Take The Ecology Vocabulary Quiz Questions!

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Take The Ecology Vocabulary Quiz Questions! - Quiz

Do you know any ecology vocabulary? Ecology vocabulary is valuable to explain the subject of ecology, which is considered a life science. An example of ecology vocabulary is adaptive behavior, which means any behavior that promotes an individual’s reproductive success and is subject to natural selection. This quiz will show you different questions pertaining to ecology vocabulary, and you must select the one that best fits. You must take this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What term would best describe all the living factors in an enviornment?

    • A.

      Abiotic factor

    • B.

      Community

    • C.

      Biology

    • D.

      Biotic factor

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. Biotic factor
    Explanation
    The term "biotic factor" best describes all the living factors in an environment. Biotic factors are the living organisms, such as plants, animals, and microorganisms, that interact with each other and their surroundings. These factors play a crucial role in shaping the ecosystem and its dynamics. They can include things like competition for resources, predation, and symbiotic relationships.

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  • 2. 

    What term would best describe all the populations living in the same area at the same time?

    • A.

      Population

    • B.

      Neighborhood

    • C.

      Community

    • D.

      Species

    • E.

      My side

    Correct Answer
    C. Community
    Explanation
    The term "community" best describes all the populations living in the same area at the same time. A community refers to a group of different populations of organisms that interact and coexist in a specific geographic location. It implies a sense of interconnectedness and mutual dependence among the various species residing in the area. This term encompasses the idea of a shared environment and the interactions that occur within it, making it the most appropriate choice to describe the populations in a given area.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following is an example of an abiotic factor?

    • A.

      Elevation

    • B.

      Lattitude

    • C.

      Chemicals

    • D.

      Sunlight

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    All of the options listed (elevation, latitude, chemicals, and sunlight) are examples of abiotic factors. Abiotic factors are non-living components of an ecosystem that can have a significant impact on the organisms living within it. Elevation refers to the height above sea level, which affects temperature and air pressure. Latitude determines the amount of sunlight an area receives and influences climate. Chemicals in the environment, such as nutrients and pollutants, can affect the availability of resources and the health of organisms. Sunlight is a crucial abiotic factor as it provides energy for photosynthesis and influences temperature patterns. Therefore, all of these options are valid examples of abiotic factors.

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  • 4. 

    What does the arrow in a food chain represent?

    • A.

      Directions

    • B.

      Hustle and Flow

    • C.

      Viscosity

    • D.

      Flow of energy

    • E.

      Cash flow

    Correct Answer
    D. Flow of energy
    Explanation
    The arrow in a food chain represents the flow of energy. In a food chain, energy is transferred from one organism to another as they consume each other. The arrow indicates the direction of this energy flow, showing that energy is being transferred from the organism being consumed to the organism doing the consuming. This flow of energy is crucial for the functioning of ecosystems, as it allows energy to be passed along and used by different organisms in the food chain.

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  • 5. 

    In an ecosystem there are factors which may prevent the growth or existance of certain populations?

    • A.

      Limiting Factors

    • B.

      Abiotic factors

    • C.

      Independent Varriable

    • D.

      All of the above

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Limiting Factors
    Explanation
    Limiting factors are factors in an ecosystem that restrict the growth or existence of certain populations. These factors can include availability of resources such as food, water, and shelter, as well as predation, competition, and disease. Limiting factors play a crucial role in regulating population sizes and maintaining balance within an ecosystem. Abiotic factors refer to non-living components of an ecosystem, such as temperature, sunlight, and soil composition, which can also act as limiting factors. Independent variable refers to a variable that is manipulated or changed in an experiment, and is not directly related to the concept of limiting factors in an ecosystem.

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  • 6. 

    When ecosystems tend to have only enough resources to support certain sizes of populations

    Correct Answer
    carrying capacity
    Explanation
    Carrying capacity refers to the maximum number of individuals that an ecosystem can sustainably support with its available resources. When an ecosystem has limited resources, such as food, water, or space, it can only support populations up to a certain size. This limit is known as the carrying capacity. When the population size exceeds the carrying capacity, there is a strain on the available resources, leading to competition, scarcity, and potentially population decline. Therefore, the concept of carrying capacity is relevant when ecosystems can only provide enough resources for specific population sizes.

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  • 7. 

    What terms refer to where an organism lives and their role in the enviornment?

    Correct Answer
    habitat and niche
    Explanation
    Habitat refers to the physical location where an organism lives, including the specific features and conditions of that environment. Niche, on the other hand, refers to the specific role or function that an organism plays within its habitat, including its interactions with other organisms and its utilization of resources. Both terms are important in understanding an organism's relationship with its environment and how it adapts to survive and thrive.

