Chapter 9 - Lifespan Development

46 Questions | Total Attempts: 495

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Nursing Quizzes & Trivia

From Foundations of Nursing (6th Ed) by Christensen and Kockrow, pages 180-217. For any questions and other trial tests similar to this, please email [email protected] Com


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Number of years an individual will live based on the average for others with similar characteristics
    • A. 

      Mortality

    • B. 

      Life expectancy

    • C. 

      Morbidity

    • D. 

      Death rate

  • 2. 
    The number of deaths before the first year of life
    • A. 

      Death rate

    • B. 

      Infant mortality rate

    • C. 

      Infant morbidity rate

    • D. 

      Demographics

  • 3. 
    Development is a lifelong process that begins at ____________, the beginning of pregnancy, and ends with ___________. 
    • A. 

      Meiosis, old age

    • B. 

      0 month, 100 years old

    • C. 

      Sexual intercourse, a funeral

    • D. 

      Conception (fertilization), death

  • 4. 
    Which of the following principles of growth and development (G&D) is not true?
    • A. 

      G&D proceeds at a highly individualized rate that varies from person to person. Do not expect two people to react in the same manner to the same stimuli

    • B. 

      G&D are continuous and interdependent processes characterized by spurts of growth and periods of rest

    • C. 

      G&D proceed from the simple to the complex in a predictable sequence

    • D. 

      G&D vary for specific structures at specific times. IN other words, not all organs grow and develop at the same rate; for example, the ovaries in the female and the testes in the male do not mature until puberty

    • E. 

      G&D are sequential stages that involve a person in segments of his chronological age. The person grows physically, socially, mentally, and emotionally.

  • 5. 
    In relation to chromosomes, what is the difference between a sperm and an ovum?
    • A. 

      Ovum always carries a Y chromosome. Sperm sometimes carries both X and Y chromosome. The presence of X chromosome in the sperm that fertilizes the ovum means that the baby will be male

    • B. 

      Sperm always carries a X chromosome. Ovum sometimes carries both X and Y chromosome. The presence of Y chromosome in the sperm that fertilizes the ovum means that the baby will be male

    • C. 

      Ovum always carries an X chromosome. Sperm sometimes carries both X and Y chromosome. The presence of Y chromosome in the sperm that fertilizes the ovum means that the baby will be male

    • D. 

      Zygotes always carries an X chromosome. Embryos sometimes carries both X and Y chromosome. The presence of Y chromosome in the sperm that fertilizes the ovum means that the baby will be male

  • 6. 
    What does smoking do to pregnancy? Select all that apply:
    • A. 

      5 to 25% of unfavorable outcomes of pregnancy is because of smoking

    • B. 

      Nicotine has been found out the cause of infant bone deformity

    • C. 

      It is suggested that smoking increases the incidence of low birth weight babies

    • D. 

      Smoking leaves intractable stain in the infants lungs

  • 7. 
    Basic functions of a family include the following: Select all that apply 
    • A. 

      Protection

    • B. 

      Nurturance

    • C. 

      Education

    • D. 

      Sustenance

    • E. 

      Socialization

  • 8. 
    Causes of family stress. Select all that apply 
    • A. 

      Chronic illness

    • B. 

      Working mothers

    • C. 

      Abuse

    • D. 

      Divorce

    • E. 

      Birthday parties and first communion

  • 9. 
    Common signs of stress in children. Select all that apply:
    • A. 

      Mood swings, acting out behavior

    • B. 

      Change in eating or sleeping patterns

    • C. 

      Frequent stomach aches, headaches or other unexplained somatic complaints

    • D. 

      Excessive clinging to parents

    • E. 

      Thumb-sucking, bed wetting; regression to an early stage of development

  • 10. 
    According to Piaget, which stage develops thinking and goal directed behevior
    • A. 

      Sensorimotor

    • B. 

      Preoperational

    • C. 

      Concrete operational

    • D. 

      Formal operational

  • 11. 
    Based on Piaget's theory, which group develops more logical and intuitive thinking? 
    • A. 

      Sensorimotor

    • B. 

      Preoperational

    • C. 

      Concrete operational

    • D. 

      Formal operational

  • 12. 
    Based on Piaget's theory, which group recognizes cause and effect relationships?
    • A. 

