Diffuse Liver Pathology- Hepatitis

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| By Mnathan21
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Mnathan21
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Quizzes Created: 32 | Total Attempts: 20,476
Questions: 14 | Attempts: 163

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Liver Pathology Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Hepatitis is _______________ of the liver, which can be acute or chronic, and can be caused by many factors including viruses, chemicals, drugs, alcohol, inherited diseases, or the patient's own immune system.

    Explanation
    Hepatitis is a condition characterized by inflammation of the liver. This inflammation can be acute or chronic and can be caused by various factors such as viruses, chemicals, drugs, alcohol, inherited diseases, or the patient's immune system.

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  • 2. 

    ____________ hepatitis is the most common form of hepatitis.

    Explanation
    Viral hepatitis is the most common form of hepatitis. This is because viral hepatitis is primarily caused by various viruses, including hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E. These viruses can be transmitted through contaminated food and water, blood, sexual contact, or from mother to baby during childbirth. Viral hepatitis can cause inflammation of the liver, leading to symptoms such as fatigue, jaundice, and abdominal pain. It is important to note that there are other forms of hepatitis, such as alcoholic hepatitis and autoimmune hepatitis, but viral hepatitis is the most prevalent.

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  • 3. 

    Types ____ ____ ____ ____ and ____are the most common forms of viral hepatitis.

    Explanation
    The most common forms of viral hepatitis are types a, b, c, d, and e.

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  • 4. 

    Hepatitis ____ is transmitted by a fecal-oral route by infected water and food that have been contaminated with fecal material. Most patients recover fully within about 6 weeks.

    Explanation
    Hepatitis A is transmitted through the ingestion of contaminated food or water that has been contaminated with fecal matter. This type of hepatitis is commonly found in areas with poor sanitation and hygiene practices. Most patients infected with Hepatitis A recover completely within a period of about 6 weeks.

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  • 5. 

    Hepatitis ____ is the most common cause of acute viral hepatitis. It can be spread by exposure to blood, infected needles, through sexual relations, and from mother to baby. It can be acute and chronic can lead to ____________.

    Explanation
    Hepatitis B is the most common cause of acute viral hepatitis. It can be spread through various means such as exposure to blood, infected needles, sexual relations, and from mother to baby. If left untreated, hepatitis B can progress to chronic hepatitis and eventually lead to cirrhosis, a condition where the liver becomes scarred and damaged, affecting its normal functioning.

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  • 6. 

    Hepatitis ____ can be transmitted through contact with blood. It maylead to a chronic form of hepatitis and can cause _____________ of the liver.

    Explanation
    Hepatitis C can be transmitted through contact with blood. It may lead to a chronic form of hepatitis and can cause cirrhosis of the liver.

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  • 7. 

    Hepatitis c was originally known as non ___ non ___ hepatitis

    Explanation
    Hepatitis C was originally known as non-A, non-B hepatitis. This term was used because the virus causing this type of hepatitis could not be identified using the conventional methods used for hepatitis A and B. Therefore, the term non-A, non-B hepatitis was used to classify this type of hepatitis until the discovery of the hepatitis C virus in 1989.

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  • 8. 

    Aside from viral hepatitis, there are many types of hepatitis including _______________, _________ _____________ and ________________ due to chronic obstruction of the bile ducts.

    Explanation
    The correct answer is alcoholic, drug induced, and obstructive. Aside from viral hepatitis, there are other types of hepatitis that can occur. Alcoholic hepatitis is caused by excessive alcohol consumption, leading to inflammation of the liver. Drug-induced hepatitis can result from the use of certain medications or drugs, causing liver damage. Obstructive hepatitis occurs when there is a chronic obstruction of the bile ducts, preventing the flow of bile from the liver. These three types of hepatitis are distinct from viral hepatitis and can have different causes and treatment approaches.

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  • 9. 

    Check all that apply to the clinical appearance of hepatitis

    • A.

