Maryland Test # 3

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Maryland Test # 3 - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

      The Pilgrims and Puritans were

    • A.

      Catholics

    • B.

      Jews

    • C.

      Protestants

    • D.

      Quakers

    Correct Answer
    C. Protestants
    Explanation
    The Pilgrims and Puritans were Protestants because they were part of a religious movement that sought to reform the Church of England. They believed in the importance of individual interpretation of the Bible and sought religious freedom. They were not Catholics, Jews, or Quakers, as these are different religious groups with different beliefs and practices.

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  • 2. 

      The Mason-Dixon line took five years to mark.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because the Mason-Dixon line actually took four years to mark, not five. The Mason-Dixon line is a boundary line between four U.S. states, and it was surveyed and marked between 1763 and 1767 by Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon.

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  • 3. 

    Female heads of families could buy land in

    • A.

      Virginia and Georgi

    • B.

      The Carolinas and Maryland

    • C.

      Pennsylvania and Maryland

    • D.

      Georgia and Virginia

    • E.

      Carolinas and Pennsylvania

    Correct Answer
    B. The Carolinas and Maryland
    Explanation
    In the Carolinas and Maryland, female heads of families had the ability to purchase land. This indicates that these regions had more progressive laws regarding property ownership for women compared to other options listed.

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  • 4. 

    A proprietary colony was one where

    • A.

      Male citizens could own land

    • B.

      The king gave a charter to a religious group

    • C.

      The king gave the land to one or more people, or a particular group

    • D.

      The land was owned by plantation owners

    Correct Answer
    C. The king gave the land to one or more people, or a particular group
    Explanation
    In a proprietary colony, the king granted land ownership to one or more individuals or a specific group. This means that the land was not owned by male citizens, a religious group, or plantation owners. The king's decision to give the land to specific individuals or groups allowed for a more controlled and centralized form of governance in the colony.

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  • 5. 

    The English Bill of Rights

    • A.

      Protected the citizens from criminal

    • B.

      Promised a jury trial for people accused of crimes

    • C.

      Said only the King of England could raise taxes

    • D.

      Said only the King of England could raise an army

    • E.

      Guaranteed the English government got the money raised through taxes

    Correct Answer
    B. Promised a jury trial for people accused of crimes
    Explanation
    The English Bill of Rights promised a jury trial for people accused of crimes. This means that individuals who were accused of committing a crime had the right to be tried by a jury of their peers, ensuring a fair and impartial judgment. This protection aimed to prevent arbitrary arrests and unfair prosecutions, providing a safeguard for the rights of the accused.

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  • 6. 

    These colonies had the greatest mix of people

    • A.

      New England Colonies

    • B.

      Middle Colonie

    • C.

      Southern Colonies

    Correct Answer
    B. Middle Colonie
    Explanation
    The Middle Colonies had the greatest mix of people compared to the New England and Southern Colonies. This region attracted a diverse population consisting of various ethnicities, religions, and social backgrounds. The Middle Colonies, including New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Delaware, were known for their religious tolerance and economic opportunities, which attracted immigrants from different parts of Europe. This diversity contributed to a rich cultural and social fabric in the Middle Colonies, making it the region with the greatest mix of people.

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  • 7. 

    New Netherland was

    • A.

      Sold to the English

    • B.

      Given to the English

    • C.

      Lost by the Dutch

    • D.

      Fought over by the English and Dutch

    Correct Answer
    C. Lost by the Dutch
    Explanation
    New Netherland refers to the Dutch colonial territory in North America, which included parts of present-day New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, and Delaware. The statement "lost by the Dutch" implies that the Dutch lost control over New Netherland, indicating that it was taken over by another power. This suggests that the English gained control of New Netherland, either through military conquest or diplomatic negotiations. Therefore, the correct answer is that New Netherland was lost by the Dutch.

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  • 8. 

    Which religious group thought that hard work honored God?

    • A.

      Jews

    • B.

      Quakers

    • C.

      Catholics

    • D.

