Clic Cosmetology: Anatomy And Physiology (Part 1)

30 Questions | Total Attempts: 98

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Clic Cosmetology: Anatomy And Physiology (Part 1)

An understanding of anatomy and physiology, including the medical terms you will probably never use, will help you become more proficient at performing professional salon services. You'll get a understanding of histology. This covers cells, tissues, organs, body systems, the skeletal system, the muscular system, the nervous system, the circulatory system, the endocrine system, the digestive system, the excretory system, the respiratory system and the integumentary system.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The study of the structures of the human body that can be seen with the naked eye, and what they are made up of; the science of the structure of organisms or of their parts.
    • A. 

      Physiology

    • B. 

      Anatomy

    • C. 

      Histology

  • 2. 
    The study of the functions and activities performed by the body structures.
    • A. 

      Physiology

    • B. 

      Anatomy

    • C. 

      Histology

  • 3. 
    Is the study of the science of the minute structures of organic tissues; microscopic anatomy.
    • A. 

      Physiology

    • B. 

      Anatomy

    • C. 

      Histology

  • 4. 
    The basic unit of all living things, from bacteria to plants to animals to human beings.
    • A. 

      Nucleus

    • B. 

      Cytoplasm

    • C. 

      Cells

    • D. 

      Tissue

  • 5. 
    CELLS: A  colorless jelly like substance in which food elements such as proteins, fats, carbohydrates, mineral salts, and water are present.
    • A. 

      Nucleus

    • B. 

      Protoplasm

    • C. 

      Cytoplasm

    • D. 

      Tissue

  • 6. 
    CELLS: The dense, active protoplasm found in the center of the cell. It plays an important part in cell reproduction and metabolism.
    • A. 

      Cytoplasm

    • B. 

      Tissue

    • C. 

      Nucleus

    • D. 

      Cell Membrane

  • 7. 
    CELLS: The __________ is all the protoplasm of a cell except that which is in the nucleus; the watery fluid that contains food material necessary for growth, reproduction, and self-repair of the cell.
    • A. 

      Tissue

    • B. 

      Nucleus

    • C. 

      Cytoplasm

    • D. 

      Cell Membrane

  • 8. 
    CELLS: Encloses the protoplasm and permits soluble substances to enter and leave the cell.
    • A. 

      Tissue

    • B. 

      Cell Membrane

    • C. 

      Cytoplasm

    • D. 

      Nucleus

  • 9. 
    CELLS: Most cells reproduce by dividing into two identical cells called daughter cells. This reproduction process is known as _________. As long as conditions are favorable, the cell will grow and reproduce.
    • A. 

      Mitosis

    • B. 

      Metabolism

    • C. 

      Anabolism

    • D. 

      Protoplasm

  • 10. 
    CELLS: A chemical process that takes place in living organisms, whereby the cells are nourished and carry out their activities.
    • A. 

      Anabolism

    • B. 

      Metabolism

    • C. 

      Catabolism

  • 11. 
    CELLS: Constructive metabolism, the process of building up larger molecules from smaller ones. During this process, the body stores water, food, and oxygen for the time when these substances will be needed for cell growth and repair.
    • A. 

      Anabolism

    • B. 

      Catabolism

  • 12. 
    CELLS: The phase of metabolism that involves the breaking down of complex compounds within the cells into smaller ones. This process releases energy that is stored by special molecules to be used in muscle contractions, body secretions, or heat production.
    • A. 

      Anabolism

    • B. 

      Catabolism

  • 13. 
    A collection of similar cells that perform a particular function.
    • A. 

      Tissue

    • B. 

      Organs

    • C. 

      Systems

  • 14. 
    TISSUES: Serves to support, protect, and bind together other tissues of the body.
    • A. 

      Epithelial tissue

    • B. 

      Liquid tissue

    • C. 

      Muscular tissue

    • D. 

      Connective tissue

    • E. 

      Nerve tissue

  • 15. 
    TISSUES: A protective covering on body surfaces.
    • A. 

      Liquid tissue

    • B. 

      Epithelial tissue

    • C. 

      Muscular tissue

    • D. 

      Nerve tissue

    • E. 

      Connective tissue

  • 16. 
    TISSUES: Contracts and moves the various parts of the body.
    • A. 

      Nerve tissue

    • B. 

      Muscular tissue

    • C. 

      Liquid tissue

    • D. 

      Epithelial tissue

    • E. 

      Connective tissue

  • 17. 
    TISSUES: Carries food, waste products, and hormones through the body. Such as blood and lymph.
    • A. 

      Muscular tissue

    • B. 

      Connective tissue

    • C. 

      Liquid tissue

    • D. 

      Epithelial tissue

    • E. 

      Nerve tissue

  • 18. 
    TISSUES: Carries messages to and from the brain and controls and coordinates all bodily functions.
    • A. 

      Connective tissue

    • B. 

      Epithelial tissue

    • C. 

      Liquid tissue

    • D. 

      Muscular tissue

    • E. 

      Nerve tissue

  • 19. 
    _______ are groups of tissues designed to perform a specific function.
  • 20. 
    ________ are group of bodily organs acting together to perform one or more functions. The human body is composed of ten major ________.
  • 21. 
    BODY SYSTEMS: Controls the steady circulation of the blood through the body by means of the heart and blood vessels.
    • A. 

      Digestive

    • B. 

      Circulatory

    • C. 

      Endocrine

    • D. 

      Reproductive

    • E. 

      Respiratory

  • 22. 
    BODY SYSTEMS: Changes food into nutrients and wastes; consists of mouth, stomach, intestines, salivary and gastric glands, and other organs.
    • A. 

      Endocrine

    • B. 

      Reproductive

    • C. 

      Excretory

    • D. 

      Digestive

    • E. 

      Nervous

  • 23. 
    BODY SYSTEMS: Affects the growth, development, sexual activities, and health of the entire body; consists of specialized glands.
    • A. 

      Excretory

    • B. 

      Integumentary

    • C. 

      Nervous

    • D. 

      Skeletal

    • E. 

      Endocrine

  • 24. 
    BODY SYSTEMS: Purifies the body by the elimination of waste matter; consists of kidneys, liver, skin, intestines, and lungs.
    • A. 

      Muscular

    • B. 

      Reproductive

    • C. 

      Excretory

    • D. 

      Nervous

    • E. 

      Respiratory

  • 25. 
    BODY SYSTEMS: Serves as a protective covering and helps in regulating the body's temperature; consists of skin, accessory organs such as oil and sweat glands, sensory receptors, hair and nails.
    • A. 

      Reproductive

    • B. 

      Respiratory

    • C. 

      Integumentary

    • D. 

      Nervous

    • E. 

      Skeletal

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