2 to 5 g of a simple carbohydrate.
10 to 15 g of a simple carbohydrate.
18 to 20 g of a simple carbohydrate.
25 to 30 g of a simple carbohydrate.
Encourage the client to ask questions about personal sexuality.
Provide time for privacy.
Provide support for the spouse or significant other.
Suggest referral to a sex counselor or other appropriate professional.
At least once a week
At least three times a week
At least five times a week
“The test needs to be repeated following a 12-hour fast.”
“It looks like you aren’t following the prescribed diabetic diet.”
“It tells us about your sugar control for the last 3 months.”
“Your insulin regimen needs to be altered significantly.”
Prefers to take insulin orally.
Has type 2 diabetes.
Has type 1 diabetes.
Is pregnant and has type 2 diabetes.
Lithium carbonate (Lithobid)
Initiate insulin therapy.
Switch the client to a different oral antidiabetic agent.
Prescribe an additional oral antidiabetic agent.
Restrict carbohydrate intake to less than 30% of the total caloric intake.
Increased breakdown of fats
Increase breakdown of proteins
Decreased blood sugar
Causes glucose to be phosphorylated in kidney
May be linked to autoimmunity
Onset usually prior to age 20
Beta islet cells destroyed
Does not require insulin injections
Considered adult onset diabetes
Cause unknown may be due to genetics
Require insulin 80% of cases
May take a drug that sensitize cells or increase insulin release
Small vessel occlusion
Necrosis of extremities
Ketone Body production
Decreased fat metabolism