Deviant Behavior Exam 1

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Sociology Quizzes & Trivia

The quize should be multiple choice and true and false.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Absolutist is most closely related to which presepctive?

    • A.

      Functionalism

    • B.

      Feminist Critique

    • C.

      Strain Theory

    • D.

      Symbolic interactist

    Correct Answer
    A. Functionalism
    Explanation
    Functionalism is the most closely related perspective to absolutist. Functionalism is a sociological perspective that emphasizes the interdependence and interconnectedness of different parts of society. It views society as a system with various institutions and structures that work together to maintain stability and order. Similarly, absolutist thinking is characterized by rigid adherence to a set of fixed principles or beliefs, without considering the context or circumstances. Both functionalism and absolutism focus on the importance of maintaining social order and stability.

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  • 2. 

    Absoultists belive

    • A.

      Deviance is based on learning

    • B.

      Deviance is based on reactions

    • C.

      Deviance is based on those in power

    • D.

      Deviance is timeless, global, & universal

    Correct Answer
    D. Deviance is timeless, global, & universal
    Explanation
    The given correct answer suggests that deviance is not limited to a specific time period, geographical location, or culture. It implies that deviant behavior exists across different societies and throughout history. This perspective views deviance as a universal phenomenon that is not confined to any particular group or society.

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  • 3. 

    Costello believed deviance was based on what?

    • A.

      Reactions

    • B.

      Learning

    • C.

      Harm

    • D.

      Power

    Correct Answer
    C. Harm
    Explanation
    Costello believed that deviance was based on harm. This suggests that he believed individuals engage in deviant behavior because they perceive it as causing harm to themselves or others. This perspective aligns with the idea that people are more likely to engage in deviant behavior when they believe it will result in some form of benefit or when they feel that it is necessary to protect themselves or others from harm.

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  • 4. 

    Relativist is most related to which perspective?

    • A.

      Functionalism

    • B.

      Symbolinc interactionist

    • C.

      Conflict theory

    • D.

      Feminist theory

    Correct Answer
    B. Symbolinc interactionist
    Explanation
    The term "relativist" suggests a perspective that emphasizes the subjective nature of reality and the importance of understanding different interpretations and meanings. Symbolic interactionism is a sociological perspective that focuses on how individuals interact and create meaning through symbols and shared understandings. This perspective aligns with the idea of relativism as it recognizes the significance of individual interpretations and the social construction of reality. Therefore, the correct answer is symbolic interactionist.

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  • 5. 

    According to the relativists deviance is..

    • A.

      Whatever a social audience reacts against

    • B.

      What ever causes harm

    • C.

      What ever those in power say is deviant

    • D.

      Based on a patriacal system

    Correct Answer
    A. Whatever a social audience reacts against
    Explanation
    According to the relativists, deviance is defined as whatever a social audience reacts against. This means that deviance is not an inherent characteristic of an action or behavior, but rather it is determined by the reaction and judgment of the society or social group. In other words, an act or behavior is considered deviant if it goes against the norms, values, or expectations of the social audience. This perspective emphasizes the subjective nature of deviance and highlights the importance of social context in defining what is considered deviant.

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  • 6. 

    The ABC's of deviance are all except

    • A.

      Attitudes

    • B.

      Behaviors

    • C.

      Conditions

    • D.

      Circumstances

    Correct Answer
    D. Circumstances
    Explanation
    The ABC's of deviance refer to attitudes, behaviors, and conditions that are considered deviant in society. Circumstances, on the other hand, are external factors or situations that may influence or contribute to deviant behavior, but they are not considered a direct component of deviance itself. Therefore, circumstances are the correct answer as they are not part of the ABC's of deviance.

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  • 7. 

    Costello's critique of Becker was what?

    • A.

      Based on harm

    • B.

      Based on a partriarical system

    • C.

      Not scientific

    • D.

      Based on right and wrong

    Correct Answer
    C. Not scientific
    Explanation
    Costello's critique of Becker can be described as not scientific. This suggests that Costello's criticism of Becker's work was not based on empirical evidence, logical reasoning, or rigorous research methods. Instead, it implies that Costello's critique may have been subjective, biased, or lacking in scientific validity.

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  • 8. 

    Social Power Perspective is most closely related to what theory?

    • A.

      Control

    • B.

      Feminist

    • C.

      Conflict

    • D.

