Critical Thinking Skills Presentation Quiz

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Critical Thinking Skills Presentation Quiz - Quiz

After watching the Critical Thinking Skills Presentation, viewer should be able to answer the following questions which will test their understanding of the material.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the statements completes this definition.Critical Thinking is ___________________________________________.

    • A.

      thinking which involves or exercises skilled judgment or observation or evaluative thinking

    • B.

      A general term given to a wide range of cognitive skills and intellectual dispositions

    • C.

      Negative or fault-finding

    • D.

      A and B

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. A and B
    Explanation
    Critical Thinking is a general term given to a wide range of cognitive skills and intellectual dispositions, as well as thinking which involves or exercises skilled judgment or observation or evaluative thinking. This means that critical thinking encompasses various cognitive abilities and intellectual traits, such as analyzing, evaluating, and making informed judgments based on evidence and reasoning. It involves being able to observe and assess information objectively, rather than being negative or fault-finding. Therefore, the correct answer is A and B.

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  • 2. 

    Which of these is NOT involved in critical thinking:

    • A.

      Analyzing assumptions and biases

    • B.

      Examining evidence

    • C.

      Defining a problem

    • D.

      Intolerance of ambiguity

    • E.

      Disciplined thinking

    Correct Answer
    D. Intolerance of ambiguity
    Explanation
    Intolerance of ambiguity is not involved in critical thinking because critical thinking requires individuals to be open-minded and willing to consider multiple perspectives, possibilities, and uncertainties. Intolerance of ambiguity refers to a person's discomfort or inability to handle situations that are unclear or have multiple interpretations. In critical thinking, individuals are encouraged to embrace ambiguity and engage in thoughtful analysis and evaluation of assumptions, biases, evidence, and disciplined thinking to define and solve problems.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following traits is important to critical thinking?

    • A.

      Accuracy

    • B.

      Clarity

    • C.

      Relevancy

    • D.

      Logical consistency

    • E.

      All are important

    Correct Answer
    E. All are important
    Explanation
    Critical thinking involves the ability to analyze and evaluate information objectively and effectively. Accuracy is important because it ensures that the information being analyzed is reliable and true. Clarity is important to ensure that ideas and arguments are communicated clearly and understood correctly. Relevancy is important because it helps to focus on the most pertinent information and avoid distractions. Logical consistency is important because it ensures that arguments and reasoning are coherent and free from contradictions. All of these traits are crucial in developing and applying critical thinking skills effectively.

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  • 4. 

    Please describe how critical thinking can benefit us in everyday life; give at least 3 examples.

  • 5. 

    ___________________   thinking  is believing something is true because one wishes it were true.

    Correct Answer
    Wishful
    Explanation
    Wishful thinking refers to the belief in something solely because one desires or wishes it to be true, regardless of evidence or logic. It involves forming beliefs based on personal desires rather than objective facts. Wishful thinking can often lead to biased judgments and irrational decision-making.

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  • 6. 

    "Who’s to say what’s moral or immoral?  It's up to the individual or the culture to decide."This is an example of __________________________ Thinking.

    Correct Answer
    Relativistic
    Subjective
    Explanation
    This statement reflects relativistic and subjective thinking because it suggests that morality is not objective and fixed, but rather dependent on individual or cultural perspectives. It implies that there is no universal standard for determining what is moral or immoral, and that it varies based on personal or cultural beliefs and values.

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  • 7. 

    Choose the best answer to fill in the blank: ______________________________ can be seen as self-centered thinking or self-interested thinking

    • A.

      Sociocentrism

    • B.

      Egocentrism

    • C.

      Wishful Thinking

    • D.

      Unwarranted assumptions

    • E.

      Relativistic thinking

    Correct Answer
    B. Egocentrism
    Explanation
    Egocentrism can be seen as self-centered thinking or self-interested thinking. Egocentric individuals tend to view the world from their own perspective and prioritize their own needs and desires above others. They may have difficulty empathizing with others and understanding different points of view. This type of thinking can lead to a lack of consideration for others and a focus on personal gain.

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  • 8. 

    Choose the best answer to fill in the blank:_________________________  is group-centered thinking; group bias or conformism.

    • A.

      Unwarranted assumptions

    • B.

      Egocentrism

    • C.

