Chapter 7 - Airway

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EMT Quizzes & Trivia

EMT Chapter 7 - Airway


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The diaphragm and muscles of the chest wall are responsible for the regular rise and fall of the chest that accompany normal breathing.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 2. 
    The upper airway consits of the
    • A. 

      Nose

    • B. 

      Larynx

    • C. 

      Mouth

    • D. 

      Trachea

    • E. 

      Pharynx

    • F. 

      Epiglottis

  • 3. 
    The lower airway consists of the
    • A. 

      Pharynx

    • B. 

      Main Bronchi

    • C. 

      Bronchioles

    • D. 

      Throat

    • E. 

      Larynx

    • F. 

      Trachea

    • G. 

      Alveoli

  • 4. 
    Alveoli are large sacs where no actual exchange of oxygen or carbon dioxide occurs.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    The space between the lungs containing the heart, great vessels, esophagus, trachea, major bronchi, and many nerves is known as what?
  • 6. 
    The diaphragm is a skeletal muscle beacause its attached to the bones and muscles.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    Air outside the body is normally lower then the air pressure within the thorax.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    What is the average tidal volume for a man?
    • A. 

      300 mL

    • B. 

      250 mL

    • C. 

      500 mL

    • D. 

      600 mL

  • 9. 
    Exhalation does not normally require muscular effort and is a passive process.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    Clearing the airways means what?
    • A. 

      Removing obstructing materials

    • B. 

      Inserting an oral adjunct

    • C. 

      Placing patient in recovery position

    • D. 

      Applying a BVM device

  • 11. 
    Maintaing the airway means what?
    • A. 

      Keeping airway open

    • B. 

      Keeping airway clear

    • C. 

      Keeping free of obstructions

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 12. 
    The air we breath contains __ % oxygen and __ % nitrogen?
  • 13. 
    Oxygen passes from blood in the veins through the capillaries to tissue cells.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    Carbon dioxide and cell waste pass from tissue cells through capillares and into the arteries.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    Anything that destroys Surfactant will cause acute
    • A. 

      Cardiac arrest

    • B. 

      Respiratory distress

    • C. 

      Shallow breathing

    • D. 

      Death

  • 16. 
    The air we exhale contains 16% ____ and 3% to 5% ________, the rest is all ______.
  • 17. 
    The higher the level of carbon dioxide in the blood the stronger the impulse is to breath.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 18. 
    Hypoxia develops in the vital organs of patients who are not breathing or
    • A. 

      Breathing adequately

    • B. 

      Not talking

    • C. 

      Not breathing adequately

    • D. 

      Unconscious

  • 19. 
    All hypoxic patients should be treated with a high flow of what?
  • 20. 
    Signs for adequate breathing for adult patients
    • A. 

      Regular pattern of inhaling and exhaling

    • B. 

      Normal rate

    • C. 

      Irregular rhythm

    • D. 

      Regular and equal chest rise and fall

    • E. 

      Use of accessory muscles

    • F. 

      Bilateral clear and equal lung sounds

  • 21. 
    What are signs for inadequate breathing in adult patients
    • A. 

      Irregular rhythm

    • B. 

      Bilateral clear and equal lung sounds

    • C. 

      Shallow depth

    • D. 

      Unequal chest expansion

    • E. 

      Adequate depth

    • F. 

      Skin is pale, cyanotic, cool, and moist

    • G. 

      Rates inbetween 12 to 20 breaths/min

    • H. 

      Use of accessory muscles

  • 22. 
    When to agonal respirations occur?
    • A. 

      Right before the death of the patient.

    • B. 

      When the respiratory center in brain continues to send signals to respiratory muscles even after the heart has stopped.

    • C. 

      Once something becomes logged inside the epiglottis and the patient is unable to move air in or out.

    • D. 

      After the Sellicks maneuver has been preformed and on a conscious patient.

