Chapter 3, Medical Terminology Worksheet

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Medical Terminology Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    X-ray record of the spinal cord: _______.

    • A.

      Myogram

    • B.

      Myelogram

    • C.

      Mammogram

    Correct Answer
    B. Myelogram
    Explanation
    A myelogram is a type of X-ray record that is used to visualize the spinal cord. It involves injecting a contrast dye into the spinal canal, which helps to highlight any abnormalities or blockages in the spinal cord or surrounding structures. This procedure is commonly used to diagnose conditions such as herniated discs, spinal tumors, or spinal stenosis. A myogram, on the other hand, is a test that measures the electrical activity of muscles. A mammogram is an X-ray of the breast used for breast cancer screening. Therefore, the correct answer for an X-ray record of the spinal cord is myelogram.

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  • 2. 

    Tumor of bone marrow (cancerous): ________.

    • A.

      Myoma

    • B.

      Myosarcoma

    • C.

      Mutiple myeloma

    Correct Answer
    C. Mutiple myeloma
    Explanation
    Multiple myeloma is a cancerous tumor of the bone marrow. It is characterized by the abnormal growth of plasma cells, a type of white blood cell, in the bone marrow. This condition can lead to the production of abnormal proteins and the destruction of bone tissue. Common symptoms include bone pain, fatigue, frequent infections, and anemia. Treatment options for multiple myeloma may include chemotherapy, radiation therapy, stem cell transplantation, and targeted therapies.

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  • 3. 

    Treatment: _______.

    • A.

      -tomy

    • B.

      -trophy

    • C.

      -therapy

    Correct Answer
    C. -therapy
    Explanation
    The correct answer is -therapy. This is because the suffix "-therapy" refers to the treatment of a specific condition or disease. In this case, the word "treatment" in the question suggests that the appropriate option would be related to therapy rather than surgical procedures (-tomy) or the study of trophies (-trophy). Therefore, -therapy is the most suitable choice for completing the sentence.

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  • 4. 

    The opposite of - malacia is: _______.

    • A.

      -sclerosis

    • B.

      -ptosis

    • C.

      -stasis

    Correct Answer
    A. -sclerosis
    Explanation
    The opposite of -malacia is -sclerosis. The prefix "mal-" means abnormal or bad, while the suffix "-sclerosis" refers to hardening or thickening. Therefore, the opposite of malacia, which means softening, would be sclerosis, indicating a hardening or thickening of a tissue or organ.

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  • 5. 

    Surgical creation of a permanent opening to the outside of the body: ________.

    • A.

      -tomy

    • B.

      -stomy

    • C.

      -trophy

    Correct Answer
    B. -stomy
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "-stomy". This term refers to the surgical creation of a permanent opening to the outside of the body. It is commonly used in medical terminology to describe procedures such as colostomy (creation of an opening in the colon) or tracheostomy (creation of an opening in the trachea). The suffix "-stomy" is derived from the Greek word "stoma" meaning "mouth" or "opening".

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  • 6. 

    Small Artery ________.

    • A.

      Atrophy

    • B.

      Venule

    • C.

      Arteriole

    Correct Answer
    C. Arteriole
    Explanation
    Arterioles are small blood vessels that branch out from arteries and lead into capillaries. They play a crucial role in regulating blood flow and blood pressure by constricting or dilating. Atrophy refers to the wasting away or shrinking of a tissue or organ, which is not applicable to arteries. Venules, on the other hand, are small blood vessels that collect blood from capillaries and lead into veins. Therefore, the correct answer is arteriole.

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  • 7. 

    Resembling: _________.

    • A.

      -ole

    • B.

      -oid

    • C.

      -iac

    Correct Answer
    B. -oid
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "-oid" because it means "resembling" or "similar to." In this context, it suggests that the word being described has a resemblance or similarity to something else. The other options, "-ole" and "-iac," do not convey the same meaning of resemblance.

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  • 8. 

    Removal of the voice box: ___________.

    • A.

      Laprarotomy

    • B.

      Colostomy

    • C.

      Laryngectomy

    Correct Answer
    C. Laryngectomy
    Explanation
    A laryngectomy is the surgical removal of the voice box, which is a procedure that may be performed to treat conditions such as laryngeal cancer or severe injury to the larynx. During a laryngectomy, the voice box is completely removed, and the patient will no longer be able to speak using their natural voice. They may need to learn alternative methods of communication, such as using a speech prosthesis or sign language.

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  • 9. 

    Prolaspe: ________.

    • A.

      -algia

    • B.

      -itis

    • C.

