Chapter-12- The Dynamics Of Growth

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Nations have been growing since ages past; this may be through population or through innovations. I you properly understand chapter 12 on the dynamics of growth showing the changes the worlds has undergone? Take up the quiz below and get to find out. Al the best and mark the questions you get wrong.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    As a result of the invention of the cotton gin,

    • A.

      Textiles became a major export

    • B.

      Slavery continued to be profitable

    • C.

      Plantations in the southeast became so profitable that migration to the southwest stopped

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Slavery continued to be profitable
    Explanation
    The invention of the cotton gin revolutionized the cotton industry by making it easier and faster to separate cotton fibers from the seeds. This led to a significant increase in cotton production and subsequently increased the demand for slave labor to work on cotton plantations. Slavery continued to be profitable because the cotton gin made it possible to process larger quantities of cotton, increasing the profitability of plantations and the need for enslaved laborers.

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  • 2. 

    By 1860, a majority of the nation's population

    • A.

      Lived in cities

    • B.

      Resided in New England

    • C.

      Was west of the Appalachian mountains

    • D.

      Still lived along the Atlantic seaborad

    Correct Answer
    C. Was west of the Appalachian mountains
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "was west of the Appalachian mountains." This is because by 1860, a significant portion of the population had migrated and settled in the western regions of the United States, beyond the Appalachian mountains. This movement was driven by factors such as the availability of land, economic opportunities, and the desire for a fresh start in new territories. As a result, the majority of the nation's population had shifted away from the eastern seaboard and towards the western frontier.

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  • 3. 

    Developments in transportation usually occurred in the following order:

    • A.

      Railroads, flatboats, canals, turnpikes

    • B.

      Turnpikes, steamboats, canals, railroads

    • C.

      Turnpikes, canals, flatboats, steamboats

    • D.

      Canals, turnpikes, railroads, steamboats

    Correct Answer
    B. Turnpikes, steamboats, canals, railroads
  • 4. 

    A mechanical reaper to harverst grain was invented by

    • A.

      Samuel F. B. Morse

    • B.

      John Deere

    • C.

      Eli Whitney

    • D.

      Cyrus McCormick

    Correct Answer
    D. Cyrus McCormick
    Explanation
    Cyrus McCormick invented the mechanical reaper to harvest grain.

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  • 5. 

    Opened in 1825, the Erie Canal linked

    • A.

      Lake Erie and the Mississippi

    • B.

      The Great Lakes and Philadelphia

    • C.

      Buffalo and the Hudson River

    • D.

      New York and Philadelphia

    Correct Answer
    C. Buffalo and the Hudson River
    Explanation
    The Erie Canal, opened in 1825, connected Buffalo and the Hudson River. This canal was a major transportation route that allowed goods and people to travel between the Great Lakes and the Hudson River, ultimately providing a direct link between the Midwest and the East Coast.

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  • 6. 

    In the antebellum period, railroads aided the expansion of

    • A.

      Farming more than manufacturing

    • B.

      Manufacturing and farming about equally

    • C.

      Manufacturing more than farming

    • D.

      Neither farming nor manufacturing because railroads remained too expensive and dangerous

    Correct Answer
    A. Farming more than manufacturing
    Explanation
    During the antebellum period, railroads played a crucial role in facilitating the expansion of farming more than manufacturing. The development of railroads allowed farmers to transport their agricultural products to distant markets more efficiently and at lower costs. This enabled farmers to increase their production and reach a wider customer base, leading to the growth of the agricultural industry. On the other hand, while railroads also benefited manufacturing by providing faster transportation of raw materials and finished goods, the impact on farming was more significant due to the heavy reliance of the agricultural sector on transportation for its products.

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  • 7. 

    During the growth of internal improvement, the federal government

    • A.

      Financed the construction of the Erie Canal

    • B.

      Provided bounties to support the building of railroads

    • C.

      Left all governmental assistance up to the individual states

    • D.

      Built some demonstration roads, canals, and railroads

    Correct Answer
    B. Provided bounties to support the building of railroads
    Explanation
    During the growth of internal improvement, the federal government provided bounties to support the building of railroads. This means that the government offered financial incentives or rewards to individuals or companies who were involved in the construction of railroads. This support from the government helped to stimulate the growth and development of the railroad industry, making it more attractive and feasible for private entities to invest in building railroads.

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  • 8. 

    The first telegraph message was transmitted between two cities in

    • A.

      1794

    • B.

      1814

    • C.

      1824

    • D.

      1844

    Correct Answer
    D. 1844
  • 9. 

    One reason factories appeared first in New England was that

    • A.

      The region had failed to succeed in other commerical activities

    • B.

      The states supported early manufacturing with subsidies

    • C.