      Fatigue

    • B.

      Malaise

    • C.

      Joint aches

    • D.

      Abdominal pain

    • E.

      Vomiting

    • F.

      Loss of appetite

    • G.

      Dark Urine

    • H.

      Fever

    • I.

      Hepatomegaly

    • J.

      Hepatic jaundice

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Fatigue
    B. Malaise
    C. Joint aches
    D. Abdominal pain
    E. Vomiting
    F. Loss of appetite
    G. Dark Urine
    H. Fever
    I. Hepatomegaly
    J. Hepatic jaundice
    Explanation
    The clinical appearance of hepatitis includes fatigue, malaise, joint aches, abdominal pain, vomiting, loss of appetite, dark urine, fever, hepatomegaly, and hepatic jaundice. These symptoms are commonly seen in individuals with hepatitis and can help in diagnosing the condition. Fatigue, malaise, and joint aches are general symptoms that indicate a systemic illness. Abdominal pain, vomiting, and loss of appetite are gastrointestinal symptoms commonly associated with hepatitis. Dark urine, fever, hepatomegaly (enlarged liver), and hepatic jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes) are specific symptoms of liver dysfunction, which is a characteristic feature of hepatitis.

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  • 10. 

    Hepatitis is a _________________, ___________________ cause of jaundice.

    Correct Answer(s)
    non-obstructive, hepatocellular
    Explanation
    Hepatitis is a non-obstructive, hepatocellular cause of jaundice. This means that jaundice, a condition characterized by yellowing of the skin and eyes, is caused by hepatitis, specifically a non-obstructive type. Non-obstructive hepatitis refers to inflammation of the liver that does not result from a blockage in the bile ducts. It is also hepatocellular, meaning it affects the liver cells themselves. This distinction is important in diagnosing and treating the underlying cause of jaundice.

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  • 11. 

    Sono findingsIn acute hepatitis, the liver parenchyma ranges from __________ to a _____________ echotexture secondary to diffuse ______________ of the liver cells caused by inflammation.

    Correct Answer(s)
    normal, hypoechoic, swelling
    Explanation
    In acute hepatitis, the liver parenchyma appears normal in echotexture, indicating that there is no abnormality in the liver tissue. However, it becomes hypoechoic, meaning it appears darker on ultrasound, due to swelling caused by inflammation of the liver cells. This change in echotexture is a characteristic finding in acute hepatitis.

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  • 12. 

    Sono findingsThe portal vein walls become much more __________________ against the edematous liver parenchyma.

    Correct Answer(s)
    hyperechoic
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "hyperechoic". In ultrasound imaging, the term "hyperechoic" refers to a structure or tissue that reflects more ultrasound waves back to the transducer than the surrounding tissues. In this context, the portal vein walls appear brighter or whiter compared to the edematous liver parenchyma. This increased reflectivity is likely due to changes in the density or composition of the portal vein walls, which can be indicative of certain liver conditions or pathologies.

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  • 13. 

    Sono findingsThe liver will be ______________ and the gallbladder wall will be ______________.

    Correct Answer(s)
    enlarged, thickened
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that in Sono findings, the liver will be enlarged and the gallbladder wall will be thickened. This suggests that there may be an underlying condition affecting both organs, such as liver disease or gallbladder inflammation. Enlargement of the liver can be a sign of liver damage or congestion, while thickening of the gallbladder wall can indicate inflammation or the presence of gallstones. Further diagnostic tests may be necessary to determine the exact cause of these findings.

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  • 14. 

    Sono findingsWith chronic hepatitis, the liver parenchyma becomes ___________ and __________ with difficult visualization of the portal walls.

    Correct Answer(s)
    coarse, echogenic
    Explanation
    Chronic hepatitis causes the liver parenchyma to become coarse and echogenic. This means that the liver tissue becomes rough and uneven in texture, making it difficult to visualize the portal walls.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 17, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 12, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Mnathan21
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