Daily Updates Mock Test 115

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Daily Updates Mock Test 115 - Quiz

MOCK TEST 115
SYLLABUS : STATIC GK
TIME : 20 MINUTES FULL MARKS : 50*5 = 250
EACH QUESTION CARRIES 5 MARKS , -VE MARKING = - 1 / WRONG ANSWER
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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Who was appointed as the Constitutional Adviser to the Constituent Assembly in formulating the Indian Constitution in 1946?

    • A.

       Dr. Br. Ambedkar

    • B.

       B. N. Rau

    • C.

      Dr. Rajendra Prasad

    • D.

      Shri K. M. Munshi

    Correct Answer
    B.  B. N. Rau
    Explanation
    Ans.(b)
    Sol. B. N. Rau was appointed as the Constitutional Adviser to the Constituent Assembly in formulating the Indian Constitution in 1946. He was responsible for the general structure of its democratic framework of the Constitution and prepared its initial draft in February 1948.

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  • 2. 

    Which one of the following is not an element of the State ?

    • A.

      Population

    • B.

      Sovereignty

    • C.

      Army

    • D.

      Government

    Correct Answer
    C. Army
    Explanation
    Ans.(c)
    Sol. A systematic study of comparative government the world over points out that, there are, undeniably, four basic elements of the State, namely; population; territory; government and sovereignty which constitute the subject of this article.

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  • 3. 

    The two basic principles of the liberal theory of democracy as emphasized by John Locke, are

    • A.

      Universal Adult Franchise and the Right to Property

    • B.

      Representative Democracy and Workers’ Rights

    • C.

       Popular Sovereignty and constitutional government

    • D.

      Women suffrage and popular sovereignty

    Correct Answer
    A. Universal Adult Franchise and the Right to Property
    Explanation
    Ans.(a)
    Sol. Liberalism is an ideology, philosophical view, and political tradition which holds that liberty is the primary political value. John Locke (1632–1704) is among the most influential political philosophers of the modern period.

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  • 4. 

    January 26 selected as the date for the inauguration of the Constitution, because

    • A.

      It was considered to be an auspicious day

    • B.

       on that day the Quit India Movement was started in 1942

    • C.

      The Congress had observed it as the Independence Day in 1930

    • D.

       None of these

    Correct Answer
    C. The Congress had observed it as the Independence Day in 1930
    Explanation
    Ans.(c)
    Sol. The Constitution was passed on 26 November 1949 in the Constituent Assembly. It was adopted on 26 January 1950 with a democratic government system. 26 January was selected, because it was this day in 1930 when the Declaration of Indian Independence was passed.

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  • 5. 

    The preamble of Indian Constitution is based on the Objectives which was drafted and moved in the Constituent Assembly by-

    • A.

      B. R. Ambedkar

    • B.

      Rajendra Prasad

    • C.

      Jawaharlal Nehru

    • D.

       Vallabhbhai Patel

    Correct Answer
    C. Jawaharlal Nehru
    Explanation
    Ans.(c)
    Sol. The preamble is based on the Objectives which was drafted and moved in the Constituent Assembly by Jawaharlal Nehru on 13 December 1946.

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  • 6. 

    In India legal sovereignty is vested with

    • A.

      The President

    • B.

      The Judiciary

    • C.

       the Parliament

    • D.

      The Constitution

    Correct Answer
    D. The Constitution
    Explanation
    Ans.(d)
    Sol. In India legal sovereignty is vested with the constitution. The body which has the power to issue final commands in the form of laws is the legal sovereign in a state.

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  • 7. 

    Who is guardian of the Indian Constitution ?

    • A.

      President of India

    • B.

      Supreme Court

    • C.

      Prime Minister of India

    • D.

      Parliament

    Correct Answer
    B. Supreme Court
    Explanation
    Ans.(b)
    Sol. Supreme Court the Guardian of the Constitution and Protector of Fundamental Rights. The Constitution of India is the supreme law of the land and the Supreme Court is its interpreter and guardian. It does not allow the executive or the Parliament to violate any provision of the Constitution.

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  • 8. 

    The basis of classification of governments as unitary and federal is-

    • A.

      Relationship between legislature and executive

    • B.

