Cochlear And Vestibular Physiology

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| By Kelsey.wickre
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Kelsey.wickre
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 9,154
Questions: 24 | Attempts: 226

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Vestibular System Quizzes & Trivia

Cochlear and Vestibular Physiology


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is the process of extracting of defining the various frequency components of a signal?

    • A.

      Temporal analysis

    • B.

      Spectral analysis

    Correct Answer
    B. Spectral analysis
    Explanation
    Spectral analysis is the process of extracting and defining the various frequency components of a signal. It involves analyzing the signal in the frequency domain to determine the amplitude, phase, and frequency content of its individual frequency components. This is done using techniques such as Fourier transform or wavelet transform. Temporal analysis, on the other hand, focuses on analyzing the signal in the time domain. Therefore, spectral analysis is the correct answer as it specifically refers to the process of extracting frequency components from a signal.

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  • 2. 

    The process of defining a sound based on timing patterns is...

    Correct Answer
    temporal analysis
    Explanation
    Temporal analysis refers to the process of analyzing and defining sounds based on their timing patterns. It involves studying the temporal characteristics of a sound signal, such as the duration, rhythm, and timing of its individual components. By examining these timing patterns, researchers and analysts can gain insights into the structure, organization, and perception of sounds. Temporal analysis is commonly used in various fields, including music, speech recognition, and acoustics, to understand and classify different types of sounds based on their temporal properties.

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  • 3. 

    Primary function of the cochlea is that of a...

    Correct Answer
    transducer
    Explanation
    The cochlea is a part of the inner ear that plays a crucial role in hearing. It acts as a transducer, converting sound vibrations into electrical signals that can be interpreted by the brain. This process occurs through the hair cells within the cochlea, which detect the vibrations and convert them into neural impulses. These impulses are then transmitted to the brain via the auditory nerve, allowing us to perceive and interpret sounds. Therefore, the primary function of the cochlea is to act as a transducer in the process of hearing.

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  • 4. 

    THe cochlea takes sound in the form of (blank) and trandsduces it into (blank) for the brain to interpret.

    Correct Answer
    mechanical energy, neural (electrical) energy
    Explanation
    The cochlea is a spiral-shaped structure in the inner ear responsible for converting sound vibrations into electrical signals that the brain can interpret. It takes sound in the form of mechanical energy, which is the energy carried by sound waves, and transduces it into neural (electrical) energy. This conversion occurs through the movement of tiny hair cells in the cochlea that are stimulated by the mechanical vibrations of sound waves. These hair cells then generate electrical signals that travel through the auditory nerve to the brain, where they are interpreted as sound.

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  • 5. 

    The vibratory response pattern within the scala media depend heavily on the characteristics of the basilar membrane. What are those characteristics? Changes in its....

    Correct Answer
    elasticity and width from base to apex
    Explanation
    The characteristics of the basilar membrane that heavily influence the vibratory response pattern within the scala media are its elasticity and width from base to apex. The elasticity of the membrane allows it to vibrate in response to sound waves, while the width gradually changes from the base to the apex, resulting in different frequencies being detected at different locations along the cochlea. This allows for the perception of different pitches and frequencies.

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  • 6. 

    What is a sound-induced displacement pattern along the basilar membrane that describes fundamental cochlear processing?

    Correct Answer
    traveling wave
    Explanation
    A traveling wave is a sound-induced displacement pattern along the basilar membrane that describes fundamental cochlear processing. This wave-like motion occurs when sound waves enter the cochlea and cause the basilar membrane to vibrate. The vibration travels from the base of the cochlea to the apex, causing different regions of the membrane to respond to different frequencies of sound. This process is essential for the cochlea to analyze and process incoming sounds, allowing us to perceive different pitches and frequencies.

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  • 7. 

    The basilar membrane acts as a

    Correct Answer
    filter
    Explanation
    The basilar membrane acts as a filter in the auditory system. It is a thin, flexible structure located within the cochlea of the inner ear. When sound waves enter the cochlea, they cause vibrations in the basilar membrane. These vibrations vary in intensity along the length of the membrane, allowing different frequencies of sound to be filtered out and processed by the auditory system. This filtering mechanism helps to separate and analyze different frequencies of sound, allowing us to perceive and distinguish various pitches and tones.

