Diffuse Liver Pathology- Fatty Liver

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Mnathan21
M
Mnathan21
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 32 | Total Attempts: 20,543
Questions: 29 | Attempts: 85

SettingsSettingsSettings
Diffuse Liver Pathology- Fatty Liver - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Diffuse liver pathology, or diffuse hepatocellular disease affects the _______________ liver and ranges from simple _____________ changes to more severe _________________ and progressively to ________________.

    Explanation
    Diffuse liver pathology refers to a condition that affects the entire liver and can range from simple fatty changes to more severe hepatitis and eventually progress to cirrhosis. This means that the disease affects the entire liver, leading to the accumulation of fat in the liver cells (fatty changes). If left untreated, it can progress to inflammation of the liver (hepatitis) and ultimately result in irreversible scarring and damage to the liver tissue (cirrhosis).

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    Fatty liver is the collection of excessive amounts of ___________________ and other fats within the _________________.

    Explanation
    Fatty liver occurs when there is an accumulation of excessive amounts of triglycerides and other fats within the hepatocytes, which are the liver cells. This buildup of fats can be caused by various factors such as alcohol consumption, obesity, diabetes, or certain medications. When the liver is unable to properly metabolize and remove these fats, it leads to the development of fatty liver disease.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    The liver is the organ responsible for changing fats eaten in the diet to types of fat that can be _______________ and used by the body.

    Explanation
    The liver plays a crucial role in metabolizing and processing fats consumed in the diet. It converts these fats into a form that can be stored and utilized by the body. This storage function allows the body to access and use fats as an energy source when needed.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    ____________________ are one of the forms of fat stored by the body and used for _____________ and new ____________ formation.

    Explanation
    Triglycerides are a type of fat stored by the body and used for energy production and the formation of new cells. They are an important source of energy for the body, as they can be broken down into fatty acids and used as fuel. Additionally, triglycerides play a role in cell membrane formation, as they are a component of phospholipids, which are essential for cell structure and function.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    The most common cause of fatty liver in the United States is ____________________.

    Explanation
    The most common cause of fatty liver in the United States is alcoholism. This is because excessive alcohol consumption can lead to the accumulation of fat in the liver, which can eventually progress to alcoholic liver disease. Alcohol is metabolized in the liver, and heavy drinking over time can overwhelm the liver's ability to process it, resulting in fat buildup. This can lead to inflammation, scarring, and liver damage if not addressed. Therefore, alcoholism is a significant risk factor for developing fatty liver disease.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    Fatty liver caused by alcoholism is called ________________ _________________.

    Explanation
    Alcoholic steatosis is the correct answer because it refers to the condition of fatty liver caused by alcoholism. Steatosis is a term used to describe the accumulation of fat in the liver, and when this condition is specifically caused by excessive alcohol consumption, it is referred to as alcoholic steatosis.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    All other forms of fatty liver are called non-alcoholic __________________.

    Explanation
    Non-alcoholic steatohepatitus refers to a type of fatty liver disease that is not caused by alcohol consumption. It is characterized by the accumulation of fat in the liver, inflammation, and liver cell damage. This condition is often associated with obesity, diabetes, and metabolic syndrome. Unlike alcoholic steatohepatitus, which is caused by excessive alcohol intake, non-alcoholic steatohepatitus is influenced by factors such as genetics, insulin resistance, and lifestyle choices. It can progress to more severe liver conditions, such as fibrosis and cirrhosis, if not properly managed.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    NASH stands for

    Explanation
    NASH stands for non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, which is a type of liver disease characterized by inflammation and fat accumulation in the liver. It is a progressive form of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and can lead to liver fibrosis, cirrhosis, and even liver cancer. NASH is often associated with obesity, diabetes, high cholesterol, and metabolic syndrome. Unlike alcoholic liver disease, NASH occurs in individuals who do not consume excessive amounts of alcohol. Treatment for NASH usually involves lifestyle changes such as weight loss, exercise, and a healthy diet.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    _______________ is caused by conditions including malnutrition, obesity, diabetes melitus, Reye's syndrome in children, pregnancy, drug overdoses, glycogen storage disease or hepatitis.

    Explanation
    NASH, or non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, is caused by various conditions such as malnutrition, obesity, diabetes melitus, Reye's syndrome in children, pregnancy, drug overdoses, glycogen storage disease, or hepatitis. These factors contribute to the development of inflammation and damage to the liver, leading to NASH. This condition is characterized by the accumulation of fat in the liver, which can progress to liver fibrosis and cirrhosis if left untreated. It is important to identify and address the underlying causes to prevent further liver damage and complications.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    Patients with fatty liver are usually ____________________.

    Explanation
    Patients with fatty liver usually do not show any symptoms. Fatty liver is a condition where excess fat accumulates in the liver, but it does not typically cause pain or discomfort. It is often discovered incidentally during routine medical check-ups or through imaging tests. However, if the condition progresses to a more severe stage, it can lead to symptoms such as fatigue, abdominal pain, and jaundice. But in the early stages, patients with fatty liver are typically asymptomatic.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    Fatty liver can cause jaundice, right sided abdominal pain, abdominal swelling and fever.  This is common or rare?

