10. 

    Goods that are used to produce other goods are called ...

    • A.

      Consumer goods

    • B.

      Private property

    • C.

      Producer goods

    • D.

      Competition

    Correct Answer
    C. Producer goods
    Explanation
    Producer goods are goods that are used to produce other goods. They are not meant for direct consumption by individuals but rather for use in the production process. Examples of producer goods include machinery, equipment, tools, and raw materials. These goods are essential for businesses and industries to produce consumer goods or provide services. Unlike consumer goods, which are purchased by individuals for personal use, producer goods play a crucial role in the production and supply chain of goods and services.

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  • 11. 

    Three basic types of economic systems are ...

    • A.

      Natural resources, labour, capital

    • B.

      What to produce, how to produce, who will receive the goods and services

    • C.

      Free enterprise, centrally planned economy, mixed economy

    • D.

      Government, business, consumers

    Correct Answer
    C. Free enterprise, centrally planned economy, mixed economy
    Explanation
    The given answer correctly identifies the three basic types of economic systems: free enterprise, centrally planned economy, and mixed economy. These three systems represent different approaches to the allocation of resources, decision-making processes, and the role of the government in the economy. In a free enterprise system, individuals and businesses have the freedom to own and control resources and make economic decisions. In a centrally planned economy, the government controls all resources and makes all economic decisions. A mixed economy combines elements of both free enterprise and centrally planned systems, where the government and private sector coexist and share control over resources and decision-making.

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  • 12. 

    The basic ideas that make a free enterprise system work are ...

    • A.

      Competition, profit, and private property

    • B.

      Freedom, efficient use of resources, and profit

    • C.

      Profit, efficient use of resources, and risk

    • D.

      Natural resources, profit, and private property

    Correct Answer
    A. Competition, profit, and private property
    Explanation
    The basic ideas that make a free enterprise system work are competition, profit, and private property. In a free enterprise system, competition drives businesses to improve their products and services, leading to innovation and better choices for consumers. Profit is the incentive for individuals and businesses to take risks and invest in the economy, which promotes growth and job creation. Private property rights allow individuals and businesses to own and control resources, giving them the freedom to make decisions and allocate resources efficiently. These three ideas are essential for the functioning of a free enterprise system.

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  • 13. 

    When referring to a free enterprise system, "private property" means that ...

    • A.

      No one is allowed access to a particular place

    • B.

      Equipment and buildings can be owned by individuals or businesses

    • C.

      One must ask permission before entering someone's yard

    • D.

      Things and buildings can be owned by individuals and governments

    Correct Answer
    B. Equipment and buildings can be owned by individuals or businesses
    Explanation
    In a free enterprise system, "private property" refers to the ownership of equipment and buildings by individuals or businesses. This means that individuals and businesses have the right to own and control these assets without interference from the government or other individuals. This concept is fundamental to the free market system, as it allows individuals and businesses to have control over their own resources and make decisions regarding their use and allocation.

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  • 14. 

    The words "producer goods" describe ...

    • A.

      The final product that a producer makes

    • B.

      The products made by all producers

    • C.

      The goods used to produce other goods

    • D.

      Equipment but not factories and offices

    Correct Answer
    C. The goods used to produce other goods
    Explanation
    The term "producer goods" refers to the goods that are used in the production process to create other goods or services. These goods are not the final products themselves, but rather the tools, equipment, and materials necessary for production. This can include machinery, raw materials, and components. The focus is on the goods that facilitate the production process rather than the end products.

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  • 15. 

    The phrase "profit is the incentive for business" means that profit ...

    • A.

      Provides a strong reason to reduce investment

    • B.

      Reduces the need for efficient use of resources

    • C.

      Provides a reward for the risk and effort involved

    • D.

      Provides the incentive to increase expenses

    Correct Answer
    C. Provides a reward for the risk and effort involved
    Explanation
    The phrase "profit is the incentive for business" means that profit provides a reward for the risk and effort involved. In other words, the potential for making a profit motivates businesses to take risks and put in the necessary effort to succeed. Profit serves as a form of compensation for the time, money, and resources invested in a business venture. It encourages businesses to strive for efficiency and make wise decisions in order to maximize their profitability.

