Chapter 9 Lifespan Development

31 Questions | Total Attempts: 912

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Chapter 9 Lifespan Development

Quiz derived from material in 5th edition of Hockenbury & Hockenbury; chapter 9 (lifespan development)


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The stage of development before birth is called_______________
    • A. 

      Germinal period

    • B. 

      Prenatal stage

    • C. 

      Fetal period

    • D. 

      Embryonic period

  • 2. 
    List the three periods of the prenatal stage:
  • 3. 
    The first two weeks of the prenatal state is called the ____________ period
    • A. 

      Embryonic

    • B. 

      Fetal

    • C. 

      Germinal

  • 4. 
    Period during which the zygote undergoes rapid cell division before becoming implanted on the wall of the mother's uterus.
    • A. 

      Germinal

    • B. 

      Embryonic

    • C. 

      Prenatal

    • D. 

      Fetal

  • 5. 
    The _____________ period begins with week 3 and extends through week 8 of prenatal development.
    • A. 

      Embryonic

    • B. 

      Germinal

    • C. 

      Zygotic

  • 6. 
    Prenatal period during which rapid growth and intensive cell differentiation, the organs major systems of the body form. The initial development of the sex organs is also triggered.
    • A. 

      Germinal

    • B. 

      Embryonic

    • C. 

      Fetal

  • 7. 
    The umbilical cord is housed in the_______________
    • A. 

      Placenta

    • B. 

      Teratogens

    • C. 

      Amniotic sac

    • D. 

      Embryo

  • 8. 
    The third month heralds the beginning of the ________ period.
    • A. 

      Fetal

    • B. 

      Germinal

    • C. 

      Prenatal

    • D. 

      Embryonic

  • 9. 
    The strange situation procedure is associated with which psychologist?
    • A. 

      Jean Piaget

    • B. 

      Mary D. salter Ainsworth

    • C. 

      Eric Erikson

    • D. 

      Lev Vygotsky

  • 10. 
    Developmental psychologist Jay Belsky showed that infants under a year old were more likely to demonstrate _______ attachment if the experienced over 30 hours of day care per week.
    • A. 

      Secure

    • B. 

      No

    • C. 

      Insecure

    • D. 

      Extreme

  • 11. 
    According to psychologist ____________________, children progress through four distinct cognitive stages: Sensorimotor Stage Preoperational Stage Concrete Operational StageFormal Operational Stage
    • A. 

      Mary D. Salter Ainsworth

    • B. 

      Erik Erikson

    • C. 

      Lev Vygotsky

    • D. 

      Jean Piaget

  • 12. 
    In Piaget's theory, the first stage of cognitive development, from birth to about age 2; the period during which the infnat explores the environment and acquires knowledge through sensing and manipulating objects.
    • A. 

      Preoperational stage

    • B. 

      Sensorimotor stage

    • C. 

      Concrete operational stage

    • D. 

      Formal operational stage

  • 13. 
    By the end of the _____________ stage, object permanence has developed.
    • A. 

      Preoperational

    • B. 

      Formal operational

    • C. 

      Concrete operational

    • D. 

      Sensorimotor stage

  • 14. 
    A children using their imagination to play are in the __________ stage, in Piaget's theory.
    • A. 

      Preoperational

    • B. 

      Sensormotor

    • C. 

      Concrete operational

    • D. 

      Formal operational

  • 15. 
    In Piaget's theory, the second stage of cognitive development, which lasts from about age 2 to age 7; characterized by increasing use of symbols and prelogical thought.
    • A. 

      Sensorimotor stage

    • B. 

      Preoperational stage

    • C. 

      Concrete operational stage

    • D. 

      Fornmal operational stage

  • 16. 
    Children often display egocentrism during the ____________ stage in Piaget's theory.
    • A. 

      Preoperational

    • B. 

      Sensorimotor

    • C. 

      Concrete operational

    • D. 

      Formal operational

  • 17. 
    In Piaget's theory, egocentrism, irreversibility, and centration are prominent during the____________ stage.
    • A. 

      Sensorimotor

    • B. 

      Concrete operational

    • C. 

      Preoperational

    • D. 

      Formal operational

  • 18. 
    In Piaget's theory, children become fully capable of logical thought during the ________ stage, however they still have difficulty thinking logically with abstract ideas and hypothetical situations.  
    • A. 

      Preoperational

    • B. 

      Sensorimotor

    • C. 

      Concrete operational

    • D. 

      Formal operational

  • 19. 
    In Piaget's theory, the fourth stage of cognitive development, which lasts from adolescence through adulthood; characterized by the ability to think logically about abstract principles and hypothetical situtations.
    • A. 

      Preoperational stage

    • B. 

      Concrete operational stage

    • C. 

      Formal operational stage

    • D. 

      Sensorimotor stage

  • 20. 
    Psychologist who showed that infants as young as 2 1/2 months of age display object permanence, more than six months earlier than the age at which Piaget believed infants first showed evidence of object permanence.
    • A. 

      Mary D. Salter Ainsworth

    • B. 

      Erik Erikson

    • C. 

      Renne Baillargeon

    • D. 

      Lev Vygotsky

  • 21. 
    Psychologist who believed that cognitive development is strongly influenced by social and cultural factors, and who developed the idea of the zone proximal development.
    • A. 

      Lev Vygotsky

    • B. 

      Jean Piaget

    • C. 

      Renee Baillargeon

    • D. 

      Erik Erikson

  • 22. 
    The model that views cognitive development as a process that studies the development of basic mental processes such as attention, memory, and problem solving.
    • A. 

      Information-processing model of cognitive development

    • B. 

      Developmental thinking model

    • C. 

      Cognitive growth model

  • 23. 
    Boys and girls raised in father-absent homes experienced ____________physical development.
    • A. 

      Slowed

    • B. 

      Normal

    • C. 

      Accelerated

  • 24. 
    Impulsive behaviors in teenagers is caused by______________
    • A. 

      Raging hormones

    • B. 

      Sexual aggression

    • C. 

      Problems with parents

    • D. 

      Parts of the brain that are responsible for exercising judgment are still maturing.

  • 25. 
    The conflictive relationship between parents and adolescents differ dramatically between collectivistic and non-collectivistic cultures.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

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