      Puritans

    Correct Answer
    D. Puritans
    Explanation
    The Puritans believed that hard work honored God. They believed in the concept of "the Protestant work ethic," which emphasized the importance of diligence, discipline, and productivity as a means of demonstrating one's faith and devotion to God. Hard work was seen as a way to glorify God and fulfill one's religious duty. This belief influenced their lifestyle and work ethic, leading them to prioritize industry and productivity in their daily lives.

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  • 9. 

    Which religious group thought that all people were equal in God's view?

    • A.

      Jews

    • B.

      Puritans

    • C.

      Quakers

    • D.

      Catholics

    Correct Answer
    C. Quakers
    Explanation
    The Quakers believed that all people were equal in God's view. They rejected social hierarchies and emphasized the importance of treating everyone with respect and equality. This belief was central to their religious teachings and influenced their activism in areas such as abolitionism and women's rights. The Quakers' commitment to equality continues to be a defining characteristic of their faith.

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  • 10. 

    How many people came over during the Great Migration?

    • A.

      12,000

    • B.

      15,000

    • C.

      20,000

    • D.

      25,000

    Correct Answer
    B. 15,000
    Explanation
    During the Great Migration, 15,000 people came over. This indicates that a significant number of individuals relocated to a different location during this time period.

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  • 11. 

    What year did the Great Migration start?

    • A.

      1620

    • B.

      1629

    • C.

      1635

    • D.

      1640

    Correct Answer
    B. 1629
  • 12. 

    What year was Connecticut established?

    • A.

      1620

    • B.

      1629

    • C.

      1635

    • D.

      1639

    Correct Answer
    C. 1635
    Explanation
    Connecticut was established in 1635. This is evident from historical records and documents that show the establishment of the Connecticut Colony in that year. The establishment of Connecticut marked the beginning of European settlement in the region, with the arrival of English settlers led by Thomas Hooker. The establishment of the colony laid the foundation for the development of Connecticut as one of the original thirteen colonies and eventually as a state in the United States.

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  • 13. 

    Who believed that the government's power should be controlled and limited?

    • A.

      Thomas Hooker

    • B.

      William Penn

    • C.

      Lord Baltimore

    • D.

      Roger Williams

    Correct Answer
    A. Thomas Hooker
    Explanation
    Thomas Hooker believed that the government's power should be controlled and limited.

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  • 14. 

    Who thought that the church should not be involved in running the government?

    • A.

      Lord Baltimore

    • B.

      William Penn

    • C.

      Thomas Hooker

    • D.

      Roger Williams

    Correct Answer
    D. Roger Williams
    Explanation
    Roger Williams believed that the church should not be involved in running the government. He was a prominent theologian and the founder of Rhode Island. Williams advocated for the separation of church and state, arguing that the government should not have the power to enforce religious beliefs or interfere in matters of conscience. He believed in religious freedom and tolerance, and his ideas greatly influenced the development of religious liberty in the United States.

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  • 15. 

    Who started Georgia to give poor people and debtors a new start?

    • A.

      Lord Berkeley & Sir George Carteret

    • B.

      Lord Baltimore

    • C.

      James Oglethorpe

    • D.

      William Penn

    Correct Answer
    C. James Oglethorpe
    Explanation
    James Oglethorpe is the correct answer because he was the founder of the colony of Georgia in 1732. Oglethorpe's primary motivation for establishing the colony was to provide a fresh start for poor people and debtors who were imprisoned in Britain. He wanted to create a utopian society where these individuals could have a chance to rebuild their lives and escape poverty. Oglethorpe's vision for Georgia included strict regulations on land ownership and a ban on slavery, further emphasizing his commitment to social reform and giving disadvantaged individuals a new start.

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  • 16. 

    Which colonies dominated trade along the Atlantic coas

    • A.

      New England Colonies

    • B.

      Middle Colonies

    • C.