      Relationship between executive and judiciary

    • C.

      Relationship between the Centre and States

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    C. Relationship between the Centre and States
    Explanation
    Ans.(c)
    Sol. Political scientists have classified governments into unitary and federal on the basis of the nature of relations between the national government and the regional governments.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following is related to Grassroots democracy ?

    • A.

       Devolution of powers

    • B.

      Decentralization of powers

    • C.

      Panchayati Raj System

    • D.

       All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D.  All of the above
    Explanation
    Ans.(d)
    Sol. Grassroots democracy is a tendency towards designing political processes that shifts as much decision-making authority as practical to the organization’s lowest geographic or social level of organization.

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  • 10. 

    The tax placed on legal documents, usually in the transfer of assets or property is known as?

    • A.

      Excise Tax

    • B.

      Stamp duty

    • C.

       VAT

    • D.

      Octroi

    Correct Answer
    B. Stamp duty
    Explanation
    Ans.(b)
    Sol. A stamp duty is the tax placed on legal documents, usually in the transfer of assets or property.

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  • 11. 

    “The General Equilibrium Analysis” was developed by

    • A.

      Leon Walras

    • B.

      Ricardo

    • C.

      Marshall

    • D.

      Adam Smith

    Correct Answer
    A. Leon Walras
    Explanation
    Ans.(a)
    Sol. General equilibrium theory, or Walrasian general equilibrium, attempts to explain the functioning of the macroeconomy as a whole, rather than as collections of individual market phenomena. The theory was first developed by the French economist Leon Walras in the late 19th century.

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  • 12. 

    The first computer made available for commercial use was :

    • A.

      MANIAC

    • B.

       ENIAC

    • C.

      UNIVAC

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    C. UNIVAC
    Explanation
    Ans.(c)
    Sol. The first computer made available for commercial use was UNIVAC. This was designed principally by J. Presper Eckert and John Mauchly, who were inventors of the ENIAC.

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  • 13. 

    ‘Take-off stage’ in an economy means

    • A.

      Steady growth begins

    • B.

      Economy is stagnant

    • C.

      All controls are removed

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    A. Steady growth begins
    Explanation
    Ans.(a)
    Sol. The third significant stage of growth is the stage of take-off. The period of this stage is 20 to 30 years during which the economy development process is automatic and the economy becomes self-reliant. Self-reliance, means that the economy can develop without external assistance.

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  • 14. 

    Malthusian theory of population shows the relationship between-

    • A.

      Food supply and demand

    • B.

      Food supply and population growth

    • C.

      Population growth and development

    • D.

      Employment and resources

    Correct Answer
    B. Food supply and population growth
    Explanation
    Ans.(b)
    Sol. Thomas Robert Malthus, an English cleric, and scholar published this theory in his 1798 writings, An Essay on the Principle of Population. He believed that through preventative checks and positive checks, the population would be controlled to balance the food supply with the population level.

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  • 15. 

    The average income earned per person in a given area in a specified year is known as?

    • A.

      Per capita monetary income

    • B.

      National income

    • C.

      Per capita rural income

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    A. Per capita monetary income
    Explanation
    Ans.(a)
    Sol. Per capita income (PCI) or average income measures the average income earned per person in a given area (city, region, country, etc.) in a specified year. It is calculated by dividing the area’s total income by its total population.

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  • 16. 

    Gross National Product – Depreciation Allowance = ?

    • A.

       Per Capita Income

    • B.

      Gross Domestic Product

    • C.

      Personal Income

    • D.

       Net National Product

    Correct Answer
    D.  Net National Product
    Explanation
    Ans.(d)
    Sol. Net national product (NNP) is the monetary value of finished goods and services produced by a country’s citizens, overseas and domestically, in a given period (i.e., the gross national product (GNP) minus the amount of GNP required to purchase new goods to maintain existing stock (i.e., depreciation).

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  • 17. 

    The Great Depression occurred during

    • A.

       1914

    • B.

      1929

    • C.

      1939

    • D.

      1922

    Correct Answer
    B. 1929
    Explanation
    Ans.(b)
    Sol. The Great Depression was the worst economic downturn in the history of the industrialized world, lasting from the stock market crash of 1929 to 1939.