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  • 8. 

    The motion of the basilar membrane is

    • A.

      Linear

    • B.

      Non-linear

    Correct Answer
    B. Non-linear
    Explanation
    The motion of the basilar membrane is non-linear because it responds differently to different frequencies of sound. As sound waves enter the ear, they cause the basilar membrane to vibrate. The membrane is wider and more flexible at the apex, and narrower and stiffer at the base. This variation in width and stiffness allows the membrane to respond differently to different frequencies, causing it to vibrate more in certain regions depending on the frequency of the sound. This non-linear response is crucial for our ability to perceive different pitches.

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  • 9. 

    The basilar membrane performs which type of analysis?

    • A.

      Spectral

    • B.

      Temporal

    Correct Answer
    A. Spectral
    Explanation
    The basilar membrane performs spectral analysis. This means that it is responsible for separating sounds into different frequency components. It does this by vibrating at different points along its length in response to different frequencies of sound. This allows the brain to perceive and distinguish different pitches and frequencies in the auditory stimulus. Temporal analysis, on the other hand, refers to the analysis of the timing and duration of sound stimuli.

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  • 10. 

    What is located at the top of the stereocilia?

    Correct Answer
    Pores that open and close when the cilia are closed
    Explanation
    At the top of the stereocilia, there are pores that open and close when the cilia are closed. These pores are responsible for regulating the flow of substances in and out of the stereocilia. When the cilia are closed, the pores open to allow the passage of molecules, and when the cilia are open, the pores close to prevent the entry or exit of substances. This mechanism helps in maintaining the proper functioning of the stereocilia and ensures the appropriate exchange of substances.

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  • 11. 

    What allows for ionic transport into and out of the hair cell, necessary for neural transduction?

    Correct Answer
    pores
    Explanation
    Pores in the hair cell allow for ionic transport, which is necessary for neural transduction. These pores enable the movement of ions into and out of the hair cell, facilitating the transmission of electrical signals that are essential for sensory perception and communication.

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  • 12. 

    What is allowed in when pores open?

    Correct Answer
    potassium
    Explanation
    When pores open, potassium ions are allowed to pass through. This is because potassium channels are present in the cell membrane, and when these channels open, potassium ions flow out of the cell. This movement of potassium ions is important for various cellular processes, such as maintaining the resting membrane potential and generating action potentials in neurons.

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  • 13. 

    What is bioelectrical activity generated within the cochlea?

    Correct Answer
    cochlear potentials
    Explanation
    Cochlear potentials refer to the bioelectrical activity generated within the cochlea. This activity is produced by the sensory hair cells in response to sound vibrations. The cochlea is a spiral-shaped structure in the inner ear that is responsible for converting sound waves into electrical signals that can be interpreted by the brain. The cochlear potentials play a crucial role in the process of hearing by transmitting these electrical signals to the auditory nerve and ultimately to the brain for processing and perception of sound.

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  • 14. 

    What receives 95% of the afferent synapes?

    • A.

      Outer hair cells

    • B.

      Inner hair cells

    Correct Answer
    B. Inner hair cells
    Explanation
    The inner hair cells receive 95% of the afferent synapses. Afferent synapses are connections between sensory neurons and the inner hair cells in the cochlea of the ear. These synapses transmit signals from the inner hair cells to the brain, allowing us to perceive sound. The high percentage of synapses received by the inner hair cells highlights their crucial role in the auditory system.

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  • 15. 

    What severity of a HL will usually result in damage to IHCs?

    Correct Answer
    severe to profound
    Explanation
    Severe to profound hearing loss refers to a significant degree of hearing impairment. In this case, the question asks about the severity of hearing loss that typically leads to damage to inner hair cells (IHCs). IHCs are responsible for converting sound vibrations into electrical signals that are sent to the brain. When the hearing loss is severe to profound, it indicates a substantial loss of function in the IHCs, which can result in their damage. Therefore, severe to profound hearing loss is likely to cause damage to IHCs.

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  • 16. 

    What helps with getting a clearer, sharper signal?

    • A.

      Inner hair cells

    • B.

