Chapter 5 & 6

98 Questions

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Cell Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Another term used to describe a red blood cell is:
    • A. 

      Leukocyte

    • B. 

      Thrombocyte

    • C. 

      Erythrocyte

    • D. 

      Lymphocyte

  • 2. 
    • A. 

      Know the lab computer service

    • B. 

      Promote good public relations

    • C. 

      Obtain blood pressure on patients

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 3. 
    The conduct and qualities that project an image of a professional person is known as:
    • A. 

      Integrity

    • B. 

      Ethics

    • C. 

      Legal

    • D. 

      Professionalism

  • 4. 
    Which of the following terms mean inflammation of a vein?
    • A. 

      Phlebotomy

    • B. 

      Phlebitis

    • C. 

      Phlebotomize

    • D. 

      Phlebology

  • 5. 
    The spinal column and brain are covered by a protective membrane called:
    • A. 

      Meninges

    • B. 

      Papillae

    • C. 

      Viscera

    • D. 

      Neutrons

  • 6. 
    Proximal is defined as:
    • A. 

      Away from the middle

    • B. 

      Farthest from the middle

    • C. 

      Farthest from the center

    • D. 

      Nearest to point of attachment

  • 7. 
    The plural form of atrium is:
    • A. 

      Atri

    • B. 

      Atria

    • C. 

      Atrial

    • D. 

      Atrices

  • 8. 
    The "E" is pronounced separately in:
    • A. 

      Diastole

    • B. 

      Syncope

    • C. 

      Systole

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 9. 
    A hematologist specializes in the study of:
    • A. 

      Liver

    • B. 

      Heart

    • C. 

      Lungs

    • D. 

      Blood

  • 10. 
    The abbreviation NPO means:
    • A. 

      Negative patient outcome

    • B. 

      Nothing by mouth

    • C. 

      New patient only

    • D. 

      No parenteral output

  • 11. 
    The  majority of gas exchange between blood  and tissue tales place in the:
    • A. 

      Capillaries

    • B. 

      Arterioles

    • C. 

      Pulmonary vein

    • D. 

      Venules

  • 12. 
    The abbreviation CBC stands for:
    • A. 

      Calculated blood count

    • B. 

      Complete blood count

    • C. 

      Chemical bilirubin concentration

    • D. 

      Cardiac basal calculation

  • 13. 
    To what part of the body does the word root "hepat" refer to
    • A. 

      Heart

    • B. 

      Stomach

    • C. 

      Liver

    • D. 

      Head

  • 14. 
    Therapeutic phlebotomies are still common today for patient with:
    • A. 

      Increase WBC

    • B. 

      Leukemia

    • C. 

      Polycythemia

    • D. 

      Anemia

  • 15. 
    The component of a cell that is mostly water is called:
    • A. 

      Cytoplasm

    • B. 

      DNA

    • C. 

      Nucleus

    • D. 

      Membrane

  • 16. 
    • A. 

      Physiology

    • B. 

      Blood components

    • C. 

      Bones

    • D. 

      Anatomy

  • 17. 
    The microbiology department performs
    • A. 

      Compatibility testing

    • B. 

      Blood culture testing

    • C. 

      Electrolytes

    • D. 

      Chemistry testing

  • 18. 
    • A. 

      Physiology

    • B. 

      Bones

    • C. 

      Blood components

    • D. 

      Anatomy

  • 19. 
    Homeostasis is a condition in the body that refers to
    • A. 

      Steady state

    • B. 

      Stops bleeding

    • C. 

      Uneven

    • D. 

      Imbalance

  • 20. 
    The function of the circulatory system is to:
    • A. 

      Carry O2 from the lungs

    • B. 

      Maintain fluid balance

    • C. 

      Defend body against disease

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 21. 
    The heart is made up of what type of muscle?
    • A. 

      Visceral

    • B. 

      Skeletal

    • C. 

      Cardiac

    • D. 

      Voluntary

  • 22. 
    The phlebotomist is sometimes referred to as:
    • A. 

      Blood sucker

    • B. 

      Vampire

    • C. 

      Ambassador

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 23. 
    • A. 

      Yellow

    • B. 

      Light blue

    • C. 

      Red

    • D. 

      Lavender

  • 24. 
    • A. 

      Basal position

    • B. 

      Supine position

    • C. 

      Passed out position

    • D. 

      Prone position

  • 25. 
    The production of blood cells in the bone marrow is called:
    • A. 

