CRCST Chapter 2 (8th Edition) Review Quiz

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CRCST Chapter 2 (8th Edition) Review Quiz - Quiz

Test your knowledge of CRCST Chapter 2 (8th Edition) with our Review Quiz! This CRCST Practice Test Chapter 2 will challenge your understanding of the essential concepts covered in the chapter. From the role of medical devices to infection prevention, sterilization methods, and proper handling of contaminated items, this quiz aims to reinforce your expertise in central service and sterile processing.

Whether you're a professional or a student, this quiz is a great way to gauge your comprehension of crucial topics. Sharpen your skills and uncover any knowledge gaps by taking this interactive quiz designed to enhance your proficiency Read morein CRCST Chapter 2 principles. Good luck!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is the primary goal of medical device reprocessing?

    • A.

      To ensure the safety of patients

    • B.

      To comply with government regulations

    • C.

      To reduce costs

    • D.

      To maximize efficiency

    Correct Answer
    A. To ensure the safety of patients
    Explanation
    The primary goal of medical device reprocessing is to ensure the safety of patients. Reprocessing involves cleaning, disinfecting, and sterilizing medical devices to remove any potential contaminants or pathogens that could pose a risk to patients. By properly reprocessing medical devices, healthcare facilities can minimize the chances of infections or complications that could harm patients. This goal takes precedence over other objectives such as complying with regulations, reducing costs, or maximizing efficiency, as patient safety should always be the top priority in healthcare settings.

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  • 2. 

    Which agency regulates medical devices in the USA?

    • A.

      FDA (Food and Drug Administration)

    • B.

      OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration)

    • C.

      EPA (Environmental Protection Agency)

    • D.

      CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)

    Correct Answer
    A. FDA (Food and Drug Administration)
    Explanation
    In the U.S., FDA regulates the sale of medical device products. Before a medical device can be legally sold in the U.S., the person or company that wants to sell the device must seek approval from the FDA.

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  • 3. 

    The process of destroying all microbial life is called:

    • A.

      Disinfection

    • B.

      Cleaning

    • C.

      Sterilization

    • D.

      Sanitization

    Correct Answer
    C. Sterilization
    Explanation
    Sterilization is the process of destroying all microbial life.

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  • 4. 

    Which method uses steam under pressure to sterilize items?

    • A.

      Ethylene oxide (EO)

    • B.

      Chemical disinfection

    • C.

      Autoclaving

    • D.

      Dry heat

    Correct Answer
    C. Autoclaving
    Explanation
    Steam sterilization (also called autoclaving) is conducted in an autoclave which is a container that can withstand high pressure and temperature. The autoclave is filled with the products and devices that need to be sterilized.

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  • 5. 

    What type of items should be disinfected rather than sterilized?

    • A.

      Critical items

    • B.

      Semi-critical items

    • C.

      Non-critical items

    • D.

      All items

    Correct Answer
    C. Non-critical items
    Explanation
    Non-critical items should be disinfected rather than sterilized.

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  • 6. 

    What should you do if you encounter damaged packaging?

    • A.

      Use it as-is

    • B.

      Sterilize it regardless

    • C.

      Remove it from circulation

    • D.

      Wait for the next inspection

    Correct Answer
    C. Remove it from circulation
    Explanation
    If you encounter damaged packaging, you should remove it from circulation and notify the supervisor.

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  • 7. 

    How often should mechanical washing machines be disinfected?

    • A.

      Daily

    • B.

      Weekly

    • C.

      Monthly

    • D.

      Annually

    Correct Answer
    C. Monthly
    Explanation
    Mechanical washing machines should be disinfected once a month.

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  • 8. 

    What is the minimum temperature required for steam sterilization?

    • A.

      160°C (320°F)

    • B.

      121°C (250°F)

    • C.

      80°C (176°F)

    • D.

      180°C (356°F)

    Correct Answer
    B. 121°C (250°F)
    Explanation
    Specific temperatures must be obtained to ensure the microbicidal activity. The two common steam-sterilizing temperatures are 121°C (250°F) and 132°C (270°F). These temperatures (and other high temperatures)830 must be maintained for a minimal time to kill microorganisms.

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  • 9. 

    The use of physical or chemical means to remove, inactivate, or destroy all forms of microorganisms is called:

    • A.

      Sanitization

    • B.

      Sterilization

    • C.

      Disinfection

    • D.

      High-level disinfection

    Correct Answer
    B. Sterilization
    Explanation
    Sterilization involves the use of physical or chemical means to destroy all forms of microorganisms.

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  • 10. 

    Which step is crucial to prevent the spread of infection?

    • A.

      Hand hygiene

    • B.

      Instrument inspection

    • C.

      Disinfection

    • D.

      Inventory management

    Correct Answer
    A. Hand hygiene
    Explanation
    Hand hygiene is crucial in preventing the spread of infection.

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  • 11. 

    What should you do before disassembling instruments for cleaning?

    • A.

      Clean the work area

    • B.

      Inspect for visible soil

    • C.

      Check for manufacturer instructions

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Check for manufacturer instructions
    Explanation
    Before disassembling instruments for cleaning, it is important to check for manufacturer instructions because different instruments may have specific cleaning and disassembly procedures outlined by the manufacturer. Following these instructions ensures that you clean and disassemble the instruments correctly, preventing damage and maintaining their functionality. Manufacturer instructions may include specific cleaning agents to use, recommended methods for disassembly, and any precautions to take during the process.

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  • 12. 

    What is the last step in the decontamination process?

    • A.

      Sterilization

    • B.

      Packaging

    • C.

      Inspection

    • D.

      Cleaning

    Correct Answer
    B. Packaging
    Explanation
    Packaging is the last step in the decontamination process.

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  • 13. 

    Which type of packaging allows the penetration of steam?

    • A.

      Plastic wrap

    • B.

      Peel pouches

    • C.

      Rigid containers

    • D.

      Steam autoclave

    Correct Answer
    D. Steam autoclave
    Explanation
    Steam autoclave allows the penetration of steam during sterilization.

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  • 14. 

    How should instrument sets be arranged in the sterilizer?

    • A.

      Stacked and tightly packed

    • B.

      Unwrapped and flat

    • C.

      Arranged haphazardly

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Unwrapped and flat
    Explanation
    Instrument sets should be arranged unwrapped and flat to ensure effective sterilization.

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  • 15. 

    What type of indicators monitor the sterilization process from the outside of the package?

    • A.

      Chemical indicators

    • B.

      Biological indicators

    • C.

      Mechanical indicators

    • D.

      All of the above 

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above 
    Explanation
    Sterilization procedures should be monitored using biological, mechanical, and chemical indicators.

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