Biology Quizzes Exam 4

48 Questions | Total Attempts: 352

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Biology Quizzes Exam 4

BIO 105


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Evolution is accepted as both scientific fact and theory. The scientific fact is:
    • A. 

      that evolution has occurred and contiunes to occur.

    • B. 

      the mechanism(s) by which evolution occurs

    • C. 

      that only natural selection can explain any evolutionary change

  • 2. 
    For what is Jean Baptiste de Lamarck noted?
    • A. 

      The theory of evolution by means of natural selection.

    • B. 

      Naming the dinosaurs as a group.

    • C. 

      Evolution by inheritance of acquired characteristics.

    • D. 

      An early version of the Hardy-Weinberg Theorem

  • 3. 
    Variation that shows many intergrading traits in a population between two extremes (for example, light to dark with lots of shade in between) is called
    • A. 

      Natural variation

    • B. 

      Continuous variation

    • C. 

      Discontinuous variation

    • D. 

      Hardy-Weinberg variation.

  • 4. 
    In a population of flowers of about equal numbers of various colors, a new aggressive species bees prefer to gather nectar (and thus pollinate) from white flowers. Other bees are driven off. After a period time, the population of flowers has almost all white flowers. this is an example of:
    • A. 

      Stabilizing selection

    • B. 

      directional selection

    • C. 

      Diversifying (disruptive) selection

    • D. 

      Inheritance of acquire characteristics

  • 5. 
    Which of the following did Miller demonstrate in his experiments?
    • A. 

      That a cell could arise by randon natural processes.

    • B. 

      That the earliest fossils known were actually inorgamic artifacts

    • C. 

      That organic molecules could arise spontaneously from nonorganic chemicals when an energy source is applied in a simulated early Earth atmosphere.

    • D. 

      That the early Earth atmosphere contained oxygen gas in about the same percentage as today

  • 6. 
    A meteor was found that shows evidence supporting the idea that life once existed on
    • A. 

      Jupiter

    • B. 

      Comets

    • C. 

      Venus

    • D. 

      Mars

  • 7. 
    Allopatric speciation begins with
    • A. 

      Geographic isolation of a population of a species.

    • B. 

      A change in chromosome number of one member of a population

    • C. 

      Natural selection within a large population of a species.

    • D. 

      widespread dispersal and interbereeding of popualtions of a species

  • 8. 
    The Hardy-Weinberg Theorem shows that a population, if in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium, will
    • A. 

      Show directional change in gene frequency

    • B. 

      show no overall change in gene frequency over time.

    • C. 

      have only common alleles (genes) and all rare alleles will become extinct

    • D. 

      Never be able to unergo natural selection

  • 9. 
    The level of evolution that deals with the origin of variation within living things is
    • A. 

      Physical evolution

    • B. 

      Chemical evolution

    • C. 

      Biological evolution

    • D. 

      cultural evolution

  • 10. 
    Microevolution involves
    • A. 

      Change in populations.

    • B. 

      Increase in fitness

    • C. 

      Natural selection

    • D. 

      Adaptation.

  • 11. 
    The four parts of Darwin's Theory of Evolution are reproduction, variation, struggle for existence, and natural selection
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    In the evolution controversy, the central issue seems to be
    • A. 

      the existence of species

    • B. 

      The interpretation of Chapters 1 and 2 of the book of Genesis

    • C. 

      acceptance or rejection of panspermia as an explanation of the origin of life.

    • D. 

      the acceptance or rejection of the concept of the niche.

  • 13. 
    Which of the following positions would most likely hold that the Earth is no more that 10,000 years old?
    • A. 

      Young Earth Creationism

    • B. 

      Old Earth Creationism

    • C. 

      Deism

    • D. 

      Geocentrism

    • E. 

      Materialistic Evolutionism

  • 14. 
    Which of the following positions would most likely hold that the Earth is billions of years old but life was directly created by a supernatural being old?
    • A. 

      Young Earth Creationism

    • B. 

      Old Earth Creationism

    • C. 

      Deism

    • D. 

      Geocentrism

    • E. 

      Materialistic Evolutionism

  • 15. 
    The main belief of a theistic evolutionist is that
    • A. 

      Evolution occurs, but God guides evolutionary change.

    • B. 

      The Earth is the Center of the Universe

    • C. 

      The Earth is flat

    • D. 

      The Earth is 10,000 years old.

  • 16. 
    Among evolutionists, which one is debated?
    • A. 

      The occurrence of evolution in the past and present.

    • B. 

      The mechanisms by which evolution occurred in the past and occurs today

    • C. 

      Both

    • D. 

      Neither

  • 17. 
    Supernatural influence played no part in the history of the universe would be a position held by
    • A. 

      Young Earth Creationism

    • B. 

      Old Earth Creationism

    • C. 

      Deism

    • D. 

      Geocentrism

    • E. 

      Materialistic Evolutionism

  • 18. 
    According to many creationists, macroevolution can occur within created kinds but not between kinds
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    Evolution is inherently atheistic
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    Scientific names are
    • A. 

      In the local language

    • B. 

      Very formally given.

    • C. 

      Often numerous and very local

    • D. 

      Unimportant for understanding biodiversity

  • 21. 
    In the taxonomic hierarchy, a Family would be included in a(n)
    • A. 

      Order

    • B. 

      Genus

    • C. 

      Species

    • D. 

      Common name

  • 22. 
    If you found a new species of prokaryote that was growing in a very hot, salty spring, you would most likely classify it in the
    • A. 

      Domain Archaea

    • B. 

      Domain Eubacteria

    • C. 

      Kingdom Protista

    • D. 

      Kingdom Fungi

  • 23. 
    Organisms that are eukaryotic, heterotrophic, multicellular and lack a cell wall would be classified in the kingdom
    • A. 

      Plantae

    • B. 

      Protista

    • C. 

      Fungi

    • D. 

      Animalia

  • 24. 
    Which of the following is NOT one of the times that one of the Big Five mass extinctions occurred?
    • A. 

      End of the Cretaceous

    • B. 

      End of the Jurassic

    • C. 

      End of the Triassic

    • D. 

      Ordovician-Silurian

    • E. 

      End of the Permian

    • F. 

      End of the Devonian

  • 25. 
    Which of the mass extinctions saw the greatest percentage of species go extinct?
    • A. 

      End of the Cretaceous

    • B. 

      End of the Jurassic

    • C. 

      End of the Triassic

    • D. 

      Ordovician-Silurian

    • E. 

      End of the Permian

    • F. 

      End of the Devonian

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