      Hemostasis

    • B. 

      Homeostasis

    • C. 

      Hematopoiesis

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 26. 
    If we were drawing an outpatient, where would we be:
    • A. 

      Lab

    • B. 

      Clinic

    • C. 

      Nursing home

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 27. 
    Another common name for an erythrocytes is:
    • A. 

      WBC

    • B. 

      RBC

    • C. 

      Leukocyte

    • D. 

      Monocyte

  • 28. 
    Which directional term referred to "on or near surface"?
    • A. 

      Anterior

    • B. 

      Proximal

    • C. 

      Distal

    • D. 

      External

  • 29. 
    Which houses the brain?
    • A. 

      Spinal cavity

    • B. 

      Ventral cavity

    • C. 

      Dorsal cavity

    • D. 

      Cranial

  • 30. 
    Anterior refers to which?
    • A. 

      The front

    • B. 

      Towards the side

    • C. 

      In the middle

    • D. 

      Towards the back

  • 31. 
    A basic structural unit of life is the definition of which word?
    • A. 

      Cell

    • B. 

      Heart

    • C. 

      Brain

    • D. 

      Veins

  • 32. 
    The reproductive system produces what?
    • A. 

      Sex cells

    • B. 

      Ovum

    • C. 

      Sperm

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 33. 
    Which system breaks down food?
    • A. 

      Endocrine

    • B. 

      Digestive

    • C. 

      Muscular

    • D. 

      Cardiac

  • 34. 
    Which gland is referred to as the "master gland"
    • A. 

      FSH

    • B. 

      Pituitary

    • C. 

      Parathyroid

    • D. 

      Adrenal

  • 35. 
    • A. 

      Towards the side

    • B. 

      Towards the middle

    • C. 

      On or near the surface

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 36. 
    • A. 

      Kidneys

    • B. 

      Pancreas

    • C. 

      Lungs

    • D. 

      Ovaries

  • 37. 
    Which system protects the body bacterial invasion and dehydration?
    • A. 

      Nervous

    • B. 

      Integumentary

    • C. 

      Urinary

    • D. 

      Cardiac

  • 38. 
    Which of the following is a test associated with the reproductive system?
    • A. 

      ABG

    • B. 

      GUN

    • C. 

      CK

    • D. 

      HCG

  • 39. 
    Evaluation of the endocrine system involves:
    • A. 

      Blood gas studies

    • B. 

      Spinal fluid analysis

    • C. 

      Hormone determinations

    • D. 

      Drug monitoring

  • 40. 
    Blood returning from the lungs to the heart is received into which chamber?
    • A. 

      Left atrium

    • B. 

      Right atrium

    • C. 

      Left ventricle

    • D. 

      Right ventricle

  • 41. 
    The __________contain the major veins for venipuncture
    • A. 

      Brachial

    • B. 

      Anticubital fossa

    • C. 

      Median

    • D. 

      Wrist forearm

  • 42. 
    The SA nod, referred to as the "pacemaker" is located in the:
    • A. 

      Lower right ventricle

    • B. 

      Upper right atrium

    • C. 

      Upper left ventricle

    • D. 

      Lower right atrium

  • 43. 
    RBC do their job within the blood vessels, this is considered:
    • A. 

      Extravascular

    • B. 

      Intracellular

    • C. 

      Extracellular

    • D. 

      Intravascular

  • 44. 
    The mitral valve is also known as the:
    • A. 

      Aortic

    • B. 

      Bicuspid

    • C. 

      Semi lunar

    • D. 

      Pulmonic

  • 45. 
    Which specimen is used to evaluate respiratory status?
    • A. 

      Bleeding time

    • B. 

      CBC

    • C. 

      ABG

    • D. 

      CSF

  • 46. 
    The muscle tissue that separates the two sides of the heart is called:
    • A. 

      Septum

    • B. 

      Pericardium

    • C. 

      Endocardium

    • D. 

      Ventricle

  • 47. 
    The main function of an artery is to:
    • A. 

      Carry blood to the heart

    • B. 

      Expand

    • C. 

      Carry blood away from the hear

    • D. 

      Light Pulsate

  • 48. 
    Normal arterial blood is rich in O2 and is what color?
    • A. 

      Blue

    • B. 

      Cherry Red

    • C. 

      Burgundy Red

    • D. 

      Light Red

  • 49. 
    The fluid that contains firbrinogen is knows as:
    • A. 