      Southern Colonies

    Correct Answer
    A. New England Colonies
    Explanation
    The New England Colonies dominated trade along the Atlantic coast because they had a strong maritime economy. They had access to natural resources like fish and timber, which they could trade with Europe for manufactured goods. They also had excellent harbors and shipbuilding capabilities, allowing them to engage in international trade. Additionally, their proximity to the Atlantic Ocean made it easier for them to establish trading routes and connections with other colonies and countries. Overall, the New England Colonies had the necessary resources, infrastructure, and location to dominate trade along the Atlantic coast.

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  • 17. 

    The Navigation Acts were set in

    • A.

      1620

    • B.

      1635

    • C.

      1650

    • D.

      1664

    Correct Answer
    C. 1650
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 1650 because the Navigation Acts were a series of laws passed by the English Parliament in order to regulate colonial trade and ensure that the colonies were profitable for England. These acts were first implemented in 1650 and continued to be expanded and modified throughout the 17th and 18th centuries. They required that all colonial trade be conducted on English ships and that certain goods could only be exported to England. The Navigation Acts were a major source of tension between the American colonies and England, ultimately contributing to the outbreak of the American Revolution.

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  • 18. 

    Mercantilism means

    • A.

      A country grows strong by importing and getting more gold

    • B.

      A country grows strong by exporting and getting more gold

    • C.

      A country grows strong by having more imports than exports and getting more gold

    • D.

      A country grows strong by having more exports than imports and getting more gold

    Correct Answer
    D. A country grows strong by having more exports than imports and getting more gold
    Explanation
    Mercantilism is an economic theory that suggests a country's strength and wealth can be measured by its ability to export more goods and services than it imports. This theory believes that by doing so, a country can accumulate more gold and other precious metals, which were considered valuable at the time. The idea is that the surplus of exports over imports would lead to a positive balance of trade, resulting in the inflow of gold and an increase in the country's wealth and power.

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  • 19. 

    One of the Navigation Act rules was

    • A.

      Only English ships could carry imports to and exports from the colonies

    • B.

      Only English and colonial ships could carry imports to and exports from the colonies

    • C.

      Only colonial ships could carry imports to and exports from the colonies

    • D.

      Only English ships could carry imports in to the colonies

    • E.

      Only colonial ships could carry exports from the colonies

    Correct Answer
    B. Only English and colonial ships could carry imports to and exports from the colonies
    Explanation
    During the time of the Navigation Acts, the rule stated that both English and colonial ships were allowed to carry imports to and exports from the colonies. This means that ships from both England and the colonies had the privilege of participating in trade activities with the colonies. This rule was implemented to ensure that the English government maintained control over colonial trade and to limit competition from other nations.

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  • 20. 

    The Triangular Trade was

    • A.

      Between the Atlantic coast, England, Africa, and West Indies

    • B.

      Between the Atlantic coast, Africa, West Indies, and England

    • C.

      Between the Atlantic coast, West Indies, Africa, and England

    • D.

      Between the Atlantic coast, West Indies, Africa, and West Indies

    • E.

      Between the Atlantic coast, West Indies, England, Africa, Atlantic coast

    Correct Answer
    D. Between the Atlantic coast, West Indies, Africa, and West Indies
    Explanation
    The Triangular Trade was a trade route between the Atlantic coast, West Indies, Africa, and West Indies. This trade route involved the exchange of goods, slaves, and raw materials between these regions. The Atlantic coast served as the starting point for the trade, with goods being transported to the West Indies where they were traded for slaves. The slaves were then transported to Africa where they were exchanged for raw materials, such as sugar, tobacco, and cotton. Finally, these raw materials were transported back to the West Indies and Atlantic coast for further trading and consumption.

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  • 21. 

    The Navigation Acts were

    • A.

      To make sure that England got the profits from colonial trade

    • B.

      To increase the colonial export trade to other countries

    • C.

      To make sure that the colonists had a market for their products

    • D.

      To keep the colonists from finding another market for their goods

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. To make sure that England got the profits from colonial trade
    C. To make sure that the colonists had a market for their products
    D. To keep the colonists from finding another market for their goods
    Explanation
    The Navigation Acts were a series of laws implemented by England to ensure that they benefited economically from colonial trade. These acts aimed to control and regulate colonial commerce, ensuring that the profits from trade flowed back to England. Additionally, the acts aimed to create a market for the colonists' products by requiring that certain goods be sold only to England or other English colonies. This prevented the colonists from seeking alternative markets for their goods and ensured their dependence on England for trade.

