Copy Of Babak Penyisihan Escomo 2- MIPA

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Copy Of Babak Penyisihan Escomo 2- MIPA - Quiz

Jawablah pertanyaan-pertanyaan berikut dengan cermat !


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Udara yang telah masuk ke rongga hidung diteruskan ke batang tenggorokan. Pada batang tenggorokan tersusun atas tulang – tulang rawan yang kemudian bercabang dua. Cabang batang tenggorokan tersebut disebut juga ...

    • A.

      Bronkus

    • B.

      Trakea

    • C.

      Pupil

    • D.

      Pleura

    Correct Answer
    A. Bronkus
    Explanation
    The correct answer is bronkus. Udara yang telah masuk ke rongga hidung diteruskan ke batang tenggorokan. Pada batang tenggorokan tersusun atas tulang – tulang rawan yang kemudian bercabang dua. Cabang batang tenggorokan tersebut disebut juga bronkus.

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  • 2. 

    Perhatikan gambar berikut! Pasangan gambar yang merupakan molekul unsur adalah …

    • A.

      (1) dan (3)

    • B.

      (1) dan (4)

    • C.

      (2) dan (3)

    • D.

      (2) dan (4)

    Correct Answer
    A. (1) dan (3)
    Explanation
    The correct answer is (1) and (3) because in both images, there are individual atoms that are not bonded to any other atoms. This indicates that they are separate molecules of an element. In images (2) and (4), there are multiple atoms bonded together, suggesting that they are molecules of compounds rather than individual elements.

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  • 3. 

    Sebuah lup berfokus 5 cm digunakan untuk mengamati benda yang panjangnya 4 mm. Panjang bayangan benda apabila mata tidak berakomodasi adalah …

    • A.

      2,0 cm

    • B.

      2,4 cm

    • C.

      20 cm

    • D.

      24 cm

    Correct Answer
    A. 2,0 cm
    Explanation
    The given question is about using a 5 cm focal length lens to observe an object that is 4 mm long. The question asks for the length of the shadow when the eye does not accommodate. The length of the shadow can be calculated using the formula: Shadow length = (Object length x Focal length) / Object distance. Since the object distance is not given, we can assume it to be infinity when the eye does not accommodate. Therefore, the shadow length would be 2.0 cm.

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  • 4. 

    Komponen hidup meliputi produsen, konsumen, dan pengurai. Sementara komponen tak hidup berupa benda – benda yang tak hidup. Hubungan timbal balik antara komponen hidup dan tak hidup tersebut adalah ...

    • A.

      Ekosistem

    • B.

      Adaptasi

    • C.

      Habitat

    • D.

      Komunitas

    Correct Answer
    A. Ekosistem
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Ekosistem." An ecosystem is a community of living organisms (producers, consumers, and decomposers) interacting with their non-living environment (abiotic factors). It involves a complex network of relationships and interactions between living and non-living components. This answer aligns with the given information that the relationship between living and non-living components includes producers, consumers, and decomposers (living) and non-living objects.

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  • 5. 

    Perhatikan gambar! Bandul berayun dari A ke B dalam waktu 0,4 sekon. Frekuensi dan amplitudo ayunan bandul adalah …

    • A.

      1,6 Hz dan 4 cm

    • B.

      1,6 Hz dan 8 cm

    • C.

      0,625 Hz dan 4 cm

    • D.

      0,625 Hz dan 8 cm

    Correct Answer
    C. 0,625 Hz dan 4 cm
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 0,625 Hz dan 4 cm. This is because the frequency of a pendulum is calculated by dividing 1 by the time period, which in this case is 0.4 seconds. So, 1/0.4 = 2.5 Hz. However, the question asks for the frequency in Hz, so we need to round it to the nearest decimal place, which is 0.625 Hz. The amplitude of the pendulum swing is given as 4 cm.

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  • 6. 

