Civil Liberties Quiz Kennedy 2nd

20 Questions | Total Attempts: 243

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    the legal concept under which the Supreme Court has nationalized the Bill of Rights by making most of its provisions applicable to the states through the Fourteenth Amendment on a piecemeal basis
  • 2. 
    An exception to this clause would be out of state tuition
  • 3. 
    Gives citizens the right to believe and practice their religion without government interferance
  • 4. 
    The Supreme Court first ruled that part of the First Amendment should be nationalized or incorporated to apply to the state governments in the case of:
    • A. 

      Slaughterhouse Case

    • B. 

      Marbury v. Madison

    • C. 

      Brown v. Board of Education

    • D. 

      The Dred Scott Case

    • E. 

      Gitlow v. New York

  • 5. 
    The early case that excluded the Bill of Rights from applying to the actions of state governments was:
    • A. 

      Marbury v. Madison

    • B. 

      Barron v. Baltimore

    • C. 

      Gibbons v. Ogden

    • D. 

      Scott v. Stanford

    • E. 

      Gitlow v. New York

  • 6. 
    To say that the Supreme Court has selectively incorporated the Bill of Rights would be to say that:
    • A. 

      In a case by case, right by right deliberation the Court has applied certain parts of the Bill of Rights to the states

    • B. 

      The Supreme Court finds some parts of the Bill of Right too unimportant to bother with

    • C. 

      The Supreme Court has found in several cases that the Bill of Rights should never apply to the states, thus challenging the entire process of incorporation

    • D. 

      The states have rejected the selective nationalization of the Bill of Rights

    • E. 

      Selective justices have always opposed any nationalization of the Bill of Rights

  • 7. 
    Of the following Supreme Court Cases, which is NOT an Establishment Clause case?
    • A. 

      Lemon v. Kurtzman

    • B. 

      Engel v. Vitale

    • C. 

      Jaffree v. Wallace

    • D. 

      Westside Community Schools v. Mergens

    • E. 

      Mapp v. Ohio

  • 8. 
    Chaplinsky v. the State of New Hampshire, Scheck v. the United States, and Gitlow v. New York are all cases that demonstrate that:
    • A. 

      There are limits on the freedom of religion

    • B. 

      There are limits on the issue of search and seizure

    • C. 

      The government can really place no limits on religion

    • D. 

      The government can really place no limits on free speech or expression

    • E. 

      There are times when free speech can be limited by the government

  • 9. 
    The Supreme Court case that established that government could not invoke prior restraint or censorship on publications was:
    • A. 

      Tinker v. Des Moines School District

    • B. 

      Johnson v. Texas

    • C. 

      Near v. Minnesota

    • D. 

      Roth v. United States

    • E. 

      New York Times v. Sullivan

  • 10. 
    A legal document, signed by a judge, authorizing authorities to conduct a lawful search or seizure with probable cause is called a:
    • A. 

      Decree

    • B. 

      Warrant

    • C. 

      Indictment

    • D. 

      Incrimination statement

    • E. 

      Writ of assistance

  • 11. 
    The Supreme Court in ___________________agreed and declared that all persons should be given their rights at the time of arrest to ensure that they know and understand their civil liberty rights.
    • A. 

      Mapp v. Ohio

    • B. 

      Gideon v. Wainwright

    • C. 

      Miranda v. Arizona

    • D. 

      Engel v. Vitale

    • E. 

      Brown v. Board of Education

  • 12. 
    The death penalty controversy hinges on the interpretation of “cruel and unusual punishment” from the:
    • A. 

      Ninth Amendment

    • B. 

      Article Three of the Constitution

    • C. 

      Fourth Amendment

    • D. 

      Eighth Amendment

    • E. 

      First Amendment

  • 13. 
    Publishing something that is not true about someone else
  • 14. 
    Burning the flag or wearing an armband
  • 15. 
    The situation occurring when the police have reason to believe that a person should be arrested. In making the arrest, police are allowed legally to search for and seize incriminating evidence.
  • 16. 
    Protection against double jeopardy and self-incrimination
  • 17. 
    The right to a speedy and public trial
  • 18. 
    a bargain struck between the defendant's lawyer and the prosecutor to the effect that the defendant will plead guilty to a lesser crime (or fewer crimes) in exchange for the state's promise not to prosecute the defendant for a more serious (or additional) crime
  • 19. 
    Laws that ensure that a person cannot be convicted of a crime if the action was performed before the action became illegal
  • 20. 
    Prevents people from being held in custody without being charged with a crime
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