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  • 18. 

    Pakistani economist Mahbub ul Haq created HDI in-

    • A.

      1991

    • B.

      1947

    • C.

      1990

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    C. 1990
    Explanation
    Ans.(c)
    Sol. Pakistani economist Mahbub ul Haq created HDI in 1990 which was further used to measure the country’s development by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP).

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  • 19. 

    Which of the following vitamins help in the absorption of calcium?

    • A.

      Vitamin A

    • B.

      Vitamin D

    • C.

      Vitamin B1

    • D.

      Vitamin B2 

    Correct Answer
    B. Vitamin D
    Explanation
    Ans.(b)
    Sol. Vitamin D is necessary for developing and maintaining strong, healthy bones and absorption.

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  • 20. 

    Symbiotic Bacteria responsible for the fixation of atmospheric nitrogen are present in –

    • A.

      Peas

    • B.

      Wheat

    • C.

      Corn

    • D.

       Oats

    Correct Answer
    A. Peas
    Explanation
    Ans.(a)
    Sol. Symbiosis is a relationship between two or more organisms that live closely together. Symbiotic Bacteria responsible for the fixation of atmospheric nitrogen are present in Peas.

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  • 21. 

    Nitrogen fixation is a process of

    • A.

      Assimilation of nitrate

    • B.

      Utilisation of nitrogen gas

    • C.

      Conversion of organic nitrogen to proteins

    • D.

      Conversion of molecular nitrogen to ammonia

    Correct Answer
    D. Conversion of molecular nitrogen to ammonia
    Explanation
    Ans.(d)
    Sol. Nitrogen fixation is the process by which atmospheric nitrogen is converted either by a natural or an industrial means to a form of nitrogen such as ammonia.

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  • 22. 

    Charles Darwin, the famous evolutionist, proposed his theory in which one of his books ?

    • A.

      The Families of flowering plant

    • B.

      The Origin of species

    • C.

      The Life on earth

    • D.

      The Story of the living world

    Correct Answer
    B. The Origin of species
    Explanation
    Ans.(b)
    Sol. The Origin of Species published on 24 November 1859, is a work of scientific literature by Charles Darwin which is considered to be the foundation of evolutionary biology.

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  • 23. 

    Laughing gas used as anesthesia by doctors is- 

    • A.

      Nitrogen

    • B.

      Nitrogen Oxide

    • C.

      Nitrous Oxide

    • D.

      Nitrogen dioxide

    Correct Answer
    C. Nitrous Oxide
    Explanation
    Ans.(c)
    Sol. Nitrous Oxide (N_2 O) is also known as laughing gas. It is a colourless gas with a sweet odour and taste. Inhalation leads to disorientation, euphoria, numberss, loss of coordination, dizziness and ultimately a loss of consciousness. It is also used as the anesthetic gas.

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  • 24. 

    Easily soluble in water-

    • A.

      Carbon

    • B.

      Nitrogen

    • C.

      Ammonia

    • D.

       Iodine

    Correct Answer
    C. Ammonia
    Explanation
    Ans.(c)
    Sol. Ammonia being a polar molecule dissolves readily in water. This is due to the Hydrogen atoms of Ammonia which are bonded with a highly electronegative Nitrogen and the Hydrogen atoms of water molecules which are bonded with the highly electronegative Oxygen atom.

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  • 25. 

    Which is the purest form of iron

    • A.

      Cast iron

    • B.

      Pig iron

    • C.

      Wrought iron

    • D.

      Steel

    Correct Answer
    C. Wrought iron
    Explanation
    Ans.(c)
    Sol. Wrought Iron is the purest form Iron. It contains 0.12–0.25 carbon.

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  • 26. 

    An aqueous solution of copper sulphate is acidic in nature because the salt undergoes- 

    • A.

      Dialysis

    • B.

      Electrolysis

    • C.

      Hydrolysis

    • D.

      Photolysis

    Correct Answer
    C. Hydrolysis
    Explanation
    Ans.(c)
    Sol. Copper sulphate reacts with water which produces strong acid H_2 SO_4 and weak base Cu (OH) as there is a process of hydrolysis. So it is acidic in nature.
    CuSO_4+2H_2 O→H_2 SO_4+Cu(OH)_2

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  • 27. 

