English Language Analysis: Terminology Trivia Quiz

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English Language Analysis: Terminology Trivia Quiz - Quiz

Check out this quiz including English language analysis terminology trivia questions and answers quiz related to the different English terminologies, including polysemy, homographs, etymology, etc. The English language is made of thousands of words, and if you consider yourself a linguist, you are expected to know what most of them mean. Are you looking for a way to test out how wide your vocabulary goes? This quiz is the best challenge for you. How about you give it a try and see what new words you will learn. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is slang?

    • A.

      Jargon and made up words from a foreign land.

    • B.

      Informal verbal communication that is generally unacceptable for formal writing

    • C.

      Is the non-continual and never-changing use and definition of words in informal conversation, often using references as a means of comparison or showing likeness.

    • D.

      Complete disregard of the english language by using formal words in a proper setting.

    Correct Answer
    B. Informal verbal communication that is generally unacceptable for formal writing
    Explanation
    Slang refers to informal verbal communication that is generally considered inappropriate or unacceptable for formal writing. It involves the use of unconventional words or expressions that are specific to certain groups or communities. Slang often deviates from standard language norms and may include references, comparisons, or expressions that are unique to a particular culture or subculture.

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  • 2. 

    Definition of polysemous is

    • A.

      Words that have multiple meanings.

    • B.

      Words that have only one meaning.

    • C.

      Words that have mutiple meanings and spellings.

    • D.

      A word that has no meaning

    Correct Answer
    A. Words that have multiple meanings.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Words that have multiple meanings." Polysemous refers to words that have multiple meanings. This means that a single word can have different interpretations or definitions depending on the context in which it is used. It is common for many words in the English language to be polysemous, allowing for a wide range of possible meanings and interpretations.

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  • 3. 

    What is root?

    • A.

      Foundations of all words that came before it.

    • B.

      A word that contains prefixes.

    • C.

      The form of a word after all affixes are removed.

    • D.

      A word that contains suffix and prefix at the same time

    Correct Answer
    C. The form of a word after all affixes are removed.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "The form of a word after all affixes are removed." This means that the root of a word is the base or core form of the word, without any prefixes or suffixes attached to it. It is the foundation of the word from which other words are derived.

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  • 4. 

    Bound Morphone is

    • A.

      A morpheme which never occurs alone but is attached to other morphemes.

    • B.

      A morpheme which always occurs alone but is not attached to other morphemes.

    • C.

      A morpheme which always occurs and is attached to other morphemes.

    • D.

      A morpheme that is unattached to other morphemes but always occurs alone.

    Correct Answer
    A. A morpheme which never occurs alone but is attached to other morphemes.
    Explanation
    Bound morphemes are morphemes that cannot stand alone as words but must be attached to other morphemes. They function as affixes, modifying the meaning of the base morpheme. This explanation aligns with the correct answer option, which states that bound morphemes never occur alone but are attached to other morphemes.

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  • 5. 

    Homographs are

    • A.

      Words that are spelled identically and pronouced differently.

    • B.

      Words that are spelled identically and possibly pronounced the same or not.

    • C.

      Words that are spelled differently and pronouced the same.

    • D.

      Words that are pronounced the same but spelled differently.

    Correct Answer
    B. Words that are spelled identically and possibly pronounced the same or not.
    Explanation
    Homographs are words that are spelled identically but may have different pronunciations. This means that they can be pronounced the same or differently, depending on the context or regional variations. The key characteristic of homographs is their identical spelling, which can lead to confusion or multiple interpretations.

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  • 6. 

    Homophones are

    • A.

      Words that are pronounced differently and spelled the same, but have the same meaning.

    • B.

      Words that are spelled the same and pronounced differently.

    • C.

      Words that are pronounced and possibly spelled the same, but with a different meaning.

    • D.

      Words that have one meaning but are spelled and prounounced differently.

    Correct Answer
    C. Words that are pronounced and possibly spelled the same, but with a different meaning.
    Explanation
    Homophones are words that are pronounced and possibly spelled the same, but have different meanings. This means that homophones sound alike, but their definitions are distinct. They may or may not have the same spelling, but they must have different meanings. For example, "flower" and "flour" are homophones because they sound the same but have different meanings.

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  • 7. 

    Lexicon

    • A.

      A dictionary for people who speak at public events.

    • B.

      A speakers mental dictionary.

    • C.

      New vocabulary words.

    • D.