      -ptosis

    Correct Answer
    C. -ptosis
    Explanation
    The term "prolapse" refers to the downward displacement or sagging of an organ or part of the body. The suffix "-ptosis" also indicates a downward displacement or drooping of a body part. Therefore, "-ptosis" is the correct answer as it aligns with the meaning of "prolapse" and indicates the same medical condition.

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  • 10. 

    Pain in the ear is called ________.

    • A.

      Myalgia

    • B.

      Pleurodynia

    • C.

      Otalgia

    Correct Answer
    C. Otalgia
    Explanation
    Otalgia is the correct answer because it refers to pain in the ear. "Myalgia" refers to muscle pain, while "pleurodynia" refers to pain in the muscles between the ribs. Therefore, otalgia is the most appropriate term to describe pain specifically in the ear.

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  • 11. 

    Neutrophil: ________.

    • A.

      Leukocytes

    • B.

      Polymorphonuclear leukocytes

    • C.

      Thrombocyte

    Correct Answer
    B. Polymorphonuclear leukocytes
    Explanation
    Neutrophils are a type of white blood cell called polymorphonuclear leukocytes. They are part of the body's immune system and play a crucial role in fighting off infections. Neutrophils are highly mobile and quickly respond to sites of inflammation or infection. They are capable of engulfing and destroying bacteria, fungi, and other foreign particles through a process called phagocytosis. Their name "polymorphonuclear" refers to their multi-lobed nucleus, which gives them a distinct appearance under the microscope. Overall, neutrophils are an essential component of the body's defense mechanism against pathogens.

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  • 12. 

    Instrument to record: ________.

    • A.

      -graphy

    • B.

      -gram

    • C.

      -graph

    Correct Answer
    C. -graph
    Explanation
    The answer is "-graph" because it is a suffix that is commonly used to indicate an instrument or device used for recording. For example, a seismograph is an instrument used to record seismic activity, and a cardiograph is used to record the electrical activity of the heart. Therefore, "-graph" is the most suitable option to complete the sentence, indicating that the blank should be filled with a word that represents an instrument used for recording.

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  • 13. 

    Inflammation of the lymph tissue in the throat is _______.

    • A.

      Otoalgia

    • B.

      Tonsilitis

    • C.

      Lymphoitis

    Correct Answer
    B. Tonsilitis
    Explanation
    Tonsillitis is the inflammation of the lymph tissue in the throat, specifically the tonsils. It is a common condition characterized by sore throat, difficulty swallowing, and swollen tonsils. Tonsillitis is usually caused by viral or bacterial infections and can be accompanied by symptoms such as fever and headache. Treatment options include rest, fluids, pain relievers, and antibiotics in the case of bacterial infection.

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  • 14. 

    Hernia of the urinary bladder: _________.

    • A.

      Rectocele

    • B.

      Cystocele

    • C.

      Leukocyte

    Correct Answer
    B. Cystocele
    Explanation
    A cystocele is a type of hernia that occurs when the wall between a woman's bladder and her vagina weakens, causing the bladder to bulge into the vagina. This condition is commonly seen in women who have had multiple pregnancies or undergone childbirth. Symptoms of a cystocele may include urinary incontinence, frequent urination, and a sensation of pelvic pressure. Treatment options for a cystocele may include pelvic floor exercises, pessary use, or surgery to repair the weakened tissue. A rectocele, on the other hand, is a hernia that occurs when the wall between the rectum and vagina weakens, and leukocyte refers to a type of white blood cell.

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  • 15. 

    Excessive development: ________.

    • A.

      Hypertrophy

    • B.

      Atrophy

    • C.

      Hydrotherapy

    Correct Answer
    A. Hypertrophy
    Explanation
    Excessive development refers to an abnormal increase in the size or mass of cells, tissues, or organs. Hypertrophy specifically refers to the increase in the size of cells, resulting in the enlargement of the affected organ or tissue. This can occur due to various factors such as increased workload, hormonal stimulation, or certain diseases. Atrophy, on the other hand, refers to the shrinkage or wasting away of cells, tissues, or organs due to disuse, lack of nutrients, or aging. Hydrotherapy, which involves the use of water for therapeutic purposes, is not directly related to excessive development.

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  • 16. 

    Enlargement of extremities after puberty due to pituitary gland problem is known as ______.

    • A.

      Splenomegaly

    • B.

      Pleurodynia

    • C.

      Acromegaly

    Correct Answer
    C. Acromegaly
    Explanation
    Acromegaly is a condition characterized by the enlargement of extremities, such as the hands and feet, after puberty. This occurs due to a problem with the pituitary gland, which produces excessive growth hormone. Splenomegaly refers to an enlarged spleen, while pleurodynia refers to chest pain caused by inflammation of the muscles between the ribs. Therefore, the correct answer is acromegaly.

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  • 17. 

    Death:_______.

    • A.

