Dns/DHCP Basics - Assessment Quiz

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| By Bikash Ranjan
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Bikash Ranjan
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 877
Questions: 25 | Attempts: 887

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Assessment Quizzes & Trivia


Test your skills about DNS and DHCP basics.
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This is a pre-requisite assessment and knowledge level gathering excercise in order to start the training on DNS/DHCP on Infoblox platform.
All the Best !


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is the host name part of http://www.google.com?

    • A.

      Http

    • B.

      Www

    • C.

      Google

    • D.

      Com

    Correct Answer
    B. Www
    Explanation
    The host name part of a URL typically refers to the subdomain or domain name that identifies a specific website or server. In this case, "www" is the host name part of the URL "http://www.google.com". It indicates that the website or server being accessed is located under the "www" subdomain of the "google.com" domain.

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  • 2. 

    What is the setting to tell the secondary DNS, that there was a change in primary DNS that has to be updated?

    • A.

      Serial

    • B.

      Refresh

    • C.

      Retry

    • D.

      Expiry

    Correct Answer
    A. Serial
    Explanation
    The "serial" setting is used to tell the secondary DNS server that there has been a change in the primary DNS server and that it needs to update its records. The serial number acts as a version number for the zone file and is incremented each time a change is made. When the secondary DNS server sees a higher serial number, it knows that there has been a change and initiates a zone transfer to update its records.

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  • 3. 

    What is the keyword used to define a domain alias?

    • A.

      CNAME

    • B.

      NS

    • C.

      MX

    • D.

      PTR

    Correct Answer
    A. CNAME
    Explanation
    A CNAME (Canonical Name) is the keyword used to define a domain alias. It is a type of DNS record that associates an alias name with a canonical (real) domain name. When a DNS lookup is performed for the alias name, the CNAME record redirects it to the canonical domain name, allowing multiple domain names to point to the same IP address. This is commonly used when a website needs to be accessible from multiple domain names or subdomains.

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  • 4. 

    Which records must be registered at the TLD name server?

    • A.

      A records

    • B.

      NS records

    • C.

      CNAME records

    • D.

      SOA records

    • E.

      SRV records

    Correct Answer
    B. NS records
    Explanation
    NS records, also known as Name Server records, must be registered at the TLD (Top-Level Domain) name server. NS records are used to specify which name servers are authoritative for a particular domain. When a user tries to access a website, their DNS resolver queries the TLD name server to find the authoritative name server for that domain. The TLD name server then returns the NS records, which provide the information about the authoritative name server. This allows the DNS resolver to communicate directly with the authoritative name server to resolve the domain name to its corresponding IP address.

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  • 5. 

    Which of the following can CNAME records NOT be used for?

    • A.

      The root record for a domain

    • B.

      An alias to an A record

    • C.

      A subdomain

    • D.

      The 'www' record for a domain

    Correct Answer
    A. The root record for a domain
    Explanation
    CNAME records cannot be used for the root record of a domain. The root record is the main record that represents the domain itself, and CNAME records cannot coexist with other records for the same name. CNAME records can be used to create an alias for an A record, redirect a subdomain, or point the 'www' record to a domain. However, they cannot be used for the root record.

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  • 6. 

    Which record type is associated with Reverse DNS?

    • A.

      AAAA record

    • B.

      SPF record

    • C.

      PTR record

    • D.

      TXT record

    • E.

      SRV record

    Correct Answer
    C. PTR record
    Explanation
    Reverse DNS is a method used to associate an IP address with a domain name. PTR record is the correct answer because it is specifically used for Reverse DNS. A PTR (Pointer) record maps an IP address to a domain name, allowing reverse lookups to determine the domain name associated with a given IP address. This is commonly used for security purposes, such as verifying the legitimacy of incoming emails or identifying the source of network traffic.

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  • 7. 

    Which record is responsible for mapping a domain name to an IP address?

    • A.

      NS record

    • B.

      A record

    • C.

      HTTP Redirection record

    • D.

      SPF record

    • E.

      MX record

    Correct Answer
    B. A record
    Explanation
    The A record is responsible for mapping a domain name to an IP address. This record is used to translate a domain name, such as www.example.com, into the corresponding IP address, such as 192.168.1.1. It is the most commonly used DNS record and plays a crucial role in directing internet traffic to the correct server associated with a domain name.

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  • 8. 

    The expected response from a DHCPDISCOVER message is:

    • A.

      DHCPACK

    • B.

      DHCPREQUEST

    • C.

      DHCPOFFER

    • D.

      DHCPRELEASE

    Correct Answer
    C. DHCPOFFER
    Explanation
    When a client sends a DHCPDISCOVER message, it is searching for a DHCP server to obtain an IP address. The DHCP server responds to this message with a DHCPOFFER, which is an offer of an available IP address. The client can then choose to accept this offer by sending a DHCPREQUEST message to the server. Once the server receives the DHCPREQUEST, it will send a DHCPACK message to confirm the allocation of the IP address to the client. The DHCPRELEASE message is sent by the client to release the IP address when it is no longer needed.

