Lifespan Development - Chapters 13 & 14 Quiz

20 Questions | Total Attempts: 221

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Lifespan Development - Chapters 13 & 14 Quiz - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of these age-related changes is primarily a consequence of secondary aging?
    • A. 

      Wrinkles

    • B. 

      Thinning of hair

    • C. 

      Obesity

    • D. 

      Lowered fertility in women

  • 2. 
    Which of the following best summarizes the differences between men's and women's brains in young adulthood?
    • A. 

      The corpus callosum develops faster in young men than in young women.

    • B. 

      The distribution of glial cells is markedly different between young men and women.

    • C. 

      The sex differences that were seen in childhood and adolescence become less pronounced in young adulthood.

    • D. 

      The amount, distribution, and ratio of gray matter to white matter differs between men and women in young adulthood.

  • 3. 
    Which statement about aging and the immune system is true?
    • A. 

      The thymus gland's ability to maintain immune functioning declines.

    • B. 

      The body produces more B and T cells than it needs as adults get older.

    • C. 

      The immune system's functioning improves with age.

    • D. 

      Research shows that declines in immune functioning are entirely due to secondary aging.

  • 4. 
    Which of the following best describes changes in reproductive functioning as men age?
    • A. 

      The quality of sperm does not change as men get older.

    • B. 

      Lower sperm counts in men are almost always related to some kind of disease or adverse condition.

    • C. 

      Men produce more sperm as they age.

    • D. 

      At age 70, reproductive ability ends.

  • 5. 
    Which of the following statements related to STDs is true?
    • A. 

      The prevalence of gonorrhea has increased considerably in recent years.

    • B. 

      Syphilis rates have decreased dramatically since 2002.

    • C. 

      Bacterial STDs are cause by microorganisms that can be eradicated with antibiotic medications.

    • D. 

      Men are about three times as likely as women to suffer from chlamydia.

  • 6. 
    Which of the following is an episode of partner abuse that involves the use of physical coercion to force a person to engage in a sexual act against his or her will?
    • A. 

      Battery

    • B. 

      Intimate partner abuse

    • C. 

      Battery

    • D. 

      Sexual violence

  • 7. 
    Which category of psychological disorders occurs most frequently in early adulthood?
    • A. 

      Anxiety disorders

    • B. 

      Mood disorders

    • C. 

      Schizophrenia

    • D. 

      Personality disorders

  • 8. 
    Rates of substance abuse are much higher for ___________ than for other addictive substances.
    • A. 

      Cocaine

    • B. 

      Marijuana

    • C. 

      Alcohol

    • D. 

      Narcotics

  • 9. 
    Reflective judgment is
    • A. 

      The ability to identify the underlying assumptions of differing perspectives on controversial issues

    • B. 

      A type of thinking that is associated with a hypothesized fifth stage of cognitive development

    • C. 

      A form of thought that involves recognition and acceptance of paradox and uncertainty

    • D. 

      An idea that some propositions cannot be adequately described as either true or false

  • 10. 
    One reason that females get higher grades than males in college may be that
    • A. 

      Getting good grades is part of a feminine gender identity

    • B. 

      Women are more likely than men to engage in binge drinking

    • C. 

      Female students are more likely to select majors and courses that match their abilities and interests

    • D. 

      Men get lower scores on college entrance exams

  • 11. 
    In Erikson's developmental theory, the goal for young adults is to establish ___________, or the capacity to engage in a supportive, affectionate relationship without losing one's own sense of self.
    • A. 

      Intimacy

    • B. 

      Isolation

    • C. 

      Identity

    • D. 

      Industry

  • 12. 
    All of the following are elements of evolutionary theories of mate selection EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Women choose mates more slowly and carefully than men

    • B. 

      Men prefer mates who are younger and physically attractive, and women prefer mates who have financial resources

    • C. 

      Women invest more than men in childbearing and parenting

    • D. 

      Both women and men are likely to select mates who are opposite in key characteristics (e.g., religion, age, ethnicity)

  • 13. 
    Which of the following is FALSE with regard to marriage?
    • A. 

      In the U.S., one-third of first marriages end before the 10th anniversary

    • B. 

      Couples who cohabit before marriage are less likely to divorce

    • C. 

      Low levels of relationship satisfaction are often attributable to factors that were present before the marriage

    • D. 

      Relationship satisfaction decline after the birth of a child.

  • 14. 
    Kate and Shawn are a married couple.  They argue frequently and neither listen very well.  Still, they get along well most of the time and neither have thoughts of getting divorced.  According to John Gottman, what term would best describe Kate and Shawn?
    • A. 

      Volatile couple

    • B. 

      Disengaged couple

    • C. 

      Validating couple

    • D. 

      Avoidant couple

  • 15. 
    Compared to peers who are married, single young adults are
    • A. 

      Healthier

    • B. 

      More satisfied with their lives

    • C. 

      Less autonomous

    • D. 

      More reliant upon their families of origin for psychological and emotional intimacy

  • 16. 
    Which of the following is NOT true of gay and lesbian relationships?
    • A. 

      Sexual fidelity is more important to gay couples than to lesbian couples

    • B. 

      The same variables that predict satisfaction among heterosexual couples also predict among gay and lesbian couples

    • C. 

      Gay and lesbian partners are more often dependent on each other for social support than men and women in heterosexual partnerships

    • D. 

      Gay and lesbian couples are more egalitarian (equal) than heterosexual couples are

  • 17. 
    What is the most reliable predictor of postpartum depression?
    • A. 

      Depression during pregnancy

    • B. 

      Prenatal hormone deficiency

    • C. 

      An unplanned pregnancy

    • D. 

      Difficulty during the pregnancy

  • 18. 
    Greg is the "strong silent type" who prefers work that does not require him to interact with others, as he doesn't have great interpersonal skills.  He is very skilled with hand and power tools, and enjoys his job as an auto mechanic.  According to Holland, what is Greg's personality type?
    • A. 

      Conventional

    • B. 

      Artistic

    • C. 

      Investigative

    • D. 

      Realistic

  • 19. 
    Andre's company uses flextime, in where employees are allowed to create their own work schedules but at certain times, must be present.  Andre's work conditions are part of a trend called
    • A. 

      Come-and-Go hours

    • B. 

      The Quality of Work-Life Movement

    • C. 

      The Family First Initiative

    • D. 

      Innovative Scheduling

  • 20. 
    When comparing women's jobs with men's jobs, which of the following statements is MOST accurate?
    • A. 

      Men's jobs tend to be less varied but higher in both status and income.

    • B. 

      Women's jobs are concentrated in service occupations that are typically lower in status and pay

    • C. 

      75% of all working women hold clerical jobs

    • D. 

      The job stereotypes of the past have pretty much been eliminated

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