# Chapter 2 Weather Review

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Quiz over the basics of types of weather, predicting the weather, and fronts. For grades 5-8.

• 1.

### The condition of the atmosphere at a certain time and place is...

• A.

Humidity

• B.

Relative humidity

• C.

Weather

• D.

Condensation

C. Weather
Explanation
The condition of the atmosphere at a certain time and place refers to the weather. Weather encompasses various elements such as temperature, humidity, precipitation, wind speed, and atmospheric pressure. It includes the current state of the atmosphere, including whether it is sunny, cloudy, rainy, or stormy. Therefore, weather is the correct answer as it encompasses all the aspects of the atmospheric conditions at a specific time and place.

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• 2.

### Humidity is ________________.

• A.

The amount of water vapor in the air.

• B.

The ratio of the amount of water vapor in the air to the maximum amount of water vapor the air can hold at a set temperature.

• C.

The condition of the atmosphere at a certain time and place.

• D.

The change of state from a gas to a liquid.

A. The amount of water vapor in the air.
Explanation
Humidity refers to the amount of water vapor present in the air. It is a measure of the moisture content in the atmosphere. This answer accurately describes humidity as the quantity of water vapor in the air, without considering the maximum capacity of the air to hold water vapor at a specific temperature. The other options provided in the question are not correct explanations for humidity.

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• 3.

### Relatve humidity is the ratio of the amount of water vapor in the air to the least amount of water vapor the air can hold at a certain temperature.

• A.

True

• B.

False

B. False
Explanation
Pay close attention to the wording of the question, especially the italicized word.

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• 4.

### _____________is the process by which a gas, such as water vapor, becomes a liquid.

condensation
Condensation
Explanation
Condensation is the process by which a gas, such as water vapor, becomes a liquid. When water vapor cools down, it loses energy and starts to condense into liquid water droplets. This can happen when warm air comes into contact with a cold surface, such as when steam from a hot shower condenses on a mirror. Condensation is an important part of the water cycle and plays a role in the formation of clouds, rain, and other forms of precipitation.

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• 5.

### What type of cloud is this?

• A.

Stratus

• B.

Cumulus

• C.

Cirrus

• D.

Cumulonimbus

C. Cirrus
Explanation
Cirrus clouds are thin, wispy clouds that are high up in the atmosphere. They are composed of ice crystals and usually indicate fair weather. They have a feathery appearance and are often seen in the form of white streaks or patches. Cirrus clouds are commonly found at altitudes above 20,000 feet and are associated with stable atmospheric conditions.

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• 6.

### What type of cloud is this?

• A.

Cumulus

• B.

Stratus

• C.

Cirrus

• D.

Cumulonimbus

A. Cumulus
Explanation
The correct answer is Cumulus because Cumulus clouds are fluffy and have a rounded shape with a flat base. They are usually white or light gray in color and are commonly seen on sunny days. Cumulus clouds are formed by the upward movement of warm air, which causes the moisture in the air to condense and form these distinct cloud formations.

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• 7.

### What type of cloud is this?

• A.

Cirrus

• B.

Stratus

• C.

Cumulus

• D.

Cumulonimbus

B. Stratus
Explanation
Stratus clouds are low-level clouds that appear as a uniform layer covering the sky. They are often gray or white and have a smooth, featureless appearance. These clouds form when moist air is forced to rise and cool, causing the water vapor to condense into a layer of cloud. Stratus clouds are typically associated with overcast or foggy weather conditions and can bring light precipitation, such as drizzle or light snow.

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• 8.

### What type of weather would we see in the upper right portion of the diagram?

• A.

Cool temperatures, and large amounts of rain and/or snow

• B.

Thunderstorms, heavy rain, or snow.

• C.

Many days of cloudy, wet weather.

A. Cool temperatures, and large amounts of rain and/or snow
Explanation
In the upper right portion of the diagram, we would see cool temperatures along with large amounts of rain and/or snow. This suggests that the weather in this area is cold and wet, with precipitation in the form of rain or snowfall.

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• 9.

### Lightning is the sound caused by the rapid expansion of air along an electrical strike.

• A.

True

• B.

False

B. False
Explanation
The given statement is false. Lightning is not a sound, but rather a natural electrical discharge that occurs during a thunderstorm. It is the visible flash of light that we see in the sky. The sound associated with lightning is called thunder, which is caused by the rapid expansion and contraction of air surrounding the lightning bolt.

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• 10.

### A destructive, rotationg column of air that has very high wind speeds, is visible as a funnel-shaped cloud, and touches the ground is a___________.

Explanation
A destructive, rotating column of air that has very high wind speeds, is visible as a funnel-shaped cloud, and touches the ground is known as a tornado. Tornadoes are often associated with severe thunderstorms and can cause significant damage and destruction in their path. They are characterized by their distinctive funnel shape and the violent winds they generate.

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• 11.

### A device that measures air pressure is _________.

• A.

Thermometer

• B.

Barometer

• C.

Anemometer

• D.

Wind gauge

• E.

B. Barometer
Explanation
A device that measures air pressure is a barometer. A barometer is specifically designed to measure atmospheric pressure and is commonly used in weather forecasting. It helps in determining changes in weather patterns and predicting the likelihood of precipitation. Unlike a thermometer, which measures temperature, or an anemometer, which measures wind speed, a barometer focuses solely on measuring air pressure. A radar, on the other hand, is used for detecting and tracking objects using radio waves and is not directly related to measuring air pressure.

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• 12.

### What is your teachers last name?

russell
Russell
Explanation
The correct answer for the teacher's last name is "russell" or "Russell".

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• Current Version
• Mar 16, 2023
Quiz Edited by
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• Jan 10, 2010
Quiz Created by
Jwrussell98

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