Chapter 3.2: Weather Fronts And Storms

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Chapter 3.2: Weather Fronts And Storms - Quiz


Another quiz that will help you study!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

     Which one is a low pressure system with winds that blow at 40 mi/h?

    • A.

      Hurricane

    • B.

      Blizzard

    • C.

      Tropical storm

    Correct Answer
    C. Tropical storm
    Explanation
    A tropical storm is a low-pressure system with winds that blow at 40 mi/h. Unlike hurricanes, which have stronger winds, tropical storms have weaker winds but can still cause significant damage. A blizzard, on the other hand, is a winter storm characterized by strong winds and heavy snowfall, but it is not a low-pressure system. Therefore, the correct answer is tropical storm.

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  • 2. 

    How does the National Hurricane Center help people prepare for a hurricane?

    • A.

      They put out warning within 36 hrs of the hurricane and 24 hrs

    • B.

      They go out and yell to people that the hurricane will take place soon

    • C.

      They help people secure windows

    Correct Answer
    A. They put out warning within 36 hrs of the hurricane and 24 hrs
    Explanation
    The National Hurricane Center helps people prepare for a hurricane by issuing warnings within 36 hours and 24 hours of the hurricane. These warnings provide crucial information about the approaching hurricane, allowing people to take necessary precautions and make preparations. By giving advance notice, the National Hurricane Center enables individuals and communities to secure their homes, gather essential supplies, and evacuate if necessary, ultimately helping to save lives and minimize damage from the hurricane.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following is part of a storm surge?Choose Three!

    • A.

      Temperature decreases

    • B.

      Sea level rises

    • C.

      Floods occur

    • D.

      Ocean temperature rises

    • E.

      Large waves hit the area

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Sea level rises
    C. Floods occur
    E. Large waves hit the area
    Explanation
    A storm surge is a temporary rise in sea level that occurs during a storm, particularly a tropical cyclone. This surge is caused by the strong winds and low atmospheric pressure associated with the storm, which push water towards the shore. As a result, the sea level rises, causing flooding in coastal areas. Additionally, the storm's strong winds generate large waves that hit the area, further contributing to the destructive impact of the storm surge. Therefore, sea level rises, floods occur, and large waves hitting the area are all part of a storm surge.

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  • 4. 

    At what point does a hurricane lose its energy?Choose Two!!!

    • A.

      On land

    • B.

      Cooler water

    • C.

      Warm water

    • D.

      In the air

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. On land
    B. Cooler water
    Explanation
    A hurricane loses its energy when it moves over land because it no longer has access to the warm, moist air that fuels its strength. Land lacks the necessary heat and moisture to sustain the hurricane's power. Additionally, a hurricane loses energy when it encounters cooler water. Warm water is the primary source of energy for hurricanes, so when it comes into contact with cooler water, the storm weakens and eventually dissipates.

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  • 5. 

    What kind of clouds surround the eye of a hurricane?

    • A.

      Stratus

    • B.

      Cumulus

    • C.

      Cumulonimbus

    Correct Answer
    C. Cumulonimbus
    Explanation
    Cumulonimbus clouds surround the eye of a hurricane. These clouds are large and dense, reaching high altitudes with a towering appearance. They are associated with intense weather conditions, including heavy rainfall, thunderstorms, and strong winds. In the context of a hurricane, cumulonimbus clouds form the outermost ring around the calm and clear eye, indicating the turbulent and destructive nature of the storm.

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  • 6. 

    How much of a notice are meteorologists required to give before a hurricane?

    • A.

      5 days

    • B.

      24 hours

    • C.

      A week

    Correct Answer
    A. 5 days
    Explanation
    Meteorologists are required to give a notice of 5 days before a hurricane. This is because hurricanes are powerful and destructive storms that can cause significant damage and loss of life. By providing a 5-day notice, meteorologists give people enough time to prepare and take necessary precautions to ensure their safety. This allows individuals to evacuate if needed, secure their property, and stock up on essential supplies. The extended notice period also enables emergency management agencies to mobilize resources and coordinate evacuation plans effectively. Overall, a 5-day notice helps to minimize the impact of hurricanes and save lives.

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  • 7. 

    Why do most hurricanes occur between August and October?

    • A.

      The water is warmer and has a higher energy content

    • B.

      The water is cooler and has a higher energy content

    • C.

      Wind speeds are higher at this time of year

    Correct Answer
    A. The water is warmer and has a higher energy content
    Explanation
    Most hurricanes occur between August and October because during this time, the water is warmer and has a higher energy content. Warmer water provides the necessary fuel for hurricanes to form and strengthen. As the water temperature increases, it evaporates more rapidly, leading to the formation of storm clouds and the release of latent heat energy. This heat energy further fuels the hurricane, causing it to intensify. Additionally, warm water creates a more unstable atmosphere, which is conducive to the development of thunderstorms and the formation of hurricanes.

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  • 8. 

    What kind of weather would be present at the eye of the hurricane.

    • A.

      Violent Winds

    • B.

      Calm

    • C.

      Stormy

    Correct Answer
    B. Calm
    Explanation
    In the eye of a hurricane, the weather is calm. The eye is a region of low pressure at the center of the storm, surrounded by the eyewall where the most intense winds and rain occur. Inside the eye, the winds are light or even calm, and the sky may be clear or partly cloudy. This calm weather is a temporary break from the storm and can be misleading, as the violent winds and stormy conditions will resume once the eye passes.

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  • 9. 

    What way is air moving in the eye?

    • A.

      Downward

    • B.

      Upward

    • C.

      East

    • D.

      West

    Correct Answer
    A. Downward
    Explanation
    The air is moving downward in the eye. This is because when we blink or close our eyes, the eyelids create a downward movement, causing the air to be pushed downwards. Additionally, when we exhale or breathe out, the air from our lungs is also directed downwards.

