Quiz Over Ancient Israel

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Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 1,718
Questions: 25 | Attempts: 1,084

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Quiz Over Ancient Israel - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Jewish religious teachers are called ______________

    • A.

      Professors

    • B.

      Clerics

    • C.

      Priests

    • D.

      Rabbis

    Correct Answer
    D. Rabbis
    Explanation
    Jewish religious teachers are called rabbis. Rabbis are highly respected and knowledgeable individuals who provide guidance and instruction on Jewish religious laws, traditions, and teachings. They play a crucial role in leading religious services, conducting ceremonies, and providing spiritual guidance to the Jewish community. Unlike priests or clerics, the title of rabbi is specific to the Jewish faith and represents a distinct role within the religious hierarchy.

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  • 2. 

    ____________ was the warrior-farmer anoited king by the prophet Samuel

    • A.

      Alexander

    • B.

      Ezra

    • C.

      Saul

    • D.

      Nebuchadnezzar

    Correct Answer
    C. Saul
    Explanation
    Saul was anointed king by the prophet Samuel. He was a warrior-farmer who became the first king of Israel. This anointing by Samuel marked the beginning of Saul's reign and his role as the leader of the Israelites.

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  • 3. 

    The faith of the Israelites became known as 

    • A.

      Judaism

    • B.

      Buddhism

    • C.

      Islam

    • D.

      Christianity

    Correct Answer
    A. Judaism
    Explanation
    The faith of the Israelites became known as Judaism because it is the religion and cultural system of the Jewish people, descended from the ancient Israelites. Judaism is one of the oldest monotheistic religions and is based on the teachings and laws found in the Hebrew Bible (Tanakh) and the Talmud. It encompasses a rich history, traditions, rituals, and beliefs that have been passed down through generations, making it a distinct and separate faith from Buddhism, Islam, and Christianity.

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  • 4. 

    ______________ refused to worship Babylonian gods and was thrown into the lion's den

    • A.

      Samuel

    • B.

      Daniel

    • C.

      Moses

    • D.

      Isaiah

    Correct Answer
    B. Daniel
    Explanation
    Daniel is the correct answer because he refused to worship Babylonian gods and was thrown into the lion's den. In the biblical story, Daniel's faithfulness to his own God led him to defy the king's decree of worshiping Babylonian idols. As a result, he was thrown into a den of lions, but miraculously survived due to God's intervention. Daniel's refusal to compromise his beliefs and his unwavering faith make him the correct answer for this question.

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  • 5. 

    The wise sayings of Solomon were written down and called 

    • A.

      Adages

    • B.

      Psalms

    • C.

      Proverbs

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    C. Proverbs
    Explanation
    The wise sayings of Solomon were written down and called "proverbs". Proverbs are short, concise statements that convey a general truth or piece of advice. They are often used to impart wisdom and guidance to others. Psalms, on the other hand, are a collection of religious songs or poems, and adages refer to traditional sayings or proverbs. Therefore, the correct answer is "proverbs".

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  • 6. 

    Who led the Isrealites out of slavery in Egypt?

    • A.

      Jacob

    • B.

      Moses

    • C.

      Maccabees

    • D.

      Pharaoh

    Correct Answer
    B. Moses
    Explanation
    Moses is the correct answer because he is widely known as the leader who led the Israelites out of slavery in Egypt. According to the biblical account, Moses confronted Pharaoh, the ruler of Egypt, and demanded the release of the Israelites. After a series of plagues, Pharaoh finally relented, and Moses led the Israelites through the Red Sea, escaping from Egypt and beginning their journey to the Promised Land. Moses is considered a central figure in Jewish history and is revered as a prophet and lawgiver.

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  • 7. 

    The idea that the law should apply to everybody equally is called the 

    • A.

      Rule of law

    • B.

      Ten Commandments

    • C.

      Torah

    • D.

      Code of Hammurabi

    Correct Answer
    A. Rule of law
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "rule of law" because it refers to the principle that all individuals and institutions are subject to and accountable to the law. This concept ensures that no one is above the law and that justice is applied impartially to all. It promotes fairness, equality, and the protection of individual rights within a society. The rule of law is a fundamental aspect of democratic governance and is essential for maintaining order and upholding the principles of justice.

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  • 8. 

    The ___________ fought the Romans for freedom and drove the out of Jerusalem

    • A.

      Greeks

    • B.

      Sadducees

    • C.

      Samaritans

    • D.

      Zealots

    Correct Answer
    D. Zealots
    Explanation
    The Zealots fought against the Romans for freedom and successfully drove them out of Jerusalem.

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  • 9. 

    David conquered other nations and created an empire and set up his capital at _________________.

    • A.

      Canaan

    • B.

      Jerusalem

    • C.

      Babylon

    • D.