    Explanation
    Fatty liver causing jaundice, right-sided abdominal pain, abdominal swelling, and fever is rare. Fatty liver, also known as hepatic steatosis, is a condition where excess fat accumulates in the liver. While it is a common condition, it usually does not cause noticeable symptoms. In rare cases, fatty liver can progress to more severe conditions such as non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) or liver cirrhosis, which may present with symptoms like jaundice, abdominal pain, swelling, and fever. However, these symptoms are not commonly associated with fatty liver alone.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    _________________ with __________________ related fatty liver may experience nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite and abdominal pain.

    Explanation
    Women who are pregnant may experience symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, and abdominal pain. Pregnancy can lead to hormonal changes and increased levels of estrogen, which can contribute to the development of fatty liver. This condition, known as non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), is more common in women and can be exacerbated during pregnancy. The symptoms mentioned are commonly associated with NAFLD and can be indicative of liver dysfunction in pregnant women.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    Fatty LiverDuring physical exam, the liver may be _________________.

    Explanation
    During a physical exam, the liver may be enlarged. This can be due to various reasons, including the accumulation of fat in the liver cells, a condition known as fatty liver. Fatty liver can be caused by excessive alcohol consumption, obesity, diabetes, or certain medications. An enlarged liver can often be detected by palpation or percussion during a physical exam. It is important to identify the underlying cause of the enlargement and address it accordingly to prevent further complications.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    Fatty LiverBlood tests reveal elevated ______, ______ and ______

    Explanation
    Elevated levels of AST (aspartate aminotransferase), ALT (alanine aminotransferase), and ALP (alkaline phosphatase) in blood tests indicate the presence of fatty liver. These enzymes are typically found within liver cells, and when the liver is damaged or inflamed, they are released into the bloodstream. AST and ALT are specifically markers of liver cell damage, while ALP is an enzyme that is elevated when there is obstruction or damage to the bile ducts. Therefore, the elevated levels of AST, ALT, and ALP suggest liver dysfunction, which is commonly associated with fatty liver disease.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    Fatty LiverDuring physical exam, you may be able to _____________ the liver

    Explanation
    During a physical exam, one may be able to palpate the liver. Palpation refers to the act of using one's hands to examine and feel the liver's texture, size, and any abnormalities. This can provide valuable information about the liver's health and detect conditions such as fatty liver, where excess fat accumulates in the liver cells. Palpation is a non-invasive technique that can help healthcare professionals assess the liver's condition and guide further diagnostic tests or treatments if necessary.

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

    Fatty LiverSonographically, fatty infiltration reveals diffuse ______________ echogenicity of the liver parenchyma and ________________ acoustic penetration.

    Explanation
    Fatty infiltration of the liver parenchyma leads to an increase in echogenicity, meaning that the liver appears brighter on ultrasound due to the accumulation of fat. This increased echogenicity is a characteristic finding in cases of fatty liver. Additionally, the presence of fat in the liver parenchyma causes a decrease in acoustic penetration, meaning that the ultrasound waves are unable to penetrate the liver tissue as effectively. This results in reduced visualization of deeper structures within the liver.

    Rate this question:

  • 17. 

    Fatty Liver- sono appearanceThere will also be decreased visualization of the ________________ vessel walls as the surrounding liver tissue becomes more echogenic.

    Explanation
    As the surrounding liver tissue becomes more echogenic in cases of fatty liver, there will be decreased visualization of the intrahepatic vessel walls. This is because the increased echogenicity of the liver tissue makes it difficult to distinguish the vessel walls from the surrounding liver parenchyma on ultrasound imaging.

    Rate this question:

  • 18. 

    Fatty Liver- sono appearance__________________ sound attenuation makes penetration of the posterior liver and visualization of the diaphragm difficult.

    Explanation
    The correct answer is increased. In cases of fatty liver, there is an accumulation of fat in the liver cells, which causes an increase in echogenicity. This increased echogenicity leads to sound attenuation, making it difficult to penetrate the posterior liver and visualize the diaphragm on a sonogram.

    Rate this question:

  • 19. 

    Fatty Liver- sono appearanceIt is important to compare the liver to the _______________ ______________, which will appear unusually more hypoechoic.

    Explanation
    The correct answer is renal cortex. When evaluating the appearance of the liver in a sonogram, it is important to compare it to the renal cortex. In cases of fatty liver, the liver will appear unusually more hypoechoic compared to the renal cortex. This difference in echogenicity can help in diagnosing and assessing the severity of fatty liver disease.

    Rate this question:

  • 20. 

    Fatty Liver- sono appearanceFat looks more ________________.

    Explanation
    In ultrasound imaging, the term "hyperechoic" refers to an area or structure that appears brighter or whiter compared to its surroundings. In the context of a fatty liver, the accumulation of fat within the liver cells causes them to become hyperechoic. This means that the liver appears brighter or whiter on the ultrasound image due to the increased reflection of sound waves by the fat deposits.