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  • 16. 

    Competition occurs if ...

    • A.

      Two or more businesses try to sell the same type of goods or services to the same customer

    • B.

      Government agencies are the only producers of goods or services

    • C.

      One business has the approval to sell the total production of one type of good or service

    • D.

      One large business owns all the natural resources needed to produce some particular product

    Correct Answer
    A. Two or more businesses try to sell the same type of goods or services to the same customer
    Explanation
    Competition occurs when two or more businesses try to sell the same type of goods or services to the same customer. This means that there are multiple options available to the customer, and the businesses must compete with each other to attract and retain customers. This can lead to lower prices, better quality, and improved customer service as businesses strive to differentiate themselves and gain a competitive advantage in the market.

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  • 17. 

    Which of the following is not an example of a situation that increases profit in a free enterprise system?

    • A.

      A business enterprise begins to lower its costs

    • B.

      A producer uses the firm's resources more efficiently

    • C.

      The cost of raw materials has increased

    • D.

      Ambitious salespeople have increased the sales volume without reducing prices

    Correct Answer
    C. The cost of raw materials has increased
    Explanation
    The cost of raw materials increasing does not directly contribute to increasing profit in a free enterprise system. In fact, it can have the opposite effect, as higher costs can eat into profit margins. To increase profit, businesses typically focus on lowering costs, using resources efficiently, and increasing sales volume without reducing prices.

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  • 18. 

    Canada's economy is referred to as a mixed economy because ...

    • A.

      Producers can produce whatever they wish

    • B.

      Businesses can act independently without government interference

    • C.

      Government is involved in regulating and owning some businesses

    • D.

      Government owns all businesses

    Correct Answer
    C. Government is involved in regulating and owning some businesses
    Explanation
    Canada's economy is referred to as a mixed economy because the government is involved in regulating and owning some businesses. This means that while producers have the freedom to produce whatever they wish, businesses cannot act independently without government interference. The government plays a role in regulating certain industries and also owns some businesses, which indicates a level of government involvement in the economy. This combination of private and government ownership and regulation characterizes Canada's mixed economy.

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  • 19. 

    A centrally planned economy promotes ...

    • A.

      Private property, profit, and competition

    • B.

      Government ownership, no competition, and no profit

    • C.

      Government ownership, competition, and no profit

    • D.

      Government ownership, profit, and no competition

    Correct Answer
    D. Government ownership, profit, and no competition
    Explanation
    A centrally planned economy promotes government ownership, profit, and no competition. In this type of economic system, the government controls and owns the means of production and distribution. Profit is still a motive for economic activity, but competition is limited or non-existent as the government regulates and controls industries. This allows the government to have more control over the economy and ensure that resources are allocated according to their priorities and goals.

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  • 20. 

    A centerally planned economy has ...

    • A.

      A large planning agency, many government employees, and many social benefits

    • B.

      A large planning agency, many personal freedoms, and many social benefits

    • C.

      Large military spending, incentive to work to benefit individuals, and a large bureaucracy

    • D.

      Large military spending, a large bureaucracy, and many personal freedoms

    Correct Answer
    A. A large planning agency, many government employees, and many social benefits
    Explanation
    A centrally planned economy is characterized by a large planning agency, many government employees, and many social benefits. This means that the government has significant control over the allocation of resources and decision-making in the economy. The large planning agency is responsible for setting production targets, determining resource allocation, and overall economic planning. The presence of many government employees indicates a high level of government intervention and administration. Additionally, the provision of many social benefits suggests that the government plays a significant role in providing welfare and support to the population.

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  • 21. 

    What is the basic question(s) all economic systems try to answer?

    • A.

      What to produce?

    • B.

      How to produce it?

    • C.

      For whom to produce?