      Differental association

    Correct Answer
    C. Conflict
    Explanation
    The Social Power Perspective is closely related to the Conflict theory. This theory focuses on the idea that society is made up of different groups with competing interests and that social change occurs through conflict and struggle between these groups. The Social Power Perspective also emphasizes the unequal distribution of power and resources in society, which can lead to social inequality and oppression. Therefore, the Conflict theory aligns with the Social Power Perspective as both emphasize the role of conflict and power dynamics in shaping social structures and relationships.

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  • 9. 

    SPP treats what as the primary concept?

    • A.

      Harm

    • B.

      Reaction

    • C.

      Power

    • D.

      Control

    Correct Answer
    C. Power
    Explanation
    SPP treats power as the primary concept. This means that SPP focuses on understanding and analyzing power dynamics, influences, and distributions in various contexts. It examines how power is exercised, acquired, and maintained, and how it impacts individuals, groups, and societies. By prioritizing power, SPP aims to uncover and address inequalities, injustices, and abuses of power, ultimately working towards creating more equitable and just systems.

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  • 10. 

    Who is related to SPP?

    • A.

      Becker

    • B.

      Costello

    • C.

      Alder

    • D.

      Quinney

    Correct Answer
    D. Quinney
    Explanation
    The given question asks about the person who is related to SPP. Out of the four options provided, the only person mentioned is Quinney. Therefore, Quinney is the correct answer as the question does not provide any other information to suggest a different relationship.

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  • 11. 

    According to the SPP defining crime reproduces powerful inequalities that relate to what?  All are true except ...?

    • A.

      Social

    • B.

      Cultural

    • C.

      Economic

    • D.

      Political

    Correct Answer
    B. Cultural
    Explanation
    Defining crime reproduces powerful inequalities that relate to social, economic, and political factors. However, it does not directly relate to cultural factors. Cultural factors may influence the perception and understanding of crime, but they do not play a direct role in reproducing powerful inequalities.

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  • 12. 

    Quinney's ____________________, suggests that definitions of deviance develop because the powerful are protecting their interests

    Correct Answer
    Social Reality of Crime
    Explanation
    Quinney's theory of the "Social Reality of Crime" proposes that definitions of deviance and crime are constructed by those in power in order to safeguard their own interests. This perspective suggests that the powerful individuals and groups in society shape and manipulate the understanding of what constitutes deviant behavior in order to maintain their control and dominance. By defining certain actions as deviant or criminal, those in power can effectively control and regulate the behavior of others, thereby protecting their own status and interests. This theory highlights the social construction of crime and deviance, emphasizing the role of power dynamics in shaping societal perceptions and responses to these behaviors.

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  • 13. 

    Quinney's Social Reality of Crime has _________ propositions.

    Correct Answer
    6
    Explanation
    Quinney's Social Reality of Crime has 6 propositions.

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  • 14. 

    Deviance exists because the functions it provides, what are the functions of deviance?

    Correct Answer
    Moral Boundaries
    Group Solidarity
    Adaptive Innovation
    Reduding Internal Societal Tenisons
    Explanation
    Deviance serves several functions in society. Firstly, it helps to establish and maintain moral boundaries by defining what is considered acceptable behavior. Deviant acts highlight the norms and values of a society, reinforcing the boundaries between right and wrong. Secondly, deviance can strengthen group solidarity by creating a sense of unity and shared identity among members who conform to societal norms. It can also promote adaptive innovation as deviant behavior may lead to the development of new ideas and solutions. Lastly, deviance can reduce internal societal tensions by serving as a form of social control, allowing societies to release and manage built-up frustrations and conflicts.

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  • 15. 

    According to the strain theory, Innovation is when you have no goals but you have the means?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    According to the strain theory, innovation refers to the creation of new goals or means to achieve them when individuals face societal strains or lack of opportunities. It is not when individuals have no goals but have the means. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

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  • 16. 

    Strain theory is based on?

    • A.

      Goals and means

    • B.

      Harm

    • C.

      Control

    • D.

      Power

    Correct Answer
    A. Goals and means
    Explanation
    Strain theory is based on the concept of goals and means. According to this theory, individuals experience strain or frustration when they are unable to achieve their desired goals through legitimate means. This strain can lead to deviant behavior as individuals may resort to illegitimate means to attain their goals. Therefore, the theory emphasizes the importance of understanding the relationship between societal goals and the means available to individuals in order to explain deviant behavior.

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  • 17. 

    According to the strain theory ritualistic is when you have no goals, but you have the means

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    According to the strain theory, ritualistic behavior occurs when individuals have no goals but still have the means to achieve them. This means that they may engage in repetitive, monotonous actions without any clear purpose or ambition. Therefore, the statement that "according to the strain theory, ritualistic is when you have no goals, but you have the means" is true.

