Chapter 9 Nail Structure And Growth

25 Questions | Total Attempts: 6414

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Nail Quizzes & Trivia

Over the years, we’ve grown to accept the biological processes of our bodies without putting much thought into them, but once you start to look into it, you’ll find that it’s quite satisfying to get to know your body and how it works. A good place to start is with your fingernails and toenails! How do they continue to grow at all times and why? What are the individual parts called? Find out in this quiz!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A normal, healthy nail
    • A. 

      Is completelt inflexible

    • B. 

      Has a spotted surface

    • C. 

      Is shiny

    • D. 

      Is white and opaque

  • 2. 
    The portion of the living skin on which the nail plate sits is called the
    • A. 

      Nail bed

    • B. 

      Cuticle

    • C. 

      Matrix

    • D. 

      Ligament

  • 3. 
    The____is the whitish, half-moon shape at the base of the nail
    • A. 

      Sidewall

    • B. 

      Lunula

    • C. 

      Root

    • D. 

      Free edge

  • 4. 
    The part of the nail plate that extends over the tip of the finger or toe is the
    • A. 

      Free edge

    • B. 

      Matrix

    • C. 

      Bed epithelium

    • D. 

      Sidewall

  • 5. 
    A___is a tough band of fibrous tissue that connects bones or holds an organ in place
    • A. 

      Muscle

    • B. 

      Ligament

    • C. 

      Tendon

    • D. 

      Nerve

  • 6. 
    The___is the fold of skin overlapping the side of the nail
    • A. 

      Eponychium

    • B. 

      Hyponnychium

    • C. 

      Nail groove

    • D. 

      Sidewall

  • 7. 
    After an injury, infection, or disease, the natural nail will return to its healthy growth as long as the ____is healthy and undamaged
    • A. 

      Lateral nail fold

    • B. 

      Lunula

    • C. 

      Matrix

    • D. 

      Nail plate

  • 8. 
    Replacement of the natural fingernail usually takes about
    • A. 

      6-8months

    • B. 

      4-6 months

    • C. 

      4-8 weeks

    • D. 

      2-8 months

  • 9. 
    The finger nail on the ____typically grows slowest
    • A. 

      Thumb

    • B. 

      Middle finger

    • C. 

      Pinkie finger

    • D. 

      Index finger

  • 10. 
    The nail has a water content between
    • A. 

      10 and 15 percent

    • B. 

      1 and 5 percent

    • C. 

      20 and 45 percent

    • D. 

      15 and 25 percent

  • 11. 
    The natural nail is an appendage of the
    • A. 

      Dermis

    • B. 

      Epidermis

    • C. 

      Skin

    • D. 

      Skeleton

  • 12. 
    The appearance of the nails can reflect the general health of the
    • A. 

      Body

    • B. 

      Skin

    • C. 

      Muscular system

    • D. 

      Skeletal system

  • 13. 
    The____is relatively porous and will allow water to pass through
    • A. 

      Nail bed

    • B. 

      Matrix

    • C. 

      Nail plate

    • D. 

      Eponychium

  • 14. 
    The matrix contains
    • A. 

      Lymph and blood vessels

    • B. 

      Nerves, lymph, and blood vessels

    • C. 

      Water and blood vessels

    • D. 

      Water, lymph, and blood vessels

  • 15. 
    Tissue that adheres directly to the natural nail plate but which can be easily removed with gentle scraping is
    • A. 

      Ligament

    • B. 

      Hyponychium

    • C. 

      Eponychium

    • D. 

      Cuticle

  • 16. 
    Cosmetologists are allowed to___the eponychium
    • A. 

      Cut

    • B. 

      Trim

    • C. 

      Push back

    • D. 

      File

  • 17. 
    Cuticle moisturizes, softeners, and conditioners are not designed to treat the
    • A. 

      Cuticle

    • B. 

      Nail plate

    • C. 

      Sidewall

    • D. 

      Hyponychium

  • 18. 
    Toenails are thicker and harder then fingernails because the____of the toenail is longer than that of the fingernail
    • A. 

      Nail bed

    • B. 

      Matrix

    • C. 

      Lunula

    • D. 

      Eponychium

  • 19. 
    Unlike healthy hair, healthy nails are not ____periodically
    • A. 

      Cut

    • B. 

      Cleaned

    • C. 

      Shed

    • D. 

      Maintained

  • 20. 
    It takes about___for toenails to be fully replaced
    • A. 

      3-6 months

    • B. 

      6-9 months

    • C. 

      9 months to 1 year

    • D. 

      1 year to 15 months

  • 21. 
    The living skin at the base of the natural nail plate that covers the matrix area is the
    • A. 

      Eponychium

    • B. 

      Hyponychium

    • C. 

      Cuticle

    • D. 

      Lunula

  • 22. 
    The thin layer of tissue between the nail plate and the nail bed is the
    • A. 

      Bed eponychium

    • B. 

      Bed epithelium

    • C. 

      Lateral nail fold

    • D. 

      Onyx

  • 23. 
    The slightly thickened layer of skin that lies between the fingertip and free edge of the natural nail plate is the
    • A. 

      Epithelium

    • B. 

      Eponychium

    • C. 

      Sidewall

    • D. 

      Hyponychium

  • 24. 
    The dead, colorless tissue attached to the natural nail plate is known as the
    • A. 

      Nail bed

    • B. 

      Nail fold

    • C. 

      Nail groove

    • D. 

      Nail cuticle

  • 25. 
    The___is the area where the nail plate cells are formed
    • A. 

      Cuticle

    • B. 

      Lunula

    • C. 

      Matrix

    • D. 

      Free edge

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