Digestive & Urinary Systems Test A

25 Questions | Total Attempts: 163

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Digestive & Urinary Systems Test A

Anatomy & Physiology Unit 8 - Digestive & Urinary Systems


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The organ shown below is the:
    • A. 

      Gallbladder

    • B. 

      Liver

    • C. 

      Stomach

    • D. 

      Esophagus

  • 2. 
    Which is an example of chemical digestion?
    • A. 

      Chewing food

    • B. 

      Food churning in the stomach

    • C. 

      The esophagus pushing food down to the stomach

    • D. 

      Acid breaking down proteins in the stomach

  • 3. 
    Which of these organs is involved in ELIMINATION of waste?
    • A. 

      Esophagus

    • B. 

      Small intestine

    • C. 

      Large intestine

    • D. 

      Stomach

  • 4. 
    This organ is involved primarily in:
    • A. 

      Ingestion

    • B. 

      Absorption

    • C. 

      Elimination

    • D. 

      Secretion

  • 5. 
    The organ shown below is the:
    • A. 

      Esophagus

    • B. 

      Stomach

    • C. 

      Large intestine

    • D. 

      Pharynx

  • 6. 
    What do the parietal cells in the stomach make?
    • A. 

      Hydrochloric acid

    • B. 

      Pepsinogen

    • C. 

      Mucus

    • D. 

      Bile

  • 7. 
    What type of organic molecule is mainly digested in the stomach?
    • A. 

      Lipids

    • B. 

      Nucleic Acid

    • C. 

      Proteins

    • D. 

      Carbohydrates

  • 8. 
    Which of the following secretions comes from the liver?
    • A. 

      Lipase

    • B. 

      Bile

    • C. 

      Nuclease

    • D. 

      Amylase

  • 9. 
    What would happen if the mucus cells in the stomach were not working properly?
    • A. 

      The amylase would break down carbohydrates faster

    • B. 

      Bile would back up into the liver

    • C. 

      The hydrochloric acid would eat away at the stomach lining

    • D. 

      The pepsin would not digest proteins properly

  • 10. 
    Parietal cells make ____________, which helps pepsinogen to digest _____________. 
    • A. 

      Hydrochloric acid; proteins

    • B. 

      Hydrochloric acid; lipids

    • C. 

      Bile; lipids

    • D. 

      Bile; carbohydrates

  • 11. 
    The small projections that increase the surface area of the small intestine for absorption are called:
    • A. 

      Villi

    • B. 

      Chyme

    • C. 

      Ileum

    • D. 

      Duodenum

  • 12. 
    The part of the small intestine shown here is the:
    • A. 

      Jejunum

    • B. 

      Ileum

    • C. 

      Duodenum

    • D. 

      Anus

  • 13. 
    What is the purpose of this structure?
    • A. 

      To move food into the large intestine

    • B. 

      To absorb nutrients

    • C. 

      To absorb water

    • D. 

      To produce bile

  • 14. 
    Constipation results from:
    • A. 

      Not enough water being absorbed in the large intestine

    • B. 

      Too much water being absorbed in the large intestine

    • C. 

      Not enough nutrients being absorbed in the large intestine

    • D. 

      Too many nutrients being absorbed in the small intestine

  • 15. 
    The duodenum is the end of the small intestine.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    The organ shown below is the:
    • A. 

      Kidney

    • B. 

      Ureter

    • C. 

      Bladder

    • D. 

      Urethra

  • 17. 
    If this organ fails, what will happen?
    • A. 

      Waste will build up in the blood

    • B. 

      A person will urinate more frequently

    • C. 

      A person will have lower blood sugar

    • D. 

      Urine will be lighter in color

  • 18. 
    The main job of the kidneys is to:
    • A. 

      Add glucose to the blood

    • B. 

      Filter waste from the blood

    • C. 

      Add uric acid and urea into the blood

    • D. 

      Reduce a person's blood pressure

  • 19. 
    Urine is filtered out of waste from the large intestine.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    Blood in this blood vesel would have:
    • A. 

      Low amounts of oxygen and low amounts of waste

    • B. 

      Low amounts of oxygen and high amounts of waste

    • C. 

      High amounts of oxygen and high amounts of waste

    • D. 

      High amounts of oxygen and low amounts of waste

  • 21. 
    Dialysis helps kidney patients by:
    • A. 

      Filtering out waste from the blood

    • B. 

      Reducing blood sugar levels

    • C. 

      Strengthening bladder control

    • D. 

      Adding uric acid to the blood

  • 22. 
    What would be an appropriate treatment for someone with IBS?
    • A. 

      There is no treatment

    • B. 

      A high fiber diet

    • C. 

      Antacids

    • D. 

      Antibiotics

  • 23. 
    A patient complains of pain and discomfort in his upper chest.  He describes the pain as burning and says it gets worse at night when he goes to sleep. Diagnose this patient:
    • A. 

      Peptic ulcers

    • B. 

      Heartburn

    • C. 

      IBS

    • D. 

      Urinary tract infection

  • 24. 
    A patient is brought into the ER because he had been vomiting and his wife thought he was also feeling dizzy and weak. After taking a patient history, you find out that this man has a problem with alcohol. You take a urine sample and it appears to have tiny, foamy bubbles. You tell his wife:
    • A. 

      His kidneys are failing. He needs dialysis.

    • B. 

      He has a serious urinary tract infection. He needs antibiotics.

    • C. 

      He is having a stroke. He needs surgery.

    • D. 

      He has irritable bowel syndrome. You need to help him add fiber to his diet.

  • 25. 
    A patient with heartburn needs to worry about his blood pressure.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

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