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  • 9. 

    DHCP utulizes this to reserve IP addresses for a certain host:

    • A.

      Broadcast Address

    • B.

      Unicast Address

    • C.

      Multicast Address

    • D.

      Media Access Control (MAC) Address

    Correct Answer
    D. Media Access Control (MAC) Address
    Explanation
    DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) uses the Media Access Control (MAC) Address to reserve IP addresses for a certain host. The MAC address is a unique identifier assigned to the network interface card of a device. By associating the MAC address with a specific IP address, DHCP ensures that the same IP address is consistently assigned to the device, even if it disconnects and reconnects to the network. This allows for efficient and automated IP address management within a network.

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  • 10. 

    This feature allows a host to be configured through DHCP while still retaining the same IP address:

    • A.

      DHCP Override

    • B.

      DHCP Bypass

    • C.

      DHCPReservation

    • D.

      DHCP Exemption

    Correct Answer
    C. DHCPReservation
    Explanation
    The correct answer is DHCPReservation. This feature allows a host to be configured through DHCP while still retaining the same IP address. It ensures that a specific IP address is reserved for a particular host, preventing any other device from being assigned that IP address. This is useful for devices that require a consistent IP address for specific purposes, such as servers or network printers.

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  • 11. 

    This service alloes DHCP communications to cross network boundaries.

    • A.

      DHCP Initiator

    • B.

      DHCP Relay Agent

    • C.

      DHCP Router

    • D.

      DHCP Forwarder

    Correct Answer
    B. DHCP Relay Agent
    Explanation
    A DHCP Relay Agent allows DHCP communications to cross network boundaries by receiving DHCP requests from clients on one network and forwarding them to a DHCP server on another network. This is useful in scenarios where the DHCP server is located on a different subnet or network segment than the clients. The relay agent acts as an intermediary, relaying the DHCP messages between the clients and the server, allowing the clients to obtain IP addresses and other network configuration information.

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  • 12. 

    Which of the following ports is default for DNS?

    • A.

      53

    • B.

      69

    • C.

      80

    • D.

      143

    Correct Answer
    A. 53
    Explanation
    Port 53 is the default port for DNS (Domain Name System). DNS is responsible for translating domain names into IP addresses. When a device wants to access a website, it sends a DNS query to a DNS server using port 53. The DNS server then responds with the IP address associated with the requested domain name. Therefore, port 53 is the correct answer as it is the default port used for DNS communication.

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  • 13. 

    A technician has received a call from a customer stating that the customer has logged in, but cannot access the Internet. The technician asks the customer if the gateway and the firewall can be pinged. This is an example of which of the following troubleshooting skills?

    • A.

      Information gathering

    • B.

      Implementing and testing

    • C.

      Escalation

    • D.

      Documenting the solution

    Correct Answer
    A. Information gathering
    Explanation
    The technician asking the customer if the gateway and the firewall can be pinged is an example of information gathering. By asking this question, the technician is trying to gather more information about the network connectivity and identify potential issues with the gateway or firewall that may be causing the Internet access problem. This step helps the technician gather relevant information to further troubleshoot and resolve the issue.

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  • 14. 

    An administrator needs to determine if the local workstation is using DHCP. Which of the following tools would verify this?

    • A.

      Hostname

    • B.

      Netstat

    • C.

      Ipconfig

    • D.

      Nbtstat

    Correct Answer
    C. Ipconfig
    Explanation
    The ipconfig command is used to display the IP configuration information of a network interface on a Windows system. By running ipconfig, the administrator can check if the local workstation is using DHCP by looking at the IP address, subnet mask, and default gateway values. If the IP address is assigned dynamically and the DHCP server is providing the configuration, it means the local workstation is using DHCP.

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  • 15. 

    Which of the following is a required option of a DHCP lease?

    • A.

      BootP

    • B.

      DNS address

    • C.

      Default gateway

    • D.

      TFTP server

    Correct Answer
    C. Default gateway
    Explanation
    A required option of a DHCP lease is the default gateway. The default gateway is the IP address of the router or gateway that connects a local network to the internet or another network. It is necessary for devices on the local network to communicate with devices on other networks. Without a default gateway, devices would not be able to send data outside of their own network.

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  • 16. 

    How would a DHCP server respond to a client concerning errors?

    • A.

      DHCPOFFER

    • B.

      DHCPDECLINE

    • C.

      Destination unreachable

    • D.

      DHCPNAK

    Correct Answer
    D. DHCPNAK
    Explanation
    A DHCP server would respond to a client concerning errors by sending a DHCPNAK message. This message is sent when the server is unable to assign an IP address to the client or when the client's requested IP address is no longer available. The DHCPNAK message informs the client that its request has been denied and prompts it to restart the DHCP negotiation process.

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  • 17. 

    Which TCP/IP model layer does DHCP work at?

    • A.

