# Core 1-north And South In 1861

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• 1.

### The percentage of the U.S. population that lived in the north was

• A.

71%

• B.

65%

• C.

54%

A. 71%
Explanation
The correct answer is 71%. This means that the majority of the U.S. population lived in the northern region. It suggests that the northern states were more densely populated compared to the southern states during the time period being referred to.

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• 2.

### The South had the greatest percentage of the nation's farm acreage.

• A.

True

• B.

False

B. False
Explanation
The statement is false because the South did not have the greatest percentage of the nation's farm acreage.

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• 3.

### The percent of the nation’s manufacturing workers found in the North was:

• A.

8%

• B.

92%

• C.

12%

B. 92%
Explanation
The correct answer is 92%. This means that the majority of the nation's manufacturing workers were located in the North. This indicates that the North had a higher concentration of manufacturing industries compared to other regions in the country.

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• 4.

### Food for thought:  If the North had 92% of the nation's manufacturing workers, what does this tell you about the South's economy.

• A.

The South's economy was based on heavy industry, not light.

• B.

The South's economy was based on the shipment of industrial products to other Countries.

• C.

The South's economy was not based on industry.

C. The South's economy was not based on industry.
Explanation
The correct answer suggests that the South's economy did not heavily rely on industry. This means that the South's economy was likely based on other sectors such as agriculture or services.

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• 5.

### The North had 22,000 miles of railroad track while the South had only 9,000 miles of track.  What advantages did this give the North?

• A.

They could quickly transport arms and troops to the battlefield.

• B.

They could supply troops more efficiently.

• C.

It took longer for their products to reach their markets.

• D.

A and c

• E.

A and b

E. A and b
Explanation
The North having a significantly larger railroad track network than the South provided them with the advantage of being able to quickly transport arms and troops to the battlefield. This allowed them to mobilize their forces more effectively and respond swiftly to any military situation. Additionally, the North's extensive railroad system enabled them to supply their troops more efficiently, ensuring a steady flow of resources and provisions to support their military operations.

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• 6.

### In seapower, railroads, material wealth, and industrial capacity to produce iron and munitions the ______ was vastly superior to the _______. (Please place a comma between your answers _____, _______.)

North, South
North South
North and South
Explanation
The correct answer is "North, South". In seapower, railroads, material wealth, and industrial capacity to produce iron and munitions, the North was vastly superior to the South.

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• 7.

### The _________ had more mules and horses, a logistical advantage of great importance since supplies had to be carried to the troops from rail and river heads.

• A.

South

• B.

North

• C.

North Carolinians

B. North
Explanation
The North had more mules and horses, giving them a logistical advantage in supplying troops. This is important because supplies needed to be transported from rail and river heads to the troops.

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• 8.

### The twenty-two northern states had a population of _____________ and the eleven states that later seceded had a population of ______________.

• A.

32,000,000 and 9,000,000

• B.

9,000,000 and 23,000,000

• C.

23,000,000 and 9,000,000.

C. 23,000,000 and 9,000,000.
Explanation
The correct answer is 23,000,000 and 9,000,000. This suggests that the twenty-two northern states had a larger population of 23,000,000 compared to the eleven states that later seceded, which had a population of 9,000,000.

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• 9.

### Of the 9,000,000 people who lived in the Confederate states at the start of the war, how many were slaves?

• A.

1,500,000

• B.

3,500,000

• C.

23,000,000

B. 3,500,000
Explanation
During the time of the Civil War, out of the 9,000,000 people living in the Confederate states, 3,500,000 were slaves. This indicates that a significant portion of the population in the Confederate states were enslaved individuals.

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• 10.

### The South possessed good interior lines of _____________., and its 3,550-mile coast line, embracing 189 harbors and navigable river mouths,

• A.

Communications

• B.

Defensive fortification

• C.

Travel

A. Communications
Explanation
The South possessed good interior lines of communications. This means that they had well-established systems of transportation and communication within their territory. This allowed them to easily move troops and resources to different areas and coordinate their efforts effectively. Additionally, their extensive coastline with numerous harbors and navigable river mouths further facilitated communication and trade with other regions.

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• 11.

### The South initially had better ____________ Units.

• A.

