Dental Terminology Quiz

Reviewed by Benjamin Yoon
Benjamin Yoon, DMD, Dentistry |
Dental Expert
Review Board Member
Benjamin earned his Doctor of Dental Medicine (DMD) from Nova Southeastern University College of Dental Medicine, equipping him with the necessary expertise and skills to excel in the field of dentistry. As our meticulous dental expert, he reviews our quizzes to guarantee top-notch quality. With his extensive knowledge and acute attention to detail, he ensures our dental content is informative and precise. His expertise is vital in upholding the highest standards, delivering reliable educational material to our users.
, DMD, Dentistry
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Dental Terminology Quiz - Quiz

Dental Terminology Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What does the prefix "ambi' mean

    • A.

      Upside down

    • B.

      Not

    • C.

      Both sides, around

    • D.

      All

    Correct Answer
    C. Both sides, around
    Explanation
    The prefix "ambi-" in this context means "both sides, around." This prefix is derived from the Latin word "ambis," which means "both" or "around." It is commonly used to indicate a situation or condition that involves or affects two sides or aspects. For example, the word "ambidextrous" refers to someone who can use both hands equally well.

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  • 2. 

    What does the prefix "iso" mean

    • A.

      Small

    • B.

      Not

    • C.

      Alone

    • D.

      Equal

    Correct Answer
    D. Equal
    Explanation
    The prefix "iso" means equal. It is commonly used in scientific and technical terms to indicate equality or sameness. For example, isometric means having equal dimensions or measurements, isosceles refers to a triangle with two equal sides, and isothermal relates to a process or system that maintains constant temperature.

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  • 3. 

    What does the prefix "pan" mean in regards to quantity

    • A.

      All

    • B.

      Around

    • C.

      Lots

    • D.

      One

    Correct Answer
    A. All
    Explanation
    The prefix "pan" means "all" in regards to quantity. It is used to indicate that something includes or encompasses everything or everyone. For example, in the word "panorama," the prefix "pan" suggests that the view includes a wide or complete perspective of the surroundings. Similarly, in the word "pansexual," the prefix "pan" indicates that someone is attracted to people of all genders.

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  • 4. 

    Cheilo?

    • A.

      Lip

    • B.

      Cheek

    • C.

      Tongue

    Correct Answer
    A. Lip
  • 5. 

    Edam or edemato

    • A.

      Gum lining

    • B.

      Inflammation

    • C.

      Tongue

    • D.

      Swelling

    Correct Answer
    D. Swelling
    Explanation
    The word "swelling" is the correct answer because it directly relates to the given terms "edam" or "edemato" and "gum lining," "inflammation," and "tongue." Swelling refers to an abnormal enlargement or increase in size of a body part, typically due to fluid accumulation. In this context, it suggests that the gum lining, inflammation, and tongue are experiencing an increase in size, indicating the presence of edema or edematous condition.

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  • 6. 

    Gen

    • A.

      Move away from

    • B.

      Make, carve

    • C.

      Inborn, build, precursor, formation

    • D.

      Run, operate, move

    Correct Answer
    C. Inborn, build, precursor, formation
    Explanation
    The given words "inborn, build, precursor, formation" all relate to the concept of something being inherent or created. "Inborn" refers to something that is present from birth, "build" refers to constructing or creating something, "precursor" refers to something that comes before and indicates the future development of something, and "formation" refers to the process of creating or shaping something. Therefore, these words all relate to the idea of something being innate or created.

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  • 7. 

    Gloss/o

    • A.

      Larynx

    • B.

      Vocal cords

    • C.

      Soft palate

    • D.

      Tongue

    Correct Answer
    D. Tongue
    Explanation
    The term "gloss/o" refers to the tongue. The other options, such as larynx, vocal cords, and soft palate, are not related to the term "gloss/o". Therefore, the correct answer is tongue.

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  • 8. 

    Ismus

    • A.

      Contraction

    • B.

      Detraction

    • C.

      Infection

    • D.

      Viral infection

    Correct Answer
    A. Contraction
    Explanation
    The word "contraction" is the correct answer because it is the only word in the given list that directly relates to the term "ismus". The other words, such as "detraction", "infection", and "viral infection", do not have a direct connection to "ismus". Therefore, "contraction" is the most appropriate answer based on the given options.

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  • 9. 

    Lingu/o

    • A.

      Lip

    • B.

      Tongue

    • C.

      Larynx

    • D.

      Edge of lip

    Correct Answer
    B. Tongue
    Explanation
    The term "lingu/o" refers to the tongue. This can be seen in various medical terms such as linguistics (the study of language) and lingual artery (the artery that supplies blood to the tongue). Therefore, the correct answer is "tongue."

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  • 10. 

    Ment/o

    • A.

      Chin

    • B.

      Cheek

    • C.

      Lip

    • D.

      Eye lid

    Correct Answer
    A. Chin
    Explanation
    The word "ment/o" is a combining form that refers to the chin. Therefore, the correct answer is "chin."