      Mount Sinai

    Correct Answer
    B. Jerusalem
    Explanation
    David conquered other nations and created an empire, establishing his capital at Jerusalem. Jerusalem became the political and religious center of the Kingdom of Israel under David's rule. He captured the city from the Jebusites and made it his own, transforming it into a prosperous and influential city. It became the symbol of his power and the heart of the Israelite kingdom, housing the Ark of the Covenant and the Tabernacle. Jerusalem remained the capital of Israel for many centuries, making it the most plausible answer to the question.

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  • 10. 

    The Isrealites were the first group of people who practiced monotheism. Monotheism is best described as ___________

    • A.

      Belief in one god

    • B.

      Belief in two gods

    • C.

      Belief in multiple gods

    Correct Answer
    A. Belief in one god
    Explanation
    The Israelites were the first group of people who practiced monotheism, which is the belief in one god. This means that they believed in the existence of only one supreme deity, as opposed to the belief in multiple gods (polytheism) or the belief in two gods (dualism).

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  • 11. 

    The Isrealites believed they were descendents from a man named _________________

    • A.

      Jacob

    • B.

      Abraham

    • C.

      Moses

    • D.

      Joshua

    Correct Answer
    B. Abraham
    Explanation
    The Israelites believed they were descendants from a man named Abraham. In the Bible, Abraham is considered the father of the Israelite nation. He is known for his covenant with God and for being the patriarch of the Israelite tribes. According to the biblical account, Abraham's descendants became the chosen people of God, and their identity as Israelites traced back to him. Therefore, the belief in their descent from Abraham was significant to the Israelites' understanding of their history and identity.

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  • 12. 

    Joshua led the Isrealites to conquer the city of ______________.

    • A.

      Canaan

    • B.

      Jerusalem

    • C.

      Jericho

    • D.

      Mount Sinai

    Correct Answer
    C. Jericho
    Explanation
    Joshua led the Israelites to conquer the city of Jericho. This is a well-known biblical event described in the Book of Joshua. According to the story, the walls of Jericho fell after the Israelites marched around the city for seven days and blew their trumpets. This victory was a significant milestone for the Israelites as they began their conquest of the Promised Land, Canaan. Therefore, the correct answer is Jericho.

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  • 13. 

    What king introduced Greek language and Greek ideas to the Jewish people?

    • A.

      Nebuchadnezzar

    • B.

      Herod

    • C.

      Saul

    • D.

      Alexander

    Correct Answer
    D. Alexander
    Explanation
    Alexander the Great introduced Greek language and Greek ideas to the Jewish people. During his conquest of the Persian Empire, Alexander's empire expanded to include the land of Israel. He encouraged the spread of Greek culture, known as Hellenization, which included the adoption of the Greek language and customs. This had a significant impact on the Jewish people, as it influenced their language, education, and cultural practices.

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  • 14. 

    Diaspora is a greek word that means _______________

    • A.

      Unity

    • B.

      Together

    • C.

      Scattered

    • D.

      Separate

    Correct Answer
    C. Scattered
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "scattered". This is because the word "diaspora" originated from the Greek language and it refers to a scattered population or community of people who are living outside their original homeland or country. The term is commonly used to describe the dispersion of Jewish people from their homeland. Therefore, "scattered" accurately captures the meaning of the word in Greek.

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  • 15. 

    What Jewish holiday celebrates the Maccabees driving the Greeks out of Judah?

    • A.

      Hanukkah

    • B.

      Yom Kippur

    • C.

      Passover

    • D.

      Rosh Hoshana

    Correct Answer
    A. Hanukkah
    Explanation
    Hanukkah is the Jewish holiday that celebrates the Maccabees driving the Greeks out of Judah. This holiday commemorates the victory of the Maccabean revolt and the rededication of the Second Temple in Jerusalem. The story goes that the Maccabees, a group of Jewish fighters, successfully fought against the Greek oppressors and reclaimed the Temple. Hanukkah is celebrated by lighting the menorah, playing dreidel, and eating foods fried in oil, symbolizing the miracle of the oil that lasted for eight days in the rededicated Temple.

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  • 16. 

    Which of the following was NOT one of the things taught to young Jewish boys in their education?

    • A.

      Torah

    • B.

      Government

    • C.

      Making a living

    • D.

      Worship God

    Correct Answer
    B. Government
    Explanation
    Young Jewish boys were taught various subjects as part of their education, including the Torah, making a living, and worshiping God. However, government was not one of the things taught to them. This suggests that while they received religious and practical education, they were not specifically educated about the workings of the government.

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  • 17. 

    What Roman king was cruel to the Jews and known as the king who reigned during the life of Jesus?

    • A.

      Alexander

    • B.

      Saul

    • C.

      Herod

    • D.

      Nebuchadnezzar

    Correct Answer
    C. Herod
    Explanation
    Herod was a Roman king who ruled during the time of Jesus and was known for his cruelty towards the Jews. He is famously known for ordering the massacre of the infants in Bethlehem in an attempt to kill the baby Jesus. Herod's reign was marked by oppression and violence towards the Jewish people, making him the correct answer to the question.

