Chapter 7 Ss Practice Test

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American History Quizzes & Trivia

Ch 7 SS practice test


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Americans became intersted in Alaska

    • A.

      As a good place to grow cotton

    • B.

      After gold was discovered there

    • C.

      Until they realized that it had few natural resources

    • D.

      Because it was so close to Russia

    Correct Answer
    B. After gold was discovered there
    Explanation
    After gold was discovered in Alaska, Americans became interested in the region. The discovery of gold sparked a gold rush, attracting people from all over the country who hoped to strike it rich. This sudden influx of people and the economic opportunities associated with gold mining led to a growing interest in Alaska as a potential place for settlement and economic development. However, it was later realized that Alaska had few natural resources, which diminished the initial enthusiasm. The proximity of Alaska to Russia is not mentioned in the given information, so it is not relevant to the explanation.

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  • 2. 

    Which of these Americans gained control of the land and trade in Hawii?

    • A.

      Missionaries and sugar planters

    • B.

      Tobacco planters and cotton planters

    • C.

      Sea captains and merchants

    • D.

      Fishing shipowners and whaling shipowners

    Correct Answer
    A. Missionaries and sugar planters
    Explanation
    Missionaries and sugar planters gained control of the land and trade in Hawaii. Missionaries played a significant role in the colonization of Hawaii by establishing Christian schools, converting the native population, and influencing the government. Sugar planters, on the other hand, took advantage of the fertile land and favorable climate to cultivate sugarcane, which became a major industry in Hawaii. Together, these two groups exerted considerable control over the economic and political landscape of Hawaii during this period.

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  • 3. 

    Which two areas gained by the United States in the Spanish-American War remain U.S. possessions today?

    • A.

      Guam and Cuba

    • B.

      Puerto Rico and the Philippines

    • C.

      Puerto Rico and Guam

    • D.

      Cuba and te Philippines

    Correct Answer
    C. Puerto Rico and Guam
    Explanation
    The United States gained Puerto Rico and Guam as possessions in the Spanish-American War. These two areas remain under U.S. control even today.

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  • 4. 

    President Theordore Roosevelt wanted the United States to use its power in the world because

    • A.

      Most countries considered the United States to be work

    • B.

      He wanted to fight in all the world's wars

    • C.

      He wanted to force other countries to buy only American-made goods

    • D.

      He believed that events in the rest of the world affected the United States

    Correct Answer
    D. He believed that events in the rest of the world affected the United States
    Explanation
    President Theodore Roosevelt wanted the United States to use its power in the world because he believed that events in the rest of the world affected the United States. This suggests that Roosevelt recognized the interconnectedness of global affairs and understood that developments abroad could have significant implications for the United States. By actively engaging in international affairs, he aimed to protect and promote American interests, maintain stability, and shape the course of world events to benefit the United States.

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  • 5. 

    Why did the United States want to build the Panama Canal?

    • A.

      To move the Navy out of the Caribbean Sea into the Pacific

    • B.

      To fight in the spanish-American War

    • C.

      To link American territories in the Atlantic and Pacific

    • D.

      To increase trade between Mexico and the United States

    Correct Answer
    C. To link American territories in the Atlantic and Pacific
    Explanation
    The United States wanted to build the Panama Canal in order to link American territories in the Atlantic and Pacific. This would provide a shorter and more efficient route for ships traveling between the two oceans, reducing travel time and costs. It would also enhance trade and communication between the eastern and western coasts of the United States, as well as strengthen the country's military and economic presence in the region.

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  • 6. 

    The main goals of the progressives were to

    • A.

      Improve government and make life better

    • B.

      End wars and make peace

    • C.

      Stop immigration and foreign trade

    • D.

      Help farmers learn new ways and grow new crops

    Correct Answer
    A. Improve government and make life better
    Explanation
    The main goals of the progressives were to improve government and make life better. This means that they aimed to reform and modernize the government, making it more efficient, transparent, and responsive to the needs of the people. They also sought to address social and economic issues, such as poverty, inequality, and corruption, in order to improve the overall quality of life for all citizens. The progressives believed in using government intervention and regulation to achieve these goals, advocating for policies such as workers' rights, consumer protection, and social welfare programs.

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  • 7. 

    Theodore Roosvelt called his program of progressive reforms the

    • A.

      Square Deal

    • B.

      Great Society

    • C.

      Good Neighbor Policy

    • D.

      United Way

    Correct Answer
    A. Square Deal
    Explanation
    Theodore Roosevelt called his program of progressive reforms the "Square Deal." This term referred to his belief in fairness and equal opportunity for all Americans. Roosevelt aimed to balance the interests of corporations, workers, and consumers, advocating for government regulation of big business, workers' rights, and consumer protection. The Square Deal was a response to the growing wealth gap and social issues of the time, and it aimed to create a more just and equitable society.

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  • 8. 