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  • 18. 

    The strain theory was developed by who?

    • A.

      Costello

    • B.

      Merton

    • C.

      Beck

    • D.

      Durkhiem

    Correct Answer
    B. Merton
    Explanation
    The strain theory was developed by Merton. This theory suggests that individuals may engage in deviant behavior when they are unable to achieve socially accepted goals through legitimate means. Merton argued that the strain between societal goals and the means to achieve them can lead to various forms of deviance, such as criminal behavior.

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  • 19. 

    Differentail Association is based of what?

    • A.

      Harm

    • B.

      Learning

    • C.

      Guilt

    • D.

      Power

    Correct Answer
    B. Learning
    Explanation
    Differential Association is based on the concept of learning. It suggests that individuals learn deviant behavior through their interactions with others, particularly in intimate and close-knit groups. According to this theory, individuals acquire criminal or deviant behavior patterns through a process of social learning, where they are exposed to definitions favorable to law violation. This learning can occur through various forms, such as direct communication, observation, and imitation. Therefore, the correct answer for this question is "learning".

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  • 20. 

    Differental Association has __________ principles?

    Correct Answer
    9
    Explanation
    Differential Association has 9 principles.

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  • 21. 

    Differental Association has 2 core assumtions, what are they?

    Correct Answer
    deviance occurs when people define situations appropriate for violating the law
    definitions of situations develop through history regarding past experiances and associations with others
    Explanation
    The two core assumptions of Differential Association are that deviance occurs when people define situations appropriate for violating the law, and that definitions of situations develop through history regarding past experiences and associations with others. This means that individuals engage in deviant behavior when they perceive a situation as suitable for breaking the law, and their understanding of what is appropriate or acceptable behavior is shaped by their past experiences and interactions with others. These assumptions highlight the social and cultural influences on deviant behavior and emphasize the importance of socialization and learning in the development of deviant tendencies.

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  • 22. 

    People who are exposed to favorable definitions of crime are less likely to commit crime

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Exposure to favorable definitions of crime does not necessarily decrease the likelihood of committing a crime. The perception of crime and its definition varies among individuals and societies. Factors such as personal values, social environment, and upbringing play a significant role in determining criminal behavior. While positive definitions of crime may influence some individuals to refrain from criminal activities, it cannot be generalized that everyone exposed to such definitions will automatically be deterred from committing crimes. Therefore, the statement is false.

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  • 23. 

    These incluence deviant out comes.  All of the following are correct exepect?

    • A.

      Fruequency

    • B.

      History

    • C.

      Duration

    • D.

      Priority

    Correct Answer
    B. History
    Explanation
    The question is asking which of the given options is NOT correct in terms of influencing deviant outcomes. Frequency, duration, and priority are all factors that can influence deviant outcomes. However, history refers to past events or experiences and may not directly influence deviant outcomes. Therefore, history is the correct answer as it does not have a significant impact on deviant outcomes.

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  • 24. 

    The key assumption of the labeling theory is that deviance depends on ___________ definitions?

    • A.

      Subjective

    • B.

      Objective

    • C.

      Realitive

    • D.

      Related

    Correct Answer
    A. Subjective
    Explanation
    The key assumption of the labeling theory is that deviance depends on subjective definitions. This means that whether an act is considered deviant or not is determined by the subjective judgments and perceptions of individuals or groups in society. The labeling theory suggests that deviance is not inherent in an act itself, but rather it is the result of societal reactions and labels placed on individuals who engage in certain behaviors. These labels can vary across different cultures, societies, and even among different individuals within the same society, highlighting the subjective nature of deviance.

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  • 25. 

    There are 3 associations to the labeling theory, what is one of them?

    • A.

      Qualitative research methods

    • B.

      Quantiative research methods

    • C.

      Surveys

    • D.

      Obsevations

    Correct Answer
    A. Qualitative research methods
    Explanation
    One of the associations to the labeling theory is qualitative research methods. This is because qualitative research methods focus on understanding the subjective experiences and perspectives of individuals, which aligns with the labeling theory's emphasis on how societal labels and judgments can influence an individual's self-perception and behavior. Qualitative research methods involve techniques such as interviews, observations, and analysis of textual data, which can provide rich and in-depth insights into the labeling process and its effects on individuals.

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  • 26. 

    There are 3 associations of labeling theorists what is one?