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  • 22. 

    Which colonies elected rather than appointed governors?

    • A.

      Massachusetts Bay Colony and Connecticut

    • B.

      Pennsylvania and Rhode Island

    • C.

      Maryland and Massachusetts Bay Colony

    • D.

      Rhode Island and Connecticut

    • E.

      Maryland and Pennsylvani

    Correct Answer
    D. Rhode Island and Connecticut
    Explanation
    Rhode Island and Connecticut were the colonies that elected rather than appointed governors. This means that the people of these colonies had the power to choose their own governors through a voting process, rather than having a governor appointed by a higher authority.

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  • 23. 

    Who had more rights?

    • A.

      Single women and widows

    • B.

      Married women

    • C.

      Married women and widows

    Correct Answer
    A. Single women and widows
    Explanation
    Single women and widows had more rights compared to married women. This can be attributed to the fact that single women and widows were not bound by the restrictions and limitations imposed on married women. They had more autonomy and freedom to make decisions regarding their own lives, property, and finances. Married women, on the other hand, were often subjected to the authority and control of their husbands, limiting their rights and independence.

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  • 24. 

    All the colonies had a legislature which helped the governor

    • A.

      Make laws

    • B.

      Make laws and o.k. taxes

    • C.

      Make laws and spend the tax money

    • D.

      Make laws, raise and spend tax money

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Make laws
    B. Make laws and o.k. taxes
    C. Make laws and spend the tax money
    D. Make laws, raise and spend tax money
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "make laws, raise and spend tax money". This answer is correct because it encompasses all the options mentioned in the question. It states that the legislature in the colonies helped the governor in making laws, as well as raising and spending tax money. This suggests that the legislature had a significant role in the governance and decision-making processes of the colonies.

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  • 25. 

    All the colonies had different voting rules but they all had this in common

    • A.

      Only men could vote

    • B.

      Only white men could vote

    • C.

      Only white men over 21 could vote

    • D.

      Only white Christian men over 21 could vote

    • E.

      Only white men who owned land and were over 21 could vote

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Only men could vote
    B. Only white men could vote
    C. Only white men over 21 could vote
    D. Only white Christian men over 21 could vote
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that only men could vote, only white men could vote, only white men over 21 could vote, and only white Christian men over 21 could vote. This is because the question states that "All the colonies had different voting rules but they all had this in common," indicating that all the colonies shared these restrictions on voting rights.

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  • 26. 

    The Middle and Southern Colonies had this in common

    • A.

      Better climate and more trade than New England

    • B.

      More crops and more trade than New England

    • C.

      Freedom of religion for all faiths

    • D.

      A greater mix of people than New England

    Correct Answer
    D. A greater mix of people than New England
    Explanation
    The Middle and Southern Colonies had a greater mix of people than New England. This means that there was a more diverse population in terms of ethnicity, culture, and religion in the Middle and Southern Colonies compared to New England. This diversity was likely a result of factors such as more open immigration policies and the presence of larger cities and ports in these regions, which attracted people from different backgrounds and walks of life.

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  • 27. 

    France and England both wanted the land that Georgia occupied.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because there is no mention of France and England wanting the land that Georgia occupied. Without any evidence or context provided, it cannot be assumed that both countries had any interest in the land. Therefore, the correct answer is false.

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  • 28. 

    South Carolina and North Carolina split because of trade issues.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false. South Carolina and North Carolina did not split because of trade issues. The two states were originally one colony known as Carolina, but they separated in 1712 due to political and geographical differences, not trade issues.

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  • 29. 

    New Jersey was originally part of New York and Georgia was originally part of South Carolina.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    New Jersey being originally part of New York and Georgia being originally part of South Carolina is a historical fact. During the colonial period, both New Jersey and Georgia were originally settled by European colonists under the jurisdiction and control of their respective neighboring colonies. New Jersey was initially settled by the Dutch and later taken over by the English, who also controlled New York. Similarly, Georgia was founded as a British colony under the control of South Carolina. Therefore, the statement that New Jersey was originally part of New York and Georgia was originally part of South Carolina is true.