    Rate this question:

  • 21. 

    Fatty Liver- sono appearance_____________________ may also be present

    Explanation
    The correct answer is hepatomegaly. In patients with fatty liver, an increase in liver size, known as hepatomegaly, may also be present. This can be observed on a sonogram, where the liver appears enlarged compared to its normal size. Hepatomegaly is a common finding in individuals with fatty liver disease, as the accumulation of fat in the liver can cause inflammation and enlargement of the organ. Therefore, hepatomegaly is a relevant sono appearance that can be associated with fatty liver.

    Rate this question:

  • 22. 

    Fatty Liver- sono appearanceAlthough the process is diffuse, fatty infiltration may also be focal resembling a _______________ mass.

    Explanation
    Fatty liver is a condition characterized by the accumulation of fat in the liver. On ultrasound imaging, fatty infiltration appears diffuse, but it can also appear focal, resembling a hyperechoic mass. Hyperechoic means that the area appears brighter or whiter on the ultrasound image compared to the surrounding tissue. Therefore, the correct answer is hyperechoic.

    Rate this question:

  • 23. 

    ________________ ________________ _________________ is defined as regions of increased echogenicity with a background of normal liver parenchyma.

    Explanation
    Focal fatty infiltration refers to areas in the liver where there is an accumulation of fat, resulting in increased echogenicity (brightness) compared to the surrounding normal liver tissue. This condition is commonly seen in individuals with obesity, diabetes, or metabolic syndrome. It can also occur as a result of excessive alcohol consumption or certain medications. Focal fatty infiltration is usually benign and does not cause any significant symptoms or liver dysfunction. However, in some cases, it can be associated with underlying liver disease or indicate an increased risk for developing liver problems in the future.

    Rate this question:

  • 24. 

    ________________ ________________ _________________ usually involves the periportal region, such as the ascending left portal vein, gallbladder region, and porta hepatis.

    Explanation
    Focal fatty infiltration typically affects the periportal region, which includes the ascending left portal vein, gallbladder region, and porta hepatis. This condition refers to the accumulation of fat in specific areas of the liver, resulting in localized fatty deposits. It is a common finding in imaging studies and is often associated with obesity, metabolic syndrome, or alcohol abuse. Focal fatty infiltration can be detected through ultrasound, CT scan, or MRI, and is usually benign and asymptomatic. Treatment involves managing the underlying risk factors and maintaining a healthy lifestyle.

    Rate this question:

  • 25. 

    Fatty Liver- sono appearance_____________ _______________ ________________ is where there are areas of normal liver parenchyma that appear as hypoechoic masses within a fatty infiltrated liver.

    Explanation
    Focal fatty sparing is a condition where certain areas of the liver appear as hypoechoic masses within a liver that is otherwise infiltrated with fat. This means that while the majority of the liver is affected by fatty infiltration, there are specific regions that remain unaffected and appear normal on ultrasound imaging. This condition is often seen in individuals with fatty liver disease and can help differentiate between areas of normal liver tissue and areas affected by fat deposition.

    Rate this question:

  • 26. 

    Focal fatty sparing is usually seen around the ________________ region, adjacent to the gallbladder, or in the caudate lobe, porta hepatis, or ascending left portal vein.

    Explanation
    Focal fatty sparing is typically observed in the periportal region, which is located near the gallbladder or in the caudate lobe, porta hepatis, or ascending left portal vein.

    Rate this question:

  • 27. 

    Fatty Liver- sono appearanceTo distinguish between tumors and fatty changes, focal fatty infiltration and sparing will NOT cause a mass effect on hepatic vessels whereas tumors ________________ surrounding vessels.

    Explanation
    Fatty changes in the liver, such as focal fatty infiltration and sparing, do not cause a mass effect on hepatic vessels. In contrast, tumors can distort the surrounding vessels. This means that when examining the sono appearance of the liver, if there is a mass effect on the hepatic vessels, it is more likely to be caused by a tumor rather than fatty changes.

    Rate this question:

  • 28. 

    Fatty liver is _______________ and treatment involves correcting the condition that caused it such as a well balanced ____________ or in the case of alcoholic fatty infiltration the elimination of ______________.

    Explanation
    Fatty liver is a condition where there is an accumulation of fat in the liver. It is reversible, meaning that the liver can return to its normal state if the underlying cause is addressed. Treatment involves correcting the condition that caused it. In the case of fatty liver caused by diet, a well-balanced diet can help improve the condition. In the case of alcoholic fatty infiltration, eliminating alcohol consumption is necessary for treatment.

    Rate this question:

  • 29. 

    In fatty liver associated with pregnancy, fatty liver will be reversed with ________________.

    Explanation
    During pregnancy, hormonal changes can lead to the accumulation of fat in the liver, causing fatty liver. However, after delivery, these hormonal changes normalize, and the liver gradually returns to its normal state. Therefore, delivery is the correct answer as it reverses the condition of fatty liver associated with pregnancy.

    Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Oct 03, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 12, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Mnathan21
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.