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  • 11. 

    Myo

    • A.

      Pus

    • B.

      Muscle

    • C.

      Cell

    • D.

      Abcess

    Correct Answer
    B. Muscle
  • 12. 

    Neuro

    • A.

      Brain cells

    • B.

      Neurons

    • C.

      Brain

    • D.

      Nerve

    Correct Answer
    D. Nerve
    Explanation
    The term "neuro" is a prefix that is commonly used in medical and scientific terminology to refer to anything related to the nervous system. The nervous system includes the brain, spinal cord, and nerves. Therefore, "nerve" is the most appropriate answer as it directly relates to the topic of "neuro" and encompasses the concept of brain cells and neurons.

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  • 13. 

    Occlus/o

    • A.

      Shut, close

    • B.

      Tooth

    • C.

      Jaw bone

    • D.

      Movement

    Correct Answer
    A. Shut, close
    Explanation
    The term "occlus/o" refers to the action of shutting or closing. In medical terminology, it is commonly used to describe the closing of the teeth or the alignment of the jaw bones. This term is derived from the Latin word "occludere," which means to shut or close. Therefore, the correct answer for this question is "shut, close."

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  • 14. 

    Orth/o

    • A.

      In the mouth

    • B.

      Bone

    • C.

      Straight

    • D.

      Joint

    Correct Answer
    C. Straight
    Explanation
    The prefix "orth/o" means straight. This is commonly used in medical terminology to refer to the straightening or alignment of bones or joints. In this context, "orth/o" is used to describe something that is straight. Therefore, the correct answer is "straight".

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  • 15. 

    Plasia

    • A.

      Blood

    • B.

      Formation

    • C.

      Discharge

    • D.

      Infection

    Correct Answer
    B. Formation
    Explanation
    Plasia refers to the process of formation or development. It is commonly used as a suffix in medical terms to indicate the growth or production of a particular tissue or organ. In this context, plasia specifically refers to the formation of something, which could be cells, tissues, or even organs. Therefore, formation is the correct answer as it aligns with the meaning of plasia.

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  • 16. 

    Sial/o

    • A.

      Tooth file

    • B.

      Send

    • C.

      Infectious agent

    • D.

      Salivia, salivary gland

    Correct Answer
    D. Salivia, salivary gland
    Explanation
    The term "sial/o" refers to saliva or the salivary glands. Saliva is the clear liquid produced by the salivary glands in the mouth. It helps in the process of digestion by breaking down food and making it easier to swallow. Salivary glands are the organs responsible for producing and releasing saliva into the mouth. Therefore, the correct answer is "saliva, salivary gland".

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  • 17. 

    Stom/, stomat/o

    • A.

      Mouth, opening

    • B.

      Stomach

    • C.

      Tissue lining

    • D.

      Larnynx

    Correct Answer
    A. Mouth, opening
    Explanation
    The word parts "stom/" and "stomat/o" both refer to the concept of "mouth" or "opening". They can be used to describe various structures or processes related to the mouth, such as the oral cavity, the act of eating or speaking, or the examination of the mouth. Therefore, the correct answer is "mouth, opening".

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  • 18. 

    Thromb/o

    • A.

      Vasucular disease

    • B.

      Heart pounding

    • C.

      Blood clot

    • D.

      Pulse

    Correct Answer
    C. Blood clot
    Explanation
    The term "thromb/o" refers to blood clotting. In the given list of terms, "vasucular disease" and "heart pounding" do not directly relate to blood clotting. However, "blood clot" is a term that directly corresponds to the meaning of "thromb/o." Therefore, "blood clot" is the correct answer.

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  • 19. 

    Gnath/o

    • A.

      Jaw

    • B.

      Chewing

    • C.

      Incision

    • D.

      Clenching

    Correct Answer
    A. Jaw
    Explanation
    The term "gnath/o" refers to the jaw. It is derived from the Greek word "gnathos" which means jaw. The prefix "gnath/o" is commonly used in medical terminology to indicate any condition or procedure related to the jaw. Therefore, the correct answer is "jaw."

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  • 20. 

    Itis

    • A.

      Tremor

    • B.

      Infection

    • C.

      Inflammation

    • D.

      Disease

    Correct Answer
    C. Inflammation
    Explanation
    The given answer, inflammation, is the most suitable explanation because it is a common response of the body's immune system to infection or injury. Inflammation is characterized by redness, swelling, heat, and pain in the affected area. It is a natural defense mechanism that helps to isolate and eliminate harmful stimuli, such as pathogens or damaged cells. Inflammation can occur in response to various factors, including infections, injuries, autoimmune disorders, and chronic diseases. Therefore, considering the options provided, inflammation is the most relevant explanation.

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  • 21. 

    Penia

    • A.

      Skin tumour

    • B.

      Breathing

    • C.

      Deficient

    • D.

