# English Comprehension Passage MCQ Quiz

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Tanmay Shankar
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• 1.

### Directions—(Q. 1–2) Rearrange the following five sentences (1), (2), (3), (4) and (5) in the proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph; then answer the questions given below them. (1) For instance, if we measure the room temperature continuously and plot its graph with time on Xaxis and temperature on the Y-axis,we get a continuous waveform, which is an analog signal. Analog is always continuous. (2) The absence or presence of something can be used to plot a digital signal. (3) An analog signal is a continuously varying signal, similar to a sinusoidal waveform. (4) Any signal can be classified into one of the two types : analog and digital. (5) In contrast, a digital signal takes the form of pulses,where we have something or nothing. Which of the following should be the FIRST sentence after rearrangement?

• A.

1

• B.

2

• C.

3

• D.

4

• E.

5

D. 4
Explanation
The sentence "Any signal can be classified into one of the two types: analog and digital" should be the first sentence after rearrangement. This sentence introduces the topic of signals and categorizes them into two types, analog and digital, setting the context for the subsequent sentences that explain these types in more detail.

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• 2.

### (1) For instance, if we measure the room temperature continuously and plot its graph with time on Xaxis and temperature on the Y-axis, we get a continuous waveform, which is an analog signal. Analog is always continuous. (2) The absence or presence of something can be used to plot a digital signal. (3) An analog signal is a continuously varying signal, similar to a sinusoidal waveform. (4) Any signal can be classified into one of the two types: analog and digital. (5) In contrast, a digital signal takes the form of pulses, where we have something or nothing.  Which of the following should be the FOURTH sentence after rearrangement?

• A.

1

• B.

2

• C.

3

• D.

4

• E.

5

E. 5
Explanation
The fourth sentence should be "Any signal can be classified into one of the two types: analog and digital." This sentence provides a general statement about signal classification, which is relevant to the topic of analog and digital signals. It sets the stage for further discussion and explanation of the two types of signals.

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• 3.

• A.

Today's society is more extravagant than the society of the 1930s.

• B.

The act of eating two ice cream cones is akin to a ceremonial process.

• C.

Elders rightly suggested that a boy turning eyes from one cone to the other was more likely to fall.

• D.

Despite seeming to promise more, the consumer civilization gives away exactly what the thing is worth.

• E.

The consumer civilization attempts to spoil children and adults alike.

C. Elders rightly suggested that a boy turning eyes from one cone to the other was more likely to fall.
Explanation
The passage mentions that the elders' justification for not allowing the narrator to have two two-cent cones was that he might be more inclined to stumble over stones, steps, or cracks in the pavement while turning his eyes from one cone to the other. However, the narrator states that he dimly sensed that there was another secret justification, cruelly pedagogical, but was unable to grasp it. This suggests that the elders' justification may not have been the true reason for their refusal. Therefore, it cannot be inferred from the passage that elders rightly suggested that a boy turning eyes from one cone to the other was more likely to fall.

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• 4.

### In the passage, the phrase "little parvenus" refers to

• A.

Naughty midgets

• B.

Old hags

• C.

Arrogant people

• D.

Young upstarts

• E.

Foolish kids

D. Young upstarts
Explanation
The phrase "little parvenus" refers to young upstarts. This can be inferred from the context of the passage, where the phrase is used to describe a group of individuals who are seen as arrogant and trying to rise in social status. The word "little" suggests that they are young or inexperienced, while "parvenus" implies that they are ambitious and striving for success. Therefore, "young upstarts" is the most appropriate interpretation of the phrase.

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• 5.

### What does the author mean by "nowadays the moralist risks seeming at odds with morality"?

• A.

The moralists of yesterday have become immoral today.

• B.

The concept of morality has changed over the years.

• C.

Consumerism is amoral.

• D.

The risks associated with immorality have gone up.

• E.

The purist's view of morality is fast becoming popular.

B. The concept of morality has changed over the years.
Explanation
The author means that in today's society, the traditional moralist may appear to be out of touch with the current understanding of morality. The definition and understanding of morality have evolved over time, and what was once considered moral may now be seen as immoral or outdated. This suggests that the moralist's perspective may no longer align with the prevailing moral values of society.

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• 6.

### Directions—(Q. 6–7) Read each sentence to find out whether there is any grammatical error or idiomatic error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The letter of that part is the answer. If there is no error, the answer is (E) (Ignore errors of punctuation, if any.)

• A.