    Perhatikan pernyataan berikut ini!
    1. Menggunakan lensa cembung
    2. Menggunakan lensa cekung
    3. Benda yang terbentuk maya, tegak, diperkecil
    4. Bayangan yang terbentuk nyata, terbalik, diperkecil
    5. Diafragma berfungsi mengatur besar kecilnya intensitas cahaya yang masuk
    Pernyataan di atas yang benar tentang kamera adalah nomor …

    • A.

      1), 3), dan 5)

    • B.

      2), 4), dan 5)

    • C.

      1), 4), dan 5)

    • D.

      2), 3),  dan 5)

    Correct Answer
    C. 1), 4), dan 5)
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 1), 4), and 5). The statement "Menggunakan lensa cekung" (Using a concave lens) is incorrect because cameras typically use convex lenses. The statement "Benda yang terbentuk maya, tegak, diperkecil" (The object formed is virtual, upright, and reduced in size) is correct as the image formed by a camera is virtual, upright, and smaller than the actual object. The statement "Bayangan yang terbentuk nyata, terbalik, diperkecil" (The image formed is real, inverted, and reduced in size) is also correct as the image formed by a camera is real, inverted, and smaller in size. The statement "Diafragma berfungsi mengatur besar kecilnya intensitas cahaya yang masuk" (The diaphragm functions to control the intensity of the incoming light) is correct as the diaphragm in a camera controls the amount of light entering the lens.

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  • 7. 

    Perhatikan gambar di bawah ini! Pernyataan di bawah ini yang benar adalah …

    • A.

      Ujung A paku dengan kutub U magnet permanen akan tarik menarik

    • B.

      Ujung B paku dengan kutub S magnet permanen akan tolak menolak

    • C.

      Ujung A paku dengan kutub U magnet permanen akan tolak menolak

    • D.

      Ujung B paku dengan kutub U magnet permanen atarik tarik menarik

    Correct Answer
    C. Ujung A paku dengan kutub U magnet permanen akan tolak menolak
    Explanation
    According to the given statement, "Ujung A paku dengan kutub U magnet permanen akan tolak menolak" which means "The end A of the nail with the U pole of the permanent magnet will repel each other". This implies that when the U pole of the permanent magnet is brought close to the end A of the nail, they will repel each other.

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  • 8. 

    Perhatikan data berikut ! Dari data pengujian beberapa larutan dengan lakmus merah dan lakmus biru tersebut, larutan yang bersifat basa adalah …

    • A.

      I dan III

    • B.

      I dan IV

    • C.

      II dan III

    • D.

      II dan IV

    Correct Answer
    B. I dan IV
    Explanation
    Larutan yang bersifat basa adalah larutan yang menghasilkan perubahan warna menjadi biru pada lakmus merah dan tetap merah pada lakmus biru. Dalam data tersebut, hanya larutan I dan IV yang memenuhi kriteria ini.

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  • 9. 

    Perhatikan data berikut! 1.Lisosom 2.Dinding sel 3.Membran sel 4.Kloroplas 5.Vakuola Organel yang hanya dimiliki oleh sel tumbuhan yaitu …

    • A.

      1) dan 2)

    • B.

      2) dan 4)

    • C.

      3) dan 4)

    • D.

      4) dan 5)

    Correct Answer
    B. 2) dan 4)
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 2) dan 4). The explanation is that the organelles listed, namely Lisosom, Dinding sel, Membran sel, Kloroplas, and Vakuola, are all found in both plant and animal cells except for Kloroplas, which is only found in plant cells, and Lisosom, which is only found in animal cells. Therefore, the only combination of organelles that is unique to plant cells is 2) dan 4), which refers to Dinding sel (cell wall) and Kloroplas (chloroplast).

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  • 10. 

    Si Mandra sering menderita sakit sariawan. Agar sariawannya tidak sering kambuh, dokter menganjurkan untuk banyak mengonsumsi buah-buahan yang banyak mengandung vitamin C. Untuk itu sebaiknya Mandra banyak mengonsumsi …

    • A.

