Chapter 4: Civil Liberties And Public Policy

47 Questions | Total Attempts: 3776

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Civil liberties are legal and constitutional protections against
    • A. 

      Criminals

    • B. 

      Government

    • C. 

      Foreign invasions

    • D. 

      Private enterprise

  • 2. 
    Civil liberties are formally set down in the 
    • A. 

      Bill of Rights

    • B. 

      Preamble to the Constitution

    • C. 

      Declaration of Independence

    • D. 

      Articles of Confederation

  • 3. 
    Most cases concerning civil liberties are easy and straight forward
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    Which of the following statements about civil liberties is FALSE?
    • A. 

      The first Congress passed the Bill of Rights

    • B. 

      All of the original states had their own bills of rights

    • C. 

      The American people are entirely devoted to political rights in both theory and practice.

    • D. 

      Our civil liberties often conflict.

  • 5. 
    In literal terms, the First Amendment is directed toward
    • A. 

      The states

    • B. 

      Congress

    • C. 

      The Courts

    • D. 

      All units of government

  • 6. 
    In the case of Barron v. Baltimore (1833), the Supreme Court held that the Bill of Rights restrained only the national government, not the states and cities
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    Freedom of speech was incorporated into state laws by
    • A. 

      Barron v. Baltimore

    • B. 

      The first Congress

    • C. 

      Gitlow v. New York

    • D. 

      The Tenth Amendment

  • 8. 
    The Bill of RIghts
    • A. 

      Applies only to the national government

    • B. 

      Immediately applied to the states after ratification of the FOurteenth Amendment

    • C. 

      Was gradually incorporated into state laws

    • D. 

      Has always applied to the states as well as national government

  • 9. 
    According to Thomas Jefferson, the First Amendment was designed to create
    • A. 

      A national church

    • B. 

      Federal support for religious pursuits

    • C. 

      A wall of separation between church and state

    • D. 

      Government control of churches

  • 10. 
    The "wall of separation" separates
    • A. 

      Assembly and association

    • B. 

      Government and religion

    • C. 

      Protected and unprotected speech

    • D. 

      Civil liberties and civil rights

  • 11. 
    According to the Supreme Court, school-sponsored prayers in public schools are acceptable only with certain restrictions.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    Which of the following statements regarding religion in the United States in recent years is FALSE?
    • A. 

      Religious issues and controversies have assumed much greater importance in political debate.

    • B. 

      Fundamentalist religious groups have shied away from political action due to recent controversies

    • C. 

      Some groups have advocated the teaching of "intelligent design" as an alternative to evolution in the public school.

    • D. 

      Conservative Republicans have pushed for a constitutional amendment permitting school prayer.

  • 13. 
    Who said, "The most stringent protection of free speech would not protect a man in falsely shouting 'fire' in a theater and causeing a panic"?
    • A. 

      Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes

    • B. 

      Justice Hugo Black

    • C. 

      Justice Thurgood Marshall

    • D. 

      Justice Potter STewart

    • E. 

      Darth Vader

  • 14. 
    Prior restraint 
    • A. 

      Is frequently exercised by the United STates government

    • B. 

      Was allowed in Near v. Minnesota (1931)

    • C. 

      Means government prevention of publication

    • D. 

      Allows a newspaper to print libelous materials

  • 15. 
    According to the SUpreme Court in the case of Schenck v. United STates (1919), free speech can be restricted by the government only on the basis of
    • A. 

      Obscenity

    • B. 

      Community sentiment

    • C. 

      Symbolic protest

    • D. 

      Clear and present danger

  • 16. 
    In the caes of Dennis v. United States (1951), the SUpreme Court permitted the government to 
    • A. 

      Exercise prior restraint over certain publications

    • B. 

      Jail some American Communist Party leaders

    • C. 

      Prohibit all forms of symbolic speech

    • D. 

      Use wiretaps to spy on American citizens

  • 17. 
    Constitutional protections of free speech diminish once a person steps on private property.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 18. 
    Some states have passed shield laws that protect
    • A. 

      Criminals from self-incrimination

    • B. 

      Publications from prior restraint

    • C. 

      Reporters' notes and information from being revealed in court

    • D. 

      Courts from holding trials in public

  • 19. 
    In Roth v. United States (1957), the Supreme Court ruled that obscene material was not within the realm of constitutionally protected speech or press.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    "I know it when I see it" refers to 
    • A. 

      Obscenity

    • B. 

      Libel

    • C. 

      Crime

    • D. 

      Cruel and unusual punishment

  • 21. 
    In Miller v. California (1973), defining obscenity was left up to
    • A. 

      Private individuals

    • B. 

      Courts

    • C. 

      Congress

    • D. 

      State and local officials

  • 22. 
    The newest issue in the obscenity controversy involves
    • A. 

      Regulations aimed at keeping obscene material away from the young

    • B. 

      The proliferation of pornography on the internet

    • C. 

      The proliferation of pornography in video stores

    • D. 

      The use of obscene words in public places

  • 23. 
    To be libelous, a statement must be knowingly false or malicious
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    The Supreme Court case of New York Times v. Sullivan (1964)
    • A. 

      Made it easier for public officials to win libel cases

    • B. 

      Held that statements about public officials are libelous only if made with malice and reckless disregard for the truth

    • C. 

      Held that statements about public officials are libelous is they are intended to damage severely the person's reputation

    • D. 

      Severely limited the ability of the press to express its opinions freely

  • 25. 
    Private individuals have a lower standard to meet for winning lawsuits for libel than public figures.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

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