Thorax 2 Heart, Pericardium ETC. Dec 6, 2014 Gross Anatomy Lecture

39 Questions | Total Attempts: 111

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Thorax 2 Heart, Pericardium ETC. Dec 6, 2014 Gross Anatomy Lecture

Thorax 2 Heart, Pericardium


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The Following are True about the Pericardium Location Except?
    • A. 

      Posterior to the body of the sternum & 2nd -6th costal cartilages

    • B. 

      Anterior to the 4th- 6th thoracic vertebrae

    • C. 

      Located in the middle of the mediastinum

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 2. 
    Which of the following is True  about the Pericardium?
    • A. 

      Prevents excessive dilation of the heart in cases of acute volume overload

    • B. 

      It serve as a lubricated container in which the different parts of the heart

    • C. 

      Protects it from infections coming from other organs (such as lungs)

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 3. 
    It is a ligament that attaches the fibrous pericardium to the sternum
  • 4. 
    There are 2 kinds of Pericardium List at least one
  • 5. 
    All Heart Attack start with severe pain?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    The Following is False about the heart except 
    • A. 

      Hollow muscular organ

    • B. 

      Pyramid shaped

    • C. 

      Located inferiorly to the diaphragm

    • D. 

      Located approximately between the 5th and 6th rib

  • 7. 
    The following are the surfaces of the heart except?
    • A. 

      Sternocostal

    • B. 

      Apex

    • C. 

      Diaphragmatic

    • D. 

      Base

  • 8. 
    The Following are False about the Apex, except?
    • A. 

      Directed downward, forward, and to the right

    • B. 

      Formed by the Right ventricle

    • C. 

      Lies at Level of the 6th intercostal spaces

    • D. 

      Lies opposite to the base

  • 9. 
    The following are True about the right atrium except 
    • A. 

      It has 3 opening

    • B. 

      Consist of a main cavity & and a small outpouching auricle

    • C. 

      It is the First chamber where the deoxygenated blood flows from the organs

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 10. 
    The heart rest on its Base?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    The Following are False about the Left Atrium except? 
    • A. 

      Consists of a main cavity and a left auricle

    • B. 

      Situated anteriorly behind the right atrium

    • C. 

      It is separated from the esophagus by the Serous pericardium

    • D. 

      The interior of the left atrium is rough

  • 12. 
    The Following are True about the Left ventricle except?
    • A. 

      It has a circular cross section

    • B. 

      It has the thickest wall among the chambers

    • C. 

      Communicates with the Left atrium through the atrioventricular orifice

    • D. 

      Its Trabeculae Carnae is not well developed

  • 13. 
    The Following are True about the Aortic Valve, except?
    • A. 

      Consists of 3 cups

    • B. 

      Guards the atrioventricular orifice

    • C. 

      It has a similar structure to the pulmonary valve

    • D. 

      It acts as a gate between the aorta and left venticle

  • 14. 
    The Following are True about the Ventricular Septum smaller part , except?
    • A. 

      Thin

    • B. 

      Thick

    • C. 

      Membranous

    • D. 

      Attached to the fibrous skeleton

  • 15. 
    It is a wall that divides the right and left atria 
  • 16. 
    The following are True  about the skeleton of the heart, Except?
    • A. 

      It forms the basis of electrical discontinuity between the atria and the ventricles

    • B. 

      It only surrounds the atrioventricular and aortic orifices

    • C. 

      Prevents the valve from stretching

    • D. 

      Consist of Fibrous rings

  • 17. 
    The following are Conducting System of the Heart, Except?
    • A. 

      Sinuatrial node

    • B. 

      Sinuatrial bundle

    • C. 

      Atrioventricular node

    • D. 

      Atrioventricular bundle

  • 18. 
    What is the normal heart beat rate in a resting new born child ages 0- 1 month old
  • 19. 
    The pericardium is a double sac membrane in which the outer membrane is the "visceral" pericardium.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    The valves found at the entrance to the pulmonary artery and the aorta are known as "semilunar"
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    The Speed of conduction of the cardiac impulse through the atrioventricular node is about 0.11 seconds
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    The Following are False  about Right Coronary Artery, Except?
    • A. 

      Arises from the anterior aortic sinus of the descending aorta

    • B. 

      Descend almost vertically in the right atrioventricular bundle

    • C. 

      Runs Forward between the pulmonary trunk and the left auricle

    • D. 

      It branches supply the right atrium and right ventricles only

  • 23. 
    It is also known as Bundle of His
  • 24. 
    The heart is situated in the middle of the mediastinum posterior to the breastbone in the chest, at the level of thoracic vertebrae T4-T8
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 25. 
    Which of The Statements is False?
    • A. 

      The Left Coronary Artery larger than the Right Coronart Artery

    • B. 

      The Coronary Sinus lies posteriorly of the atrioventricular bundle

    • C. 

      The Coronary Sinus is one of the opening of the right ventricle

    • D. 

      The Mitral Valve lies behind the left half of the sternum: opposite the 4th costal cartilage

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