      Plasma

    • B. 

      Serum

    • C. 

      Fibrinogen

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 50. 
    The life span of a RBC is:
    • A. 

      12 Days

    • B. 

      10 Days

    • C. 

      120 Days

    • D. 

      14 Days

  • 51. 
    To differentiate between leukocytes, a stain is used. Which of the following is it?
    • A. 

      Gram

    • B. 

      Peroxidase

    • C. 

      Blood

    • D. 

      Wrights

  • 52. 
    • A. 

      Light blue

    • B. 

      Lavender

    • C. 

      Gray

    • D. 

      Green

  • 53. 
    A vein differs structurally from an artery because it:
    • A. 

      Has a shunt

    • B. 

      Has a valve

    • C. 

      Pulsates

    • D. 

      Has a vena cava

  • 54. 
    • A. 

      Microcystosis

    • B. 

      Agranulocyte

    • C. 

      Phagocytosis

    • D. 

      Macrophages

  • 55. 
    All of the following are considered blood solutes except:
    • A. 

      Glucose

    • B. 

      Protein

    • C. 

      Thrombocyte

    • D. 

      Sodium

  • 56. 
    A vessel in which you can feel a pulse is known as:
    • A. 

      Artery

    • B. 

      Vein

    • C. 

      Capillary

    • D. 

      Venue

  • 57. 
    Electrical impulses from the heart are recorded by using:
    • A. 

      EEG

    • B. 

      EKG

    • C. 

      NCG

    • D. 

      ABG

  • 58. 
    One complete contraction and relaxation phase of the heart is known as:
    • A. 

      Pulmonary cycles

    • B. 

      Systemic circuit

    • C. 

      Cardiac cycle

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 59. 
    The first cell on the scene in the event of an injury is a:
    • A. 

      Fibrinogen

    • B. 

      WBC

    • C. 

      RBC

    • D. 

      Platelet

  • 60. 
    WBC are capable of leaving the blood stream, which makes them:
    • A. 

      Extra cellular

    • B. 

      Intra vascular

    • C. 

      Extra vascular

    • D. 

      Intra celluar

  • 61. 
    The internal space of a blood vessel is called:
    • A. 

      Septum

    • B. 

      Valve

    • C. 

      Lumen

    • D. 

      Atrium

  • 62. 
    • A. 

      Hemolytic

    • B. 

      Hemoglobin

    • C. 

      Hematocrit

    • D. 

      Plasma

  • 63. 
    The longest vein in the body is called:
    • A. 

      Inferior vena vena cava

    • B. 

      Cephalic

    • C. 

      Brachial

    • D. 

      Great saphenous

  • 64. 
    One of the main function of a vein is to:
    • A. 

      Carry blood to the heart

    • B. 

      Carry blood away from the heart

    • C. 

      Exchange O2 and CO2

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 65. 
    An immature erythrocyte is called
    • A. 

      Basophils

    • B. 

      Seiments

    • C. 

      Reticulocytes

    • D. 

      Neutrophils

  • 66. 
    All of the following are granulocytes except:
    • A. 

      Neutrophils

    • B. 

      Basophils

    • C. 

      Lymphocytes

    • D. 

      Eosinophils

  • 67. 
    The heart has 3 layers. Which is not a layer?
    • A. 

      Coronary

    • B. 

      Epicardium

    • C. 

      Endocardium

    • D. 

      Myocardium

  • 68. 
    Which are the pumping chambers of the heart?
    • A. 

      Atrium

    • B. 

      Septum

    • C. 

      Tricuspid

    • D. 

      Ventricles

  • 69. 
    Which is the first enzyme to elevate in a heart attack?
    • A. 

      CBC

    • B. 

      Lipid

    • C. 

      CPK/CK

    • D. 

      Sodium

  • 70. 
    Which is the largest artery within the body
    • A. 

      Pulmonary

    • B. 

      Aorta

    • C. 

      Arterioles

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 71. 
    Which vessels are microscopic and one cell thick?
    • A. 

      Venules

    • B. 

      Arteries

    • C. 

      Capillaries

    • D. 

      Veins

  • 72. 
    Which artery is located in the wrist on the thumb side?
    • A. 

      Femoral

    • B. 

      Brachial

    • C. 

      Radial

    • D. 

      Ulnar

  • 73. 
    The smallest branch of arteries are called:
    • A. 

      Venules

    • B. 

      Tunica

    • C. 

