Chapter 7 Human Geography

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Chapter 7 Human Geography - Quiz

Chapter 7 Human Geography


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    _________ The worship of only one.

    Explanation
    The correct answer is monotheism. Monotheism refers to the worship of only one deity or belief in the existence of a single god. This stands in contrast to polytheism, which involves the worship of multiple gods. Monotheism is a common belief system in many religions, including Christianity, Islam, and Judaism, where followers believe in the existence of a single, all-powerful god.

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  • 2. 

    _________ Religious beliefs carried to the point of Violence.

    Explanation
    Religious beliefs carried to the point of violence can be attributed to religious extremists. Extremists are individuals who hold extreme views and are willing to use violence or force to promote their beliefs. In the context of religion, religious extremists interpret their religious teachings in an extreme and often distorted manner, leading them to engage in violent acts in the name of their faith. Such individuals pose a threat to peace and harmony, as their actions can cause division and conflict within society.

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  • 3. 

    _________ A relation to actively seeks new members.

    Explanation
    The term "universalizing" refers to the act of making something universal or applicable to everyone. In the context of the given question, a relation that actively seeks new members is engaging in the process of universalizing itself by trying to expand its membership to a wider audience.

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  • 4. 

    _________ The idea that ethics and laws should be designed to help people get along not based on religion.

    Explanation
    Secularism is the correct answer because it refers to the belief that ethics and laws should be created without being influenced by any particular religion. It promotes the idea that decisions and policies should be based on a neutral and inclusive perspective that benefits society as a whole, rather than being biased towards any specific religious beliefs or practices. Secularism aims to ensure equal treatment and freedom for all individuals, regardless of their religious affiliations, by separating religious institutions from the state and ensuring a fair and impartial legal system.

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  • 5. 

    _________ The idea that a religion should return to the foundation of the faith and that the religion should influence laws of the state .

    Explanation
    The given answer, "Religious fundamentalism, fundamentalism," accurately describes the concept of returning to the foundation of a faith and using it to influence state laws. Religious fundamentalism refers to a strict adherence to the core beliefs and principles of a religion, often with the aim of preserving traditional values and resisting modern influences. This ideology advocates for the integration of religious principles into various aspects of society, including governance and legislation. Therefore, the given answer aligns with the idea of a religion returning to its foundations and influencing state laws.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following faiths is considered polytheistic buy some?

    • A.

      Christianity

    • B.

      Judaism

    • C.

      Islam

    • D.

      Hinduism

    Correct Answer
    C. Islam
    Explanation
    Islam is considered monotheistic, not polytheistic. The question is asking for a faith that is considered polytheistic by some, meaning that some people believe in multiple gods in that particular faith. Christianity, Judaism, and Islam are all monotheistic religions, meaning they believe in one God. However, Hinduism is a polytheistic religion, as it believes in multiple gods and goddesses. Therefore, the correct answer should be Hinduism, not Islam.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following is usually a characteristic of an ethnic religion?

    • A.

      It is polytheistic

    • B.

      It is found in one particular culture

    • C.

      It has spread out too many places

    • D.

      It seeks new members

    Correct Answer
    B. It is found in one particular culture
    Explanation
    An ethnic religion is typically associated with a specific culture or ethnic group. It is often deeply ingrained in the traditions, customs, and beliefs of that particular culture. Unlike universal religions, which aim to attract followers from diverse backgrounds, ethnic religions are more localized and do not actively seek new members. Therefore, the fact that an ethnic religion is found in one particular culture is a characteristic that distinguishes it from other types of religions.

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  • 8. 

    Which is important idea in Hinduism was challenged by Siddhartha Gautama?

    • A.

      Eating meat

    • B.

      Protecting sacred animals

    • C.

      Excepting karma

    • D.

      The caste system

    Correct Answer
    B. Protecting sacred animals
    Explanation
    Siddhartha Gautama, also known as the Buddha, challenged the idea of protecting sacred animals in Hinduism. In Hinduism, certain animals are considered sacred and are protected from harm. However, Gautama rejected this belief and taught that all beings are equal and should be treated with compassion and kindness, regardless of their species. He emphasized the importance of non-violence and advocated for the well-being of all living beings. Thus, his teachings challenged the notion of protecting sacred animals in Hinduism.

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  • 9. 

    What caused the diaspora of the Jews?

    • A.

      The Romans destroyed Jerusalem

    • B.

      The Nazis took control of Germany

    • C.

      The UN formed the country of issue

    • D.

      Moses decided to leave Egypt

    Correct Answer
    A. The Romans destroyed Jerusalem
    Explanation
    The diaspora of the Jews was caused by the destruction of Jerusalem by the Romans. This event, which occurred in 70 CE, led to the scattering of Jewish people from their homeland and their dispersion throughout various regions of the world. The destruction of Jerusalem by the Romans marked the end of Jewish sovereignty in the region and resulted in significant upheaval and displacement for the Jewish population.

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  • 10. 

    Which religion is the youngest?

    • A.

      Christianity

    • B.

      Judaism

    • C.

      Islam

    • D.

      Hinduism

    Correct Answer
    C. Islam
    Explanation
    Islam is considered the youngest religion because it was founded in the 7th century CE by Prophet Muhammad in the Arabian Peninsula. This makes it younger than Christianity, which was founded in the 1st century CE, Judaism, which traces its origins back thousands of years, and Hinduism, which is one of the oldest religions in the world. Islam's relatively recent emergence and rapid spread distinguish it as the youngest of these options.

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  • 11. 

    The Hindus believe that it is possible to be reincarnated as an animal or a human

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because in Hinduism, the concept of reincarnation is deeply rooted. Hindus believe in the cycle of birth, death, and rebirth, known as samsara. According to this belief, the soul is eternal and can be reborn in various forms, including animals and humans, based on one's karma (actions and deeds). This belief in reincarnation is a fundamental aspect of Hindu philosophy and is widely accepted among Hindus.

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  • 12. 

    Two of the major world religions began in China.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because two of the major world religions, namely Christianity and Islam, did not begin in China. Christianity originated in the Middle East, specifically in the region of Judea, which is now modern-day Israel and Palestine. Islam was founded in the Arabian Peninsula by the Prophet Muhammad. While China has its own indigenous religions such as Buddhism, Taoism, and Confucianism, it is not the birthplace of Christianity or Islam.

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  • 13. 

    Christianity is the most widely dispersed religion in the world.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Christianity is the most widely dispersed religion in the world because it has followers and churches in almost every country. It spread through missionary work and colonization, and today, there are over 2 billion Christians worldwide. The religion has a significant presence in Europe, North and South America, Africa, and parts of Asia. The global reach of Christianity is evident in its diverse denominations and the cultural and linguistic variations within the faith.

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  • 14. 

    The goal of Zionism is for the Jewish people to blend into other cultures.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The goal of Zionism is not for the Jewish people to blend into other cultures. Zionism is a political movement that advocates for the establishment of a Jewish homeland in the land of Israel. It seeks to preserve and strengthen Jewish identity, culture, and heritage, rather than assimilating into other cultures.

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  • 15. 

    Jerusalem is a sacred city for Christians, Jews and Muslims

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Jerusalem is considered a sacred city for Christians, Jews, and Muslims. It holds significant religious and historical importance for all three religions. Christians believe it is the place where Jesus was crucified and resurrected. Jews consider it their ancient capital and the location of the Holy Temple. Muslims believe it is the third holiest city after Mecca and Medina and the place where Prophet Muhammad ascended to heaven. The shared reverence for Jerusalem among these three major religions makes it a sacred city for all of them.

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  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 25, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Kronisha
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