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  • 18. 

    Which of the following meat could the Jewish people NOT eat?

    • A.

      Salmon

    • B.

      Pork

    • C.

      Beef

    • D.

      Lamb

    Correct Answer
    B. Pork
    Explanation
    Jewish dietary laws, known as kosher, prohibit the consumption of pork. This restriction is based on religious texts, specifically in the Torah, which declares pork to be unclean and unfit for consumption. Observant Jews adhere to these dietary laws, avoiding the consumption of pork and any food products that contain pork ingredients. This practice is an important aspect of Jewish identity and religious observance.

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  • 19. 

    Girls in Jewish society was provided the same education as boys

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    In Jewish society, girls were not provided the same education as boys.

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  • 20. 

    After Solomon died, the Kingdom of Israel broke up into two seperate kingdoms.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    After the death of Solomon, the Kingdom of Israel was divided into two separate kingdoms. This division occurred due to conflicts and disagreements among the tribes of Israel. The northern kingdom, known as Israel or Samaria, was ruled by Jeroboam, while the southern kingdom, known as Judah, was ruled by Rehoboam. This division marked a significant turning point in the history of Israel and had lasting consequences for both kingdoms.

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  • 21. 

    This picture shows David's defeat of the Philistine giant ______________

    • A.

      Saul

    • B.

      Solomon

    • C.

      Goliath

    • D.

      Moses

    Correct Answer
    C. Goliath
    Explanation
    The picture depicts David's victory over the Philistine giant Goliath. Goliath is a well-known biblical figure who was defeated by David in a famous battle. This event is often portrayed in art and literature as a symbol of courage, faith, and triumph over adversity.

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  • 22. 

    What group of people conquered the Isreali kingdom in 722 B.C.

    • A.

      Chaldeans

    • B.

      Philistines

    • C.

      Assyrians

    • D.

      Babylonians

    Correct Answer
    C. Assyrians
    Explanation
    The Assyrians conquered the Israeli kingdom in 722 B.C. The Assyrians were a powerful ancient empire located in what is now modern-day Iraq. They were known for their military strength and aggression, often using brutal tactics to conquer and control other nations. In 722 B.C., the Assyrians invaded the northern kingdom of Israel, capturing its capital city Samaria and exiling many of its inhabitants. This marked the end of the Israeli kingdom and the beginning of Assyrian domination in the region.

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  • 23. 

    For a meat to be considered kosher, which of the following must apply. More than ONE answer may apply.

    • A.

      Killed in a special way

    • B.

      Inspected

    • C.

      Stored for weeks

    • D.

      Salted

    • E.

      MUST be cooked with milk

    • F.

      Soaked

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Killed in a special way
    B. Inspected
    D. Salted
    F. Soaked
    Explanation
    To be considered kosher, meat must be killed in a special way, inspected, salted, and soaked. The special way of killing, known as shechita, involves a specific method of slaughtering the animal to ensure it is done humanely. The meat must also be inspected to ensure it meets the requirements of kosher laws. Additionally, kosher meat is salted to remove any remaining blood, as the consumption of blood is prohibited. Finally, the meat is soaked to further remove any blood and to ensure its cleanliness according to kosher standards.

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  • 24. 

    Identify the following influences of Early Israel on our society today

    • A.

      Laws

    • B.

      Hebrew Bible

    • C.

      Polytheism

    • D.

      Women's Makeup

    • E.

      Government

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Laws
    B. Hebrew Bible
    D. Women's Makeup
    Explanation
    The influences of Early Israel on our society today can be seen in several aspects. Laws from Early Israel have had a significant impact on our legal systems, as many principles and values from the Hebrew Bible have been incorporated into modern law. The Hebrew Bible itself continues to be a source of inspiration, guidance, and moral teachings for many individuals and religious communities. Additionally, the practice of women's makeup, which can be traced back to ancient Israel, has become a common aspect of contemporary society. However, the influence of polytheism on our society today is not as prevalent or significant.

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  • 25. 

    According to the story, what was the final plague sent by God to the Egyptians?

    • A.

      Plague of darkness

    • B.

      Plague of locusts

    • C.

      Plague of blood

    • D.

      Death of the firstborn

    Correct Answer
    D. Death of the firstborn
    Explanation
    In the story, the final plague sent by God to the Egyptians was the death of the firstborn. This is evident from the biblical account in the book of Exodus, where God instructed the Israelites to mark their doorposts with the blood of a lamb so that the angel of death would pass over their houses, sparing their firstborn. However, the firstborn of the Egyptians were not protected, and they all died, leading Pharaoh to finally release the Israelites from slavery.

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  • Current Version
  • Feb 06, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 09, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Areid
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