Covalent & Ionic Bonds!

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Ionic Bond Quizzes & Trivia

Ionic Bonds vs Covalent Bonds


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A one-atom ion is called a(n)

    • A.

      Cation

    • B.

      Monatomic ion

    • C.

      Polyatomic ion

    • D.

      Oxyanion

    • E.

      Anion

    Correct Answer
    B. Monatomic ion
    Explanation
    A one-atom ion is called a monatomic ion because it consists of only one atom that has gained or lost electrons, resulting in a positive or negative charge. Monatomic ions are formed by elements from the periodic table and are classified as cations (positively charged) or anions (negatively charged). In this case, since the question asks for the name of a one-atom ion, the correct answer is monatomic ion.

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  • 2. 

    The name for the ion with fewer oxygen atoms ends with

    • A.

      Ite

    • B.

      Ate

    • C.

      Ide

    • D.

      Ion

    Correct Answer
    A. Ite
    Explanation
    The name for the ion with fewer oxygen atoms ends with "ite". This naming convention is used for ions that have one less oxygen atom than the "-ate" form. For example, sulfate (SO4^2-) has one less oxygen atom than sulfite (SO3^2-). Therefore, the correct answer is "ite".

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  • 3. 

    The force that holds two atoms together is called a

    • A.

      Ionic bond

    • B.

      Valence level

    • C.

      Chemical bond

    • D.

      Octet

    Correct Answer
    C. Chemical bond
    Explanation
    A chemical bond refers to the force that holds two atoms together. It is the interaction between the electrons of the atoms that creates this bond. Ionic bonds are a type of chemical bond that forms when one atom transfers electrons to another atom, resulting in the formation of ions. Valence level refers to the outermost energy level of an atom, which determines its reactivity. Octet refers to the stable arrangement of eight electrons in the outermost energy level of an atom. Therefore, the correct answer is chemical bond, as it encompasses the general concept of the force that holds atoms together.

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  • 4. 

    What is the family of elements that have very little tendency to react

    • A.

      Noble gases

    • B.

      Nonmetals

    • C.

      Metals

    • D.

      Ions

    Correct Answer
    A. Noble gases
    Explanation
    Noble gases are the family of elements that have very little tendency to react. This is because noble gases have a full outer electron shell, making them stable and unreactive. They rarely form compounds with other elements and are often referred to as inert gases. Their lack of reactivity is due to the fact that they already have a stable electron configuration, so they do not need to gain, lose, or share electrons with other elements to achieve stability.

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  • 5. 

    The overall charge of a formula unit for an ionic compound

    • A.

      Is always positive

    • B.

      May have any value

    • C.

      Is always negative

    • D.

      Is always zero

    Correct Answer
    D. Is always zero
    Explanation
    The overall charge of a formula unit for an ionic compound is always zero because ionic compounds are formed by the transfer of electrons between ions. In an ionic compound, the positive charge of the cations is balanced by the negative charge of the anions to achieve overall neutrality. This means that the sum of the positive charges must equal the sum of the negative charges, resulting in a net charge of zero for the formula unit.

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  • 6. 

    Ionic bonds generally occur between

    • A.

      A metal and a nonmetal

    • B.

      Metals

    • C.

      Nobles gases

    • D.

      Nonmentals

    Correct Answer
    A. A metal and a nonmetal
    Explanation
    Ionic bonds generally occur between a metal and a nonmetal because metals tend to lose electrons and form positive ions, while nonmetals tend to gain electrons and form negative ions. The attraction between these opposite charges results in the formation of an ionic bond. Metals have low electronegativity and easily give up electrons, while nonmetals have high electronegativity and readily accept electrons. This large difference in electronegativity allows for the transfer of electrons from the metal to the nonmetal, creating ions with opposite charges that are attracted to each other.

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  • 7. 

    An ionin bond is

    • A.

      Attraction of atoms for electrons they share

    • B.

      A force that holds together atoms that are oppositely charged

    • C.

      The movement of electrons from one atoms to another

    • D.

      A sea of electrons surrounding the ions

    Correct Answer
    B. A force that holds together atoms that are oppositely charged
    Explanation
    An ionic bond is a force that holds together atoms that are oppositely charged. In an ionic bond, one atom donates electrons to another atom, resulting in the formation of ions. The positively charged ion attracts the negatively charged ion, creating a strong electrostatic force that holds the atoms together. This force is responsible for the stability and strength of ionic compounds.

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  • 8. 

    The energy of an ionic compound is higher than that of the separate elements that formed it.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Ionic compounds form through the transfer of electrons from one element to another, resulting in the formation of positive and negative ions. This transfer of electrons leads to the formation of a strong electrostatic attraction between the oppositely charged ions, which is known as an ionic bond. This bond is responsible for holding the compound together. The formation of this bond releases energy, making the overall energy of the compound lower than that of the separate elements. Therefore, the given statement is false.

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  • 9. 

    What is the small number used to represent the number of ions of a given element in a chemical formula?

    • A.

      Oxidant

    • B.

      Cation

    • C.

      Subscript

    • D.

      Perchlorate

    Correct Answer
    C. Subscript
    Explanation
    In a chemical formula, a subscript is used to represent the number of ions of a given element. It is a small number written below and to the right of the element symbol. Subscripts indicate the ratio of atoms or ions in a compound and help to balance the equation. Therefore, the correct answer is "subscript."

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  • 10. 

    The formation of a stable ionic compound from ions

    • A.

      Is exothermic

    • B.

      Is endothermic

    • C.

      Could be exothermic or endothermic depending

    Correct Answer
    A. Is exothermic
    Explanation
    When a stable ionic compound is formed from ions, it releases energy in the form of heat. This is because the process of forming an ionic bond involves the attraction between positively and negatively charged ions, which releases energy. Therefore, the formation of a stable ionic compound from ions is exothermic.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 10, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Sseery
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