Chapter 6 Final Study Guide

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 115

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Study Guide Quizzes & Trivia

This is chapter 6 study guide for the biology final.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following statements is a correct distinction between autotrophs and heterotrophs?
    • A. 

      Only heterotrophs require chemical compunds from the environment.

    • B. 

      Cellular respiration is unique to heterotrophs.

    • C. 

      Only heteroptrophs have mitochondria.

    • D. 

      Only autotrophs can live on nutrients that are entirely inorganic.

  • 2. 
    Of the three stages of cellular respiration, which produces the most ATP molecules per glucose?
  • 3. 
    In glycolysis,_______is oxidized and _______is reduced.
  • 4. 
    The final electron acceptor of electron transport chains in mitochondria is_______.
  • 5. 
    The poison cyanide acts by blocking a kep step in the lectron transport chain. Knowing this explain why cyanide kills so quickly.
  • 6. 
    Cells can harvest the most chemical energy from which of the following?
    • A. 

      An NADH molecule

    • B. 

      A glucose molecule

    • C. 

      Six carbon dioxide molecules

    • D. 

      Two pyruvic acid molecules

  • 7. 
    Cellular respiration, which consumes oxygen, occurs in all of the following except.
    • A. 

      Aerobic consumers

    • B. 

      Plants

    • C. 

      Human muscle cells

    • D. 

      Obligate anaerobes.

  • 8. 
    _____ is a metabolic pathway common to both fermentation and cellular respiration.
  • 9. 
    Sports physiologist at an Olympic training center wanted to monitor athletes to determine at waht point their muscles were functioning anaerobically. They could do this by checking for a buildup of
    • A. 

      ADP

    • B. 

      Lactic acid

    • C. 

      Carbon dioxide

    • D. 

      Oxygen

  • 10. 
    A glucose- fed yeast cell is moved from an aerobic environment to an anaerobic one. For the cell to continue to generate ATPat the same rate, approximately how much glucose must it consume in the anaerobic environment compared with the aerobic environment?
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