      Leth/o

    • B.

      Necr/o

    • C.

      Encephal/o

    Correct Answer
    B. Necr/o
    Explanation
    The word "necr/o" is derived from the Greek word "nekros" which means death. It is a combining form used in medical terminology to refer to death or dead tissue. In the context of the given question, where the options are related to death, "necr/o" is the most appropriate choice as it directly corresponds to the concept of death.

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  • 18. 

    Continuing over a long period of time ______.

    • A.

      Acute

    • B.

      Pathologic

    • C.

      Chronic

    Correct Answer
    C. Chronic
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "chronic." When something continues over a long period of time, it is referred to as chronic. This term is often used in medical contexts to describe illnesses or conditions that persist for an extended duration. Chronic conditions are typically ongoing and may require long-term management or treatment.

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  • 19. 

    Blood is held back from an area: _______.

    • A.

      Hemolysis

    • B.

      Anemia

    • C.

      Ischemia

    Correct Answer
    C. Ischemia
    Explanation
    Ischemia refers to a condition where blood flow is restricted or completely blocked to a particular area of the body. This can be caused by a variety of factors such as a blood clot or narrowing of blood vessels. As a result, the area does not receive an adequate supply of oxygen and nutrients, leading to tissue damage or cell death. Therefore, the correct answer suggests that blood is held back from an area in the case of ischemia.

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  • 20. 

    Berry-shaped (spheroidal) bacteria: _________.

    • A.

      Coccus

    • B.

      Centesis

    • C.

      Cocci

    Correct Answer
    C. Cocci
    Explanation
    The term "cocci" refers to bacteria that have a spherical or berry-shaped morphology. This is in contrast to bacteria that have a rod-shaped (bacillus) or spiral-shaped (spirillum) morphology. Therefore, the correct answer for the given question is "cocci."

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  • 21. 

    Angioplasty means: __________.

    • A.

      Surgical repair of a artery

    • B.

      Surgical repair of a vessel

    • C.

      Surgical repair of a heart

    Correct Answer
    B. Surgical repair of a vessel
    Explanation
    Angioplasty is a medical procedure that involves the surgical repair of a vessel. It is commonly used to treat blocked or narrowed arteries by inserting a balloon-like device into the affected vessel and inflating it to widen the passage and improve blood flow. This procedure helps to restore normal blood circulation and prevent complications associated with restricted blood flow, such as heart attacks or strokes.

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  • 22. 

    An eosinophil is a(n): _________.

    • A.

      Erythrocyte

    • B.

      Leukocytes

    • C.

      Neuralgia

    Correct Answer
    B. Leukocytes
    Explanation
    An eosinophil is a type of leukocyte. Leukocytes, also known as white blood cells, are an important part of the immune system and are responsible for fighting off infections and diseases. Eosinophils specifically play a role in the immune response against parasites and are involved in allergic reactions. They are characterized by their ability to stain red with eosin dye, which gives them their name.

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  • 23. 

    A surgical puncture to remove fluid from the sac around the embryo is called _______.

    • A.

      Tonsilitis

    • B.

      Thoracentesis

    • C.

      Amniocentesis

    Correct Answer
    C. Amniocentesis
    Explanation
    Amniocentesis is the correct answer because it involves a surgical puncture to remove fluid from the sac around the embryo. This procedure is typically performed during pregnancy to collect amniotic fluid for various diagnostic purposes, such as testing for genetic abnormalities or determining the baby's lung maturity. Tonsilitis refers to the inflammation of the tonsils, which is unrelated to the given question. Thoracentesis is a procedure to remove fluid or air from the pleural space around the lungs, which is also unrelated to the question.

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  • 24. 

    A blood cell that produces antibodies: _________.

    • A.

      Erthrocyctes

    • B.

      Thrombocyctes

    • C.

      Lymphocytes

    Correct Answer
    C. Lymphocytes
    Explanation
    Lymphocytes are a type of blood cell that plays a crucial role in the immune system by producing antibodies. These antibodies help to identify and neutralize foreign substances, such as bacteria or viruses, in the body. Unlike erythrocytes (red blood cells) and thrombocytes (platelets), lymphocytes are specifically involved in the body's defense against infections and diseases. Therefore, lymphocytes are the correct answer for the blood cell that produces antibodies.

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  • 25. 

    Instrument to visually examine: ________.

    • A.

      -scopy

    • B.

      -stasis

    • C.

      -scope

    Correct Answer
    C. -scope
    Explanation
    The suffix -scope is commonly used in the English language to refer to an instrument or device that is used for visually examining or observing something. It is derived from the Greek word "skopein," which means "to look at" or "to examine." When attached to the root word, it forms a noun denoting a tool or apparatus for various types of observations.

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