     Soda water-obtained by passing carbon dioxide in water is: 

    • A.

      An oxidizing agent

    • B.

       Basic in nature

    • C.

      Acidic in nature

    • D.

      Reducing agent

    Correct Answer
    C. Acidic in nature
    Explanation
    Ans.(c)
    Sol. The carbon dioxide (CO_2 ) gas dissolved in water can cause water to become acidic. When carbon dioxide is dissolved in the water, if forms a carbonic acid (H_2 CO_3) by reacting with water (H_2 O) and remains in dissolved state at high pressure. So, the soda water becomes acidic in nature.

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  • 28. 

    Which of the following is related to the conservation, protection and development of cows and their progeny ?

    • A.

      Rashtriya Kamdhenu Aayog

    • B.

      Pradhanmantri Shramyogi Maan-dhan Yojna

    • C.

      Atal Solar Krishi Pump Yojana

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    A. Rashtriya Kamdhenu Aayog
    Explanation
    Ans.(a)
    Sol.The Aayog will work in collaboration with Veterinary, Animal Sciences or Agriculture University or departments or organizations of the Central or State Government engaged in the task of research in the field of breeding and rearing of the cow, organic manure, biogas etc. Rashtriya Kamdhenu Aayog was announced in the budget 2019.

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  • 29. 

    Who is the Chief Minister of Haryana? 

    • A.

      Raman Singh

    • B.

      Manohar Lal

    • C.

      Okram Ibobi Singh

    • D.

       Virbhadra Singh

    Correct Answer
    B. Manohar Lal
    Explanation
    Ans.(b)
    Sol. Manohar Lal Khattar is a Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) politician, and current Chief Minister of Haryana state in India. He is a former RSS pracharak. He represents Karnal constituency in Haryana Legislative Assembly.

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  • 30. 

    Ayushman Bharat Yojana is a scheme of the Central government which focuses on?

    • A.

      Health of poor families

    • B.

      Pension

    • C.

      Protection of cows

    • D.

      Stock Market

    Correct Answer
    A. Health of poor families
    Explanation
    Ans.(a)
    Sol. Ayushman Bharat Yojana is a scheme of the Central government which focuses on the wellness of the poor families and providing medical benefits to them. The scheme will include the on-going centrally sponsored schemes-Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY) and the Senior Citizen Health Insurance Scheme (SCHIS).

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  • 31. 

    Kamarup is an ancient name of which region of India?

    • A.

      Bihar

    • B.

      Rajasthan

    • C.

      Karnataka

    • D.

      Assam

    Correct Answer
    D. Assam
    Explanation
    Kamarup is an ancient name of the region of Assam in India. Assam is a state located in the northeastern part of the country and has a rich historical and cultural significance. Kamarup was the name of an ancient kingdom that existed in this region, and it played a significant role in the history of Assam. Therefore, the correct answer is Assam.

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  • 32. 

    Which battle led to the downfall of the Vijayanagar empire?

    • A.

      Battle of Takkolam

    • B.

      Battle of Talikota

    • C.

      Battle of Kanwah

    • D.

      Battle of Panipat

    Correct Answer
    B. Battle of Talikota
    Explanation
    Ans(b)

    The Battle of Talikota (23 January 1565) was a watershed battle fought between the Vijayanagara Empire and the Deccan sultanates.

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  • 33. 

    Who introduced Mansabdari system in India?

    • A.

      Jahangir

    • B.

      Humayun

    • C.

      Akbar

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    C. Akbar
    Explanation
    Akbar introduced the Mansabdari system in India. This system was a form of military and administrative organization in the Mughal Empire. Under this system, officials were given ranks or mansabs, which determined their salary, military responsibilities, and status in the empire. The Mansabdari system helped Akbar centralize power, maintain control over his vast empire, and effectively govern his territories. It also allowed for the recruitment of a loyal and efficient bureaucracy.

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  • 34. 

     The ‘Cabinet Mission’ of 1946 was led by?

    • A.

       Lord Linlithgow

    • B.

      Lord Mountbatten

    • C.

      Sir Pethick Lawrence

    • D.