      Internet jargon

    Correct Answer
    B. A speakers mental dictionary.
    Explanation
    The term "lexicon" typically refers to a person's mental dictionary or the collection of words and phrases that they are familiar with and can use in their speech. In this context, it is specifically referring to a dictionary for people who speak at public events, which aligns with the idea of a speaker's mental dictionary. The other options, such as new vocabulary words or internet jargon, do not accurately capture the meaning of "lexicon" in this context.

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  • 8. 

    Morpheme is

    • A.

      The smallest unit of linguistic meaning or function.

    • B.

      A unit of measuring syllables in poetry.

    • C.

      The structure of vowel pronouncation.

    • D.

      The largest unit of linguistic meaning or function.

    Correct Answer
    A. The smallest unit of linguistic meaning or function.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "The smallest unit of linguistic meaning or function." A morpheme is the smallest meaningful unit in a language. It can be a word or a part of a word that carries a specific meaning. Morphemes can be combined to create different words, and they can also change the meaning or function of a word. For example, in the word "unhappiness," "un-" is a morpheme that means "not," and "-ness" is a morpheme that indicates a state or quality. Therefore, "unhappiness" means "not happy."

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  • 9. 

    Morphology is

    • A.

      The science of breaking down sentence structure and meaning.

    • B.

      The identification, analysis and description of the structure of pro-nouns and other units of meaning in a language such as words, affixes, parts of speech, intonation/stress, or unidentified context.

    • C.

      A chronological order of the structure of word formation.

    • D.

      A sub-field of linguistics that studies internal structure of words and relationships among words

    Correct Answer
    D. A sub-field of linguistics that studies internal structure of words and relationships among words
    Explanation
    Morphology is a sub-field of linguistics that focuses on studying the internal structure of words and the relationships between words. It involves analyzing how words are formed, including the use of affixes, and understanding the different parts of speech. By studying morphology, linguists gain insights into how words are constructed and how they interact with one another in a language.

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  • 10. 

    Ebonics is

    • A.

      Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian base languages.

    • B.

      Languages of Europe belong to the Indo-European language family.

    • C.

      An alternative term used in 1997 for various dialects of the African-American English.

    • D.

      A language that is the recorded or hypothetical ancestor of another language or group of languages.

    Correct Answer
    C. An alternative term used in 1997 for various dialects of the African-American English.
    Explanation
    Ebonics is an alternative term used in 1997 for various dialects of African-American English. This term was coined to recognize and validate the unique linguistic features and cultural identity of African-Americans. It acknowledges that African-American English is a distinct dialect with its own grammar, vocabulary, and pronunciation patterns. The term "Ebonics" gained attention and sparked discussions about language diversity and the importance of recognizing and respecting different dialects within the English language.

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  • 11. 

    Etymology defines

    • A.

      The history of words; the study of the history of words.

    • B.

      The history of language; the study of the history of language.

    • C.

      The study of language and history of words.

    • D.

      The study of the history of language.

    Correct Answer
    A. The history of words; the study of the history of words.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "The history of words; the study of the history of words." This is because etymology refers to the study of the origin and development of words, including their historical and linguistic aspects. It involves tracing the root, meaning, and evolution of words over time, which helps in understanding the history and evolution of languages.

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  • 12. 

    Phonology is

    • A.

      Phonology is the study of how sounds are used in natural languages in North America.

    • B.

      Sounds in relation to regional language dialects.

    • C.

      The study of word sounds and the development of language arts.

    • D.

      The sub-field of linguistics that studies structure and systematic pattering of sounds in human language

    Correct Answer
    D. The sub-field of linguistics that studies structure and systematic pattering of sounds in human language
    Explanation
    Phonology is the branch of linguistics that focuses on the structure and patterns of sounds in human language. It examines how sounds are used and organized in different languages, studying the phonemes, phonological rules, and phonological processes that exist within a language. Phonology is not limited to any specific region or language dialect, but rather encompasses the study of sound systems in all natural languages.

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  • 13. 

    Pragmatics defines

    • A.

      The technical term meaning, roughly, what the person speaking or writing actually meant, rather than what the words themselves mean.

    • B.

      Slow progression into the meaning of actual text.

    • C.

      Thinking and writing what is actually meant and understanding what is actually meant by those words.

    • D.

      A new way to figure out what the text means, rather than reading between the lines of the acutal text.

    Correct Answer
    C. Thinking and writing what is actually meant and understanding what is actually meant by those words.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Thinking and writing what is actually meant and understanding what is actually meant by those words." This explanation aligns with the definition of pragmatics provided in the passage, which states that it refers to the meaning intended by the speaker or writer, rather than the literal meaning of the words themselves. It emphasizes the importance of understanding the intended message behind the words and interpreting them accordingly.