      Sensorimotor

    • B. 

      Preoperational

    • C. 

      Concrete operational

    • D. 

      Formal operational

  • 13. 
    According to Piaget's theory, this group focuses on a single aspect of an object, producing some distortion of reality. They also gain an imaginative ability. And gradually begins to become less egocentric and understands other points of view.
    • A. 

      Sensorimotor

    • B. 

      Preoperational

    • C. 

      Concrete operational

    • D. 

      Formal operational

  • 14. 
    Piaget claims that according to his theory, this group learns to identify behavior outcome and understands basic ideas of conversation, number classification, and other concrete ideas:
    • A. 

      Sensorimotor

    • B. 

      Preoperational

    • C. 

      Concrete operational

    • D. 

      Formal operational

  • 15. 
    What is the pattern of growth from 1 month to a year?
    • A. 

      First Cephalocaudal, then proximodistal

    • B. 

      First proximodistal, the cephalocaudal

    • C. 

      First lateral, then parenteral

    • D. 

      First the bones, then the skin

  • 16. 
    Which of the following statements is NOT TRUE about an infant's weight growth?
    • A. 

      The infant usually doubles his or her birth weight by 4 to 6 months

    • B. 

      By the time the baby is 1 year old, his weight has tripled.

    • C. 

      Infant is expected to gain about 1.5 pounds per month until 5 months

    • D. 

      Most of the weight gain in the first month of life is fat

    • E. 

      After 8 months, weight gain includes water retention

  • 17. 
    How does Erikson define the task of the infant?
    • A. 

      Work vs rest

    • B. 

      Industry vs guilt

    • C. 

      Basic trust vs mistrust

    • D. 

      Play vs learn

  • 18. 
    The following statements pertain to the intellectual and developmental growth of an infant. Select all that apply
    • A. 

      The infant uses senses to learn about self and environment

    • B. 

      Infant learns by exploration of objects and events and by interaction

    • C. 

      Piaget describes the infant as being in the SENSORIMOTOR stage

    • D. 

      The infant develops an image or schema and assimilates and interprets the information.

    • E. 

      Beginning at 8 months, infants show anxiety when they are separated from their primary caregiver; by 9 months most children will show alarm at the presence of a stranger.

  • 19. 
    Studies on children ages 5 to 30 months who had good attachment relationships showed that they experienced a predictable behavior pattern following separation. What is t?
    • A. 

      Isolation

    • B. 

      Abandonment

    • C. 

      Separation anxiety

    • D. 

      Mistrust

  • 20. 
    Which of the following statements on infant nutrition is not true?
    • A. 

      Breast milk or formula is the only food most babies need until they are about 4 to 6 months

    • B. 

      Newborns should be fed when hungry

    • C. 

      Signs of overfeeding include vomiting and watery stools

    • D. 

      Signs of underfeeding includes permanent wrinkling of the skin

  • 21. 
    During the first 6 months, there are certain foods that need to be avoided since they are mostly identified as allergy-producing substances. All of the food below should be avoided except for what?
    • A. 

      Citrus fruits

    • B. 

      Egg whites

    • C. 

      Milk

    • D. 

      Wheat flour

  • 22. 
    Which of the following are applicable rules for infants with regards to solid foods. Select all that apply:
    • A. 

      Introduce only one new food at a time, allowing several days between new foods

    • B. 

      Introduce cereals first, fruits and vegetables next, and meats last

    • C. 

      Avoid mixing foods to allow the infant to develop interest in different foods and tastes.

    • D. 

      Full term infants need an iron supplement in their diet

  • 23. 
    Infants do not require additional fluids, especially water or juice, during the first 4 months of life.  
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    By age 8 to 9 months, most babies master eating mashed or junior foods. By 9 months, suggest using a training cup and begin the process of weaning
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 25. 
    Sleep patterns of newborns and infants. Select all that apply:
    • A. 

      Newborns and infants sleep 18 hours out of 24. They consist of short nap-like periods

    • B. 

      It is normal for an infant to make noises during this period

    • C. 

      By the end of the first year, infant will usually sleep 12 hours at night and take one nap during the day

    • D. 

      Formerly known as crib death, sudden infant death syndromes (SIDS) appears to peak 12 to 24 months after birth

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