Cavalry

• B.

Infantry

• C.

Naval

A. Cavalry
Explanation
During the American Civil War, the South initially had better cavalry units compared to the North. The Southern states had a long history of horsemanship and a strong tradition of mounted warfare, making them more skilled in cavalry tactics. Additionally, the Southern landscape, with its open fields and extensive farmlands, provided ideal conditions for cavalry maneuvers. The Southern cavalry, led by skilled commanders like J.E.B. Stuart, played a crucial role in several early Confederate victories. However, as the war progressed, the North developed and improved its own cavalry units, narrowing the initial advantage of the South.

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• 12.

### The South possessed good interior lines of communications, and its 3,550-mile coast line, embracing 189 harbors and navigable river mouths, was most difficult to blockade effectively.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
The South's possession of good interior lines of communications and a long coastline with numerous harbors and navigable river mouths made it difficult for the Union to effectively blockade the Confederacy during the Civil War. This allowed the South to receive supplies and support from foreign countries, which prolonged the war and made it more challenging for the Union to achieve victory.

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• 13.

### Jefferson Davis hoped for European intervention or support.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
During the American Civil War, Jefferson Davis, the President of the Confederate States of America, hoped for European intervention or support. The Confederacy was seeking recognition from European powers such as Britain and France, as they believed that European support could potentially tip the balance of power in their favor. Davis hoped that European intervention would not only provide military assistance but also diplomatic recognition, which would strengthen the Confederacy's position in the war. Despite his hopes, however, European intervention did not materialize, and the Confederacy ultimately failed to gain the support they desired.

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• 14.

### Militarily, the South’s greatest advantage over the North was simply the fact that if not attacked it could win by _________  ______.

• A.

Taking over Washington

• B.

Doing nothing

• C.

B. Doing nothing
Explanation
The South's greatest advantage over the North militarily was the fact that if not attacked, it could win by doing nothing. This suggests that the South believed it had a strong defensive position and that the North would struggle to successfully invade and conquer the South. By adopting a defensive strategy and not actively engaging in offensive actions, the South hoped to exhaust the North's resources and resolve, ultimately leading to a victory.

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• 15.

### Geography divided the theater of war into three interrelated theaters of operations. The eastern theater lay between the Atlantic Ocean and the Appalachian Mountains; the western theater embraced the area from the Appalachians to the Mississippi; and the trans-Mississippi theater ran westward to the Pacific Ocean.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
The statement is true because it accurately describes how the theater of war was divided geographically during a specific time period. The eastern theater was located between the Atlantic Ocean and the Appalachian Mountains, the western theater encompassed the area from the Appalachians to the Mississippi River, and the trans-Mississippi theater extended westward to the Pacific Ocean.

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• 16.

### In the east, the strategic triangle of ___________ ___________ shielded invasion routes.

• A.

North Carolina

• B.

Virginia and North Carolina

• C.

Northern Virginia

C. Northern Virginia
Explanation
The strategic triangle of Northern Virginia shielded invasion routes in the east.

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• 17.

### Concept question:  Most of the Northern leaders did not think about the war against the South as a military or strategic plan, but instead they thought about the war in terms of _______________________________.

• A.

Political boundaries

• B.

Military occupation

• C.

Supply of the armies

A. Political boundaries
Explanation
During the Civil War, most Northern leaders did not view the war against the South as a military or strategic plan. Instead, they focused on the war in terms of political boundaries. This means that their main objective was to preserve the Union and maintain the territorial integrity of the United States. They aimed to prevent the secession of the Southern states and ensure that the country remained whole, rather than solely focusing on military tactics or occupying Southern territory.

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• 18.

### For three and a half years Federal commanders would be defeated on the legs and in the center of this triangle (Northern Virginia) as they tried to take Richmond and defeat the Army of Northern Virginia under Lee.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
The statement is true because it states that Federal commanders were defeated in Northern Virginia for three and a half years as they attempted to capture Richmond and defeat the Army of Northern Virginia led by General Lee. This suggests that the Confederate forces were successful in defending their capital and repelling the Union's attempts to conquer the region.

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• Current Version
• May 30, 2023
Quiz Edited by
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• Apr 06, 2011
Quiz Created by
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