The Chemical Bond Test: Trivia Quiz

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The Chemical Bond Test: Trivia Quiz - Quiz


Chemical bonding is the attraction between atoms, molecules, and ions, which helps in the creation of chemical compounds. Do you know the different types of bonding, and what makes them stand out? Are covalent bonds indeed stronger than ionic bonds? This quiz will give you a chance to see how much you know ionic, covalent, hydrogen bonds, and Van der Waals interactions.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Attractive forces that link atoms together.

    • A.

      Chemical bonds

    • B.

      London forces

    • C.

      Atomic forces

    • D.

      Hydrogen bonds

    Correct Answer
    A. Chemical bonds
    Explanation
    Chemical bonds are attractive forces that link atoms together. These bonds are formed when atoms share or transfer electrons to achieve a stable electron configuration. They can be covalent bonds, where electrons are shared between atoms, or ionic bonds, where electrons are transferred from one atom to another. Chemical bonds are responsible for the formation and stability of molecules and compounds. London forces, atomic forces, and hydrogen bonds are also types of attractive forces, but they are not specific to the linking of atoms in chemical bonds.

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  • 2. 

    The type of bond in which electrons are shared between two atoms.

    • A.

      Ionic

    • B.

      Covalent

    • C.

      London

    • D.

      Hydrogen

    Correct Answer
    B. Covalent
    Explanation
    Covalent bonds involve the sharing of electrons between two atoms. In this type of bond, both atoms contribute electrons to form a stable electron configuration. This sharing of electrons creates a strong bond between the atoms, resulting in the formation of a molecule. Ionic bonds, on the other hand, involve the transfer of electrons from one atom to another, creating charged ions that attract each other. London and hydrogen bonds are different types of intermolecular forces, not types of bonds.

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  • 3. 

    Type of bonding in which an atom loses or gains electrons.

    • A.

      Ionic

    • B.

      Covalent

    • C.

      London

    • D.

      Hydrogen

    Correct Answer
    A. Ionic
    Explanation
    Ionic bonding is a type of bonding in which an atom loses or gains electrons. In this type of bonding, one atom donates electrons to another atom, resulting in the formation of positively charged ions and negatively charged ions. The electrostatic attraction between these oppositely charged ions holds them together, forming an ionic bond. This type of bonding typically occurs between a metal and a non-metal, where the metal atom loses electrons and the non-metal atom gains electrons.

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  • 4. 

    Type of covalent bond that involves two pairs of electrons.

    • A.

      Single

    • B.

      Double

    • C.

      Triple

    • D.

      None

    Correct Answer
    B. Double
    Explanation
    A double covalent bond involves the sharing of two pairs of electrons between two atoms. This type of bond is stronger than a single covalent bond, which only involves the sharing of one pair of electrons. In a double bond, two atoms share four electrons, resulting in a stronger bond and a shorter bond length. This type of bond is commonly found in molecules such as carbon dioxide (CO2) and ethene (C2H4).

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  • 5. 

    A molecule that has oppositely charged ends is called

    • A.

      Dipole molecule

    • B.

      Charged molecule

    • C.

      Opposite molecule

    • D.

      None

    Correct Answer
    A. Dipole molecule
    Explanation
    A molecule that has oppositely charged ends is called a dipole molecule. This means that the molecule has a separation of positive and negative charges, creating a polarity within the molecule. The term "dipole" refers to this separation of charges, with one end of the molecule being positively charged and the other end being negatively charged. This polarity allows the molecule to interact with other molecules or ions through electrostatic forces, making it an important concept in chemistry.

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  • 6. 

    The atoms seek to fill their outermost shell with eighteen electrons.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Atoms actually seek to fill their outermost shell with eight electrons, not eighteen. This is known as the octet rule, which states that atoms are most stable when their outer shell is filled with eight electrons, except for hydrogen and helium which only require two electrons to fill their outer shell. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

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  • 7. 

    Which is the most important factor afffecting how atoms form chemical bonds?

    • A.

      Ions

    • B.

      Atomic crystals

    • C.

      Number of protons

    • D.

      Valence

    Correct Answer
    D. Valence
    Explanation
    Valence is the most important factor affecting how atoms form chemical bonds. Valence refers to the number of electrons an atom needs to gain, lose, or share in order to achieve a stable electron configuration. It determines the type and number of bonds an atom can form with other atoms. The valence electrons are involved in bonding, and the number of valence electrons determines the reactivity and chemical properties of an element. Therefore, valence plays a crucial role in determining how atoms interact and form chemical bonds.

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  • 8. 

    What is the term for the simplest ratio of ions in an ionic crystal?

    • A.

      Formula unit

    • B.

      Basic crystal

    • C.

      Ion structure

    • D.

      Ion unit

    Correct Answer
    A. Formula unit
    Explanation
    The term for the simplest ratio of ions in an ionic crystal is called the formula unit. The formula unit represents the smallest whole number ratio of ions in the crystal lattice. It is used to describe the composition of the crystal and is essential in understanding the chemical properties and behavior of the compound.

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  • 9. 

    There is no difference between covalent bonding and ionic bonding.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Covalent bonding and ionic bonding are two different types of chemical bonding. In covalent bonding, electrons are shared between atoms, while in ionic bonding, electrons are transferred from one atom to another, resulting in the formation of ions. Therefore, there is indeed a difference between covalent bonding and ionic bonding.

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  • 10. 

    Water would be a good example of:

    • A.

      Ionic bond

    • B.

      Covalent bond

    Correct Answer
    B. Covalent bond
    Explanation
    Water is a good example of a covalent bond because it is formed by the sharing of electrons between the oxygen and hydrogen atoms. In a covalent bond, atoms share electrons to complete their outer electron shells and become more stable. In the case of water, the oxygen atom shares electrons with two hydrogen atoms, resulting in a stable molecule. Ionic bonds, on the other hand, involve the transfer of electrons from one atom to another, creating charged ions that are attracted to each other. Water does not exhibit this type of bond.

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  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 01, 2009
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    Mariocorleto23
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