Under the terms of the new deal

• B.

• C.

The next cricket tournament to be

• D.

Played among India and Australia.

• E.

No error

D. Played among India and Australia.
Explanation
The given sentence is grammatically correct.

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• 7.

### The company is in debt (A)/and has been unable (B)/to pay their employees’ salaries (C)/for the past six months. (D) No error (E)

• A.

The company is in debt

• B.

And has been unable

• C.

To pay their employeesâ€™ salaries

• D.

For the past six months.

• E.

No error

C. To pay their employeesâ€™ salaries
Explanation
The given sentence is grammatically correct. It states that the company is in debt and has been unable to pay their employees' salaries for the past six months. The phrase "to pay their employees' salaries" correctly conveys the action that the company has been unable to perform. Therefore, there is no error in the sentence.

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• 8.

### DIRECTIONS (Q 8-10): Analyse the passage given and provide an appropriate answer for questions. An expert group has sounded a timely warning on what 'environmentally destructive tourism' will mean to national parks and wildlife sanctuaries and the objectives they are supposed to serve. Given the unique and rare wildlife the country has been endowed with, the rationale for using the resources for attracting tourists from abroad is unassailable. This necessarily postulates that flora and fauna should be protected and conserved. As a matter of fact, much of the government's interest in wildlife preservation has to do with the tremendous prospect of tourist traffic on that account. The risk of revenue-earning motivation overrunning the conservation imperatives is genuine. The lure of the coveted foreign exchange that goes with this business only serves to enhance it several folds. Even with the tourist inflow far below the potential, visitors' pressure is said to have already been felt on the tiger reserves. With the Government of India's declared intent to boost tourism quite justified for its own reasons, the need for eliminating the risk assumes a greater sense of urgency. The study team has noted that most of the 41 national parks and 165 wi Idlife sanctuaries surveyed are open to the tourists. The less frequented among them may not require special attention immediately in this respect as much as the ones that are major' tourists attraction do. These include the Sanjay Gandhi National Park in Maharashtra, Nandankanan in Orissa, and Bannerghatta in Karnataka. Over a year ago, the Indian Board for Wildlife expressed concern over the looming danger and decided that the core areas of national parks and sanctuaries should be kept totally free from biotic disturbances. The visitor is permitted to view the wildlife only from the areas marked out for the purpose. And now, the expert group has come up with the suggestion that a case by case evaluation is done of the 'capacity' as well as the 'limitations' of all the national parks and wildlife sanctuaries and based on such assessment, an area-specific plan for tourist promotion within the 'safety' norms be charted. That this is the most scientific way of going about the job and that there is no time to lose can be readily conceded. Biotic disturbances in the context mean

• A.

Attacks from other living things, animals, etc.

• B.

The disturbances caused by the natives on seeing the strange foreigners.

• C.

The political disturbances causing the c1osedown of the parks.

• D.

Disturbances caused by the wild animals on seeing the tourists.

D. Disturbances caused by the wild animals on seeing the tourists.
Explanation
Biotic disturbances in this context refer to the disturbances caused by wild animals when they encounter tourists. This means that when tourists visit national parks and wildlife sanctuaries, the presence of humans can disrupt the natural behavior of the animals, causing them to react in ways that may be harmful or dangerous. This could include animals becoming aggressive or territorial, or altering their feeding or mating patterns due to the presence of tourists. Therefore, it is important to consider these biotic disturbances when planning for tourist promotion in order to ensure the safety of both the animals and the visitors.

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• 9.

### By using the expression "environmentally destructive tourism" the author means:

• A.

The preservation of the wild beasts.

• B.

Destruction of the wildlife and sanctuaries.

• C.

Destroying the attractive sources of wild animals and birds.

• D.

The maintenance of the flora and fauna of the country.

C. Destroying the attractive sources of wild animals and birds.
Explanation
The expression "environmentally destructive tourism" refers to the negative impact that tourism has on the natural environment, specifically in relation to wild animals and birds. It implies that tourism activities are causing harm and destruction to the habitats and resources that attract these animals and birds. This could include factors such as habitat destruction, disturbance of wildlife, pollution, and unsustainable practices that result in a decline in populations or the degradation of their habitats.

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• 10.

### To implement the most scientific ways of tourism, we should:

• A.

Get industries and talented persons trained in the field.

• B.

From a commission and plan out how to implement the suggestions.

• C.

• D.

Speed as much finance as possible to better the suggestions made.