Constitution Of The US- Final Test

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| By Michelle BYRD
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Michelle BYRD
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Quizzes Created: 96 | Total Attempts: 32,608
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Constitution Quizzes & Trivia

What do you know about the earliest years of the new nation?


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    According to the Articles of Confederation, what was the main branch of government?

    • A.

      Congress

    • B.

      President

    • C.

      Courts

    • D.

      States made all of the important decisions

    Correct Answer
    A. Congress
    Explanation
    According to the Articles of Confederation, the main branch of government was Congress. This is because under the Articles, Congress was granted significant powers and responsibilities, including the authority to declare war, make treaties, and manage foreign affairs. Congress was also responsible for overseeing the finances of the nation and had the power to pass laws. Therefore, Congress played a central role in the government structure outlined in the Articles of Confederation.

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  • 2. 

    Complete the analogy :  Thomas Jefferson : Declaration of Independence   ______________________: US Constitution

    • A.

      John Adams

    • B.

      George Washington

    • C.

      James Madison

    • D.

      Thomas Paine

    Correct Answer
    C. James Madison
    Explanation
    James Madison is the correct answer because just as Thomas Jefferson is associated with the authorship of the Declaration of Independence, James Madison is associated with the drafting of the US Constitution. Madison is often referred to as the "Father of the Constitution" due to his significant contributions to its creation and his role in advocating for its ratification.

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  • 3. 

    How many branches of government were set up in the US Constitution?

    • A.

      1

    • B.

      2

    • C.

      3

    • D.

      4

    Correct Answer
    C. 3
    Explanation
    The US Constitution established three branches of government: the executive branch, the legislative branch, and the judicial branch. Each branch has its own distinct powers and responsibilities, ensuring a separation of powers and a system of checks and balances. The executive branch is responsible for enforcing laws, the legislative branch makes laws, and the judicial branch interprets laws. This division of power helps to prevent any one branch from becoming too powerful and allows for a more balanced and democratic government.

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  • 4. 

    What issue was settled with the Great Compromise?

    • A.

      How to maintain the balance of power of the small and large states and everyone still have a voice in Congress

    • B.

      How to send representatives to Congress and elect them

    • C.

      The Great Compromise caused more issues with the US and they had to meet again later

    • D.

      How to send electors to vote for President

    Correct Answer
    A. How to maintain the balance of power of the small and large states and everyone still have a voice in Congress
    Explanation
    The Great Compromise settled the issue of how to maintain the balance of power between small and large states in Congress while ensuring that everyone still had a voice. This compromise resulted in the creation of a bicameral legislature, with the House of Representatives representing the population-based interests of the states and the Senate representing the equal interests of each state. This compromise helped to address the concerns of both small and large states, ensuring that they were adequately represented in the legislative process.

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  • 5. 

    What was the purpose of the Constitutional Convention in 1787?

    • A.

      Delegates met to discuss the problems of the American Revoultion

    • B.

      Delegates met to discuss the problems of the new govt.- Articles of Confederation

    • C.

      Delegates met to discuss kicking out the state of Rhode Island since they did not show up for the meeting

    • D.

      Delegates met to discuss electing Washington as the first President

    Correct Answer
    B. Delegates met to discuss the problems of the new govt.- Articles of Confederation
    Explanation
    The purpose of the Constitutional Convention in 1787 was for delegates to discuss the problems of the new government under the Articles of Confederation. This document, which had served as the first constitution of the United States, was proving to be ineffective in governing the country. The delegates recognized the need for a stronger central government and gathered to propose and draft a new constitution that would address these issues and create a more stable and functional government for the nation.

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  • 6. 

    Why did the delegates meet in secret?

    • A.

      Founding Fathers decided to have a secret meeting without key leaders in US

    • B.

      They were plotting an overthrow of the govt.

    • C.

      They were trying to break away from England again

    • D.