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  • 14. 

    Semantics is

    • A.

      The deciphering of anicent codes.

    • B.

      Finding the correct meaning instead of the broad definition.

    • C.

      The study of meaning, reference, truth, and related notions.

    • D.

      The study of linguistics of English writing and literature.

    Correct Answer
    C. The study of meaning, reference, truth, and related notions.
    Explanation
    Semantics refers to the study of meaning, reference, truth, and related notions. It involves analyzing how words, phrases, and sentences convey meaning, and how meaning is interpreted in different contexts. Semantics goes beyond simply understanding the dictionary definition of words and focuses on the deeper understanding of meaning in language. It explores how words and sentences are used to convey specific ideas, and how different interpretations can arise based on context and linguistic conventions.

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  • 15. 

    Syntax defines

    • A.

      The rules for sentences that apply to all writing and dialog.

    • B.

      The rules of sentence formation; the component of mental grammar and structure of phrases and sentences.

    • C.

      The underlying meaning hidden in text in books.

    • D.

      The planning and use of words in grammar and structure of sentences and phrases.

    Correct Answer
    B. The rules of sentence formation; the component of mental grammar and structure of phrases and sentences.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the rules of sentence formation; the component of mental grammar and structure of phrases and sentences. This is because syntax refers to the rules and principles that govern the structure of sentences in a language. It involves the arrangement of words, phrases, and clauses to create meaningful and grammatically correct sentences. Syntax is a fundamental aspect of language and is essential for effective communication. It helps us understand how words and phrases are organized to convey meaning and how different sentence structures can alter the intended message.

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  • 16. 

    Antonym is

    • A.

      The word of seperate meanings.

    • B.

      The word of equal meaning.

    • C.

      The word of same meaning.

    • D.

      The word of opposite meaning.

    Correct Answer
    D. The word of opposite meaning.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "The word of opposite meaning." This is because an antonym is a word that has the opposite meaning of another word. In this context, the other options - "the word of separate meanings," "the word of equal meaning," and "the word of same meaning" - do not accurately define what an antonym is. Therefore, the correct answer is the one that correctly describes the concept of an antonym.

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  • 17. 

    Acronym

    • A.

      A word formed by adding the intial letters of to a sentence.

    • B.

      A word formed by combining the initial letters of a series or related words.

    • C.

      A word deleted by addition of letters and numbers.

    • D.

      A word that is created by adding intial letters to the beginning and end of a word.

    Correct Answer
    B. A word formed by combining the initial letters of a series or related words.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "A word formed by combining the initial letters of a series or related words." This explanation accurately describes what an acronym is. Acronyms are created by taking the initial letters of a series of words or related words and combining them to form a new word. This is commonly used in various fields, such as technology (e.g., NASA - National Aeronautics and Space Administration) or medicine (e.g., AIDS - Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome).

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  • 18. 

    Phrases are

    • A.

      A group of words containing a subject and predicate.

    • B.

      A group of words that do not contain a subject or predicate.

    • C.

      A word that only contain a subject.

    • D.

      A word that only contains a predicate.

    Correct Answer
    B. A group of words that do not contain a subject or predicate.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "A group of words that do not contain a subject or predicate." This answer accurately defines the term "phrases" as a collection of words that do not form a complete sentence on their own, lacking both a subject (the noun or pronoun that performs the action) and a predicate (the verb or verb phrase that expresses the action or state of being). Phrases can function as nouns, verbs, adjectives, or adverbs within a sentence, but they cannot stand alone as complete thoughts.

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  • 19. 

    Creole

    • A.

      Languge that is created by local populance to become the offical language of the region.

    • B.

      Language that is formed from the local populace to become the standard speech of the community.

    • C.

      A southern form of dialect, spoken in the south of America.

    • D.

      Pidgin language that has become the establish as the native language of a speech community.

    Correct Answer
    D. Pidgin language that has become the establish as the native language of a speech community.
    Explanation
    Creole is a pidgin language that has evolved and become the established native language of a speech community. Pidgin languages are simplified forms of communication that develop when different groups with different languages come into contact and need to communicate. Over time, if the pidgin language becomes the primary means of communication for a community and is passed down through generations, it can develop into a creole language. Creole languages have their own grammar, vocabulary, and rules, and are considered native languages of the communities that speak them.

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  • 20. 

    Connotation

    • A.

      A new meaning that goes along with the suggested meanings.

    • B.

      An additional, suggested meaning as opposed to a literal, direct meaning.

    • C.

      The literal direct meaning of a word.

    • D.