      Arterioles

    • D. 

      Atrerial

  • 74. 
    The smallest branch of vein are called:
    • A. 

      Arterioles

    • B. 

      Median

    • C. 

      Venules

    • D. 

      Neutrophils

  • 75. 
    An infection contracted after admission to the hospital is called:
    • A. 

      Communicable

    • B. 

      Nosocomial

    • C. 

      Contagious

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 76. 
    The most frequent mode of transmission for infection is:
    • A. 

      Friends

    • B. 

      Sharing drinks

    • C. 

      Direct contact

    • D. 

      Indirect contact

  • 77. 
    Before performing a phlebotomy, the most important thing to do is:
    • A. 

      Gather your supplies

    • B. 

      Apply the tourniquet

    • C. 

      Check the requisition

    • D. 

      Identify the patien

  • 78. 
    Using the order of draw, which would be drawn first?
    • A. 

      Lavender

    • B. 

      Plain red

    • C. 

      Green

    • D. 

      Blood culture bottles

  • 79. 
    The wearing of gloves is mandated by:
    • A. 

      The hospital

    • B. 

      OSHA

    • C. 

      JCHACO

    • D. 

      Both A & B

  • 80. 
    Wearing a mask would be beneficial when entering a patient's room who has:
    • A. 

      Chlamydia

    • B. 

      Hepatitis

    • C. 

      MRSA

    • D. 

      HIV

  • 81. 
    Personal protective gear consists of:
    • A. 

      A Lab coat

    • B. 

      Gloves

    • C. 

      Face shields

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 82. 
    The correct color of a bio hazard sticker is:
    • A. 

      Red on blue

    • B. 

      Red on black

    • C. 

      Black on florescent red or orange

    • D. 

      Black on red

  • 83. 
    In order to complete the chain of infection, name the components.
    • A. 

      Source

    • B. 

      Susceptible host

    • C. 

      Mode of transmission

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 84. 
    If a flammable liquid ignites, which type of extinguisher would be used?
    • A. 

      Class A

    • B. 

      Class B

    • C. 

      Class C

    • D. 

      Class D

  • 85. 
    An electrical fire ignites, which exinguisher would be used?
    • A. 

      Class A

    • B. 

      Class B

    • C. 

      Class C

    • D. 

      Class E

  • 86. 
    A tourniquet can not be left on for no longer than:
    • A. 

      1 minutes

    • B. 

      10 minutes

    • C. 

      2 minutes

    • D. 

      3 minutes

  • 87. 
    • A. 

      Provide protection

    • B. 

      Keep hospital clean

    • C. 

      Prevent transmission of communicable disease

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 88. 
    Which color tube would be drawn for a blood bank specimen?
    • A. 

      Pink

    • B. 

      Gray

    • C. 

      Yellow

    • D. 

      Plain red

  • 89. 
    Which department analyzes tissues?
    • A. 

      Anatomical / surgical Pathology

    • B. 

      Clinical

    • C. 

      Chemistry

    • D. 

      Serology

  • 90. 
    • A. 

      Light blue

    • B. 

      Gray

    • C. 

      SST

    • D. 

      Plain red

  • 91. 
    • A. 

      Microbiology

    • B. 

      Toxicology

    • C. 

      Hematology

    • D. 

      Chemistry

  • 92. 
    Which department studies serum?
    • A. 

      Chemistry

    • B. 

      Hematology

    • C. 

      Blood bank

    • D. 

      Serology

  • 93. 
    Which one of the following is not a blood vessel?
    • A. 

      Vein

    • B. 

      Artery

    • C. 

      Heart

    • D. 

      Capillaries

  • 94. 
    There are two types of infection. They are:
    • A. 

      Nosocomial

    • B. 

      Communicable

    • C. 

      Strep

    • D. 

      Both A & B

  • 95. 
    The additive in a gray tube preserves glucose. The additive is:
    • A. 

      Sodium citrate

    • B. 

      Lithium heparin

    • C. 

      Sodium fluoride

    • D. 

      Ammonia heparin

  • 96. 
    Lithium, ammonia and sodium heparin can be found in this tube:
    • A. 

      Yellow

    • B. 

      Light blue

    • C. 

      Green

    • D. 

      Lavender

  • 97. 
    Match the tube with the additive Blood culture, Light blue, Yellow, Plain red, Green, SST, Gray, Lavender, Pink
  • 98. 
    The correct process for using a fire extinguisher is:  PASS