  • 23. 
    In unconscious patients what is the most common airway obstruction?
  • 24. 
    Patients with inadequate breathing have inadequate minute volume and need to be treated immediately.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 25. 
    The head tilt chin lift is for patients who have sustained trama.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 26. 
    The jaw-thrust maneuver is for patients who have cervical spine injuries.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 27. 
    To assess breathing your should use the ____, _____, and _____ techinque that should take no longer then 5 to 10 seconds.
  • 28. 
    The primary function of the airway adjuct is to prevent obstruction of the upper airway by the tongue and allow the passage of air and oxygen to the lungs.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 29. 
    The oropharyngeal airway is ment to keep the ____ from blocking the upper airway, and make suctioning of the _____ easier.
  • 30. 
    Indications for the oropharyngeal airway include
    • A. 

      With gag reflux

    • B. 

      Unconscious patients

    • C. 

      Without gag reflux

    • D. 

      Conscious patients

    • E. 

      Any apneic patient being ventilated with BMV

    • F. 

      Any apneic patient being ventilated with nasal cannula

  • 31. 
    If the oropharyngeal airway is to large what could happen?
  • 32. 
    If the oropharyngeal airway it to small what could happen?
  • 33. 
    The nasopharyngeal airway is used with a patient who has
    • A. 

      Gag reflex

    • B. 

      Able to maintain the airways but gasping

    • C. 

      Unable to maintain the airway

    • D. 

      No gag reflex

    • E. 

      Severe head injuries

    • F. 

      No head injuries

    • G. 

      Unconscious patients

    • H. 

      Conscious patients

  • 34. 
    When inserting a nasopharyngeal airway the curvature of the device should follow the of the ____ of the nose, and the bevel should face the _____.
    • A. 

      Floor, septum

    • B. 

      Curve, mouth

    • C. 

      Septum, floor

    • D. 

      Throat, brain

  • 35. 
    If you hear gurgling that means the patient is okay and able to spit up any fluids, so no suctioning is required.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 36. 
    Fixed suctioning unit should generate a vaccum of more than ______ when the tubing is clamped.
    • A. 

      250 cm Hg

    • B. 

      500 mm Hg

    • C. 

      400 cm Hg

    • D. 

      300 mm Hg

    • E. 

      550 cm Hg

  • 37. 
    The best kind of catheter for suctioning the oropharynx in infants, children, and adults is
    • A. 

      French

    • B. 

      Tonsil tip

    • C. 

      Whistle-tip

  • 38. 
    Soft plastic, nonrigid catheters (French / whistle-tip catheters) are used to suction liquid secretions from where?
    • A. 

      Mouth

    • B. 

      Nose

    • C. 

      Throat

    • D. 

      Head

    • E. 

      Chest

  • 39. 
    Never suction the mouth or nose for longer than ____ seconds for adults ____ seconds for children ____ seconds for infants
  • 40. 
    Suctioning removes not only obstuctions but what other major thing that the patient needs?
  • 41. 
    Removal of oxygen can result in a contition called Monoxia.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 42. 
    Humidified oxygen is usually used for all oxygen therapies.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 43. 
    What two types of flow meters are commonly used?
    • A. 

      Drag flowmeter

    • B. 

      Alfa flowmeter

    • C. 

      Pressure-compensated

    • D. 

      Boundongauge flowmeter

  • 44. 
    The air you exhale in mouth-to-mouth contains only ___% oxygen
    • A. 

      23

    • B. 

      16

    • C. 

      12

    • D. 

      45

    • E. 

      25

  • 45. 
    You shouldn't use an oral or nasal airway adjuct in conjunction with a BVM device.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 46. 
    BVM device provides less tidal volume than mouth-to-mouth ventilation, but it delivers a much higher oxygen concentration.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 47. 
    BVM device is used on patients who are
    • A. 

      Not ventilating adequately

    • B. 

      In respiratory arrest

    • C. 

      In cardiopulmonary arrest

    • D. 

      In respiratory failure

  • 48. 
    Vomume capabilities of the BVM Device are ____ to ____  mL for Adults ____ to 700 mL for Children ____ to ____  mL for Infants
  • 49. 
    Breaths delivered too forcefully or too fast can result in two negative effects
    • A. 

      Sever coughing

    • B. 

      Gastric distension

    • C. 

      Vomiting

    • D. 

