Chapter 7 - Airway

70 Questions | Total Attempts: 145

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EMT Quizzes & Trivia

EMT Chapter 7 - Airway


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    If the oropharyngeal airway is to large what could happen?
  • 2. 
    If the oropharyngeal airway it to small what could happen?
  • 3. 
    The diaphragm and muscles of the chest wall are responsible for the regular rise and fall of the chest that accompany normal breathing.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    The upper airway consits of the
    • A. 

      Nose

    • B. 

      Larynx

    • C. 

      Mouth

    • D. 

      Trachea

    • E. 

      Pharynx

    • F. 

      Epiglottis

  • 5. 
    The lower airway consists of the
    • A. 

      Pharynx

    • B. 

      Main Bronchi

    • C. 

      Bronchioles

    • D. 

      Throat

    • E. 

      Larynx

    • F. 

      Trachea

    • G. 

      Alveoli

  • 6. 
    Alveoli are large sacs where no actual exchange of oxygen or carbon dioxide occurs.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    The space between the lungs containing the heart, great vessels, esophagus, trachea, major bronchi, and many nerves is known as what?
  • 8. 
    The diaphragm is a skeletal muscle beacause its attached to the bones and muscles.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 9. 
    Air outside the body is normally lower then the air pressure within the thorax.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    What is the average tidal volume for a man?
    • A. 

      300 mL

    • B. 

      250 mL

    • C. 

      500 mL

    • D. 

      600 mL

  • 11. 
    Exhalation does not normally require muscular effort and is a passive process.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    Clearing the airways means what?
    • A. 

      Removing obstructing materials

    • B. 

      Inserting an oral adjunct

    • C. 

      Placing patient in recovery position

    • D. 

      Applying a BVM device

  • 13. 
    Maintaing the airway means what?
    • A. 

      Keeping airway open

    • B. 

      Keeping airway clear

    • C. 

      Keeping free of obstructions

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 14. 
    The air we breath contains __ % oxygen and __ % nitrogen?
  • 15. 
    Oxygen passes from blood in the veins through the capillaries to tissue cells.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    Carbon dioxide and cell waste pass from tissue cells through capillares and into the arteries.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 17. 
    Anything that destroys Surfactant will cause acute
    • A. 

      Cardiac arrest

    • B. 

      Respiratory distress

    • C. 

      Shallow breathing

    • D. 

      Death

  • 18. 
    The air we exhale contains 16% ____ and 3% to 5% ________, the rest is all ______.
  • 19. 
    The higher the level of carbon dioxide in the blood the stronger the impulse is to breath.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    Hypoxia develops in the vital organs of patients who are not breathing or
    • A. 

      Breathing adequately

    • B. 

      Not talking

    • C. 

      Not breathing adequately

    • D. 

      Unconscious

  • 21. 
    All hypoxic patients should be treated with a high flow of what?
  • 22. 
    Signs for adequate breathing for adult patients
    • A. 

      Regular pattern of inhaling and exhaling

    • B. 

      Normal rate

    • C. 

      Irregular rhythm

    • D. 

      Regular and equal chest rise and fall

    • E. 

      Use of accessory muscles

    • F. 

      Bilateral clear and equal lung sounds

  • 23. 
    What are signs for inadequate breathing in adult patients
    • A. 

      Irregular rhythm

    • B. 

      Bilateral clear and equal lung sounds

    • C. 

      Shallow depth

    • D. 

      Unequal chest expansion

    • E. 

      Adequate depth

    • F. 

      Skin is pale, cyanotic, cool, and moist

    • G. 

      Rates inbetween 12 to 20 breaths/min

    • H. 

      Use of accessory muscles

  • 24. 
    When to agonal respirations occur?
    • A. 

      Right before the death of the patient.

    • B. 

      When the respiratory center in brain continues to send signals to respiratory muscles even after the heart has stopped.

    • C. 

      Once something becomes logged inside the epiglottis and the patient is unable to move air in or out.

    • D. 

      After the Sellicks maneuver has been preformed and on a conscious patient.

  • 25. 
    In unconscious patients what is the most common airway obstruction?
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