      An additional, meaning of a word that are the same as the literal, direct meaning.

    Correct Answer
    B. An additional, suggested meaning as opposed to a literal, direct meaning.
    Explanation
    Connotation refers to an additional, suggested meaning of a word that goes beyond its literal, direct meaning. It implies that a word carries an extra layer of meaning or emotional association, often influenced by cultural or personal experiences. This additional meaning may not be explicitly stated, but it can shape the overall interpretation and perception of the word.

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  • 21. 

    Cognate

    • A.

      Words that have the same root but different orgin.

    • B.

      Words that have the opposite linguistic root or orgin.

    • C.

      Words that have the same linguistic root or origin.

    • D.

      Words that have the opposite root but same orgin.

    Correct Answer
    C. Words that have the same linguistic root or origin.
    Explanation
    Cognate refers to words that have the same linguistic root or origin. This means that they share a common etymology and can be traced back to the same source language. Cognates often have similar meanings and spellings, but may have evolved differently in different languages over time. For example, the English word "mother" and the Spanish word "madre" are cognates because they both come from the same Latin root "mater." Similarly, the English word "brother" and the German word "Bruder" are cognates because they both come from the same Proto-Germanic root "brothar."

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  • 22. 

    Denotation

    • A.

      The literal direct meaning of a word.

    • B.

      The literal opposite meaning of a word.

    • C.

      A word with no direct meaning.

    • D.

      A way to write the direct meaning of a word.

    Correct Answer
    A. The literal direct meaning of a word.
    Explanation
    Denotation refers to the literal direct meaning of a word. It is the basic, dictionary definition of a word, without any connotations or figurative interpretations. Denotation focuses on the explicit, objective meaning of a word, disregarding any personal or subjective associations. It is the opposite of connotation, which refers to the emotional or cultural associations that a word may carry. Denotation provides a clear and precise understanding of a word's meaning, making it an essential concept in linguistics and communication.

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  • 23. 

    Metonymy

    • A.

      A direct challenge to the reader through the text.

    • B.

      A figure of speech that has nothing to do with the place or item mentioned.

    • C.

      A figure of speech consisting of the use of the name of one thing for that of another.

    • D.

      The crossing of two figures of speech in the same sentence.

    Correct Answer
    C. A figure of speech consisting of the use of the name of one thing for that of another.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "A figure of speech consisting of the use of the name of one thing for that of another." This means that metonymy is a literary device where a word or phrase is substituted with another word or phrase that is closely associated with it. It is a form of figurative language that adds depth and complexity to the text by creating a connection between two related concepts.

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  • 24. 

    Orthography

    • A.

      The inclusion of maps in a book.

    • B.

      The representation of sounds of written or printed symbols.

    • C.

      The art of reading words that have to do with language and spelling.

    • D.

      The art of writing words with proper letters according to the standard usage.

    Correct Answer
    D. The art of writing words with proper letters according to the standard usage.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "The art of writing words with proper letters according to the standard usage." This is because orthography refers to the correct or standard way of writing words, including the use of proper letters and spelling conventions. It is concerned with the visual representation of language through written or printed symbols.

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  • 25. 

    Synonym

    • A.

      One of two or more words or expressions of the same language that have similar meanings.

    • B.

      One or two more words or expressions of the same laguague that have opposite meanings.

    • C.

      Words that have similar meanings but are from opposite languages.

    • D.

      Three words that mean the same thing.

    Correct Answer
    A. One of two or more words or expressions of the same language that have similar meanings.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "One of two or more words or expressions of the same language that have similar meanings." This explanation accurately describes the concept of synonyms, which are words that share similar meanings. It clarifies that synonyms are words or expressions within the same language, and that they have similar meanings but are not necessarily identical.

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  • 26. 

    Dialect

    • A.

      The way grammar differs from one region to another

    • B.

      A language that has the same grammar structure as other languages.

    • C.

      A variety of language who grammar differs in systematic way from other varieties.

    • D.

      Language that has a systematic similarites to other froms of language.

    Correct Answer
    C. A variety of language who grammar differs in systematic way from other varieties.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "A variety of language whose grammar differs in a systematic way from other varieties." This explanation accurately describes a dialect as a specific variety of a language that has distinct grammar features compared to other varieties of the same language. Dialects can differ in terms of pronunciation, vocabulary, and grammar, and these differences are usually consistent and characteristic of a particular region or social group.

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  • 27. 

    Prefix

    • A.

      Affix has to be added to the beginning of a word.

    • B.

      Affix has to be added to the end of a word.

    • C.