      Its slaves had little cotton to pick and could work in factories

    • D.

      The profits from its trade provided the needed capital to invest

    Correct Answer
    D. The profits from its trade provided the needed capital to invest
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that the profits from New England's trade provided the needed capital to invest in factories. This means that the region had accumulated enough wealth from its trade activities to finance the establishment of factories.

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  • 10. 

    New England textile mills affected the enviroment because they

    • A.

      Produced hazardous chemicals

    • B.

      Consumed so much cotton

    • C.

      Depended on water power

    • D.

      Emitted noxious gases into the atmosphere

    Correct Answer
    C. Depended on water power
    Explanation
    The New England textile mills affected the environment because they depended on water power. This means that they relied on water as a source of energy to operate their machinery. This had an impact on the environment as it required the construction of dams and canals to divert water for industrial use. It also affected the natural flow of rivers and disrupted aquatic ecosystems. Additionally, the mills' dependence on water power contributed to the depletion of water resources in the region.

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  • 11. 

    As an immigrant ethnic group, the Irish

    • A.

      Came to the United States in greatest numbers in the early 1830's

    • B.

      Brought more proverty to the United States than the Germans

    • C.

      Tended to gravitate to farms in the Midwest

    • D.

      Tended to settle in the larger cities

    Correct Answer
    D. Tended to settle in the larger cities
    Explanation
    The Irish immigrants tended to settle in the larger cities because these urban areas offered more job opportunities and social support networks. The cities provided a chance for the Irish to find work in industries such as manufacturing, construction, and domestic service. Additionally, the larger cities had established Irish communities with churches, schools, and organizations that provided assistance and a sense of community. This concentration in urban areas also allowed the Irish to preserve their cultural identity and traditions.

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  • 12. 

    Immigration into the United States

    • A.

      Was very heavy up to the War of 1812

    • B.

      Increased the most in the years 1845 to 1854

    • C.

      Declined when the cost of passage on ships increased to as much as $300 per passenger

    • D.

      Brought more Italians and Chinese than any other ethnic group prior to the Civil War

    Correct Answer
    B. Increased the most in the years 1845 to 1854
    Explanation
    During the years 1845 to 1854, immigration into the United States increased the most. This period is often referred to as the "Great Migration" due to the significant influx of immigrants during this time. Various factors contributed to this increase, such as economic opportunities, political instability in Europe, and the Irish Potato Famine. These circumstances prompted many individuals to seek better lives in the United States, resulting in a surge in immigration during this particular period.

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  • 13. 

    The Know-Nothing Party was built on

    • A.

      Nativism

    • B.

      Opposition to the growth of professions

    • C.

      Support for the guild system of Labor

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Nativism
    Explanation
    The Know-Nothing Party was built on nativism, which means they advocated for the interests and rights of native-born Americans over immigrants. They believed that immigrants were a threat to American culture, economy, and political system. The party aimed to restrict immigration, especially from Catholic countries such as Ireland and Germany, and to limit the rights and opportunities available to immigrants. Nativism was the central ideology of the Know-Nothing Party, making it the correct answer.

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  • 14. 

    The rise of professions resulted mainly from the

    • A.

      Expansion of education and knowledge

    • B.

      Massive influx of skilled German immigrants

    • C.

      Spread of the population across the continent

    • D.

      Construction of the Erie Canal

    Correct Answer
    A. Expansion of education and knowledge
    Explanation
    The rise of professions can be attributed to the expansion of education and knowledge. As education became more accessible and widespread, individuals were able to acquire specialized skills and knowledge in various fields. This led to the emergence of professional occupations that required higher levels of expertise and training. With the expansion of education, people were able to pursue careers in areas such as medicine, law, engineering, and teaching, among others. The increase in knowledge and expertise in different fields contributed to the growth and development of various professions.

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  • 15. 

    In the decades from 1830 to 1860,

    • A.

      Wealth in the United States was fairly evenly distributed

    • B.

      Distinctions among the socioeconomic classes grew more rigid, even though this was the "age of the common man"

    • C.

      Most people found their material condition to be declining as the Civil War approached

    • D.

      The United States was more egalitarian than it had been in the late 1700's

    Correct Answer
    B. Distinctions among the socioeconomic classes grew more rigid, even though this was the "age of the common man"
    Explanation
    During the decades from 1830 to 1860, distinctions among the socioeconomic classes grew more rigid, contradicting the notion that this period was the "age of the common man." This suggests that while there may have been a focus on promoting equality and democracy during this time, the reality was that wealth and social status became more stratified. This indicates that the idea of the "common man" was not fully realized, and that socioeconomic divisions persisted and intensified during this period.

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  • Mar 19, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 29, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Section32
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