      Tomat hijau dan air jeruk panas

    • B.

      Jeruk segar dan tomat merah

    • C.

      Jeruk segar dan tomat hijau

    • D.

      Mangga dan durian

    Correct Answer
    B. Jeruk segar dan tomat merah
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Jeruk segar dan tomat merah". The question states that Mandra often suffers from canker sores and the doctor recommends consuming fruits that are rich in vitamin C to prevent frequent recurrence. Oranges and red tomatoes are known to be high in vitamin C, so consuming fresh oranges and red tomatoes would be beneficial for Mandra's condition.

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  • 11. 

    Perhatikan mekanisme pernapasan di bawah ini! Jika posisi diafragma seperi di atas, maka proses selanjutnya sampai udara masuk adalah …

    • A.

      Rongga dada membesar, paru-paru mengempis, volume paru-paru membesar dan tekanan udara di dalam paru-paru mengecil

    • B.

      Rongga dada membesar, paru-paru mengembang, volume paru-paru membesar dan tekanan udara di dalam paru-paru mengecil

    • C.

      Rongga dada membesar, paru-paru mengembang, volume paru-paru mengecil dan tekanan udara di dalam paru-paru membesar

    • D.

      Rongga dada membesar, paru-paru mengembang, volume paru-paru membesar dan tekanan udara di dalam paru-paru membesar

    Correct Answer
    B. Rongga dada membesar, paru-paru mengembang, volume paru-paru membesar dan tekanan udara di dalam paru-paru mengecil
    Explanation
    When the diaphragm is in the position described, the chest cavity expands, causing the lungs to inflate. As the lungs expand, the volume of the lungs increases, creating a decrease in air pressure inside the lungs. This decrease in pressure allows air to enter the lungs, facilitating the process of inhalation.

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  • 12. 

    Perhatikan gambar penampang daun di bawah ini! Pasangan yang tepat antara nama jaringan dan fungsi jaringan yang benar adalah ...

    • A.

      Epidermis Fotosintesis

    • B.

      Palisade Fotosintesis

    • C.

      Sponge Pertukaran Gas

    • D.

      Stomata Pelindung jaringan

    Correct Answer
    B. Palisade Fotosintesis
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Palisade" and "Fotosintesis" because the palisade tissue is responsible for photosynthesis in plants. It contains chloroplasts, which are the sites of photosynthesis, and is located in the upper part of the leaf where it can receive the most sunlight. Therefore, the palisade tissue plays a crucial role in the process of photosynthesis, which is the conversion of light energy into chemical energy in plants.

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  • 13. 

    Perhatikan rangakaian percobaan fotosintesis di bawah ini : Percobaan tersebut membuktikan bahwa fotosintesis …

    • A.

      Membutuhkan sinar matahari dan menghasilkan amilum

    • B.

      Membutuhkan sinar matahari dan menghasilkan oksigen

    • C.

      Membutuhkan karbondioksida dan air

    • D.

      Menghasilkan oksigen dan energi

    Correct Answer
    A. Membutuhkan sinar matahari dan menghasilkan amilum
    Explanation
    The given correct answer states that photosynthesis requires sunlight and produces starch. This is because photosynthesis is the process by which plants use sunlight, carbon dioxide, and water to produce glucose (a type of sugar) and oxygen. Glucose is then converted into starch for storage in plants. Therefore, the answer accurately describes the key components and products of photosynthesis.

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  • 14. 

    Perhatikan gambar berikut ! Cara perkembangbiakan hewan pada gambar A dan gambar B secara berurutan adalah ...

    • A.

      Fragmentasi dan Tunas

    • B.

      Membelah diri dan Tunas

    • C.

      Membelah diri dan fragmentasi

    • D.