      National security concerns- did not want the people to know discussion before finished work on a new government structure

    Correct Answer
    D. National security concerns- did not want the people to know discussion before finished work on a new government structure
    Explanation
    The delegates met in secret because they had national security concerns and did not want the people to know about their discussions before they finished working on a new government structure. By keeping the meeting secret, they could freely discuss and debate ideas without external influences or pressures. This allowed them to focus on creating a strong and effective government without interference or public scrutiny.

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  • 7. 

    What purpose does the Electoral College serve?

    • A.

      Elects the President of the US

    • B.

      Appoints Cabinet members

    • C.

      Appoints Judges to the Supreme Court

    • D.

      Elects representatives to Congress

    Correct Answer
    A. Elects the President of the US
    Explanation
    The Electoral College serves the purpose of electing the President of the US. This system was established by the Founding Fathers to ensure a balance between the popular vote and the influence of smaller states. The Electoral College consists of electors from each state who cast their votes based on the popular vote in their respective states. The candidate who receives the majority of electoral votes becomes the President. This system allows for a more indirect and representative election of the President, rather than a direct popular vote.

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  • 8. 

    Why did the North not want to have slaves counted for population purposes?

    • A.

      Would have greater representation in Northern states if they were counted

    • B.

      The North realized that slaves did not have rights or freedoms in the US Const.- so why count them for population purposes???

    • C.

      The Southern states would have a great voice in Congress if they are counted

    • D.

      Both B and C

    Correct Answer
    D. Both B and C
    Explanation
    The North did not want to have slaves counted for population purposes because they realized that counting slaves would give the Southern states a greater voice in Congress. By not counting slaves, the Northern states would have a better chance of having greater representation in Congress. Additionally, the North recognized that slaves did not have rights or freedoms in the US Constitution, so it did not make sense to count them for population purposes.

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  • 9. 

    What document does the US Constitution build upon?

    • A.

      Declaration of Independence

    • B.

      The Warsaw Pact

    • C.

      The Articles of Confederation

    • D.

      14 Points

    Correct Answer
    A. Declaration of Independence
    Explanation
    The US Constitution builds upon the Declaration of Independence. The Declaration of Independence, adopted in 1776, declared the American colonies' independence from British rule and established the principles of natural rights and self-government. The US Constitution, ratified in 1788, outlined the structure of the new government and established the rights and freedoms of its citizens. The Constitution was heavily influenced by the principles and ideals expressed in the Declaration of Independence, making it the document upon which the Constitution was built.

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  • 10. 

    There are 2 Senators per state according to the US Constitution.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    According to the US Constitution, there are 2 Senators per state. This means that each state is represented by 2 Senators in the US Senate.

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  • 11. 

    Each state has the same number of House of Representative members in Congress.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because each state does not have the same number of House of Representative members in Congress. The number of representatives is determined by the state's population, with each state being allocated a certain number of seats based on their population size. This is known as the apportionment process, which ensures that states with larger populations have more representatives in order to accurately represent their constituents.

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  • 12. 

    The members of the Supreme Court are allowed to serve an unlimited term once they are approved and appointed.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because members of the Supreme Court, once approved and appointed, have the opportunity to serve for an unlimited term. Unlike other branches of government, such as the presidency, there are no term limits for Supreme Court justices. This allows them to serve for as long as they are able and willing to fulfill their duties. This lifetime tenure is intended to ensure their independence from political pressures and to provide stability and continuity to the court's decision-making process.

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  • 13. 

    The US Constitution set up a system of checks and balances so that no branch of government would be more powerful than the other branch.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The US Constitution established a system of checks and balances to prevent any one branch of government from becoming too powerful. This system ensures that each branch has the ability to limit the powers of the other branches, promoting a balance of power and preventing any one branch from dominating the others. This helps to protect against the abuse of power and promotes accountability within the government. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 14. 

    Which of the 7 principles of the US Constitution does the description fit? No one is above the law, all must obey the laws of the US Constitution

    • A.

      Republicanism

    • B.

      Popular sovereignty

    • C.

      Federalism

    • D.