    Governor Robert La Follette started a merit system to Wisconsin to

    • A.

      Reduce the number of hours in a workday from 16 to 14

    • B.

      Make sure that children could be hired for any jobs they wanted

    • C.

      Make sure that people who got government jobs were qualified for them

    • D.

      Make sure that high school graduates could read and write

    Correct Answer
    C. Make sure that people who got government jobs were qualified for them
    Explanation
    Governor Robert La Follette implemented a merit system in Wisconsin to ensure that individuals who were hired for government jobs were qualified for those positions. This system aimed to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the government by selecting candidates based on their skills, qualifications, and abilities rather than favoritism or political connections. By implementing a merit system, Governor La Follette aimed to create a more competent and qualified workforce within the government, ultimately benefiting the state and its citizens.

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  • 9. 

    The goal of the National Urban League was to

    • A.

      Help unions win the right to strike

    • B.

      Find jobs and homes for African Americans living in cities

    • C.

      Stop the railroads from charging city customers high fares

    • D.

      Stop immigrants from coming to the United States

    Correct Answer
    B. Find jobs and homes for African Americans living in cities
    Explanation
    The goal of the National Urban League was to find jobs and homes for African Americans living in cities. This organization aimed to address the economic and social challenges faced by African Americans in urban areas by promoting equal opportunities for employment and housing. By focusing on these issues, the National Urban League sought to improve the quality of life for African Americans and promote their economic advancement in urban communities.

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  • 10. 

    Why did the United States enter World War I?

    • A.

      Russia asked for its help

    • B.

      France started killing American soldiers

    • C.

      The Turkish navy sank the battleship Maine

    • D.

      German submarines sand American ships

    Correct Answer
    D. German submarines sand American ships
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that German submarines sank American ships. This event, known as the sinking of the Lusitania, was a major factor that led to the United States entering World War I. The sinking of this British passenger ship by a German U-boat in 1915 resulted in the loss of American lives, including civilians. This act of aggression by Germany against American interests, along with other factors such as the Zimmerman Telegram and a desire to protect American economic interests, ultimately pushed the United States to declare war on Germany in 1917.

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  • 11. 

    The most feared of the new weapons used in World War I was

    • A.

      Barbed wire

    • B.

      Poison gas

    • C.

      The machine gun

    • D.

      The handgun

    Correct Answer
    B. Poison gas
    Explanation
    During World War I, poison gas was the most feared new weapon used. It was a terrifying and highly effective weapon that caused immense suffering and casualties. Poison gas, such as chlorine or mustard gas, was often released in large quantities, causing severe respiratory and skin damage to soldiers. It was difficult to defend against and had a devastating impact on the battlefield. The use of poison gas created a new level of fear and horror in warfare, making it the most dreaded weapon of the time.

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  • 12. 

    How did women contribute to the war effort in World War I?

    • A.

      They helped men fight in the trenches in France

    • B.

      They were drafted into the Army and Navy

    • C.

      They flew airplanes in battles over France

    • D.

      They took over the jobs left by men going to war

    Correct Answer
    D. They took over the jobs left by men going to war
    Explanation
    During World War I, women played a significant role in the war effort by taking over the jobs that were left vacant by men who went to war. With a large number of men joining the military, women stepped in to fill the labor gap in various industries such as factories, offices, and farms. They worked as nurses, factory workers, clerks, and even in traditionally male-dominated roles. This contribution of women in the workforce allowed the war effort to continue and ensured the functioning of essential services.

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  • 13. 

    The government agency set up to plan production of goods that were needed to fight World War I was the

    • A.

      Creel Committee

    • B.

      War Industries Board

    • C.

      NAACP

    • D.

      Committee on Public Information

    Correct Answer
    B. War Industries Board
    Explanation
    The War Industries Board was the government agency established during World War I to coordinate and oversee the production of goods needed for the war effort. It was responsible for allocating resources, setting production goals, and coordinating the activities of industries involved in war production. The board played a crucial role in mobilizing the American economy and ensuring the efficient production of military supplies during the war. The Creel Committee, NAACP, and Committee on Public Information were also important organizations during this time, but they were not specifically focused on planning production for the war.

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  • 14. 

    The members of Congress voted not to join the League of Nations because

    • A.

      They wanted the United States to stay out of other countries' problems

    • B.

      The League refused to elect an American to head to organization

    • C.

      The League wanted to United States to pay for the organization

    • D.

      They believed that wars were the only way to won new territories

    Correct Answer
    A. They wanted the United States to stay out of other countries' problems
    Explanation
    The members of Congress voted not to join the League of Nations because they wanted the United States to stay out of other countries' problems. This suggests that they believed in a policy of isolationism, where the United States would not get involved in international conflicts or alliances. By not joining the League of Nations, they were asserting their desire to maintain independence and avoid being drawn into foreign affairs.

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