      Affix has to be added to the middle of the word.

    • D.

      No affixes are added to the word.

    Correct Answer
    A. Affix has to be added to the beginning of a word.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Affix has to be added to the beginning of a word." This is because a prefix is a type of affix that is added to the beginning of a word to modify its meaning. It is not added to the end or middle of a word, and it is not the case that no affixes are added to the word. Therefore, the affix in question must be added to the beginning.

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  • 28. 

    Suffix

    • A.

      Affix has to be added to the beginning of a word.

    • B.

      Affix has to be added to the end of the word.

    • C.

      No affixes are added to the word.

    • D.

      Affix has to be added to the middle of the word.

    Correct Answer
    B. Affix has to be added to the end of the word.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Affix has to be added to the end of the word." This is because a suffix is a type of affix that is added to the end of a word to change its meaning or form. Unlike a prefix, which is added to the beginning of a word, a suffix is added to the end. Therefore, the correct option is that an affix has to be added to the end of the word.

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  • 29. 

    Proto-Language

    • A.

      Language that is under development

    • B.

      Language which uses many vowel sounds.

    • C.

      A recorded or reconstructed language that is the ancestor of another language

    • D.

      Dead languages that are no longer spoken.

    Correct Answer
    C. A recorded or reconstructed language that is the ancestor of another language
    Explanation
    The correct answer is a recorded or reconstructed language that is the ancestor of another language. Proto-language refers to a language that is no longer spoken but is believed to be the common ancestor of a group of related languages. It is reconstructed through the comparison of its descendant languages and other linguistic evidence. Proto-languages play a crucial role in understanding the historical development and relationships between different languages.

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  • 30. 

    Inflectional Morphemes

    • A.

      Indicates places, events, times, and tense; the part of grammar that deals with inflection of words

    • B.

      Indicates number, person, case, and tense: the part of grammar that deals with inflections of words

    • C.

      Focus on only words with inflections.

    • D.

      Morphemes that have no inflectional properties.

    Correct Answer
    A. Indicates places, events, times, and tense; the part of grammar that deals with inflection of words
    Explanation
    The correct answer explains that inflectional morphemes indicate places, events, times, and tense. It also states that inflectional morphemes are a part of grammar that deals with the inflection of words. This explanation accurately describes the function and purpose of inflectional morphemes in language.

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  • 31. 

    Derivational Morphemes

    • A.

      The part of grammar that deals with derivations of words.

    • B.

      The part of grammer that deletes derivations of words.

    • C.

      The part of grammer that adds derivations in words.

    • D.

      The part of grammer that uses derivations in sentences.

    Correct Answer
    A. The part of grammar that deals with derivations of words.
    Explanation
    Derivational morphemes are affixes that are added to base words to create new words or to change the meaning or part of speech of a word. The correct answer states that derivational morphemes are the part of grammar that deals with derivations of words, which accurately describes their function.

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  • 32. 

    Deep Structure

    • A.

      The abstract level of language; conceived as containing all info need to make any sentence.

    • B.

      Radical new thinking in terms of added meaning to sentence structure.

    • C.

      Sentence structure that involves deep thought.

    • D.

      Writing that goes beyond simple structure and developes further into deep structure.

    Correct Answer
    A. The abstract level of language; conceived as containing all info need to make any sentence.
    Explanation
    Deep Structure refers to the abstract level of language that contains all the necessary information to construct any sentence. It is a linguistic concept that was introduced to explain the underlying syntactic structure of sentences. Deep Structure represents the universal aspects of language that are shared across different languages and can be transformed into surface structure through various grammatical rules. This concept revolutionized the understanding of sentence formation and provided insights into the fundamental building blocks of language.

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  • 33. 

    Surface Structure

    • A.

      A formal writing structure.

    • B.

      Grammatical structure that actually occurs; in some types of grammar, a representation of the sequence of syntactic elements that constitute two sentences.

    • C.

      Grammatical structure that actually occurs; in some types of grammar, a representation of the sequence of syntactic elements that constitute one sentence.

    • D.

      Textual meaning that is wide open to the reader.

    Correct Answer
    C. Grammatical structure that actually occurs; in some types of grammar, a representation of the sequence of syntactic elements that constitute one sentence.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Grammatical structure that actually occurs; in some types of grammar, a representation of the sequence of syntactic elements that constitute one sentence." This answer accurately describes the concept of surface structure, which refers to the actual arrangement of words and phrases in a sentence. It highlights that surface structure represents the syntactic elements that make up a single sentence, rather than multiple sentences.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Aug 04, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Rain Coleman
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