      Limited Government

    Correct Answer
    D. Limited Government
    Explanation
    The description fits the principle of Limited Government. This principle states that no one, including government officials, is above the law and that everyone must obey the laws of the US Constitution. Limited Government ensures that those in power are subject to the same laws as the citizens and prevents the abuse of power.

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  • 15. 

    What is the most important right that a US citizen has in the US?

    • A.

      The right to vote and elect representatives to be a voice for themselves

    • B.

      Write and petition elected officials when a problem or crisis arises

    • C.

      Run for elected political office

    • D.

      All the freedoms in the Constitution are important and we can't just pick one

    Correct Answer
    A. The right to vote and elect representatives to be a voice for themselves
    Explanation
    The most important right that a US citizen has in the US is the right to vote and elect representatives to be a voice for themselves. This is crucial because it allows citizens to actively participate in the democratic process and have a say in the decision-making of their government. By exercising their right to vote, citizens can choose leaders who they believe will best represent their interests and work towards addressing their concerns. This right ensures that the government is accountable to the people and promotes a system of governance that is responsive to the needs and desires of the citizens.

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  • 16. 

    Democracy is rule by the people.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Democracy is a system of government in which power is vested in the people, who exercise it directly or through elected representatives. It is based on the principle that the people have the right to participate in decision-making and have a say in how they are governed. Therefore, the statement "Democracy is rule by the people" is true, as it accurately describes the fundamental concept of democracy.

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  • 17. 

    Which statement would best describe Alexander Hamilton?

    • A.

      One of the authors of the Federalist Papers- the document that sought to gain support for the passage of the US Const.

    • B.

      First Sec. of the Treasury under George Washington

    • C.

      Helped to begin the banking system in US and created the first national bank

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Alexander Hamilton is best described as all of the above. He was indeed one of the authors of the Federalist Papers, which aimed to gather support for the ratification of the US Constitution. He also served as the first Secretary of the Treasury under George Washington, where he played a crucial role in establishing the country's financial system. Hamilton's efforts included the creation of the first national bank, which laid the foundation for the banking system in the United States.

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  • 18. 

    The Federalists would have supported...

    • A.

      The right to overthrow the new government

    • B.

      The right to have a king in the US

    • C.

      The US Constitution

    • D.

      The Declaration of Independence

    Correct Answer
    C. The US Constitution
    Explanation
    The Federalists would have supported the US Constitution because they were strong advocates for a strong central government and believed in the need for a strong executive branch. They were instrumental in promoting and ratifying the Constitution, as they believed it provided the necessary framework for a stable and effective government. The Federalists argued that the Constitution would protect individual liberties and promote national unity, making it the preferred choice for them.

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  • 19. 

    Which of the following would be the best example of the preamble of the US Constitution using the 7 principles of the US Constitution? ---- "We the people of the United States of America.." 

    • A.

      Limited Government

    • B.

      Federalism

    • C.

      Popular Soverignty

    • D.

      Checks and Balances

    Correct Answer
    C. Popular Soverignty
    Explanation
    The phrase "We the people of the United States of America" in the preamble of the US Constitution exemplifies the principle of Popular Sovereignty. This principle states that the power of the government comes from the people, who have the ultimate authority to govern. By starting the Constitution with this phrase, it emphasizes that the government's authority is derived from the consent of the governed, reflecting the idea of popular sovereignty.

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  • 20. 

    The Bill of Rights protected the...

    • A.

      3 branches of government

    • B.

      Freedoms of individual citizens

    • C.

      Powers of the president

    • D.

      System of checks and balances

    Correct Answer
    B. Freedoms of individual citizens
    Explanation
    The Bill of Rights protected the freedoms of individual citizens. The Bill of Rights is the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution, and it guarantees certain rights and freedoms to the citizens. These include the freedom of speech, religion, press, assembly, and petition, as well as the right to bear arms, a fair trial, and protection against unreasonable searches and seizures. The Bill of Rights was added to the Constitution to ensure that individual liberties were safeguarded and to limit the power of the government.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 04, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Michelle BYRD
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