Chapter 4: The Central Nervous System (Grivas)

25 Questions | Total Attempts: 75

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Central Nervous System Quizzes & Trivia

Unit 3 exam prep.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the four lobes primarily receives and processes information from the body senses?
    • A. 

      Occipital

    • B. 

      Frontal

    • C. 

      Parietal

    • D. 

      Temporal

  • 2. 
    The main advantage of SPECT when compared with PET is that
    • A. 

      SPECT only provides information about brain function, whereas PET only provides information about brain structure.

    • B. 

      SPECT only provides information about brain structure, whereas PET only provides information about brain function.

    • C. 

      SPECT provides three-dimensional brain images, whereas a PET only provides two-dimensional images.

    • D. 

      SPECT uses a longer-lasting radioactive tracer than does PET.

  • 3. 
    Broca’s area is located closest to the ______ cortex.
    • A. 

      Auditory

    • B. 

      Motor

    • C. 

      Somatosensory

    • D. 

      Visual

  • 4. 
    The outer layer of neural tissue covering the human brain is called the
    • A. 

      Corpus callosum

    • B. 

      Cerebral cortex

    • C. 

      Primary cortex

    • D. 

      Association cortex

  • 5. 
    Which of the following statements about hemispheric function is correct?
    • A. 

      The left and right hemispheres control voluntary movements on both sides of the body and receive sensory information from both sides of the body.

    • B. 

      The left and right hemispheres exchange and process sensory information before deciding which side of the body requires control of voluntary movements.

    • C. 

      The right hemisphere controls voluntary movements on the right side of the body and receives sensory information from the right side of the body.

    • D. 

      The left hemisphere controls voluntary movements on the right side of the body and receives sensory information from the right side of the body.

  • 6. 
    The thalamus
    • A. 

      Receives and filters information from the cerebral cortex and transmits it to lower brain structures.

    • B. 

      Receives and filters information from all the major senses and transmits it to the cerebral cortex.

    • C. 

      Connects the left and right cerebral hemispheres.

    • D. 

      Coordinates the activities of brain areas involved in speech production and comprehension.

  • 7. 
    A major function of the spinal cord is to
    • A. 

      Connect the brain and peripheral nervous system.

    • B. 

      Protect the vertebrae.

    • C. 

      Enable sensory neurons to connect directly with motor neurons.

    • D. 

      Initiate voluntary muscle movements.

  • 8. 
    A distinction between motor neurons and sensory neurons is that
    • A. 

      Motor neurons send messages to the sensory receptor cells, whereas sensory neurons send messages from the sensory receptor cells.

    • B. 

      Motor neurons send messages to muscles and glands in the peripheral nervous system, whereas sensory neurons send messages from the somatosensory cortex.

    • C. 

      Motor neurons carry information away from the central nervous system, whereas sensory neurons carry information to the central nervous system.

    • D. 

      Motor neurons connect to interneurons, whereas sensory neurons do not.

  • 9. 
    Which of the four lobes is primarily involved in vision?
    • A. 

      Occipital

    • B. 

      Frontal

    • C. 

      Parietal

    • D. 

      Temporal

  • 10. 
    The primary motor cortex controls
    • A. 

      Voluntary movements of skeletal muscles.

    • B. 

      Involuntary movements of skeletal muscles.

    • C. 

      The amount of cortex that is sensitive to movement.

    • D. 

      The sensitivity of body parts.

  • 11. 
    A neurosurgeon electrically stimulated parts of a patient’s primary somatosensory cortex. If the patient was conscious during the procedure, which of the following was probably experienced?
    • A. 

      ‘hearing’ faint sounds

    • B. 

      ‘seeing’ random visual patterns

    • C. 

      Movement of one or more of the larger body parts

    • D. 

      A sense of having the skin touched

  • 12. 
    Which of the four lobes receives and processes auditory information?
    • A. 

      Occipital

    • B. 

      Frontal

    • C. 

      Parietal

    • D. 

      Temporal

  • 13. 
    Research has found that the amount of primary motor cortex devoted to specific body parts reflects the
    • A. 

      Degree of stimulation of the body parts.

    • B. 

      Degree of precise control required by each of the parts.

    • C. 

      Sensitivity of the sensory receptors controlling the body parts.

    • D. 

      Sensitivity of the body parts.

  • 14. 
    Which of the following tasks is considered to be a specialisation of the right cerebral hemisphere?
    • A. 

      Reading a novel

    • B. 

      Following the directions in a recipe

    • C. 

      Finding one’s way around a maze

    • D. 

      Logical reasoning

  • 15. 
    For change blindness to occur, the change in the visual scene has to occur when
    • A. 

      Change is expected.

    • B. 

      There is a visual disruption.

    • C. 

      Change is unexpected.

    • D. 

      There is a conscious sense that change is occurring.

  • 16. 
    Which of the following brain study techniques would provide the most precise information on brain function?
    • A. 

      F MRI

    • B. 

      EEG

    • C. 

      MRI

    • D. 

      CT

  • 17. 
    Which is the largest of the four cortical lobes?
    • A. 

      Frontal

    • B. 

      Temporal

    • C. 

      Occipital

    • D. 

      Parietal

  • 18. 
    Which of the following statements about spatial neglect is not correct?
    • A. 

      Spatial neglect is a disorder involving attention.

    • B. 

      Spatial neglect has many types of subtypes.

    • C. 

      Spatial neglect usually involves neglect of the right side.

    • D. 

      Spatial neglect is most commonly associated with damage to the right parietal lobe.

  • 19. 
    You have an itchy leg, so you scratch it. The sensation of the itch is processed by the ______, whereas the scratching movements are controlled by the ______.
    • A. 

      Frontal lobe; parietal lobe

    • B. 

      Parietal lobe; frontal lobe

    • C. 

      Primary motor cortex; primary somatosensory cortex

    • D. 

      Primary somatosensory cortex; primary motor cortex

  • 20. 
    Which of the four lobes has an area of cortex that initiates voluntary movements of body parts?
    • A. 

      Occipital

    • B. 

      Frontal

    • C. 

      Parietal

    • D. 

      Temporal

  • 21. 
    Which of the following is not a correct description of a brain study technique?
    • A. 

      Using PET to simulate the brain’s electrical activity

    • B. 

      Using the EEG to record the brain’s electrical activity

    • C. 

      Using MRI to examine the brain’s structure

    • D. 

      Using CT to examine the brain’s structure

  • 22. 
    Motion after-effect is best described as
    • A. 

      A trick.

    • B. 

      A curiosity.

    • C. 

      An illusion.

    • D. 

      A brain disorder.

  • 23. 
    Wernicke’s area is located in the
    • A. 

      Left temporal lobe

    • B. 

      Right temporal lobe

    • C. 

      Left frontal lobe

    • D. 

      Right frontal lobe

  • 24. 
    Studies of change blindness indicate that
    • A. 

      Individuals are always aware of what is going on in their environment.

    • B. 

      Memory is not involved in conscious awareness.

    • C. 

      Change can be detected without having a conscious experience of the change.

    • D. 

      Prolonged exposure to a visual stimulus can result in ‘fatigue’ by neurons detecting upward direction.

  • 25. 
    The brain research technique likely to provide the most useful information about the role of the brain in mental processes and behaviour is
    • A. 

      PET.

    • B. 

      F MRI.

    • C. 

      TMS.

    • D. 

      SPECT.

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