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  • 10. 

    What is it when a Hurricane pushes a huge mass of of ocean water?

    • A.

      Coastal flooding

    • B.

      Deposition

    • C.

      Storm Surge

    Correct Answer
    C. Storm Surge
    Explanation
    A storm surge occurs when a hurricane pushes a massive amount of ocean water towards the coast. This surge of water can cause severe coastal flooding, leading to significant damage and destruction. It is a result of the combination of strong winds and low atmospheric pressure associated with the hurricane, which creates a dome of water that is pushed onto the shore. Storm surges are one of the most dangerous and destructive aspects of hurricanes, often causing widespread devastation to coastal communities.

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  • 11. 

    Which winter storm occurs when rain falls onto freezing-cold ground?

    • A.

      Blizzards

    • B.

      Ice Storms

    • C.

      Lake-Effect Snowstorms

    Correct Answer
    B. Ice Storms
    Explanation
    Ice storms occur when rain falls onto freezing-cold ground. The rain freezes upon contact with the cold surface, creating a layer of ice on the ground, trees, and other objects. This ice accumulation can be very dangerous as it can cause power outages, damage to infrastructure, and hazardous travel conditions. Unlike blizzards, which are characterized by heavy snowfall and strong winds, and lake-effect snowstorms, which are caused by cold air passing over warmer lake waters, ice storms specifically involve rain freezing upon contact with the cold ground.

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  • 12. 

    The National weather service issues a winter storm watch up to ________________ before an expected storm.

    • A.

      1 week

    • B.

      One day

    • C.

      48 hours

    Correct Answer
    C. 48 hours
    Explanation
    The National Weather Service issues a winter storm watch up to 48 hours before an expected storm. This time frame allows for sufficient advance notice to prepare for the storm and take necessary precautions. A watch issued 48 hours in advance gives people enough time to make arrangements, such as stocking up on supplies and adjusting travel plans, to ensure their safety during the upcoming winter storm.

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  • 13. 

    What would driving conditions be like during an ice storm?

    • A.

      Dangerous due to icy roads

    • B.

      Excellent due to minor damage to the roads

    • C.

      Normal due minor road damage

    Correct Answer
    A. Dangerous due to icy roads
    Explanation
    Driving conditions during an ice storm would be dangerous due to icy roads. Ice storms create a layer of ice on the roads, making them extremely slippery and difficult to navigate. This increases the risk of accidents and makes it challenging for vehicles to maintain traction. The icy conditions also reduce visibility, making it harder for drivers to see the road and other vehicles. Therefore, driving during an ice storm is hazardous and requires extra caution and care.

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  • 14. 

    What is a blinding snowstorm with winds at least to 35 mi/hand low temperatures.

    • A.

      Lake-Effect Snowstorms

    • B.

      Blizzard

    • C.

      Ice Storms

    Correct Answer
    B. Blizzard
    Explanation
    A blizzard is a severe winter storm characterized by heavy snowfall, strong winds of at least 35 miles per hour, and very low temperatures. During a blizzard, visibility is significantly reduced due to the blowing snow, making travel extremely dangerous or even impossible. The combination of heavy snow, high winds, and frigid temperatures can create life-threatening conditions and cause significant damage to infrastructure.

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  • 15. 

    Do people in Pennsylvania get lake-effect snowstorms?

    • A.

      No

    • B.

      Yes

    Correct Answer
    B. Yes
    Explanation
    Pennsylvania is located in the northeastern United States, which is an area known for experiencing lake-effect snowstorms. These snowstorms occur when cold air passes over the warmer waters of the Great Lakes, causing heavy snowfall in the downwind areas. Since Pennsylvania is located in close proximity to Lake Erie, it is susceptible to receiving lake-effect snowstorms during certain weather conditions. Therefore, the correct answer is "Yes".

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  • 16. 

    Lake-Effect Snowstorms occurs at or near ______________________.

    • A.

      The Great Lakes

    • B.

      The Middle of the United States

    • C.

      The Poles

    Correct Answer
    A. The Great Lakes
    Explanation
    Lake-effect snowstorms occur at or near The Great Lakes. This is because the Great Lakes, especially the ones in the northern United States, have a significant impact on the weather patterns in the region. When cold air passes over the relatively warmer waters of the lakes, it picks up moisture and becomes unstable, leading to the formation of snowstorms. The moisture-laden air rises, cools, and releases heavy snowfall downwind of the lakes. Therefore, the Great Lakes are the primary location for the occurrence of lake-effect snowstorms.

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  • 17. 

    Are winter storms part of a low or high pressure system?

    • A.

      High pressure

    • B.

      Low pressure

    Correct Answer
    B. Low pressure
    Explanation
    Winter storms are typically associated with low pressure systems. Low pressure systems occur when warm air rises and creates a decrease in atmospheric pressure. This causes air to rush in from surrounding areas, resulting in strong winds and the formation of storm systems. Winter storms are often characterized by heavy precipitation, including snow or freezing rain, and strong winds. These storms are commonly associated with low pressure systems, which bring the cold air and moisture necessary for winter weather conditions.

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  • 18. 

    Cold air gains moisture and warmth then over cool land, the air cools again and releases the moisture as snow. This describes a(n)

    • A.

      Blizzard

    • B.

      Ice storm

    • C.

      Lake-effect snowstorm

    Correct Answer
    C. Lake-effect snowstorm
    Explanation
    A lake-effect snowstorm occurs when cold air passes over a relatively warm lake, causing the air to gain moisture and warmth. As the air moves over the cool land, it cools again and releases the moisture as snow. This process results in heavy snowfall in localized areas near the lake, creating a lake-effect snowstorm.

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