      Relativistic thinking

    • D.

      Sociocentrism

    • E.

      Wishful Thinking

    Correct Answer
    D. Sociocentrism
    Explanation
    Sociocentrism is the best answer to fill in the blank. Sociocentrism refers to group-centered thinking, where individuals prioritize the beliefs, values, and norms of their social group over individual perspectives. It involves group bias or conformism, where individuals tend to conform to the opinions and behaviors of their group without critically evaluating them. Sociocentrism can lead to unwarranted assumptions and hinder the development of independent and critical thinking skills.

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  • 9. 

    Suzie: I can't believe I got a B- on this marketing paper. My friend Sarah turned in this same paper in a different marketing class last semester, and she got an A.Ali: Don't you realize it's wrong to plagiarize someone else's work?Suzie: That's your opinion. What's wrong for one person isn't necessarily wrong for another, and I say there's nothing wrong with plagiarism-as long as you don't get caught.Which critical thinking barrier does Suzie exhibit?

    • A.

      Stereotyping

    • B.

      Wishful thinking

    • C.

      Relativistic thinking

    • D.

      Unwarranted assumptions

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Relativistic thinking
    Explanation
    Suzie exhibits relativistic thinking because she believes that what is wrong for one person may not be wrong for another. She argues that plagiarism is not wrong as long as you don't get caught, suggesting that morality is subjective and can vary from person to person. This type of thinking fails to recognize that there are objective standards and ethical principles that apply to everyone, regardless of personal opinions or circumstances.

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  • 10. 

    Is this statement True or False:"Assumptions are unnecessary and useless"?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement "Assumptions are unnecessary and useless" is false. Assumptions play a crucial role in decision-making and problem-solving processes. They help fill in missing information and guide our thinking. Assumptions allow us to make educated guesses and predictions based on limited evidence or incomplete data. While it is important to verify assumptions and not rely solely on them, they are far from unnecessary or useless.

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  • 11. 

    Which of these is NOT a good definition of being skeptical?

    • A.

      Doubting

    • B.

      Indiscriminately rejecting ideas

    • C.

      Suspending judgment

    • D.

      Accepting only justified claims

    • E.

      All of the above are good definitions of skepticism

    Correct Answer
    B. Indiscriminately rejecting ideas
    Explanation
    Indiscriminately rejecting ideas is not a good definition of being skeptical because skepticism involves questioning and doubting claims, but it does not mean automatically rejecting all ideas without considering their validity or evidence. Being skeptical means suspending judgment and accepting only justified claims, which requires critical thinking and evaluating the evidence before accepting or rejecting an idea.

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  • 12. 

    Critical thinkers ______________________________________________________________________________________; they look at different points of view, and will change positions when reason leads them to do so.

    • A.

      Value stereotypes, respect precision, look for evidence, and look for logical explanations

    • B.

      View phenomena with disbelief and bias

    • C.

      Are open-minded, value fair-mindedness, respect evidence and reasoning, respect clarity and precision

    • D.

      identify and evaluate arguments, ignore criteria, and apply reasoning

    • E.

      All of the above are accurate

    Correct Answer
    C. Are open-minded, value fair-mindedness, respect evidence and reasoning, respect clarity and precision
    Explanation
    Critical thinkers are open-minded, value fair-mindedness, respect evidence and reasoning, and respect clarity and precision. They do not hold on to stereotypes or biases, but rather examine different points of view and are willing to change their positions based on reason. They also prioritize evidence and logical explanations, and evaluate arguments using criteria. Therefore, the answer "are open-minded, value fair-mindedness, respect evidence and reasoning, respect clarity and precision" accurately describes the characteristics of critical thinkers.

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  • 13. 

    Which of these is NOT a procedure for Applying Criteria?

    • A.

      Asking questions

    • B.

      Making judgments

    • C.

      Identifying assumptions

    • D.

      Eliminating ALL opinions

    • E.

      All of the above are procedures for applying criteria.

    Correct Answer
    D. Eliminating ALL opinions
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "eliminating ALL opinions." This means that when applying criteria, it is not a procedure to completely remove or disregard all opinions. Applying criteria involves asking questions, making judgments, and identifying assumptions, but opinions can still be considered and evaluated within these procedures.