      Below the surface

    Correct Answer
    C. Deficient
    Explanation
    The word "deficient" means lacking or not having enough of something. In the given options, "deficient" is the only word that fits this meaning. "Penia" is a medical term that refers to a deficiency or lack of something, such as anemia (lack of red blood cells). "Skin tumour" refers to an abnormal growth of cells in the skin, which is not related to the meaning of "deficient." "Breathing" refers to the process of taking in oxygen and releasing carbon dioxide, which is also unrelated to the meaning of "deficient." "Below the surface" indicates something that is beneath or hidden, but it does not convey the meaning of lacking or being deficient in something.

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  • 22. 

    Phylaxis

    • A.

      Protection

    • B.

      Medicine

    • C.

      Allergic reaction

    • D.

      Skin disease

    Correct Answer
    A. Protection
    Explanation
    Phylaxis refers to the prevention or protection against a particular condition or disease. In this context, it is related to medicine and the concept of protection. It is often used in the medical field to describe measures taken to prevent an allergic reaction or to protect against certain skin diseases. Therefore, the correct answer is "protection".

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  • 23. 

    Plegia

    • A.

      Tumourous growth

    • B.

      Discharge

    • C.

      Paralysis

    • D.

      Mucous discharge

    Correct Answer
    C. Paralysis
    Explanation
    Paralysis refers to the loss of muscle function in part of the body, typically caused by damage to the nervous system. The given options include terms related to medical conditions, but only paralysis directly corresponds to the symptoms listed. Tumourous growth and discharge do not necessarily indicate paralysis, and mucous discharge may be a symptom of various other conditions. Therefore, paralysis is the most appropriate answer based on the given information.

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  • 24. 

    Tome

    • A.

      Cutting instrument

    • B.

      Lancing a would

    • C.

      Surgical dental bur

    • D.

      Stop, arrest

    Correct Answer
    A. Cutting instrument
  • 25. 

    Ous

    • A.

      Movement toward

    • B.

      Going below

    • C.

      Condition or state

    • D.

      Pertraining to

    Correct Answer
    C. Condition or state
    Explanation
    The given answer "condition or state" accurately describes the meaning of the word "ous". It suggests that "ous" refers to a particular condition or state. The other options provided do not accurately capture the meaning of the word.

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  • 26. 

    Osis

    • A.

      Absorbment

    • B.

      Process, condition or state

    • C.

      Reverse direction

    • D.

      Valve opening

    Correct Answer
    B. Process, condition or state
    Explanation
    The word "osis" is a suffix that is commonly used in medical terminology to indicate a process, condition, or state. It is often added to the end of a word to describe a specific medical condition or state. For example, "osteoporosis" refers to the condition of having porous bones. Therefore, in this context, "osis" refers to a process, condition, or state.

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  • 27. 

    Oid

    • A.

      Resembing

    • B.

      Pertaining to

    • C.

      Without

    • D.

      Moving away from

    Correct Answer
    A. Resembing
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "resembing". This word is used to describe something that is similar or has a likeness to something else. It implies a close resemblance or similarity between two things.

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  • 28. 

    Ium

    • A.

      In combination

    • B.

      Condition

    • C.

      Under the surface

    • D.

      Little or small

    Correct Answer
    D. Little or small
    Explanation
    The word "little or small" is the correct answer because it is the only option that is synonymous with the given phrase "ium in combination." "Ium" is a suffix commonly used in chemistry to indicate an element or a compound, and when it is combined with another word, it usually signifies a small or lesser form of that element or compound. Therefore, "little or small" accurately captures the meaning of "ium in combination."

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  • 29. 

    Ism

    • A.

      In relation to

    • B.

      Disease, practice

    • C.

      Inflammation

    • D.

      In question

    Correct Answer
    B. Disease, practice
  • 30. 

    Ion

    • A.

      Movement toward

    • B.

      Condition or state

    • C.

      Cell

    • D.

      Pertaining to

    Correct Answer
    B. Condition or state
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "condition or state". This is because the suffix "-ion" is commonly used to form nouns that indicate a condition or state. For example, "infection" refers to the condition of being infected, and "depression" refers to the state of feeling low or sad. Therefore, "condition or state" is the most appropriate explanation for the given answer.

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  • 31. 

    Ics

    • A.

      Practice, knowledge

    • B.

      Disease

    • C.

      Strong flow

    • D.

      Absence of

    Correct Answer
    A. Practice, knowledge
Benjamin Yoon |DMD, Dentistry |
Dental Expert
Benjamin earned his Doctor of Dental Medicine (DMD) from Nova Southeastern University College of Dental Medicine, equipping him with the necessary expertise and skills to excel in the field of dentistry. As our meticulous dental expert, he reviews our quizzes to guarantee top-notch quality. With his extensive knowledge and acute attention to detail, he ensures our dental content is informative and precise. His expertise is vital in upholding the highest standards, delivering reliable educational material to our users.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Nov 19, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team

    Expert Reviewed by
    Benjamin Yoon
  • Aug 04, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    TheGardenGate
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