    • D.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above." All economic systems try to answer the basic questions of what to produce, how to produce it, and for whom to produce. These questions are fundamental in determining the allocation of resources, the production methods, and the distribution of goods and services in an economy.

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  • 22. 

    What is the economic problem every nation has?

    • A.

      The problem of meeting every one's needs.

    • B.

      Not enough population.

    • C.

      Too much pollution.

    • D.

      Not enough resources.

    Correct Answer
    A. The problem of meeting every one's needs.
    Explanation
    Every nation faces the economic problem of meeting everyone's needs. This refers to the challenge of allocating limited resources to satisfy the unlimited wants and needs of the population. Resources such as land, labor, and capital are scarce, while the demands for goods and services are infinite. Therefore, nations must make choices and prioritize the allocation of resources to ensure that basic needs are met and maximize overall welfare. This problem is inherent in all economies, regardless of population size or the presence of pollution.

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  • 23. 

    When deciding "what to produce", what is said to be limited?

    • A.

      Population

    • B.

      Power

    • C.

      Resources

    • D.

      Water

    Correct Answer
    C. Resources
    Explanation
    When deciding "what to produce", resources are said to be limited. This means that there is a finite amount of resources available to produce goods and services. These resources can include natural resources such as land, water, and minerals, as well as human resources like labor and skills. The limitation of resources implies that choices must be made regarding what goods and services to prioritize and produce, as it is not possible to produce everything due to the scarcity of resources.

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  • 24. 

    Who makes the decisions in a Free Enterprise economy?

    • A.

      The consumer and businesses

    • B.

      The government

    • C.

      Pets

    • D.

      Voters

    Correct Answer
    A. The consumer and businesses
    Explanation
    In a Free Enterprise economy, the decisions are made by the consumer and businesses. This means that individuals have the freedom to choose what goods and services they want to consume, and businesses have the freedom to produce and sell those goods and services. The government does not have a significant role in making economic decisions in this type of economy. This system allows for competition, innovation, and efficiency, as businesses strive to meet the demands and preferences of consumers.

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  • 25. 

    In a Free Enterprise economy, private property is...

    • A.

      Discouraged

    • B.

      Limited

    • C.

      Encouraged

    • D.

      Non-existent

    Correct Answer
    C. Encouraged
    Explanation
    In a Free Enterprise economy, private property is encouraged. This means that individuals have the right to own and control their own property, including land, buildings, and resources. This encourages individuals to invest in and develop their property, as they have the incentive to benefit from its use and potential profits. It also allows for the efficient allocation of resources, as individuals are motivated to make productive use of their property in order to generate income and compete in the market. Overall, the encouragement of private property ownership is a fundamental aspect of a Free Enterprise economy.

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  • 26. 

    During what historical period did the idea of a Centrally Planned Economy arise?

    • A.

      Late 1700's

    • B.

      Early 1800's

    • C.

      Early 1900's

    • D.

      Beginning of the 21st century

    Correct Answer
    C. Early 1900's
    Explanation
    The idea of a Centrally Planned Economy arose in the early 1900s. This period marked the rise of socialist and communist ideologies, which advocated for central planning and control of the economy by the state. Influential figures such as Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels developed theories on the role of the state in managing the economy, leading to the establishment of centrally planned economies in countries like the Soviet Union and China. This approach to economic organization aimed to address issues of inequality and exploitation inherent in capitalist systems.

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  • 27. 

    What is the main goal of a Mixed Economy?

    • A.

      To gain private property

    • B.

      To ensure fairness in business

    • C.

      To get rid of high taxation

    • D.

      To promote individual and social rights

    Correct Answer
    D. To promote individual and social rights
    Explanation
    The main goal of a mixed economy is to promote individual and social rights. In a mixed economy, there is a combination of both private and public ownership, allowing individuals to have the freedom to pursue their own economic interests while also ensuring that the government plays a role in protecting the rights and welfare of its citizens. This includes providing social services, promoting equality, and safeguarding individual rights such as access to education, healthcare, and a fair justice system.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 05, 2008
    Quiz Created by
    Zmolls

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