Chapter 8 Human Variation: Biological Diversity And Race

26 Questions

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Chapter 8 Human Variation: Biological Diversity And Race

The questions in this quiz are not of my creation. They are solely used as study material.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    • A. 

      Subspecies

    • B. 

      Species

    • C. 

      Cline

    • D. 

      Ethnic group

  • 2. 
    • A. 

      Being in discrete clusters

    • B. 

      Being specifically geared to environmental conditions

    • C. 

      A continuum of gradual change

    • D. 

      Completely random with little or no regularity

  • 3. 
    • A. 

      Folk taxonomy

    • B. 

      Cline

    • C. 

      Racial classification

    • D. 

      Discordance

  • 4. 
    • A. 

      Subspecies

    • B. 

      Races

    • C. 

      Clines

    • D. 

      Semispecies

  • 5. 
    • A. 

      Population that is isolated from others but still capable of interbreeding

    • B. 

      Species that looks nearly the same as related species

    • C. 

      A race within a species, like the races of humans

    • D. 

      A group that may or may not be a separate species but can be tested

  • 6. 
    • A. 

      The races of humans

    • B. 

      Breeds of dogs

    • C. 

      Caribou and reindeer

    • D. 

      Humans and chimpanzees

  • 7. 
    • A. 

      Specialized skin cells that produce melanin

    • B. 

      Cancerous skin cells caused by too much exposure to UV radiation

    • C. 

      Particles of melanin

    • D. 

      The genes that code for melanin production

  • 8. 
    • A. 

      An increased number of melanocytes

    • B. 

      An increase in the number of dark skin cells

    • C. 

      Genetic changes that permanently darken the skin

    • D. 

      Increased melanin production by the melanocytes

  • 9. 
    • A. 

      Latitude

    • B. 

      Ultraviolet radiation

    • C. 

      Altitude

    • D. 

      Hickness of the atmosphere UV radiation passes through

  • 10. 
    • A. 

      Light skin is generally better adapted to a wider variety of conditions

    • B. 

      Light skin is sometimes necessary for the production of vitamin D

    • C. 

      Light skin may be less prone to damage from cold

    • D. 

      Light skin provides better protection from overheating

  • 11. 
    • A. 

      In discrete units

    • B. 

      In categories that coincide with major continental masses

    • C. 

      As a cline

    • D. 

      Similarly in both the northern and southern hemispheres

  • 12. 
    • A. 

      Corresponds to latitude

    • B. 

      Corresponds to climatic factors

    • C. 

      Coincides with the distribution of skin color

    • D. 

      Appears random with regard to any obvious factor

  • 13. 
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      AB

    • D. 

      O

  • 14. 
    • A. 

      Ultraviolet radiation

    • B. 

      No adaptive factor

    • C. 

      Susceptibility and resistance to disease

    • D. 

      Racial group

  • 15. 
    • A. 

      Our culture

    • B. 

      Rules of endogamy

    • C. 

      Mobility and gene flow

    • D. 

      Variety of environmental conditions under which our populations live

  • 16. 
    Which of the following is NOT a reason why we say that human races don't exist on a biological level?
    • A. 

      Our species displays a great deal of gene flow

    • B. 

      Our species is genetically very homogeneous

    • C. 

      Recognizing race leads to social inequalities

    • D. 

      Because of culture, we all share a similar basic environment

  • 17. 
    • A. 

      25%

    • B. 

      50%

    • C. 

      75%

    • D. 

      99% +

  • 18. 
    • A. 

      The concept is important only in modern industrial societies

    • B. 

      It is found only among very primitive cultures

    • C. 

      Race only has meaning in scientific Western cultures

    • D. 

      It is an example of a set of cultural categories

  • 19. 
    • A. 

      European racial categories and attitudes

    • B. 

      Categories invented here during the colonial and slave periods

    • C. 

      African and Asian racial taxonomies

    • D. 

      The scientific study of human biological diversity

  • 20. 
    • A. 

      Any recognition of biological differences within our species

    • B. 

      Any failure to ignore differences among human populations

    • C. 

      Judging an individual solely on the basis of his or her racial affiliation

    • D. 

      Any social politcy that involves differential treatment of individuals

  • 21. 
    • A. 

      They were almost totally isolated from other human societies

    • B. 

      They were inherently less intelligent

    • C. 

      They were less biologically evolved than most other human groups

    • D. 

      They had considerably smaller brains than other populations

  • 22. 
    • A. 

      It has a more beneficial climate

    • B. 

      The people there were always more culturally advanced

    • C. 

      The land mass is larger

    • D. 

      They could move greater distances without changing latitudes

  • 23. 
    The process of diffusion accounts for what percent of a society’s cultural inventory on average?
    • A. 

      90%

    • B. 

      75%

    • C. 

      25%

    • D. 

      10%

  • 24. 
    • A. 

      Inventiveness of the people within a culture

    • B. 

      Access to other cultures and their ideas and inventions

    • C. 

      Degree of intelligence among a society's people

    • D. 

      Distance from the equator, colder conditions promoting more complexity

  • 25. 
    • A. 

      Biological

    • B. 

      Genetic

    • C. 

      Completely nonexistent

    • D. 

      Cultural

  • 26. 
    IQ tests are said to have "reified" intelligence.  This means that IQ tests:
    • A. 

      Are a real way to measure a person's innate intelligence

    • B. 

      Have provided a way of finally understanding the nature of intelligence

    • C. 

      Made intelligence seem like a real thing

    • D. 

      Reduced a complex idea into a single entity, in this case a number