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  • 8. 

    What branch of biology deals with the study of organisms and their enviornment?

    Correct Answer
    Ecology
    Explanation
    Ecology is the branch of biology that focuses on the study of organisms and their environment. It examines the relationships between living organisms and their surroundings, including the interactions between different species and their physical surroundings. Ecology helps us understand how organisms adapt to their environment, how they interact with each other, and how they influence and are influenced by their surroundings. By studying ecology, scientists can gain insights into the complex web of life on Earth and develop strategies for conservation and sustainable management of ecosystems.

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  • 9. 

    Increasing concentrations of harmful chemicals in organisms through a  food chain?

    Correct Answer
    Biological Magnification
    Explanation
    Biological magnification refers to the process in which harmful chemicals, such as pesticides or heavy metals, become more concentrated as they move up the food chain. This occurs because organisms at higher trophic levels consume a large number of organisms at lower trophic levels, resulting in the accumulation of these chemicals in their bodies. As a result, the concentration of these harmful chemicals increases as they move up the food chain, posing a greater risk to organisms at higher trophic levels, including humans.

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  • 10. 

    An organism that obtains energy from eating other consumers

    Correct Answer
    Carnivore
    Explanation
    A carnivore is an organism that obtains energy by consuming other consumers. Carnivores primarily feed on meat, such as other animals. They have adaptations like sharp teeth and claws that enable them to catch and kill their prey. Unlike herbivores that rely on plants for energy or omnivores that consume both plants and animals, carnivores exclusively rely on a diet of animal flesh. This specialization in consuming other consumers allows carnivores to obtain the necessary nutrients and energy they need to survive and thrive.

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  • 11. 

    A diagram that shows the amounts of energy or mass within each trophic level of a food chain?

    Correct Answer
    Ecological Pyramid
    Explanation
    An ecological pyramid is a diagram that represents the flow of energy or biomass through different trophic levels in a food chain. It shows the amounts of energy or mass present at each level, with producers at the bottom and top-level consumers at the top. This pyramid helps to visualize the decreasing amount of energy or biomass as it moves up the trophic levels, highlighting the concept of energy transfer and the dependence of higher-level organisms on lower-level organisms for energy.

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  • 12. 

    An organism that get its energy from breaking down organic matter?

    Correct Answer
    Detrivore
    Explanation
    A detrivore is an organism that obtains its energy by breaking down dead organic matter. This process of decomposition helps to recycle nutrients back into the ecosystem. Detrivores play an important role in the food chain by consuming decaying plant and animal material, such as dead leaves, carcasses, and feces. They break down these organic materials into simpler forms, releasing nutrients that can be used by other organisms. Examples of detrivores include earthworms, maggots, and certain types of bacteria and fungi.

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  • 13. 

    Variety in characterstics of organisms

    Correct Answer
    Variation
    Explanation
    Variation refers to the differences in characteristics among organisms within a species or population. It is an essential aspect of evolution as it provides the raw material for natural selection to act upon. Variation can be observed in traits such as size, color, behavior, and genetic composition. It allows organisms to adapt to changing environments and increases the chances of survival and reproduction. Therefore, the given answer "Variation" accurately describes the concept of the variety in characteristics of organisms.

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  • 14. 

    An organism that gets its energry from eating other organisms

    Correct Answer
    Heterotroph (Consumer)
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Heterotroph (Consumer). A heterotroph is an organism that obtains its energy by consuming other organisms. They are unable to produce their own food through photosynthesis or chemosynthesis, so they rely on consuming other living organisms or organic matter for their energy needs. This makes them consumers in the food chain, as they consume and obtain energy from other organisms.

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  • 15. 

    A relationship in which organisms compete for resources.

    Correct Answer
    Competition
    Explanation
    Competition refers to a relationship between organisms where they compete for resources. This can include competition for food, water, territory, mates, or any other resource necessary for survival and reproduction. In this relationship, organisms strive to outcompete each other in order to secure these resources for themselves, often resulting in a struggle for survival. This competition can occur within a species (intraspecific competition) or between different species (interspecific competition), and it plays a crucial role in shaping ecological communities and driving natural selection.

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  • 16. 

    the second consumer in a food chain

    Correct Answer
    Secondary consumer
    Explanation
    A secondary consumer is an organism that feeds on primary consumers, which are the first consumer in a food chain. They obtain their energy by consuming other organisms, such as herbivores. This makes them the second consumer in the food chain, as they are one step higher in the trophic level. Secondary consumers play a crucial role in the ecosystem by controlling the population of primary consumers and helping to maintain the balance of the food chain.