      Outer hair cells

    Correct Answer
    B. Outer hair cells
    Explanation
    Outer hair cells help with getting a clearer, sharper signal. The outer hair cells in the cochlea amplify and fine-tune the sound signals received from the inner hair cells. They act as an amplification system, enhancing the sensitivity and selectivity of the auditory system. This amplification allows for a more precise and distinct representation of sound, resulting in a clearer and sharper signal perception.

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  • 17. 

    What could result if there is damage to the OHCs?

    Correct Answer
    moderate hearing loss
    Explanation
    If there is damage to the OHCs (Outer Hair Cells), it can result in moderate hearing loss. The OHCs are responsible for amplifying sound signals and transmitting them to the brain. When they are damaged, the ability to amplify and transmit sound is compromised, leading to a decrease in hearing sensitivity. This can result in difficulty hearing soft sounds and understanding speech, particularly in noisy environments.

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  • 18. 

    Why do you need an efferent system in the auditory system?

    Correct Answer
    suppressed firing rate of background noise
    Explanation
    The efferent system in the auditory system is needed to suppress the firing rate of background noise. This is important because background noise can interfere with the perception and processing of auditory signals. By suppressing the firing rate of background noise, the efferent system helps to enhance the signal-to-noise ratio, making it easier to detect and discriminate sounds.

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  • 19. 

    What pathway are the IHCs associated with?

    • A.

      Afferent

    • B.

      Efferent

    Correct Answer
    A. Afferent
    Explanation
    The IHCs (inner hair cells) are associated with the afferent pathway. Afferent pathway refers to the pathway that carries sensory information from the sensory organs (in this case, the inner hair cells in the cochlea) to the brain. The IHCs are responsible for converting sound vibrations into electrical signals that are then transmitted through the afferent pathway to the brain for further processing and interpretation.

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  • 20. 

    What is it that relays output from the cortex to the periphery?

    Correct Answer
    efferent pathway
    Explanation
    The efferent pathway is responsible for relaying output from the cortex to the periphery. This pathway carries signals from the central nervous system to the muscles and glands, allowing for the execution of motor commands and the regulation of bodily functions. As opposed to the afferent pathway, which transmits sensory information from the periphery to the cortex, the efferent pathway plays a crucial role in initiating and controlling movement and other physiological responses.

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  • 21. 

    What is the vestibule, which contains the utricle and saccule? What is it filled with?

    Correct Answer
    immediate entryway into the IE; perilymph
    Explanation
    The vestibule is the immediate entryway into the inner ear. It contains two structures called the utricle and saccule. The vestibule is filled with a fluid called perilymph.

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  • 22. 

    Which of the following characteristics are true for the utricle?

    • A.

      Larger of the 2 sac-like structures in the vestibule

    • B.

      Filled with endolymph

    • C.

      Gravity detector

    • D.

      Responsive to linear acceleration on a horizontal plane

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    The utricle is the larger of the two sac-like structures in the vestibule of the inner ear. It is filled with endolymph, a fluid that helps with balance and hearing. The utricle is responsible for detecting gravity and is also responsive to linear acceleration on a horizontal plane. Therefore, all of the given characteristics are true for the utricle.

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  • 23. 

    What are the semicircular canals filled with? What do they respond to?

    Correct Answer
    endolymph; angular motion
    Explanation
    The semicircular canals are filled with endolymph, a fluid that helps in detecting angular motion. These canals are part of the inner ear and are responsible for maintaining balance and spatial orientation. When the head moves, the endolymph inside the canals moves as well, stimulating hair cells that line the canals. These hair cells then send signals to the brain, allowing us to perceive and respond to changes in angular motion.

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  • 24. 

    What are the 3 types of input necessary for balance?

    Correct Answer
    vestibular, somatosensory, and visual systems
    Explanation
    The three types of input necessary for balance are the vestibular, somatosensory, and visual systems. The vestibular system, located in the inner ear, helps us maintain our sense of balance and spatial orientation. The somatosensory system includes receptors in our skin, muscles, and joints, which provide information about the position and movement of our body. The visual system allows us to perceive our surroundings and make adjustments to maintain balance. These three systems work together to provide the brain with essential information for maintaining balance and coordinating movements.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 01, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Kelsey.wickre
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