      Internet

    • B.

      Session

    • C.

      Application

    • D.

      Transport

    Correct Answer
    C. Application
    Explanation
    DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) works at the Application layer of the TCP/IP model. This is because DHCP is responsible for dynamically assigning IP addresses to devices on a network. The Application layer is responsible for providing network services to applications and users, and DHCP falls under this category as it provides a service for automatically configuring network settings.

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  • 18. 

    What is the IP address pool available for lease to DHCP clients?

    • A.

      NAT

    • B.

      Scope

    • C.

      Lease options

    • D.

      IP address pool

    Correct Answer
    B. Scope
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Scope". In DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol), a scope refers to a range of IP addresses that are available for lease to DHCP clients. The scope determines the pool of IP addresses that can be assigned to devices on a network. When a DHCP client requests an IP address, the DHCP server assigns an available address from the defined scope. Therefore, the IP address pool available for lease to DHCP clients is referred to as the "Scope".

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  • 19. 

    What aspect of DHCP allows servers to manage multiple physical networks?

    • A.

      Renewal

    • B.

      Rebinding

    • C.

      Scopes

    • D.

      Relay agents

    Correct Answer
    D. Relay agents
    Explanation
    Relay agents in DHCP allow servers to manage multiple physical networks. Relay agents act as intermediaries between DHCP clients and servers, forwarding DHCP messages between them. They receive DHCP requests from clients on one network and then forward them to the DHCP server on another network. This enables DHCP servers to serve clients on different physical networks, extending their reach and allowing them to effectively manage IP address allocation and configuration for multiple networks.

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  • 20. 

    What are the domains in http://www.google.com?

    • A.

      Www, google, com

    • B.

      Google, com and root

    • C.

      .com

    • D.

      Google and .com

    Correct Answer
    B. Google, com and root
    Explanation
    The given answer is correct because it correctly identifies the domains in the URL "http://www.google.com" as "google," "com," and "root." The "www" is a subdomain of the "google" domain, and "com" is the top-level domain indicating that the website is commercial. The "root" refers to the root domain, which is the highest level in the hierarchical domain naming system. Therefore, the answer accurately lists all the domains present in the given URL.

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  • 21. 

    What is the setting defined in SOA to tell the secondary DNS, WHEN to contact and update configuration files in primary DNS?

    • A.

      Serial

    • B.

      Refresh

    • C.

      Retry

    • D.

      Expiry

    Correct Answer
    B. Refresh
    Explanation
    The "refresh" setting in SOA (Start of Authority) defines the interval at which the secondary DNS should contact and update configuration files in the primary DNS. This interval determines how often the secondary DNS should check for any changes in the primary DNS configuration and update its own records accordingly.

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  • 22. 

    What is the record type used to define a Mail Server?

    • A.

      CNAME

    • B.

      NS

    • C.

      MX

    • D.

      PTR

    Correct Answer
    C. MX
    Explanation
    The correct answer is MX. MX stands for Mail eXchanger and it is the record type used to define a Mail Server. MX records specify the mail server responsible for accepting email messages on behalf of a domain. When someone sends an email to a specific domain, the MX record helps in routing the email to the correct mail server.

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  • 23. 

    Who controls/configures DHCP servers?

    • A.

      Router software

    • B.

      Network administrators

    • C.

      Clients through DHCP options

    • D.

      Microsoft/Cisco personnel

    Correct Answer
    B. Network administrators
    Explanation
    Network administrators control and configure DHCP servers. DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) is a network protocol that allows devices to automatically obtain IP addresses and other network configuration settings. Network administrators are responsible for managing and maintaining the network infrastructure, including DHCP servers. They are the ones who set up and configure DHCP servers to assign IP addresses and other network parameters to clients on the network.

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  • 24. 

    Which statement is correct regarding the operation of DHCP?

    • A.

      A DHCP client uses a ping to detect address conflicts.

    • B.

      A DHCP server uses a gratuitous ARP to detect DHCP clients.

    • C.

      A DHCP client uses a gratuitous ARP to detect a DHCP server.

    • D.

      If an address conflict is detected, the address is removed from the pool and an administrator must resolve the conflict.

    • E.

      If an address conflict is detected, the address is removed from the pool for an amount of time configurable by the administrator.

    • F.

      If an address conflict is detected, the address is removed from the pool and will not be reused until the server is rebooted.

    Correct Answer
    D. If an address conflict is detected, the address is removed from the pool and an administrator must resolve the conflict.
    Explanation
    If an address conflict is detected, the address is removed from the pool and an administrator must resolve the conflict. This means that if there is a conflict with an IP address, it cannot be assigned to any client until the conflict is resolved by an administrator. The address is removed from the pool to prevent any further conflicts. The administrator is responsible for identifying and resolving the conflict, which may involve reconfiguring the DHCP server or manually assigning a different IP address to one of the conflicting devices.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 24, 2015
    Quiz Created by
    Bikash Ranjan
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