      Fragmentasi dan membelah diri

    Correct Answer
    A. Fragmentasi dan Tunas
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Fragmentasi dan Tunas. Fragmentasi is a form of asexual reproduction where an organism breaks into fragments and each fragment develops into a new individual. Tunas, on the other hand, is a form of asexual reproduction where a new individual develops as an outgrowth or bud from the parent organism. Therefore, both Fragmentasi and Tunas are involved in the reproduction process shown in the given pictures.

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  • 15. 

    Mobil-mobilan yang menggunakan sumber energi baterai sedang melaju di lintasannya. Urutan perubahan energi yang terjadi pada mobil-mobilan adalah…

    • A.

      Energi gerak → energi bunyi → energi listrik

    • B.

      Energi gerak → energi listrik → energi panas

    • C.

      Energi kimia → energi panas → energi listrik

    • D.

      Energi kimia → energi listrik → energi gerak

    Correct Answer
    D. Energi kimia → energi listrik → energi gerak
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "energi kimia → energi listrik → energi gerak." This is because the battery in the toy cars converts chemical energy into electrical energy, which is then used to power the motor and generate kinetic energy for the cars to move.

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  • 16. 

    Balok-balok di bawah ini terbuat dari bahan yang sama berada di atas lantai seperti gambar. Urutan balok dengan tekanan paling besar ke paling kecil adalah …

    • A.

      (1), (2), (3), (4)

    • B.

      (1), (4), (2), (3)

    • C.

      (2), (4), (1), (3)

    • D.

      (3), (1), (2), (4)

    Correct Answer
    B. (1), (4), (2), (3)
    Explanation
    The correct answer is (1), (4), (2), (3). This is because the balok with the highest pressure would be the one at the bottom, which is (1). The balok on top of it, (4), would have a slightly lower pressure. The balok on the side, (2), would have a lower pressure compared to (4), and the balok on the top, (3), would have the lowest pressure among all the balok.

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  • 17. 

    Berikut ini beberapa zat yang ada di sekitar kita
    1. Air gula
    2. Air kopi
    3. Air garam
    4. Air minyak
    Pasangan zat yang merupakan campuran heterogen adalah …

    • A.

      1) dan 2)

    • B.

      2) dan 3)

    • C.

      1) dan 3)

    • D.

      2) dan 4)

    Correct Answer
    A. 1) dan 2)
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 1) dan 2). Both air gula and air kopi are examples of heterogeneous mixtures because they consist of two or more substances that are visibly different and do not blend evenly. In the case of air gula, it is a mixture of sugar particles dissolved in water, while air kopi is a mixture of coffee particles dissolved in water.

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  • 18. 

    Perhatikan gambar uji hasil pernapasan di bawah ini! Jika kita menghembuskan napas lewat pipa ke tabung reaksi tersebut kemudian dibiarkan maka yang terjadi adalah …

    • A.

      Air jernih dan terbentuk endapan CaCO3  karena air kapur beraksi dengan CO2

    • B.

      Air keruh dan terbentuk endapan CaCO3  karena air kapur beraksi dengan H2O

    • C.

      Air keruh dan terbentuk endapan CaCO3  karena air kapur beraksi dengan CO2

    • D.

      Air jernih dan terbentuk endapan CaCO3  karena air kapur beraksi dengan H2O

    Correct Answer
    C. Air keruh dan terbentuk endapan CaCO3  karena air kapur beraksi dengan CO2
    Explanation
    When we exhale through the pipe into the reaction tube, the clear water becomes cloudy and a precipitate of CaCO3 forms. This is because the lime water (air kapur) reacts with the CO2 in our breath, forming a cloudy solution and precipitating CaCO3.

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  • 19. 

    Pak Oji menderita batu ginjal sehingga kulitnya tampak kuning atau disebut penyakit kuning level post-hepatic, hal ini disebabkan oleh ...

    • A.

      Peradangan pada ginjal

    • B.

      Aliran bilirubin tidak lancar

    • C.

      Aliran cairan empedu terhambat

    • D.