    • A.

      Innovation

    • B.

      Unknown

    • C.

      Independant

    • D.

      Inductive

    Correct Answer
    D. Inductive
    Explanation
    Inductive is the correct answer because labeling theorists use inductive reasoning to develop their theories. Inductive reasoning involves making generalizations based on specific observations or patterns. In the context of labeling theory, researchers observe specific instances of labeling and then generalize their findings to develop broader theories about the effects of labeling on individuals and society. This approach allows labeling theorists to build their theories from the ground up, starting with specific observations and gradually forming broader conclusions.

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  • 27. 

    There are 3 associations to labeling theory what is one?

    • A.

      Citizens

    • B.

      Critical & normalicy

    • C.

      Critical & authority

    • D.

      Critical & anomie

    Correct Answer
    C. Critical & authority
    Explanation
    One association to labeling theory is the critical perspective, which emphasizes the negative consequences of labeling individuals as deviant or criminal. Another association is authority, as labeling theory suggests that the power and authority of those who label individuals play a significant role in the labeling process and its effects. This perspective highlights how the authority figures, such as police officers or judges, have the power to attach labels to individuals, which can have long-lasting impacts on their lives and social interactions.

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  • 28. 

    What are the critiques of the labeling theory?

    Correct Answer
    traditional focus on the causes were still important
    a need to focus of the powerful not the powerless
    Explanation
    The critiques of the labeling theory include the traditional focus on the causes still being important, implying that the theory does not adequately address the underlying factors that contribute to labeling individuals. Additionally, there is a need to shift the focus from the powerless to the powerful, suggesting that the theory should also examine the role of those in positions of authority and their influence on labeling processes.

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  • 29. 

    Once some one is labeled deviant this can cause?

    • A.

      Primary deviance

    • B.

      Secondary deviance

    • C.

      Degratiion ceremony

    • D.

      Symbols

    Correct Answer
    B. Secondary deviance
    Explanation
    Secondary deviance refers to the behavior that occurs as a result of a person being labeled as deviant by society. Once someone is labeled as deviant, it can cause them to internalize this label and engage in further deviant behavior. This can be due to a variety of factors, such as the person feeling stigmatized or rejected by society, or as a way to rebel against societal norms and expectations. Secondary deviance can lead to a cycle of continued deviant behavior, further reinforcing the person's deviant identity.

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  • 30. 

    "we seek pleasure and aviod pain" is most related to?

    • A.

      Strain theory

    • B.

      Labeling theory

    • C.

      Symbolic interactist

    • D.

      Control theory

    Correct Answer
    D. Control theory
    Explanation
    The statement "we seek pleasure and avoid pain" is most related to control theory. Control theory suggests that individuals are motivated to behave in ways that maximize pleasure and minimize pain. It emphasizes the role of internal and external controls in regulating behavior. This statement aligns with the idea that individuals are driven to seek pleasure and avoid pain, which is a fundamental aspect of control theory.

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  • 31. 

    According to the control theory deliquents are less bonded to their parents?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    According to the control theory, delinquents are less bonded to their parents. This theory suggests that individuals who have weak bonds with their parents are more likely to engage in delinquent behavior. These weak bonds can be due to factors such as lack of parental supervision, inconsistent discipline, or poor parent-child communication. Delinquents may feel disconnected from their parents and therefore seek out other sources of support or validation, which can lead to involvement in delinquent activities.

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  • 32. 

    According to the control theory your friends don't influence you you seek out your friends

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    According to the control theory, individuals actively choose their friends based on their own preferences and needs, rather than being influenced by their friends. This means that you are the one who seeks out friends who align with your interests, values, and goals. Therefore, the statement "your friends don't influence you, you seek out your friends" is true.

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  • 33. 

    According to social control theory deivance occurs when?

    • A.

      You goals and means don't match up

    • B.

      The powerful make the rules

    • C.

      Social bonds are low or weakened

    • D.

      You learn it through interactions with otheres

    Correct Answer
    C. Social bonds are low or weakened
    Explanation
    According to social control theory, deviance occurs when social bonds are low or weakened. This means that individuals who have weak or limited connections to society, such as weak family ties or lack of involvement in community activities, are more likely to engage in deviant behavior. The theory suggests that strong social bonds act as a form of social control, preventing individuals from engaging in deviant acts. When these bonds are weakened or absent, individuals may feel less constrained by societal norms and more inclined to engage in deviant behavior.

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  • 34. 

    All of the following are elements of bonds except which?

    • A.