      Sir Mountford

    Correct Answer
    C. Sir Pethick Lawrence
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Sir Pethick Lawrence. The Cabinet Mission of 1946 was led by Sir Pethick Lawrence. The mission was sent by the British government to India to propose a plan for the transfer of power and the creation of a united India. The mission recommended the creation of a federal structure with autonomous provinces and a central government, but this plan was ultimately rejected by the Indian National Congress and the Muslim League.

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  • 35. 

    What did Gandhiji meant by ‘Sarvodaya’?

    • A.

      Non-violence

    • B.

      Upliftment of untouchables or Dalits

    • C.

      The birth of a new society based on ethical values

    • D.

      Satyagraha

    Correct Answer
    C. The birth of a new society based on ethical values
    Explanation
    Gandhiji meant by 'Sarvodaya' the birth of a new society based on ethical values. Sarvodaya is a term coined by Gandhi which means the welfare and upliftment of all. It is the idea of creating a society where everyone is treated equally and has access to basic necessities. This new society would be based on ethical principles such as truth, non-violence, and justice. Gandhi believed that through Sarvodaya, a harmonious and just society can be achieved.

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  • 36. 

    Harsha moved his capital from _____ to ____.

    • A.

      Thanesar, Kanauj

    • B.

      Delhi, Deogiri

    • C.

      Kamboj, Kanauj

    • D.

      Valabhi, Delhi

    Correct Answer
    A. Thanesar, Kanauj
    Explanation
    Harsha, the ruler, relocated his capital from Thanesar to Kanauj.

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  • 37. 

    A collective term used by the Jains for their sacred books is

    • A.

       Prabandhas

    • B.

      Agamas

    • C.

      Nibandhas

    • D.

       Charitas

    Correct Answer
    B. Agamas
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Agamas. The term "Agamas" is used by the Jains to refer to their sacred books. These texts contain the teachings and scriptures of Jainism, providing guidance on spiritual practices, ethics, and philosophy. The Agamas are considered authoritative sources of knowledge and are highly revered by Jain followers. They play a vital role in the religious and spiritual life of Jains, serving as a guide for moral conduct and spiritual enlightenment.

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  • 38. 

    Who propounded the “Doctrine of Passive Resistance”?

    • A.

      Balgangadhar Tilak

    • B.

      Aurobindo Ghosh

    • C.

      Lala Lajpat Rai

    • D.

      Bipin Chandra Pal

    Correct Answer
    B. Aurobindo Ghosh
    Explanation
    Aurobindo Ghosh is the correct answer because he was one of the prominent leaders of the Indian independence movement and a strong advocate of passive resistance. He believed in non-violent protests and civil disobedience as a means to resist British rule in India. Aurobindo Ghosh's teachings and writings greatly influenced the freedom fighters and played a significant role in shaping the strategies of the Indian National Congress during the struggle for independence.

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  • 39. 

    The first Muslim to be elected President of ‘Indian National Congress’ was?

    • A.

      Maulana Azad

    • B.

      Mohammed Ali

    • C.

      Badruddin Tyabji

    • D.

      Shah Wali-Ullah

    Correct Answer
    C. Badruddin Tyabji
    Explanation
    Ans(c)

    Badruddin Taiyabji became the Ist Indian Barrister in Bombay; became the 2nd Indian Chief Justice; was the founding member of Bombay presidency association and INC and also presided over the 3rd congress session in Madras in 1887.

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  • 40. 

    Who has built the Vijay Stambha (Tower of Victory) in Chittorgarh?

    • A.

       Maharana Pratap

    • B.

      Rana Kumbha

    • C.

      Rana Sanga

    • D.

      Kunwar Durjan Singh

    Correct Answer
    B. Rana Kumbha
    Explanation
    Rana Kumbha is the correct answer because he is known for building the Vijay Stambha (Tower of Victory) in Chittorgarh. The Vijay Stambha is a 9-story tower built in the 15th century to commemorate Rana Kumbha's victory over the combined forces of Malwa and Gujarat. It is a significant historical monument and a symbol of Rajput valor and architectural excellence.

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  • 41. 

    What would happen if the pancreas is defective: 

    • A.

      Digestion will not take properly

    • B.

      Insulin and glucagon are not formed

    • C.