      Kerusakan pada cortex ginjal sehingga urin mengandung albumin

    Correct Answer
    D. Kerusakan pada cortex ginjal sehingga urin mengandung albumin
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Kerusakan pada cortex ginjal sehingga urin mengandung albumin." This is because the passage states that Pak Oji suffers from kidney stones, which can cause damage to the cortex of the kidneys. This damage can lead to the presence of albumin in the urine, a condition known as albuminuria. The other options mentioned, such as inflammation in the kidneys, impaired bilirubin flow, or obstructed bile fluid flow, are not directly related to the symptoms described in the passage.

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  • 20. 

    Which one do you like?

    • A.

      Option 1

    • B.

      Option 2

    • C.

      Option 3

    • D.

      Option 4

    Correct Answer
    A. Option 1
  • 21. 

    Ayah membawa dua karung rambutan menggunakan sepeda motor. Jika berat badan ayah 64 kg dan berat kedua karung rambutan 160 hg dan 0,25 kuintal , berat seluruh beban pada sepeda motor….kg

    • A.

      105

    • B.

      906

    • C.

      960

    • D.

      1.050

    Correct Answer
    D. 1.050
    Explanation
    The weight of the father is given as 64 kg. The weight of the two sacks of rambutan is given as 160 hg and 0.25 kuintal. To find the total weight, we need to convert the weight of the sacks to kg. 1 hg is equal to 0.1 kg, so 160 hg is equal to 16 kg. 1 kuintal is equal to 100 kg, so 0.25 kuintal is equal to 25 kg. Adding the weight of the father and the weight of the sacks, we get a total weight of 105 kg. Therefore, the correct answer is 1.050 kg.

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  • 22. 

    Kelipatan persekutuan terkecil ( KPK ) dari 36 dan 96 dalam bentuk faktorisasi adalah …

    • A.

      22 x 3

    • B.

      22 x 32

    • C.

      25 x 3

    • D.

      25 x 32

    Correct Answer
    D. 25 x 32
    Explanation
    The smallest common multiple (KPK) of 36 and 96 can be found by factoring both numbers. The prime factorization of 36 is 2^2 x 3^2, and the prime factorization of 96 is 2^5 x 3. To find the KPK, we need to take the highest power of each prime factor. In this case, the highest power of 2 is 2^5 and the highest power of 3 is 3^2. Therefore, the KPK of 36 and 96 is 2^5 x 3^2, which is equal to 25 x 32.

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  • 23. 

    Volum prisma segitiga dibawah ini adalah….cm2

    • A.

      1.920

    • B.

      1.720

    • C.

      920

    • D.

      720

    Correct Answer
    A. 1.920
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 1.920.

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  • 24. 

    Ibu mempunyai persediaan minyak goreng 5/6 liter. Ibu menggunakan minyak goreng 0,75 liter untuk menggoreng ikan . Ibu membeli lagi minyak goreng 2 1/4 liter. Persediaan minyak goreng sekarang masih … liter

    • A.

      2\frac{7}{12}

    • B.

      2\frac{1}{2}

    • C.

      2\frac{5}{12}

    • D.

      2\frac{1}{3}

    Correct Answer
    D. 2\frac{1}{3}
    Explanation
    The mother initially had 5/6 liter of cooking oil. She used 0.75 liters to fry fish, leaving her with 5/6 - 0.75 = 2/3 liters of cooking oil. She then bought an additional 2 1/4 liters of cooking oil. To add these fractions, we need to find a common denominator, which is 12. So, 2 1/4 can be written as 9/4. Adding 2/3 and 9/4 gives us (8/12 + 27/12) = 35/12, which can be simplified to 2 11/12. Therefore, the mother now has 2 11/12 liters of cooking oil. However, this is not one of the answer choices. The closest option is 2 1/3, which is approximately equal to 2 4/12. Hence, the correct answer is 2 1/3.

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