      Involvement

    • B.

      Assumptions

    • C.

      Commitment

    • D.

      Beliefs

    Correct Answer
    B. Assumptions
    Explanation
    Bonds typically involve elements such as involvement, commitment, and beliefs, as they are built on trust, shared values, and emotional connections. Assumptions, on the other hand, are not necessarily a core element of bonds. While assumptions can exist within a bond, they are not an inherent part of it. Assumptions are more related to individual perspectives and expectations, which may influence the bond but are not essential to its existence.

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  • 35. 

    What theory is related to the saying, "acts of force or fraud under taken in the pursuit of self interest"?

    • A.

      Control theory

    • B.

      Social control theory

    • C.

      Self control theory

    • D.

      Individual control theory

    Correct Answer
    C. Self control theory
    Explanation
    The correct answer is self control theory. Self control theory is related to the saying "acts of force or fraud undertaken in the pursuit of self-interest." This theory suggests that individuals with low self-control are more likely to engage in criminal behavior, including acts of force or fraud, in order to satisfy their immediate self-interests.

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  • 36. 

    Charateristics of low self control include all except?

    • A.

      Impulsivity

    • B.

      Easily angered

    • C.

      Risk taking

    • D.

      Insensitivity

    Correct Answer
    B. Easily angered
    Explanation
    Low self-control is typically associated with impulsivity, risk-taking, and insensitivity. These traits are often seen in individuals who struggle with self-control and have difficulty managing their emotions and actions. However, being easily angered is not typically considered a characteristic of low self-control. While individuals with low self-control may experience anger, it is not necessarily a defining characteristic of their behavior.

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  • 37. 

    The thought that by the age of 9 a persons self control level is crystalized.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that by the age of 9, a person's self-control level becomes fixed or solidified. This means that their ability to regulate their emotions, impulses, and behavior is fully developed and unlikely to change significantly. This aligns with research in developmental psychology, which indicates that self-control tends to improve throughout childhood and adolescence, with notable advancements occurring by the age of 9. Therefore, the correct answer is true.

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  • 38. 

    The feminist theory of deviance focuses on all of the following except?

    • A.

      Interaction between men and women

    • B.

      Labeling female behavior

    • C.

      Victimization

    • D.

      Social movements

    Correct Answer
    A. Interaction between men and women
    Explanation
    The feminist theory of deviance examines various aspects related to gender and deviant behavior. It explores the labeling and perception of female behavior, the role of victimization in deviance, and the influence of social movements. However, it does not specifically focus on the interaction between men and women as a central aspect of deviance. This answer suggests that the feminist theory of deviance encompasses all the mentioned aspects except the interaction between men and women.

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  • 39. 

    The womens movement cause more woman to do deviant acts because their mothers were at work and not how taking care of them.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    This statement suggests that the women's movement caused more women to engage in deviant acts because their mothers were not taking care of them. However, this explanation is not supported by any evidence or logical reasoning. The women's movement aimed to achieve gender equality and empower women, not to encourage deviant behavior. Additionally, the assumption that working mothers are neglectful or unable to care for their children is a stereotype and not universally true. Therefore, the statement is false.

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  • 40. 

    _______________ view relaity as social constructed

    Correct Answer
    social constructionism
    Explanation
    Social constructionism is a theoretical perspective that views reality as socially constructed. It suggests that our understanding of the world is shaped by social and cultural influences, rather than being an objective and fixed reality. According to social constructionism, knowledge and meaning are created through social interactions and shared understandings. This perspective challenges the notion of an objective reality and emphasizes the importance of examining the social and cultural context in which knowledge is produced and understood.

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  • 41. 

    Examples of social constructionism include all of the following except?

    • A.

      Organizational deviance

    • B.

      The war on drugs

    • C.

      Social construction of reality

    • D.

      The medicalization of deviance

    Correct Answer
    C. Social construction of reality
    Explanation
    Social constructionism is a sociological theory that suggests that reality is not an objective truth but is created and shaped by individuals and societies through social interactions and interpretations. It emphasizes the role of language, symbols, and social institutions in constructing our understanding of the world. The examples listed in the question, such as organizational deviance, the war on drugs, and the medicalization of deviance, all demonstrate how social constructs influence our perception and treatment of certain behaviors or phenomena. However, the "social construction of reality" is not an example of social constructionism itself but rather a concept within the theory that explains how individuals collectively create and maintain their understanding of the world.

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  • 42. 

    Another example of social constructionism was_______ madness

    • A.