      Blood formation will stop

    • D.

       Blood pressure will increase 

    Correct Answer
    B. Insulin and glucagon are not formed
    Explanation
    Ans.(b)
    Sol. The pancreas is a mixed gland which secretes digestive enzyme and the beta sells of islets of langerhans secrete insulin, alpha cells secrete glucagon, delta cells secrete somatostatin hormone. If the pancreas is defective by any of the reason, then the formation of insulin and glucagon are affected badly.

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  • 42. 

    A posterior pituitary hormone released during parturition is

    • A.

      Oxytocin

    • B.

      Vasopressin

    • C.

      ICSH

    • D.

      ACTH

    Correct Answer
    A. Oxytocin
    Explanation
    Ans.(a)
    Sol. Oxytocin, which is secreted from the posterior pituitary gland, increases myometrial contractility and decidual secretion of PGE2 and PGF2α.

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  • 43. 

    Insulin hormone is a:- 

    • A.

      Glycolipid

    • B.

      Fatty acid

    • C.

      Peptide

    • D.

      Sterol

    Correct Answer
    C. Peptide
    Explanation
    Ans.(c)
    Sol. Insulin is peptide hormone, produced by beta cells in the pancreas and is essential to regulate carbohydrate and fat metabolism in the body. It causes cells in the muscles and fat tissue to absorb glucose from the blood.

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  • 44. 

     Which metal is present is insulin? 

    • A.

      Tin 

    • B.

       Copper

    • C.

      Zinc

    • D.

       Aluminium 

    Correct Answer
    C. Zinc
    Explanation
    Ans.(c)
    Sol. Insulin is a hormone made by the pancreas, that allows our body to use sugar (glucose) from carbohydrates in the food, that we eat for energy or to store glucose for future use. Zinc is present is insulin.

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  • 45. 

    The dialyzer is used for the work of- 

    • A.

      Heart

    • B.

      Kidney

    • C.

      Liver

    • D.

      Lungs

    Correct Answer
    B. Kidney
    Explanation
    Ans.(b)
    Sol. The treatment option for kidney failure; peritoneal dialysis (PD), hemodialysis and kidney transplant. A dialyzer is an artificial kidney designed to provide controllable transfer of solutes and water across a semipermeable membrane separating flowing blood and dialysate streams.

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  • 46. 

    Haematite is an ore/mineral of

    • A.

      Zinc

    • B.

      Iron

    • C.

       Lead

    • D.

      Manganese/

    Correct Answer
    B. Iron
    Explanation
    Ans.(b)
    Sol. Haematite is an ore of Iron.

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  • 47. 

    Which among the following is false about alpha particles?

    • A.

      They have high ionizing power

    • B.

       They have high penetrating power

    • C.

      They have high kinetic energy

    • D.

      They are positively charged helium nuclei

    Correct Answer
    B.  They have high penetrating power
    Explanation
    Ans.(b)
    Sol. Alpha particles made of 2 protons and 2 neutrons and they have low penetrating power.

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  • 48. 

    Which among the following is not a characteristic of oxidation reaction?

    • A.

      It involves addition of hydrogen

    • B.

       It involves addition of oxygen

    • C.

      It involves addition of electronegative element

    • D.

      None of These

    Correct Answer
    A. It involves addition of hydrogen
    Explanation
    Ans.(a)
    Sol.Oxidation is loss of eletrons and addition of oxygen.It also involve addition of electronegative element.

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  • 49. 

    Soda water was invented by –

    • A.

      Tivadar Puskas

    • B.

      Joseph Priestley

    • C.

      Petrache Poenaru

    • D.

       James Leonard Plimpton 

    Correct Answer
    B. Joseph Priestley
    Explanation
    Ans.(b)
    Sol.Soda water was invented by Joseph Priestley.

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  • 50. 

    The mass of proton and mass of ________ is same.

    • A.

      Neutron

    • B.

      Electron

    • C.

      Isoprone

    • D.

      Alpha particle

    Correct Answer
    A. Neutron
    Explanation
    Ans.(a)
    Sol. Protons and neutrons have nearly the same mass .

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  • Current Version
  • Jul 11, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 12, 2019
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    STUDY MATERIALS
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