Economics Basics: Test! Quiz

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Economics Basics: Test! Quiz - Quiz


Play our online quiz on the basics of economics and test your knowledge about the most important concepts include the three types of wealth, what is described as a factor of production, the establishment of goods and services to meet the consumer's demands, how productivity relates to economics, and which feature of the output is human-made. This quiz will help you sort out the fundamentals of economics. You can do it.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Classification of wealth.  (Three types of wealth)

    Correct Answer
    private
    social
    national
    Explanation
    The given answer lists the three types of wealth: private, social, and national. Private wealth refers to the assets and resources owned by individuals or households. Social wealth refers to the common resources and assets shared by a community or society as a whole. National wealth refers to the collective assets and resources owned by a country or nation. These three types of wealth represent different levels and scopes of ownership and control over resources, ranging from individual to societal to national levels.

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  • 2. 

    The individual's total personal income.

    Correct Answer
    gross
    Explanation
    The term "gross" refers to the total amount of income an individual earns before any deductions or taxes are taken out. It includes all sources of income, such as wages, salaries, bonuses, dividends, and rental income. The gross income is important because it provides a clear picture of the individual's total earnings and is used to calculate various taxes and contributions.

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  • 3. 

    This is the cost of producing one additional unit of an item.

    Correct Answer
    marginal cost
    marginal
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "marginal cost". Marginal cost refers to the cost incurred in producing one additional unit of a product. It takes into account the additional expenses required to produce that extra unit, such as additional labor, materials, and overhead costs. By calculating the marginal cost, businesses can determine the profitability of producing more units and make informed decisions about production levels and pricing. "Marginal" alone does not provide enough information to explain the concept fully.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following are referred to as a factor of production?

    • A.

      Health

    • B.

      Capital

    • C.

      Cost

    • D.

      Business

    Correct Answer
    B. Capital
    Explanation
    Capital is referred to as a factor of production. In economics, factors of production are the resources used in the production process to create goods and services. Capital refers to the financial assets, machinery, equipment, and tools that are used in production. It is an essential input in the production process and plays a crucial role in generating output.

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  • 5. 

    What is the reward for land as a factor of production?

    • A.

      Profit

    • B.

      Interest

    • C.

      Wages

    • D.

      Rent

    Correct Answer
    D. Rent
    Explanation
    Land is a factor of production that refers to natural resources such as land, water, and minerals. The reward for land as a factor of production is rent. Rent is the payment made by individuals or businesses to the owners of land for the use of that land. It is based on the concept of scarcity, as land is a limited resource and its value is determined by supply and demand.

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  • 6. 

    What is the reward for labour as a factor of production?

    • A.

      Money

    • B.

      Promotion

    • C.

      Wages

    • D.

      Payment

    Correct Answer
    C. Wages
    Explanation
    The reward for labor as a factor of production is wages. Wages refer to the monetary compensation that workers receive in exchange for their labor. It is a form of payment for the work done by individuals or groups of individuals, usually on an hourly, daily, or monthly basis. Wages are an essential part of the labor market and play a crucial role in determining the standard of living and economic well-being of workers.

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  • 7. 

    This is referred to as the creation of goods and services to meet the demands of the consumer.

    • A.

      Productivity

    • B.

      Production

    • C.

      Producers

    • D.

      Suppliers

    Correct Answer
    B. Production
    Explanation
    Production refers to the process of creating goods and services to fulfill the needs and wants of consumers. It involves transforming inputs into outputs through various manufacturing or service activities. This includes activities such as manufacturing, assembling, packaging, and providing services. The goal of production is to meet consumer demands by efficiently utilizing resources and maximizing output.

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  • 8. 

    Which factor of production is man made?

    Correct Answer
    capital
    Explanation
    Capital is considered a man-made factor of production. It refers to the tools, machinery, equipment, and infrastructure used in the production process. Unlike natural resources, which are found in nature, capital is created by humans to aid in the production of goods and services. It includes physical assets such as buildings, vehicles, and technology, as well as financial resources like money and investments. Capital is essential for increasing productivity and economic growth, as it enables businesses to produce more efficiently and effectively.

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  • 9. 

    Which terms is used in describing the the optimal allocation of resources?

    Correct Answer
    production possibility frontier
    production possibility curve
    Explanation
    The terms "production possibility frontier" and "production possibility curve" are used to describe the optimal allocation of resources. These terms refer to a graphical representation that shows the maximum combination of goods and services that can be produced in an economy given its available resources and technology. The production possibility frontier or curve illustrates the trade-offs that exist between producing different goods and services, highlighting the concept of scarcity and the need to make choices in resource allocation.

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  • 10. 

    Which term describes the overall cost of production?

    • A.

      Marginal cost

    • B.

      Average cost

    • C.

      Total cost

    • D.

      Variable cost

    Correct Answer
    C. Total cost
    Explanation
    Total cost refers to the overall cost of production, which includes both fixed costs and variable costs. It represents the sum of all expenses incurred in producing a certain quantity of goods or services. This includes costs such as raw materials, labor, overhead expenses, and any other expenses directly or indirectly related to the production process. By calculating the total cost, businesses can determine the total amount of money invested in production and make informed decisions regarding pricing, profitability, and cost management.

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  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 13, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Samuelsj2
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