      Cadillaci

    • B.

      Cruser

    • C.

      Pinto

    • D.

      Dodge

    Correct Answer
    C. Pinto
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "pinto" because it is a reference to the term "pinto madness," which was a social constructionist perspective on the safety of the Ford Pinto car model in the 1970s. This perspective highlighted the social and cultural factors that influenced the perception and construction of the dangers associated with the car, rather than solely focusing on objective facts or evidence. Social constructionism emphasizes the role of societal beliefs, values, and interpretations in shaping our understanding of reality.

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  • 43. 

    The terms crime and deviance can be used interchangably

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The terms "crime" and "deviance" cannot be used interchangeably. While both concepts involve behavior that goes against societal norms, they have distinct meanings. Crime refers to actions that are illegal and punishable by law, whereas deviance encompasses any behavior that deviates from social norms, whether or not it is illegal. Therefore, it is incorrect to use these terms interchangeably.

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  • 44. 

    Everything that is considered deviant is a crime

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement "everything that is considered deviant is a crime" is false. Deviance refers to behavior that goes against societal norms, while a crime refers to a specific act that is prohibited by law. Not all deviant behaviors are considered crimes, as there can be actions that are socially frowned upon but not illegal. For example, wearing unconventional clothing or having unconventional beliefs may be considered deviant, but they are not crimes. Therefore, the given statement is incorrect.

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  • 45. 

    What was not an early conceptiion of deviance?

    • A.

      Demonic

    • B.

      Classical

    • C.

      Religious

    • D.

      Pathological

    Correct Answer
    C. Religious
    Explanation
    In the early conception of deviance, the idea of deviance being influenced by religious factors was not present. The other three options - demonic, classical, and pathological - were all early conceptualizations of deviance. The demonic perspective viewed deviance as being caused by evil spirits or supernatural forces. The classical perspective saw deviance as a rational choice made by individuals based on the potential benefits and consequences. The pathological perspective considered deviance as a result of mental illness or psychological abnormalities. However, the religious perspective was not considered as an early conception of deviance.

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  • 46. 

    Deviance first appeared in the american socological journal in what year? __________

    Correct Answer
    1948
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 1948. This means that deviance first appeared in the American Sociological Journal in the year 1948.

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  • 47. 

    The study of deviance peaked when?

    • A.

      1960s

    • B.

      1948

    • C.

      1970s

    • D.

      1990

    Correct Answer
    C. 1970s
    Explanation
    The study of deviance peaked in the 1970s. This period saw a significant increase in research and interest in understanding and explaining deviant behavior. The 1970s marked a shift in focus from individualistic explanations of deviance to more structural and societal factors influencing deviant behavior. This was also a time when new theories and perspectives, such as labeling theory and conflict theory, gained prominence in the field of deviance studies. The 1970s can be considered a turning point in the study of deviance, making it the correct answer.

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  • 48. 

    Using statistical definitions of deviance what would not be considered deviant?

    • A.

      Mental retardation

    • B.

      Genious iq

    • C.

      Being to tall

    • D.

      Being average height

    Correct Answer
    D. Being average height
    Explanation
    Being average height would not be considered deviant according to statistical definitions of deviance. Deviance is typically defined as behavior or characteristics that deviate significantly from the norm or average. In this case, being average height means falling within the range of what is considered normal or typical, and therefore does not deviate from the statistical norm.

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  • 49. 

    Primary focus on exteme groups deemphasizes serious violence in society and further stigmatizes some behaviors and groups.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that when the primary focus is on extreme groups, it tends to downplay the presence of serious violence in society and also perpetuates stereotypes and stigmatization of certain behaviors and groups. This implies that by solely focusing on extreme groups, we may overlook or underestimate the broader issues of violence and discriminate against certain individuals or communities.

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  • 50. 

    What term is related with this phrase "ruling class dusguise the self-serving basis of the law they create?"

    • A.

      SPP

    • B.

      Social reality of a crime

    • C.

      Conflict theory

    • D.

      Social constructionism

    Correct Answer
    B. Social reality of a crime
    Explanation
    The term "social reality of a crime" is related to the phrase "ruling class disguises the self-serving basis of the law they create" because it suggests that the concept of crime is not objective, but rather a social construct influenced by those in power. It implies that the ruling class manipulates the law to protect their own interests and maintain their dominance, hiding the true motivations behind their legislation. This perspective aligns with the idea that crime is not solely determined by the actions themselves, but also by societal norms and power dynamics.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 16, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Ljohnso1
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