Abdominal And Small Parts Sonography Quiz!

39 Questions | Total Attempts: 52

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Abdominal And Small Parts Sonography Quiz!

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    In what direction does the term caudal refer?
    • A. 

      Towards the front or anterior

    • B. 

      Reduced angle or bent joint

    • C. 

      Away from the attachment

    • D. 

      Away from the head

  • 2. 
    What term means on the opposite side of the body?
    • A. 

      Contralateral

    • B. 

      Transverse

    • C. 

      Oblique

    • D. 

      Ipsilateral

  • 3. 
    Which term means towards the midline of the body or toward the median plane?
    • A. 

      Lateral

    • B. 

      Anterior

    • C. 

      Proximal

    • D. 

      Medial

  • 4. 
    Which term describes the application of sound to an object?
    • A. 

      Isotropic

    • B. 

      Irradiation

    • C. 

      Insonation

    • D. 

      Intensity modulation

  • 5. 
    Which plane divides the body into right and left sections?
    • A. 

      Sagittal

    • B. 

      Oblique

    • C. 

      Coronal

    • D. 

      Transverse

  • 6. 
    The term sonolucent is a misnomer when it is used to describe which echogenicity?
    • A. 

      Isoechoic

    • B. 

      Hypoechoic

    • C. 

      Anechoic

    • D. 

      Heterogeneous

  • 7. 
    What reference plane divides the body into right and left halves?
    • A. 

      Transverse

    • B. 

      Coronal

    • C. 

      Horizontal

    • D. 

      Sagittal

  • 8. 
    Which plane is perpendicular to both the sagittal and transverse planes?
    • A. 

      Longitudinal

    • B. 

      Median

    • C. 

      Oblique

    • D. 

      Coronal

  • 9. 
    What term describes layers of flat fibrous sheets composed of strong connective tissue?
    • A. 

      Fascia

    • B. 

      Aponeurosis

    • C. 

      Cartilage fibers

    • D. 

      Deep membranous layer

  • 10. 
    Which bilaterally paired flat muscles are the innermost of the anterolateral abdominal wall muscles?
    • A. 

      Rectus abdominis

    • B. 

      Internal oblique

    • C. 

      Pyramidalis

    • D. 

      Transversus abdominis

  • 11. 
    Which of the diaphragmatic crura is longer and larger?
    • A. 

      Right crus

    • B. 

      Left crus

    • C. 

      Aperture crus

    • D. 

      Medial crus

  • 12. 
    In addition to a falling hematocrit, what is another clinical indication of a hematoma?
    • A. 

      Lymphoma

    • B. 

      Leukocytosis

    • C. 

      Ecchymosis

    • D. 

      Elevated enzymes

  • 13. 
    Which of the following is one of the three parts of an abdominal wall hernia? 
    • A. 

      Content

    • B. 

      Paraherniated cords

    • C. 

      Location

    • D. 

      Substance

  • 14. 
    What is the most common location for a hernia?
    • A. 

      Quadratus lumborum

    • B. 

      Diaphragm

    • C. 

      Rectus abdominis

    • D. 

      Inguinal

  • 15. 
    Which type of tumor can grow for a long time without evidence of clinical symptoms?
    • A. 

      Neuroma

    • B. 

      Sarcoma

    • C. 

      Endometrioma

    • D. 

      Lipoma

  • 16. 
    What condition presents with anechoic areas demonstrated on one or both sides of the chest superior to the diaphragm?
    • A. 

      Pleural effusion

    • B. 

      Eventration

    • C. 

      Paralysis

    • D. 

      Inversion

  • 17. 
    How can the sonographer obtain better near field images of the abdominal wall?
    • A. 

      Increase the Near field gain

    • B. 

      Used transducer pressure

    • C. 

      Scan with a stand off device

    • D. 

      Select a lower frequency transducer

  • 18. 
    Which peritoneal layer lines the walls of the abdominopelvic cavity?
    • A. 

      Omental

    • B. 

      Visceral

    • C. 

      Parietal

    • D. 

      Ligamentous

  • 19. 
    What method would the sonographer incorporate to determine if the fluid is complex, loculated, or freely moveable?
    • A. 

      Use multiple angles of incidence

    • B. 

      Use a lower frequency transducer

    • C. 

      Decrease gain settings

    • D. 

      Increase overall power

  • 20. 
    Where does freely mobile fluid primarily drain?
    • A. 

      Lesser sac

    • B. 

      Dependent body side

    • C. 

      Subphrenic spaces

    • D. 

      Hepatorenal space

  • 21. 
    Which ascites are characterized by a high concentration of protein, cells, or solid material derived from cells?
    • A. 

      Hydremic

    • B. 

      Chylous

    • C. 

      Exudative

    • D. 

      Transudative

  • 22. 
    What space separates the pancreas from the stomach?
    • A. 

      Hepatorenal

    • B. 

      Gastrorenal

    • C. 

      Lesser compartment

    • D. 

      Lesser sac ( omental bursa)

  • 23. 
    Sonographically, what may be observed when excessive and abnormal amounts of fluid are present in the peritoneal cavity?
    • A. 

      To and from motion with respiration

    • B. 

      Abdominal atrophy

    • C. 

      Increased attenuation

    • D. 

      Entrapped bowel loops

  • 24. 
    What term describes a large fluid collection observed when scanning the abdomen of a patient with the cardiac disease?
    • A. 

      Ascites

    • B. 

      Empyema

    • C. 

      Abscess

    • D. 

      Flatus

  • 25. 
    What extrahepatic anechoic collection of bile is located within the peritoneal cavity?
    • A. 

      Lymphocele

    • B. 

      Seroma

    • C. 

      Biloma

    • D. 

      Hematoma

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