US 1 Chapter 8 Practice Test

20 Questions | Total Attempts: 188

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US 1 Chapter 8 Practice Test

Masconomet American History I - Semester 2 Final Exam Review - Chapter 8 Practice Test


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Beginning in the early 1800s and continuing through the presidency of Andrew Jackson, ordinary citizens became a greater political force.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 2. 
    Andrew Jackson was hard working, intelligent, and highly educated.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    William Henry Harrison was a simple frontiersman.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    In the 1800s, Irish and German immigrants stirred feelings of nativism among Americans because the immigrants were mostly Catholic.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    Supporters believed that national nominating conventions would give more political power to the
    • A. 

      Political parties.

    • B. 

      Smaller states.

    • C. 

      Political bosses.

    • D. 

      People.

  • 6. 
    The Whig party advocated
    • A. 

      expanding the federal government.

    • B. 

      Preserving states' rights.

    • C. 

      Limiting commercial development.

    • D. 

      Lowering tariffs.

  • 7. 
    Most German immigrants arriving between 1815 and 1860 settled in the
    • A. 

      Northeast.

    • B. 

      Midwest.

    • C. 

      South.

    • D. 

      Southeast.

  • 8. 
    The new revivalism of the early 1800s rejected the traditional Calvinist idea that
    • A. 

      All people could attain grace through faith.

    • B. 

      Only a chosen few were predestined for salvation.

    • C. 

      People were born sinful.

    • D. 

      Each person contained the capacity for spiritual rebirth and salvation.

  • 9. 
    The peoople who formed utopian communities believed that
    • A. 

      Society tended to corrupt humans.

    • B. 

      Humans were basicly bad.

    • C. 

      Government must be reformed.

    • D. 

      People needed more faith.

  • 10. 
    Underlying the prison reform movement was a belief in
    • A. 

      Educating prisoners to make them better citizens when they got out.

    • B. 

      Rehabilitating prisoners rather than just locking them up.

    • C. 

      Relaxing the harsh discipline to make prisons more humane.

    • D. 

      Bringing criminals back to God.

  • 11. 
    The first step in gradualism approach to ending slavery was to
    • A. 

      Phase out slavery in the North.

    • B. 

      Phase out slavery in the Lower South.

    • C. 

      Stop new slaves from being brought into the country.

    • D. 

      Phase out slavery in the Upper South.

  • 12. 
    In the North, citizens __________ the abolitionist movement.
    • A. 

      Supported

    • B. 

      Opposed

    • C. 

      Were indifferent to

    • D. 

      Held a wide range of views on

  • 13. 
    Andrew Jackson suported the spoils eystem because he believed it
    • A. 

      Brought into government the country's most educated people.

    • B. 

      Opened up government to more ordinary people.

    • C. 

      Encouraged good workers to stay in their government jobs.

    • D. 

      Attracted young thinkers into public service.

  • 14. 
    Large numbers of Irish immigrants began leaving their homeland in 1845 because
    • A. 

      They were seeking religious freedom.

    • B. 

      They were fleeing political turmoil.

    • C. 

      They were fleeing famine in Ireland.

    • D. 

      They were seeking better-paying jobs.

  • 15. 
    Romanticism emphasized all of the following EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Feeling over reason.

    • B. 

      Inner sirituality over external rules.

    • C. 

      Society over the individual.

    • D. 

      Nature over environments created by humans.

  • 16. 
    During the reform movement of the mid-1800s, the phrase "take the pledge" meant
    • A. 

      Committing to improve oneselt.

    • B. 

      Officially joining a church.

    • C. 

      Giving up liquor.

    • D. 

      Promising to be faithful.

  • 17. 
    Normal schools were established in the early 1800s to
    • A. 

      Teach all children how to read.

    • B. 

      Train teachers.

    • C. 

      Educate women.

    • D. 

      Educate African American children.

  • 18. 
    Abolitionist _____________ once told an audience that he was a theif and a robber because he "stole this head, these limbs, this body from my master, and ran off with them."
    • A. 

      Theodore Weld

    • B. 

      Frederick Douglass

    • C. 

      William Lloyd Garrison

    • D. 

      Nat Turner

  • 19. 
    Several states in the North passed "personal liberty laws" that
    • A. 

      Freed enslaved African Americans in the state.

    • B. 

      Protected abolitionists from mob attacks.

    • C. 

      Allowed abolitionists to express their opinions in their publications.

    • D. 

      Restricted slave recapture.

  • 20. 
    According to the map above, which Southern state had the lowest percentage of African American population in 1820?
    • A. 

      Arkansas

    • B. 

      Kentucky

    • C. 

      Florida

    • D. 

      Tennessee

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