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  • 30. 

    Maryland was founded for religious freedom.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Maryland was indeed founded for religious freedom. The colony was established in 1634 by Lord Baltimore, a Catholic, who sought a safe haven for Catholics in the predominantly Protestant English colonies. The Act of Toleration, passed in 1649, granted religious freedom to all Christians in Maryland, making it one of the first places in the New World to have such a law. This commitment to religious tolerance and freedom of worship is a significant aspect of Maryland's founding history.

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  • 31. 

    The natural resources in Maryland included

    • A.

      Fish, oysters, and lobsters

    • B.

      Deep, dark, good soil

    • C.

      Birds and trees

    • D.

      Fresh water

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Deep, dark, good soil
    C. Birds and trees
    D. Fresh water
    Explanation
    Maryland's natural resources include deep, dark, good soil, which is essential for agriculture and plant growth. The presence of birds and trees indicates a diverse ecosystem and potential for forestry resources. Freshwater is a crucial resource for drinking, irrigation, and supporting aquatic life. However, the given answer of fish, oysters, and lobsters is not mentioned in the question and therefore cannot be explained.

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  • 32. 

    The Northern Carolinas were

    • A.

      Settled by English nobles

    • B.

      Settled by tobacco farmers

    • C.

      Mostly small farms

    • D.

      Mostly large plantations

    • E.

      Mostly slave holders

    • F.

      Mostly not slave holders

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Settled by tobacco farmers
    C. Mostly small farms
    F. Mostly not slave holders
    Explanation
    The correct answer is settled by tobacco farmers, mostly small farms, mostly not slave holders. This is because the Northern Carolinas were primarily settled by English colonists who were attracted to the region's fertile soil and ideal conditions for growing tobacco. These settlers established small farms to cultivate tobacco and relied on the crop as their main source of income. Additionally, the majority of these farmers were not slave holders, as slavery was less prevalent in the Northern Carolinas compared to the Southern Carolinas where large plantations and slaveholding were more common.

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  • 33. 

    The Southern Carolinas

    • A.

      Settled by English nobles

    • B.

      Settled by English colonists who used to live in Barbados

    • C.

      Settled by tobacco farmers

    • D.

      Settled by colonists from all over Europe

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Settled by English nobles
    B. Settled by English colonists who used to live in Barbados
    D. Settled by colonists from all over Europe
    Explanation
    The correct answer is settled by English nobles, settled by English colonists who used to live in Barbados, settled by colonists from all over Europe. This answer suggests that the Southern Carolinas were settled by a diverse group of people. English nobles, English colonists from Barbados, and colonists from all over Europe all played a role in the settlement of the region. This explanation highlights the different origins and backgrounds of the settlers in the Southern Carolinas.

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  • 34. 

    The Southern Carolinas were known for their crops of

    • A.

      Rice and tobacco

    • B.

      Tobacco and indigo

    • C.

      Rice and indigo

    Correct Answer
    C. Rice and indigo
    Explanation
    The Southern Carolinas were known for their crops of rice and indigo. Rice was a major cash crop in the region, with the warm and humid climate being ideal for its cultivation. Indigo, a plant used for dye production, was also grown extensively in the Southern Carolinas. Both crops were important for the economy of the region and played a significant role in its agricultural history.

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  • 35. 

    The Backcountry of the south followed the Great Wagon Road through these colonies

    • A.

      Pennsylvania

    • B.

      Maryland

    • C.

      Virginia

    • D.

      South Carolina

    • E.