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  • 17. 

    a group of food chains that shows multiple feeding relationships

    Correct Answer
    Food Web
    Explanation
    A food web is a network of interconnected food chains that shows multiple feeding relationships. It is a more complex representation of the flow of energy in an ecosystem than a simple food chain. In a food web, multiple organisms are interconnected as they consume and are consumed by other organisms, creating a more realistic portrayal of the complex interactions between different species in an ecosystem.

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  • 18. 

    a form of symbiosis in which one member of the relationship benefits and the other is neither helped nor harmed

    Correct Answer
    Commensalism
    Explanation
    Commensalism is a form of symbiosis in which one member of the relationship benefits while the other is unaffected. In this type of relationship, the organism that benefits receives resources or support from the other organism without causing any harm or providing any benefit in return. This kind of interaction is often seen in nature, where one organism may use another organism's body or habitat for shelter, transportation, or food without affecting the host organism in any significant way.

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  • 19. 

    an autotroph that makes its own food by using energy from chemicals rather than sunlight

    Correct Answer
    Chemoautotroph
    Explanation
    A chemoautotroph is an organism that is able to produce its own food using energy derived from chemicals instead of sunlight. This process is known as chemosynthesis, where the organism utilizes inorganic compounds such as sulfur or iron to generate energy for the synthesis of organic molecules. Unlike phototrophs, which rely on sunlight for energy, chemoautotrophs can thrive in environments with little to no sunlight, such as deep-sea hydrothermal vents or caves. By harnessing the energy from chemical reactions, chemoautotrophs play a crucial role in various ecosystems by providing a source of energy for other organisms.

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  • 20. 

    the region of the Earth that supports life

    Correct Answer
    Biosphere
    Explanation
    The term "biosphere" refers to the region of the Earth that supports life. It encompasses all the ecosystems and living organisms on the planet, including plants, animals, and microorganisms. The biosphere is made up of various interconnected components, such as the atmosphere, hydrosphere, and lithosphere, which together create the conditions necessary for life to exist. It is a dynamic and complex system that constantly interacts and adapts to changes in the environment.

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  • 21. 

    all the populations of an ecosystem

    Correct Answer
    Community
    Explanation
    A community refers to all the populations of different species that coexist and interact within an ecosystem. It includes all the living organisms, such as plants, animals, and microorganisms, that inhabit a specific area and interact with each other. These interactions can be through competition, predation, mutualism, or other forms of symbiotic relationships. The community plays a crucial role in maintaining the balance and functioning of the ecosystem as a whole.

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  • 22. 

    a diagram that shows feeding relationships and energy transfer

    Correct Answer
    Food Chain
    Explanation
    A food chain is a diagram that shows the feeding relationships and energy transfer between different organisms in an ecosystem. It illustrates how energy flows from one organism to another as they consume each other. The arrows in a food chain represent the direction of energy transfer, with the producers (plants) at the bottom, followed by the primary consumers (herbivores), secondary consumers (carnivores or omnivores), and finally the tertiary consumers (top predators). Each level of the food chain depends on the level below it for energy, making it an essential concept in understanding the balance and dynamics of ecosystems.

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  • 23. 

    nonliving factor in an ecosystem

    Correct Answer
    Abiotic factor
    Explanation
    Abiotic factors refer to the nonliving components of an ecosystem that have an impact on the organisms living within it. These factors include physical and chemical elements such as temperature, sunlight, water, soil composition, and air quality. They play a crucial role in shaping the environment and determining the distribution and behavior of organisms. Abiotic factors can influence the survival, growth, and reproductive success of living organisms, and their interactions can have significant effects on the overall functioning of an ecosystem.

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  • 24. 

    an organism that can make its own food by using energy from sunlight

    Correct Answer
    Autotroph (producer)
    Explanation
    Autotrophs are organisms that have the ability to produce their own food using energy from sunlight. They are also known as producers because they are able to convert sunlight into energy through the process of photosynthesis. This energy is then used to synthesize organic molecules, such as glucose, which can be used as a source of energy for the organism. Autotrophs play a crucial role in ecosystems as they form the base of the food chain, providing energy for all other organisms.

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  • 25. 

    total amount of living mass within a trophic level

    Correct Answer
    Biomass
    Explanation
    Biomass refers to the total amount of living mass within a trophic level. It includes the mass of all living organisms, such as plants, animals, and microorganisms, in a specific area or ecosystem. Biomass is an important measure of the energy available in an ecosystem and is used to understand the flow of energy and nutrients through different trophic levels. It is often quantified by measuring the dry weight of organisms or by estimating their carbon content.

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