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  • 14. 

    We learned that logical relationships and inferences should be based on reasonable facts.  Based on this idea, please explain why the "deductions" made in the Monty Python video clip were faulty.

  • 15. 

    Explain how being a critical thinker can benefit a tutor.

  • 16. 

    Which of these is NOT a barrier to critical thought?

    • A.

      Poor reading skills

    • B.

      Poor listening skills

    • C.

      Prejudice

    • D.

      Bias

    • E.

      Acceptance of change

    Correct Answer
    E. Acceptance of change
    Explanation
    Acceptance of change is not a barrier to critical thought because being open to new ideas and perspectives is essential for critical thinking. It allows individuals to question and evaluate their own beliefs and assumptions, leading to more informed and rational decision-making. On the other hand, poor reading skills, poor listening skills, prejudice, and bias can all hinder critical thought by limiting the ability to gather and evaluate information objectively.

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  • 17. 

    Unwarranted assumptions are beliefs that are learned or presumed to be true without adequate evidence or justification.  What is a common example of unwarranted assumptions?

    • A.

      Logical reasoning

    • B.

      Conformism

    • C.

      Black-and-white thinking

    • D.

      Stereotyping

    • E.

      Wishful thinking

    Correct Answer
    D. Stereotyping
    Explanation
    Stereotyping is a common example of unwarranted assumptions because it involves making generalizations or assumptions about a group of people based on limited or incomplete information. Stereotypes often ignore individual differences and rely on preconceived notions or biases, rather than objective evidence or justification. This can lead to unfair judgments and discrimination against individuals based on their membership in a particular group.

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  • 18. 

    Briefly describe the difference between Facts and Opinions.

  • 19. 

    Why is it important that we, as tutors, help students learn HOW to think instead of just WHAT to think?

    • A.

      Nearly 40 percent of 17-year-olds cannot draw inferences from written material.

    • B.

      Only one-third of high-school graduates can solve a mathematics problem requiring several steps..

    • C.

      Acquisition of scientific facts and information often takes precedence over learning scientific methods and concepts in the classroom.

    • D.

      When the information content of a discipline increases, it becomes even more vital to spend time, not learning more information, but when the information content of a discipline increases, it becomes even more vital to spend time learning methods to acquire, understand, and evaluate this information

    • E.

      All of the above are reasons to model critical thinking.

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above are reasons to model critical thinking.
    Explanation
    The given answer states that all of the mentioned reasons are important for modeling critical thinking. This implies that helping students learn HOW to think instead of just WHAT to think is important because it addresses various issues such as the inability to draw inferences from written material, difficulty in solving complex problems, prioritizing acquisition of facts over understanding concepts, and the need to develop skills to acquire, understand, and evaluate information. By focusing on critical thinking, tutors can equip students with the necessary skills to analyze, evaluate, and apply knowledge, enabling them to become independent thinkers and problem solvers.

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  • 20. 

    Which of the following is NOT a way that tutors can help students improve their critical thinking?

    • A.

      Don’t automatically answer questions the student has. Instead, whenever possible, turn the question back to the student. Ask questions like: What do you think? What ideas do you have about that? What has been your experience?

    • B.

      Help students talk through problems. Encourage them to think out loud and model this yourself by vocalizing your own thought processes, trying to implement specific reasoning skills as you do so.

    • C.

      Shorten your response time. Remember that it takes time to think and students may be anxious, particularly if they feel they are put on-the-spot,causing them to think harder.

    • D.

      Have students analyze their own work, looking for patterns in their thinking and in their mistakes.

    • E.

      Encourage students to see the problem, situation, or concept from a different viewpoint. If working on a math problem, for example, ask the student if he or she can think of another way to solve the problem.

    Correct Answer
    C. Shorten your response time. Remember that it takes time to think and students may be anxious, particularly if they feel they are put on-the-spot,causing them to think harder.
    Explanation
    The given answer, "Shorten your response time", is the correct answer because it goes against the idea of helping students improve their critical thinking skills. By shortening the response time, tutors are not allowing students enough time to think and analyze the problem or situation. This can hinder the development of critical thinking skills as students may feel rushed and pressured to come up with an answer without fully understanding or evaluating the information.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jun 01, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Smccaslin
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