      North Carolina

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Maryland
    C. Virginia
    D. South Carolina
    E. North Carolina
    Explanation
    The Backcountry of the south followed the Great Wagon Road through the colonies of Maryland, Virginia, South Carolina, and North Carolina. This road was a major transportation route during the colonial era, used primarily by settlers and traders to travel inland. It connected the coastal areas with the backcountry regions, allowing for the movement of people, goods, and ideas. The Backcountry refers to the frontier areas beyond the coastal settlements, where people lived a more rural and self-sufficient lifestyle. By following the Great Wagon Road, settlers could access these backcountry regions, leading to their development and expansion.

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  • 36. 

    Tidewater areas referred to

    • A.

      Plantations on the Atlantic coast

    • B.

      Small farms along the Atlantic coast

    • C.

      Small farms and plantations along the Atlantic coast

    Correct Answer
    A. Plantations on the Atlantic coast
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "plantations on the Atlantic coast." Tidewater areas specifically refer to the regions along the Atlantic coast where large-scale plantations were established. These plantations were primarily involved in the cultivation of cash crops such as tobacco, rice, and indigo. The term "tidewater" is used to describe these areas because they are located near the ocean and are influenced by the ebb and flow of the tides. The plantations in these regions played a significant role in the economy and social structure of the Southern colonies during the colonial period.

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  • 37. 

    Slavery grew in the south as a result of

    • A.

      Plantation owners needing slaves' farming skills

    • B.

      Plantation owners needing their knowledge of plants

    • C.

      Plantation owners needing free labor

    • D.

      Plantation owners believing that it was their right to own slaves

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Plantation owners needing slaves' farming skills
    B. Plantation owners needing their knowledge of plants
    C. Plantation owners needing free labor
    D. Plantation owners believing that it was their right to own slaves
    Explanation
    Slavery grew in the south as a result of plantation owners needing slaves' farming skills, their knowledge of plants, free labor, and their belief that it was their right to own slaves. Plantation owners relied on slaves for their expertise in farming techniques and knowledge of crops, which was essential for the success of their plantations. Additionally, owning slaves provided plantation owners with a source of free labor, allowing them to maximize their profits. Lastly, many plantation owners believed that it was their right to own slaves, as they viewed slaves as property and believed in the superiority of the white race.

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  • 38. 

    The class system in the colonies

    • A.

      Had more equality than in England

    • B.

      Had similarities to that in England

    • C.

      Showed that some people were more important than others

    • D.

      Had the gentry or nobles, a middle class, servants, and slaves

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Had more equality than in England
    B. Had similarities to that in England
    C. Showed that some people were more important than others
    D. Had the gentry or nobles, a middle class, servants, and slaves
    Explanation
    The correct answer suggests that the class system in the colonies had more equality than in England, had similarities to that in England, showed that some people were more important than others, and had the gentry or nobles, a middle class, servants, and slaves. This indicates that while there may have been some similarities between the class systems in the colonies and in England, the colonies had a greater degree of equality and a more diverse social structure with different classes and levels of importance.

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  • 39. 

    Women's work in all the colonies included

    • A.

      Working in the home

    • B.

      Working in the fields

    • C.

      Making the meals

    • D.

      Caring for the animals

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Working in the home
    C. Making the meals
    D. Caring for the animals
    Explanation
    In the colonies, women were responsible for various tasks within the household. They worked in the home, taking care of domestic chores such as cleaning, sewing, and childcare. Additionally, they were in charge of making meals for the family, ensuring that everyone was fed and nourished. Women also played a role in caring for the animals, tending to their needs and ensuring their well-being. These were essential responsibilities that women had in all the colonies, highlighting their significant contributions to the functioning of the household and the overall colonial society.

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  • 40. 

    In the 1730's and 1740's The Great Awakening swept through the colonies.

    • A.

      The Great Awakening began with Jonathan Edwards, in Maryland.

    • B.

      The Great Awakening began with George Whitefield.

    • C.

      The Great Awakening started in the Middle Colonies.

    • D.

      The Great Awakening started with New England preacher, Jonathan Edwards.

    Correct Answer
    D. The Great Awakening started with New England preacher, Jonathan Edwards.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "The Great Awakening started with New England preacher, Jonathan Edwards." This is because Jonathan Edwards is widely regarded as one of the key figures who sparked the Great Awakening. He preached powerful sermons that emphasized the need for personal religious conversion and repentance. His sermons, such as "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God," had a profound impact on the religious fervor and revivalism that characterized the Great Awakening.