      Increased intrathoracic pressure

  • 50. 
    To alleviate gastric distention
    • A. 

      Ensure patients airway is appropriately positioned

    • B. 

      Ensure patient is in the recovery position

    • C. 

      Place hands below the stomach and force air up and out

    • D. 

      Ventilate patient at appropriate rate

    • E. 

      Ventilate patient with appropriate volume

  • 51. 
    Closing up the esophagus will
    • A. 

      Inhibit flow of air into stomach

    • B. 

      Help reduce gastric distention

    • C. 

      Reduce chance of aspiration

    • D. 

      Help block the regurgitation of gastric contents from esophagus

  • 52. 
    Sellick maneuver or Cricoid pressure should only be preformed on unconscious patients.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 53. 
    Indications that artificial ventilation is adequate are
    • A. 

      Visible chest rise and fall

    • B. 

      Equal chest rise and fall

    • C. 

      Ventilation for adults is between 10 to 12 breaths/min

    • D. 

      Ventilation for adults is between 12 to 20 breaths/min

    • E. 

      Ventilation for children and infants is between 12 to 20 breaths/min

    • F. 

      Ventilation for children and infants is between 10 to 12 breaths/min

  • 54. 
    Indications that artifical ventilations are inadequate are
    • A. 

      Ventilation delivered too fast or to slow

    • B. 

      Equal chest rise and fall

    • C. 

      Heart rate does not return to normal range

    • D. 

      Adequate breath sounds

    • E. 

      Minimal or no chest rise and fall

  • 55. 
    Flow-restricted oxygen powered devices should be used on infants, children, and on patients with COPD but not on patients with suspected cervical spine or chest injuries.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 56. 
    _____   ______ must be maintained whenever flow restricted oxygen powered ventilation devices are used to ventilate a patient.
  • 57. 
    To prevent gastric distention you should give ____ and _____ breaths over 1 second when ventilating adults, children, and infants.
    • A. 

      Slow, forceful

    • B. 

      Strong, forceful

    • C. 

      Strong, gental

    • D. 

      Slow, gental

    • E. 

      Shallow, uneven

  • 58. 
    Gastric distention can cause vomiting and increase risk of aspiration during CPR.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 59. 
    Gastric distention can significantly reduce lung volume by elevating the diaphragm especially in children and infants.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 60. 
    Which manuever is required for ventilating a patient with a stoma?
    • A. 

      Head-tilt chin lift

    • B. 

      Recovery position

    • C. 

      Jaw-thrust maneuver

    • D. 

      None of these

  • 61. 
    If a tracheostomy tube is present in a stoma patient then ventilate throught the tube with a BVM device.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 62. 
    If a patient has a stoma and no tube in place then use a _____ with your BVM device to make a seal over the stoma.
    • A. 

      Adult mask

    • B. 

      Child/infant mask

    • C. 

      A mask that fits the patient

    • D. 

      Connect the BVM to the stoma and ventilate

  • 63. 
    Suctioning a stoma and mouth its best to use French or wing tipped catheters.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 64. 
    Airway obstuctions that don't involve foreign bodies include
    • A. 

      Swelling

    • B. 

      Heavy breathing

    • C. 

      Fingers

    • D. 

      Trama

    • E. 

      Acute allergic reactions

  • 65. 
    With mildairway obstructions if a patient can ________, you should not interfere with patients efforts to expel the foreign object on their own.
    • A. 

      Breath

    • B. 

      Cry

    • C. 

      Cough forcefully

    • D. 

      Talk

  • 66. 
    Poor lung compliance is the inability of the alveoli to expand fully during  inhalation.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 67. 
    Do not preform blind ________ in any patient - this may force an obstructing object farther down into the airway.
  • 68. 
    The Heimlich maneuver is preformed on ______ adult or children patients.
    • A. 

      Conscious

    • B. 

      Unconscious

    • C. 

      Dead

    • D. 

      Cardiac arrest

  • 69. 
    Injuries to the _____ can result in severe tissue swelling and bleeding into the airway.
  • 70. 
    _______ is used to help maintain the airway in patients without traumatic injuries who are unconscious and breathing adequately.