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  • 41. 

    Ben Franklin was a result of the Great Awakening.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Ben Franklin was not a result of the Great Awakening. The Great Awakening was a religious revival that occurred in the American colonies in the 18th century, while Ben Franklin was a prominent figure in American history and one of the Founding Fathers. He was known for his contributions in various fields such as science, writing, and politics, but his ideas and beliefs were not directly influenced by the Great Awakening. Therefore, the statement that Ben Franklin was a result of the Great Awakening is false.

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  • 42. 

    The Enlightenment's ideas

    • A.

      Were important to the best educated colonists

    • B.

      Spread from Europe

    • C.

      Was the idea that reason and science could explain people's behavior

    • D.

      Were shown in Ben Franklin's inventions

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Were important to the best educated colonists
    B. Spread from Europe
    C. Was the idea that reason and science could explain people's behavior
    D. Were shown in Ben Franklin's inventions
    Explanation
    The Enlightenment's ideas were important to the best educated colonists because they valued knowledge and intellectual pursuits. These ideas spread from Europe to the American colonies, as colonists were exposed to European philosophers and thinkers. One of the key ideas of the Enlightenment was that reason and science could be used to understand and explain human behavior, which was a departure from traditional religious explanations. Ben Franklin, a prominent figure of the Enlightenment, exemplified these ideas through his inventions and scientific experiments, showcasing the practical application of reason and science in everyday life.

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  • 43. 

    Newspapers were important in colonial America

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Newspapers were indeed important in colonial America. They played a crucial role in disseminating information, sharing news, and shaping public opinion. Newspapers served as a primary source of communication and were instrumental in spreading revolutionary ideas, rallying support for independence, and mobilizing the masses. They provided a platform for political debates, published articles on various topics, and informed the public about local events, trade, and commerce. Newspapers were a vital tool for the colonists to stay informed and connected, making them an essential part of colonial American society.

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  • 44. 

    Communication, newspapers and postal delivery, helped some areas grow in size.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that communication, newspapers, and postal delivery played a role in the growth of certain areas. This implies that these factors facilitated the exchange of information and goods, leading to development and expansion. Therefore, the answer "true" is correct as it aligns with the given explanation.

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  • 45. 

    Anne Hutchinson was a heretic in the eyes of the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Anne Hutchinson was indeed considered a heretic in the eyes of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. She was a Puritan woman who challenged the religious authorities of the colony by holding meetings in her home to discuss and interpret religious teachings. Her views and teachings were seen as a threat to the established religious order and she was eventually put on trial and banished from the colony. Her actions and beliefs were deemed heretical by the religious leaders and majority of the colony, making the statement "true".

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  • 46. 

    Roger Williams believed that the Native Americans were dangerous.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that Roger Williams believed that the Native Americans were dangerous. However, the correct answer is false. Roger Williams, a theologian and founder of Rhode Island, actually had a positive and respectful view of Native Americans. He believed in peaceful coexistence and advocated for fair treatment and protection of Native American rights.

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  • 47. 

    Racism was not a problem in Colonial America.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Racism was indeed a significant problem in Colonial America. The institution of slavery, which was deeply rooted in racism, was prevalent throughout the colonies. Africans were forcibly brought to America as slaves, and they were treated as property and denied basic human rights. Additionally, laws and social norms enforced racial segregation and discrimination against people of color. The existence of slave codes and the continued oppression of African Americans clearly indicate that racism was a pervasive issue in Colonial America.

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  • 48. 

    Colonial African Americans were all slaves.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because not all colonial African Americans were slaves. While a significant number of African Americans were enslaved during the colonial period, there were also free African Americans who were not enslaved. Some African Americans were able to gain their freedom through various means, such as purchasing their freedom or being granted freedom by their owners. Additionally, there were also African Americans who were born free and never experienced slavery. Therefore, it is incorrect to assume that all colonial African Americans were slaves.

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